William "Smokey" Robinson Jr. is an American singer, record producer, former record executive. Robinson was the founder and frontman of the Motown vocal group the Miracles, for which he was chief songwriter and producer. Robinson led the group from its 1955 origins as "the Five Chimes" until 1972, when he announced a retirement from the group to focus on his role as Motown's vice president. However, Robinson returned to the music industry as a solo artist the following year. Following the sale of Motown Records in 1988, Robinson left the company in 1990. Robinson was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1987, was awarded the 2016 Library of Congress Gershwin Prize for his lifetime contributions to popular music. Smokey Robinson was born to an African-American father and a mother of African-American and French ancestry into a poor family in the North End area of Detroit, United States, his uncle Claude gave him the nickname "Smokey Joe". He attended Northern High School, where he was above average academically and a keen athlete, though his main interest was music and he formed a doo-wop group named the Five Chimes.
At one point, he and Aretha Franklin lived several houses from each other on Belmont. Robinson said his interest in music started after hearing the groups Nolan Strong & the Diablos and Billy Ward and his Dominoes on the radio as a child. Robinson listed Barrett Strong, a Detroit native, as a strong vocal influence. In 1955, he formed the first lineup of the Five Chimes with childhood friend Ronald White and classmate Pete Moore. Two years in 1957, they were renamed the Matadors and included Bobby Rogers. Another member, Emerson Rogers, was replaced by Bobby's cousin Claudette Rogers; the group's guitarist, Marv Tarplin, joined them sometime in 1958. The Matadors began touring Detroit venues around this time, they changed their name to the Miracles. In August 1957, Robinson and the Miracles met songwriter Berry Gordy after a failed audition for Brunswick Records. At that time during the audition, Robinson had brought along with him a "Big 10" notebook with 100 songs he wrote while in high school.
Gordy was impressed with Robinson's vocals and more impressed with Robinson's ambitious songwriting. With his help, the Miracles released their first single, "Got a Job", an answer song to the Silhouettes' hit single "Get a Job" on End Records, it was the beginning of a successful collaboration. During this time, Robinson attended college and started classes in January 1959, studying electrical engineering. Robinson dropped out after only two months following the Miracles' release of their first record. Gordy formed Tamla Records, reincorporated as Motown; the Miracles became one of the first acts signed to the label, although they had been with Gordy since before the formation of Motown Records. In late 1960, the group recorded their first hit single, "Shop Around", which became Motown's first million-selling hit record. Between 1960 and 1970, Robinson would produce 26 top forty hits with the Miracles as lead singer, chief songwriter and producer, including several top ten hits such as "You've Really Got a Hold on Me", "Mickey's Monkey", "I Second That Emotion", "Baby Baby Don't Cry" and the group's only number-one hit during their Robinson years, "The Tears of a Clown".
Other notable hits such as "Ooo Baby Baby", "Going to a Go-Go", "The Tracks of My Tears", " I'm The One You Need", "The Love I Saw in You Was Just a Mirage" and "More Love" peaked in the top twenty. In 1965, the Miracles were the first Motown group to change their name when they released their 1965 album Going to a Go-Go as Smokey Robinson & the Miracles. Between 1962 and 1966, Robinson was one of the major songwriters and producers for Motown, penning many hit singles such as "Two Lovers", "The One Who Really Loves You", "You Beat Me to the Punch" and "My Guy" for Mary Wells. After the arrival of Holland–Dozier–Holland and the team of Norman Whitfield and Barrett Strong, he was eclipsed as a top writer and producer for the label, other Motown artists such as Gaye and Stevie Wonder began to compose more original material. In his career, Robinson wrote lyrics and music for the Contours such as "First I Look at the Purse", as well as the Four Tops' "Still Water" and The Supremes' "Floy Joy".
The other Miracles — Bobby Rogers, Pete Moore, Ronnie White, Marv Tarplin — collaborated with him as writers on many of these hits, Pete Moore doubled as co-producer with Robinson on several of them. By 1969, Robinson wanted to retire from touring to focus on raising his two children with his wife Claudette and on his duties as Motown's vice president, a job he had taken on by the mid-1960s after Esther Gordy Edwards had left the position. However, the success of the group's "Tears of a Clown" made Robinson stay with the group until 1972. Robinson's last performance with the group was in July 1972 in Washington, D. C. After a year of retirement, Robinson announced his comeback with the release of the eponymous Smokey album, in 1973; the album included the Miracles tribute song, "Sweet Harmony" and the hit ballad "Baby Come Close". In 1974, Robinson's second album, Pure Smokey, was failed to produce hits. Robinson struggled to compete with his former collaborators Marvin Gaye, Stevie Wonder and former Temptatio
Sengakuji Station is a railway station in Minato, Japan. It is owned and operated by the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation, but serves as the northern terminus of the Keikyu Main Line operated by the private railway operator Keikyu; the station is a major transfer point for passengers on the Toei Asakusa Line because most trains on the Asakusa Line switch to the Keikyu Line past Sengakuji: passengers must change trains at Sengakuji to reach Gotanda, Nishi-magome and other stations on the south end of the Asakusa Line. The station is designed with platforms shared between Keikyu and Asakusa Line trains to expedite this connection; the station is named after Sengaku-ji, a nearby temple famous for housing the graves of the Forty-seven rōnin. Sengakuji Station is served by the following lines. Toei Asakusa Line Keikyu Main Line The station opened on 21 June 1968. Toei Sengakuji Station information Keikyu Sengakuji Station information
Sylvan Ambrose "Buckskin Bill" Hart was among the last of the mountain men in the western United States. The oldest of six children born in Camargo in the Indian Territory, one year before it became Oklahoma, Hart worked in Texas oilfields during the Great Depression. For nearly a half century, from 1932 until his death, he lived in isolated central Idaho, on the Five Mile Bar of the Salmon River in the Frank Church River Of No Return Wilderness. Hart attended McPherson College in McPherson, Kansas, in 1926 studied petroleum engineering at the University of Oklahoma in 1927–28, but did not graduate, he purchased fifty acres of land at Five Mile Bar for one dollar, where he built a compound that included a two-story house, blacksmith shop, a stone turret, a bomb shelter. The defensive structures reflected his sense of continual threat from the federal government, which peaked in 1956 when Howard Zahniser's Wilderness Act threatened to designate the Five Mile section of the Salmon River as a non-habitable Primitive Area, he was in danger of being evicted.
Hart volunteered to serve in World War II, but due to an enlarged heart, he was assigned to a Boeing plant in Kansas where he worked on the Norden bombsight. Following the war, he was employed by the National Forest Service, he farmed and fished for survival, made his own guns, weapons and tools. A lifelong bachelor, Hart died of natural causes at age 73 at his home in 1980, his funeral was held in Grangeville and he was buried at his home at Five Mile Bar. His compound has been preserved as The Buckskin Bill Museum. Peterson, Harold. Last of the Mountain Men: The True Story of an Idaho Solitary, Backeddy Books. Cox, Chana. A River Went Out of Eden, Lexikos – autobiography describing the period when Cox and her family lived with Sylvan Hart. Dean, W. Clifford. Laughter in the Mountains: Enjoying the Last of the Mountain Men, AuthorHouse – autobiography describing the period when Dean lived with Sylvan Hart. Haas, Cheryl. "Romantic Characters Of The Salmon River: Buckskin Bill". Go Idaho. Retrieved 22 February 2016.
VideoVoyage to the Mountain Man on YouTube The River of No Return on YouTube