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Snorri Sturluson

Snorri Sturluson was an Icelandic historian and politician. He was elected twice as lawspeaker to the Althing, he was the author of the Prose Edda or Younger Edda, which consists of Gylfaginning, a narrative of Norse mythology, the Skáldskaparmál, a book of poetic language, the Háttatal, a list of verse forms. He was the author of the Heimskringla, a history of the Norwegian kings that begins with legendary material in Ynglinga saga and moves through to early medieval Scandinavian history. For stylistic and methodological reasons, Snorri is taken to be the author of Egil's saga. Snorri Sturluson was born in Hvammur í Dölum into the wealthy and powerful Sturlungar family of the Icelandic Commonwealth in 1179, his parents were his second wife, Guðný Böðvarsdóttir. He had two older brothers, Þórðr Sturluson and Sighvatr Sturluson, two sisters and nine half-siblings. Snorri was raised from the age of three by Jón Loftsson, a relative of the Norwegian royal family, in Oddi, Iceland; as Sturla was trying to settle a lawsuit with the priest and chieftain Páll Sölvason, Páll's wife lunged at him with a knife — intending, she said, to make him like his one-eyed hero Odin — but bystanders deflected the blow to his cheek instead.

The resulting settlement would have beggared Páll, but Jón Loftsson intervened in the Althing to mitigate the judgment and, to compensate Sturla, offered to raise and educate Snorri. Snorri therefore received an excellent education and made connections that he might not otherwise have made, he attended the school of Sæmundr fróði, grandfather of Jón Loftsson, at Oddi, never returned to his parents' home. His father died in his mother as guardian soon wasted Snorri's share of the inheritance. Jón Loftsson died in 1197; the two families arranged a marriage in 1199 between Snorri and Herdís, the daughter of Bersi Vermundarson. From her father, Snorri inherited an estate at a chieftainship, he soon chieftainships. Snorri and Herdís were together for four years at Borg, they had Hallbera and Jón. The marriage succumbed to Snorri's philandering, in 1206, he settled in Reykholt as manager of an estate there, but without Herdís, he made significant improvements including a hot outdoor bath. The bath and the buildings have been preserved to some extent.

During the initial years at Reykholt he fathered five children by three different women: Guðrún Hreinsdóttir, Oddný, Þuríður Hallsdóttir. Snorri became known as a poet, but was a lawyer. In 1215, he became lawspeaker of the Althing, the only public office of the Icelandic commonwealth and a position of high respect. In the summer of 1218, he sailed to Norway, by royal invitation. There he became well acquainted with the teen-aged King Hákon Hákonarson and his co-regent, Jarl Skúli, he spent the winter as house-guest of the jarl. They showered gifts upon him, including the ship in which he sailed, he in return wrote poetry about them. In the summer of 1219 he met his Swedish colleague, the lawspeaker Eskil Magnusson, his wife, Kristina Nilsdotter Blake, in Skara, they were both related to royalty and gave Snorri an insight into the history of Sweden. Snorri was interested in history and culture; the Norwegian regents, cultivated Snorri, made him a skutilsvein, a senior title equivalent to knight, received an oath of loyalty.

The king hoped to extend his realm to Iceland, which he could do by a resolution of the Althing, of which Snorri had been a key member. In 1220, Snorri returned to Iceland and by 1222 was back as lawspeaker of the Althing, which he held this time until 1232; the basis of his election was his fame as a poet. Politically he was the king's spokesman, supporting union with Norway, a platform that acquired him enemies among the chiefs. In 1224, Snorri married Hallveig Ormsdottir, a granddaughter of Jón Loftsson, now a widow of great means with two young sons, made a contract of joint property ownership with her, their children did not survive to adulthood, but Hallveig's sons and seven of Snorri's children did live to adulthood. Snorri was the most powerful chieftain in Iceland during the years 1224–1230. Many of the other chiefs found his position as royal office-holder contrary to their interests the other Sturlungar. Snorri's strategy seems to have been to consolidate power over them, at which point he could offer Iceland to the king.

His first moves were civic. On the death in 1222 of Sæmundur, son of Jón Loftsson, he became a suitor for the hand of his daughter, Sólveig. Herdís' silent vote did nothing for his suit, his nephew, Sturla Sighvatsson, Snorri's political opponent, stepped in to marry her in 1223, the year before Snorri met Hallveig. A period of clan feuding followed. Snorri perceived that only resolute, saga-like actions could achieve his objective, but if so he proved unwilling or incapable of carrying them out, he raised an armed party under another nephew, Böðvar Þórðarson, another under his son, Órækja, with the intent of executing a first strike against his brother Sighvatur and Sturla Sighvatsson. On the eve of battle he dismissed those offered terms to his brother. Sighvatur and Sturla with a force of 1000 men drove Snorri into the countryside, where he sought refuge among the other chiefs. Órækja undertook guerrilla operations in the fjords of western Iceland and the war was on. Haakon IV made an effort to i

The Company of Women (Singh novel)

The Company of Women is a novel by Indian author Khushwant Singh. Khushwant Singh, one of India's most well-known and read authors, commenced writing The Company of Women when he was eighty-three and finished at age eighty-five; the octogenarian writer has declared “as a man gets older, his sex instincts travel from his middle to his head.” This Mohan Kumar as a student in the U. S. Mohan has "lost his virginity" at Princeton University to a beautiful black lady, their relationship looked like a honeymoon without wedding. While still in the US, Ms Yasmeen, a Pakistani, revealed to Mohan Kumar the heady passion of a woman older than her male counterpart. After Mohan gets back to India and settles in married life, his passion for women continues undiminished, he feels relieved after being divorced by his "nagging and ill-tempered" wife. But Mohan was an unfaithful husband, his sex escapades, before the divorce and post divorce were unusual and varied, including his repeated relations with his ever-obliging maid, with her practiced charm on the bed.

Another woman in Kumar's life was Tamilian Marry Joseph, described by the author as “a dark, plump woman in her thirties.” She worked as a nurse to Kumar's son. She has been described inviting Shakti Kumar tacitly with these words, “Saar, one life to live, not to waste it on a drunkard husband. You agree?” Kumar has agreed. The book describes Kumar's rendezvous with a Professor of English. And, when it came to sex, the lady professor proved. Another lady appearing in the sex life of Kumar was Molly Gomes, “not only as an incarnation of sensual impulse, but as a mistress of sexuality.” Susanthika, "the small wonderful bird", from Sri Lanka was active on bed. The basic theme of the book is the relationship between men and women, depicted in countless works, in innumerable ways and styles, including literary texts and poetry, mediums like paintings, stone carvings and folklores; this has been described in the book in the form of a series of events in the life of the lead character, Mohan Kumar. A series of sequences unfold in the book in the form of Mohan Kumar's association and rendezvous with a number of women.

In brief, The Company of Women celebrates the universal and the eternal story of man's relationship with woman: the relationship of love and passion. The book presents this relationship in a unusual and original style, not only uninhibited and erotic, but enormously enchanting and engrossing. However, the story serves as a sort of modern-day morality tale, with Mohan Kumar committing suicide as he realizes he has AIDS, in effect, paying for his promiscuity; this book is translated into Kannada by Ravi Belagere

2PM Best: 2008–2011 in Korea

2PM Best ~2008–2011 in Korea~ is the second compilation album by South Korean boy band 2PM. It was released on March 14, 2012 in three editions: limited CD+DVD, limited CD with bonus tracks and a regular edition; the album was announced on 2PM's official Japanese website in January 18, 2012. On February 22, the track list of all editions was announced. CD Type B edition includes 2 bonus tracks: "Alive", sung by Jun. K, released in South Korea as a digital single and "Move On", sung by Junho and Wooyoung; the album contains all Korean singles of the group released from 2008 to 2011 and some tracks from their mini albums Hottest Time of the Day, 2:00PM Time for Change, Don't Stop Can't Stop, Still 2:00PM and from the studio albums 01:59PM and Hands Up. Official website