SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Snake River Plain

The Snake River Plain is a geologic feature located within the U. S. state of Idaho. It stretches about 400 miles westward from northwest of the state of Wyoming to the Idaho-Oregon border; the plain covers about a quarter of Idaho. Three major volcanic buttes dot the plain east of the largest being Big Southern Butte. Most of Idaho's major cities are in the Snake River Plain; the Snake River Plain can be divided into three sections: western and eastern. The western Snake River Plain is a large tectonic graben or rift valley filled with several kilometers of lacustrine sediments; the western plain began to form around 11 -- 12 Ma with the eruption of rhyolite ignimbrites. The western plain is not parallel to North American Plate motion and lies at a high angle to the central and eastern Snake River Plains, its morphology is similar to other volcanic plateaus such as the Chilcotin Group in south-central British Columbia, Canada. The eastern Snake River Plain traces the path of the North American Plate over the Yellowstone hotspot, now centered in Yellowstone National Park.

The eastern plain is a topographic depression that cuts across Basin and Range mountain structures, more or less parallel to North American Plate motion. It is underlain entirely by basalt erupted from large shield volcanoes. Beneath the basalts are rhyolite lavas and ignimbrites that erupted as the lithosphere passed over the hotspot; the central Snake River plain is similar to the eastern plain but differs by having thick sections of interbedded lacustrine and fluvial sediments, including the Hagerman fossil beds. Island Park and Yellowstone Calderas formed as the result of enormous rhyolite ignimbrite eruptions, with single eruptions producing up to 600 cubic miles of ash. Henry's Fork Caldera, measuring 18 miles by 23 miles, may be the largest symmetrical caldera in the world; the caldera formed when a dome of magma built up and drained away. The center of the dome collapsed. Henry's Fork Caldera lies within the older and larger Island Park Caldera, 50 miles by 65 miles. Younger volcanoes that erupted after passing over the hotspot covered the plain with young basalt lava flows in places, including Craters of the Moon National Monument.

The Snake River Plain has a significant effect on the climate of Yellowstone National Park and the adjacent areas to the south and west of Yellowstone. Over time, the Yellowstone hotspot left a 70-mile wide channel through the Rocky Mountains; this channel is in line with the gap between the Sierra Nevada. The result is a moisture channel extending from the Pacific Ocean to Yellowstone. Moisture from the Pacific Ocean streams onshore in the form of humid air, it passes through the gap between the Sierra and Cascades and into the Snake River Plain where it is channeled through most of the Rocky Mountains with no high plateaus or mountain ranges to impede its progress. It encounters upslope conditions at the head of the Snake River Valley at Ashton, at Island Park, Idaho, at the Teton Range east of Driggs, at the Yellowstone Plateau of Yellowstone National Park where the channeled moisture precipitates out as rain and snow; the result is a localized climate on the eastern side of the Rockies, akin to a climate on the west slope of the Cascades or the northern Sierras.

The head of the Snake River Valley, the Tetons, the Yellowstone Plateau receive much more precipitation than other areas of the region, the area is known for being wet, having many streams, having abundant snow in winter. Although the topography of the Plain has gone unchanged for several million years, this region's climate has not been so constant. Current climatic conditions began to characterize the region in the early Pleistocene. However, the arid climate of today was born from the gradual dissipation of a climate defined by greater moisture and narrower ranges of annual temperatures. Lost streams of Idaho Snake River Snake River Plain Wilson Butte Cave The Snake River Plain Snake River Plain at Digital Atlas of Idaho

C. I. Scofield

Cyrus Ingerson Scofield was an American theologian and writer whose best-selling annotated Bible popularized futurism and dispensationalism among fundamentalist Christians. Cyrus Scofield was born in Clinton Township, Lenawee County, the seventh and last child of Elias and Abigail Goodrich Scofield. Elias Scofield's ancestors were of English and Puritan descent, but the family was nominally Episcopalian. Abigail Scofield died three months after Cyrus's birth, his father twice remarried during Cyrus's minority. Details of his early education are unknown, but there is no reason to doubt his testimony that he was an enthusiastic reader and that he had studied Shakespeare and Homer. By 1861, Scofield was living with relatives in Tennessee. At the beginning of the American Civil War, the 17-year-old Scofield enlisted as a private in the 7th Tennessee Infantry, C. S. A. and his regiment fought at Cheat Mountain, Seven Pines, Antietam. In 1862, after spending a month in Chimborazo Hospital in Richmond, Scofield petitioned for a discharge.

Scofield returned to Lebanon and was conscripted again into Confederate service. Ordered to McMinnville, Scofield deserted and escaped behind Union lines in Bowling Green, Kentucky. After taking the Union oath of allegiance, Scofield was allowed safe passage to St. Louis, where he settled. In 1866, he married Leontine LeBeau Cerrè, a member of a prominent French Catholic family in St. Louis. Scofield apprenticed in the law office of his brother-in-law and worked in the St. Louis assessor's office before moving to Atchison, Kansas in late 1869. In 1871, Scofield was elected to the Kansas House of Representatives, first from Atchison for one year and from Nemaha County for a second. In 1873 he worked for the election of John J. Ingalls as senator from Kansas, when Ingalls won, the new senator had Scofield appointed U. S. District Attorney for Kansas—at 29, the youngest in the country; that same year Scofield was forced to resign "under a cloud of scandal" because of questionable financial transactions, which may have included accepting bribes from railroads, stealing political contributions intended for Ingalls, securing bank promissory notes by forging signatures.

It is possible Scofield was jailed on forgery charges, although there is no extant evidence in the public records. In part because of his self-confessed heavy drinking, Scofield abandoned his wife and two daughters during this period. Leontine Cerrè Scofield divorced him on grounds of desertion in 1883, the same year Scofield married Hettie Hall von Wartz, with whom he had a son. According to Scofield, he was converted to evangelical Christianity through the testimony of a lawyer acquaintance. By the late fall of 1879, Scofield was assisting in the St. Louis campaign conducted by Dwight L. Moody, he served as the secretary of the St. Louis YMCA. Scofield came under the mentorship of James H. Brookes, pastor of Walnut Street Presbyterian Church, St. Louis, a prominent dispensationalist premillennialist. In October 1883, Scofield was ordained as a Congregationalist minister—while his divorce was proceeding but not yet final—and he accepted the pastorate of small mission church founded by that denomination, which became the First Congregational Church of Dallas, Texas.

The church grew from fourteen to over five hundred members before he resigned its pastorate in 1895. In 1895, Scofield was called as pastor of Moody's church, the Trinitarian Congregational Church of East Northfield, he attempted with limited success to take charge of Moody's Northfield Bible Training School. In 1888, Scofield attended the Niagara Bible Conference where he met pioneer missionary to China, Hudson Taylor. Taylor's approach to Christian missions influenced Scofield to found the Central American Mission in 1890. Scofield served as superintendent of the American Home Missionary Society of Texas and Louisiana; as the author of the pamphlet "Rightly Dividing the Word of Truth", Scofield soon became a leader in dispensational premillennialism, a forerunner of twentieth-century Christian fundamentalism. Although, in theory, Scofield returned to his Dallas pastorate in 1903, his projected reference Bible consumed much of his energy, for much of the time before its publication, he was either unwell or in Europe.

When the Scofield Reference Bible was published in 1909, it became the most influential statement of dispensational premillennialism, Scofield's popularity as Bible conference speaker increased as his health continued to decline. Royalties from the work were substantial, Scofield held real estate in Dallas, New Hampshire, Douglaston, Long Island. Scofield joined the prestigious Lotos Club. Scofield left the liberalizing Congregational Church to become a Southern Presbyterian and moved to the New York City area where he supervised a correspondence and lay institute, the New York Night School of the Bible. In 1914, he founded the Philadelphia School of the Bible in Pennsylvania. During the early 1890s, Scofield began styling himself Rev. C. I. Scofield, D. D.. Scofield's second wife proved a faithful companion and editing assistant, but his relationships with his children were distant at best. Scofield died at his home on Long Island in 1921. Scofield's correspondence Bible study course was the basis for his Reference Bible, an annotated, circulated, stu

Blair Sturrock

Blair David Sturrock is a Scottish footballer who plays as a forward for the Victoria Highlanders. His previous clubs include Dundee United, Brechin City, Plymouth Argyle, Kidderminster Harriers, Swindon Town, Torquay United, Mansfield Town, Southend United, his father, Paul Sturrock, a former player, a Scotland international was the Manager of Southend United signing Blair and ultimately releasing him. Sturrock started off as a trainee for Dundee United before going on loan to Brechin City in the 2000–01 season, he moved to Plymouth for three years and made 64 appearances for the club during the years 2001–2004, but as a substitute. He scored two goals in his time at Plymouth, he moved to Kidderminster Harriers in 2004 where he spent nine months, playing 22 games and scoring five goals. Nine months after signing for Kidderminster he signed for Rochdale for the 2005–06 season where he made 33 appearances, scoring six goals in 15 starts for the club, he got a knee injury that ended his spell at the club and was released.

After being released by Rochdale, Sturrock had a short trial with Wrexham in July. In November 2006, Sturrock signed for Swindon Town the club. Having overcome a groin injury, he made 25 appearances for the Wiltshire club in his first season scoring five goals, with 12 starts. Sturrock made his debut as a second-half substitute in a 2–1 defeat at Macclesfield Town on 23 December, his first goal coming in mid-January, when he netted within seconds of coming on to wrap up a 3–1 win at Boston, he later signed a contract extension to take him through to the end of the 2008–09 season. He was released by Swindon in May 2009. On 1 September 2009, Blair signed for Conference National outfit Mansfield Town after leaving Torquay United, signing on the first transfer deadline day of the 2009–10 football season, he made his debut as a substitute in the 1–1 draw with Grays Athletic on 5 September 2009. Sturrock signed for Southend United during the summer of 2010, the fourth time he has signed for a club managed by his father, Paul Sturrock.

On 7 August, he made his debut, coming off the bench to score the equaliser in the fifth minute of injury time against Stockport County, in the 1–1 draw. On 25 September, Sturrock scored in a 3–1 win over Hereford United, again in Southend's 1–0 win over Rotherham on 30 October. Sturrock scored a consolation goal in Southend's 3–1 defeat against Burton Albion. On 31 June 2011, Sturrock extended his contract with Southend until the end of the 2011–12 season. On 18 May 2012, Sturrock was one of eleven players to be released at the end of their contract. On 16 October 2012 Blair signed for Conference North side, Bishop's Stortford. Following his spell at Bishop's Stortford, Sturrock joined Essex Senior League side Basildon United as Assistant Manager. For the 2013 summer season, Blair signed for the Victoria Highlanders of the North American USL PDL league, moving to Canada to be a player-coach for the club. 2001–02 Division Three Champions 2003–04 Division Two Champions 2006–07 League Two 3rd Place – Promotion Blair Sturrock at Soccerbase