Snow Patrol are a Northern Irish-Scottish rock band, formed in Dundee, Scotland in 1994, consisting of Gary Lightbody, Nathan Connolly, Paul Wilson, Jonny Quinn, Johnny McDaid. An indie rock band, the band rose to prominence in the early-mid 2000s as part of the post-Britpop movement; the band were founded at the University of Dundee in 1994 by Lightbody, Mark McClelland, Michael Morrison as Shrug. After using the name Polarbear, releasing the EP Starfighter Pilot and losing Morrison as a member, the band became Snow Patrol in 1997 and added Quinn to its line-up, their first two studio albums, Songs for Polarbears and When It's All Over We Still Have to Clear Up, were commercially unsuccessful and were released by the independent record label Jeepster Records. The band signed to the major record label Polydor Records in 2002. Connolly joined Snow Patrol in 2002, after their major-label debut album, Final Straw, the following year, the band rose to national fame; the album was certified 5× platinum in the UK and sold over 3 million copies worldwide.
Their next studio album, Eyes Open, its hit single, "Chasing Cars" – the most played song of the 21st century on UK radio – propelled the band to greater international fame. The album topped the UK Albums Chart and was the best-selling British album of the year, selling over 6 million copies worldwide. In 2008, the band released A Hundred Million Suns; the band released their seventh album, Wildness, on 25 May 2018. The band's third compilation album, "Reworked," was released in November 2019 to celebrate its 25th anniversary, it included reworked versions of three new tracks and a tour to follow its release. During the course of their career, Snow Patrol have won seven Meteor Ireland Music Awards and have been nominated for six Brit Awards. Since the release of Final Straw, the band have sold over 16 million records worldwide. Snow Patrol were formed in early 1994 by University of Dundee students Gary Lightbody, Mark McClelland, Michael Morrison under the name Shrug; the band started by surrounding pubs such as Lucifer's Mill.
Their first EP was entitled "The Yogurt vs. Yoghurt Debate." In 1996, they changed their name to Polar Bear to avoid issues with any American bands that were named Shrug. Shortly afterwards, drummer Michael Morrison left the band after suffering a breakdown and returned to Northern Ireland. In mid-1997, Polar Bear released Starfighter Pilot, on the Electric Honey label; the band again renamed, this time to Snow Patrol in 1997, because of a naming conflict with another band of the same name fronted by Jane's Addiction's ex-bassist Eric Avery. At this point, Jonny Quinn, from Northern Ireland, joined as permanent drummer. Snow Patrol joined independent label Jeepster in home of Belle & Sebastian. Jeepster had the same idea for Snow Patrol as the approach they had with Belle & Sebastian, who had become popular by word-of-mouth, without heavy promotion; the band were happy to be associated with an indie label, because it provided them greater independence than a major label. At that time, they were quoted as saying they expected Jeepster wouldn't expect them to have a strict work ethic or focus too much on promotional efforts.
Snow Patrol's debut album was Songs for Polarbears, released in 1998 after the band had started living in Glasgow. Lightbody was working at the Nice n Sleazy's Bar in Sauchiehall Street; the album did not make any impact commercially. The same year, the band came close to getting featured in a worldwide advertisement for Philips. Gomez was signed. In 1999, the band won the "Phil Lynott Award for Best New Band" by Irish music magazine Hot Press. In 2001, still living in Glasgow, the band followed up with When It's All Over We Still Have to Clear Up. Like its predecessor, the album did not sell; the band began to tour more. They slept on fans' floors after concerts and pretended to be members of Belle & Sebastian to get into nightclubs, they owed rent to their landlords and used to receive regular visits and letters from them when on tour. After the failure of the second album, the band began to realise that the label's lax attitude towards management and record promotion, qualities that had attracted the band to Jeepster, was holding them back.
The band's manager at the time was Danny McIntosh. Lightbody has described him as "the angriest man in pop: great, great man", he has said that he loved the band "with every atom in his body", was never angry towards them. He has credited him with keeping the band together in those years. McIntosh had a gold coloured splitter bus. Jeepster dropped Snow Patrol in 2001, a decision, criticised by Hot Press magazine as brainless. By July 2001, many major labels had started showing interest in Snow Patrol, but the band were cash-strapped and had no record deal. Lightbody sold a major part of his record collection to raise money to keep the band going. Lightbody was confident of getting signed to another label quickly. However, the music scene in the United Kingdom had turned its attention to American bands and British bands were not getting signed; the band spent this time writing songs. Lightbody, bored at this point, assembled The Reindeer Section, a Scottish supergroup, found a record label to relea
Rebecca Dean Petty is an advocate for victims of violent crime from Rogers, Arkansas. Her 12-year-old daughter was murdered in 1999, she is a Republican member of the Arkansas House of Representatives for a part of Benton County in the northwestern portion of her adopted state. Petty was born in Wichita and graduated in 1988 from Hatfield High School in Hatfield in Polk County, Arkansas, an institution which closed in 2005. Petty attended Tulsa Community College in Tulsa, dates not available, earned a Bachelor of Science in Criminal Justice in 2013 from Arkansas Tech University at Russellville, at which she was an inductee of the Alpha Chi National College Honor Society, she since pursued a master's degree in leadership and ethics at the private John Brown University in Siloam Springs in Benton County. She lists her religious affiliation as a non-denominational Christian. Petty's daughter, Andria Nichole "Andi" Brewer, was raped and strangled to death in the forest near Mena in Polk County in western Arkansas by Karl Douglas Roberts of Cove in Polk County, the child's uncle by marriage.
On May 24, 2000, Roberts was sentenced to die but remains among some thirty individuals on death row in Arkansas. In December 2014, Petty's former husband, Gregory Scott "Greg" Brewer of Mena, physically attacked Roberts in the courtroom during longstanding proceedings in the case. There are questions about Roberts' mental competency. At the time of her daughter's murder, Petty was divorced from Greg Brewer. From 2000 to 2008, Petty was the executive director of The Andi Foundation for Children. Since 2009, she has been a Crime Victim/Child Advocate consultant for the National Criminal Justice Training Center at Fox Valley Technical College in Appleton, Wisconsin, she is a founding member of a group with fights child predators. Petty works with the United States Department of Justice on training for Amber Alerts, she advocates "keeping our children safe from sexual predators by equipping our police with the tools they need to put criminals behind bars." Petty's work on behalf of exploited children brought her into contact with John Walsh, host of the former America's Most Wanted television series.
In 2006, she joined Walsh in lobbying for appropriations for the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act. Petty is active in the Benton County Republican organization. In the low-turnout primary on May 20, 2014, she defeated Margaret "Marge" Wolf, a former Wisconsin resident, a member of the Rogers City Council, the president of the Northwest Arkansas Food Bank. Petty polled 878 votes to Wolf's 710; the House seat was vacated by the term-limited Debra Hobbs, who ran unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for lieutenant governor. S. representative for Arkansas's 2nd congressional district. Petty carried the endorsement of State Senator Bart Hester of Cave Springs. In the November 4 general election, Petty defeated the Democratic nominee, Grimsley Graham, an English teacher at Rogers High School for thirty years, 3,508 votes to 2,565, in a Republican year statewide and nationally. Representative Petty holds these committee assignments: Vice-Chair of the House Judiciary Committee. In January 2015, Petty proposed legislation before the House Judiciary Committee to allow families of murder victims to witness the executions of the convicted criminals so as to gain some closure to their grief.
The legislation passed both houses and was soon signed into law by Republican Governor Asa Hutchinson. The next month Petty proposed legislation to allow executions in Arkansas by firing squad. Petty joined dozens of her fellow Republicans and two Democrats in co-sponsoring legislation in February 2015 submitted by Representative Lane Jean of Magnolia to reduce unemployment compensation benefits; the measure was signed into law by Governor Hutchinson. The same month, she supported House Bill 1228—sponsored by Bob Ballinger of Carroll County—which sought to prohibit government from imposing a burden on the free exercise of religion; the measure passed the House seventy-two to twenty. One of the opponents, Representative Camille Bennett, a former city attorney for Lonoke, called for a reworking of the legislation. Bennett claimed the Ballinger bill would establish a "type of religious litmus test" which could impact nearly any law under consideration by the legislature; the measure was subsequently passed by a large margin in the House and signed into law in revised form, SB 975, by Governor Hutchinson
Richard "Fatty" Lamb was an Australian racing cyclist who competed on both road and track, as was typical of Australian cyclists of the era such as Hubert Opperman. Throughout his career, Lamb was associated with Malvern Star Bicycles and Bruce Small. In August 1925 Lamb made his first attempt at motor-paced cycling riding 10 miles in 11' 22" beating the Australasian amateur record of 17' 32" and the British Empire record of 14' 21". During this ride, Lamb was reported to have broken eight world's records, eight British Empire records, nineteen Victorian standing and flying start records, a similar number of Australasian records. Lamb won the Goulburn to Sydney race twice, in 1925 and 1926; the Goulburn to Sydney was a handicap race. On each occasion Lamb started from scratch, being the last group to start, in winning the race set the fastest time; the win in 1926 was controversial because Lamb had swapped bikes with another competitor, contrary to the written rules, however an official from the NSW Cyclists Union had assured riders before the start that they would not be disqualified for changing bikes.
In 1927 Lamb was again starting from scratch and again set the fastest time, but came 9th on handicap, with the winner JA Shaw starting 52 minutes before Lamb. Lamb's time in 1925 was 6h 17' 55", 6' 35" better that the amateur record and 1' 36" better than the best professional time for the race. In 1927 Lamb finished in 6h 00' 44". Newspapers at the time reported that Lamb was expected to be selected for the Australian team to the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam. Lamb won the Victorian Olympic Time Trial test race in October 1927, covering 126 miles in 6h 14'43", winning by over 24 minutes, he won the Australian Olympic Time Trial test race in November 1927, covering 120 miles in 6h 08'14", winning by over 36 minutes. Lamb competed in the Australian Olympic track trials but was not successful. Lamb was controversially overlooked for the Australian team, with no rider being sent for the road events and Dunc Gray and Jack Standen being sent for the track events. After being overlooked for the Olympics, Lamb chose to turn professional in February 1928, for £1,000 for the season.
In his first race as a professional he won a 10-mile Motor-paced event in a season best time of 11' 56". Lamb again rode the Goulburn to Sydney in 1928, again from scratch, this time as a professional and came second behind Ken Ross from scratch. In 1929 Lamb won the Austral Wheel Race, he spent six months riding in the United States, defeating motorpaced champion Franco Giorgetti, George Chapman, Charles Jaeger, Francesco Zucchetti. Lamb led the first 2 days of the 6 days’ race at Chicago but had to withdraw due to injury. Lamb twice won the Australian national road race title in 1930 and 1932, by winning the Blue Riband for the fastest time in the Warrnambool to Melbourne.. Lamb set a record time of 6h 21' 18" in 1932, nearly 2 hours faster than his time in 1930. Lamb rode in the 1931 Tour de France in a combined Australia/Switzerland team including Opperman, Ossie Nicholson and Frankie Thomas, he was the last finisher. After the Tour de France, Lamb won the Grand Prix de Marseilles In 1932 Lamb won the Brisbane, Six Days with Jack Standen, defeating a quality field including Frankie Thomas and Jack Fitzgerald.
In 1933 Lamb rode 60 miles and 575 yards in an hour to break the motor paced record set by Opperman in 1930. He won the Tour of Tasmania, a six-day stage race covering 566 miles, beating Frankie Thomas by 1 second. In 1934 Lamb again won the Tour of Tasmania, titled the "Batman 1000" a race over 8 stages covering 1,000 miles starting in Launceston and finishing in Ulverstone. Lamb narrowly defeated Ern Milliken with Opperman in 3rd place. Lamb had completed one long stage race when he set off in the next, for the rich prize purse in the Centenary 1000, a one-week race over seven stages covering 1,102 miles that carried with it the Australasian road championship title. While Lamb did not feature in the early stages, his strength showed through on the arduous sixth stage, extended to 152 miles after stage 5 had to be stopped at Mount Buffalo due to a torrential downpour of rain hail and sleet. Lamb was 3rd and fastest at Sale, finished 3rd overall in the championship and the Australasian road championship title.
Richard Lamb at Cycling Archives "Richard Lamb". ProCyclingStats. Retrieved 21 April 2014. R W Fatty Lamb at Australian Vintage Cycling "The life and times of'Fatty' Lamb". Canberra Bicycle Museum. Archived from the original on 7 October 2009. Official Tour de France results for Richard Lamb
The Planck constant, or Planck's constant, denoted h, is a physical constant, the quantum of electromagnetic action, which relates the energy carried by a photon to its frequency. A photon's energy is equal to its frequency multiplied by the Planck constant; the Planck constant is of fundamental importance in quantum mechanics, in metrology it is the basis for the definition of the kilogram. The Planck constant is defined to have the exact value h = 6.62607015×10−34 J⋅s. At the end of the 19th century, physicists were unable to explain why the observed spectrum of black body radiation, still considered to have been measured, diverged at higher frequencies from that predicted by existing theories. In 1900, Max Planck empirically derived a formula for the observed spectrum, he assumed that a hypothetical electrically charged oscillator in a cavity that contained black-body radiation could only change its energy in a minimal increment, E, proportional to the frequency of its associated electromagnetic wave.
He was able to calculate the proportionality constant, h, from the experimental measurements, that constant is named in his honor. In 1905, the value E was associated by Albert Einstein with a "quantum" or minimal element of the energy of the electromagnetic wave itself; the light quantum behaved in some respects as an electrically neutral particle, as opposed to an electromagnetic wave. It was called a photon. Max Planck received the 1918 Nobel Prize in Physics "in recognition of the services he rendered to the advancement of Physics by his discovery of energy quanta". Since energy and mass are equivalent, the Planck constant relates mass to frequency. In the last years of the 19th century, Max Planck was investigating the problem of black-body radiation first posed by Kirchhoff some 40 years earlier; every physical body continuously emits electromagnetic radiation. At low frequencies, Planck's law tends to the Rayleigh–Jeans law, while in the limit of high frequencies it tends to the Wien approximation, but there was no overall expression or explanation for the shape of the observed emission spectrum.
Approaching this problem, Planck hypothesized that the equations of motion for light describe a set of harmonic oscillators, one for each possible frequency. He examined how the entropy of the oscillators varied with the temperature of the body, trying to match Wien's law, was able to derive an approximate mathematical function for the black-body spectrum. To create Planck's law, which predicts blackbody emissions by fitting the observed curves, he multiplied the classical expression by a factor that involves a constant, h, in both the numerator and the denominator, which subsequently became known as the Planck Constant; the spectral radiance of a body, B ν, describes the amount of energy it emits at different radiation frequencies. It is the power emitted per unit area of the body, per unit solid angle of emission, per unit frequency. Planck showed that the spectral radiance of a body for frequency ν at absolute temperature T is given by B ν = 2 h ν 3 c 2 1 e h ν k B T − 1 where k B is the Boltzmann constant, h is the Planck constant, c is the speed of light in the medium, whether material or vacuum.
The spectral radiance can be expressed per unit wavelength λ instead of per unit frequency. In this case, it is given by B λ = 2 h c 2 λ 5 1 e h c λ k B T − 1, showing how radiated energy emitted at shorter wavelengths increases more with temperature than energy emitted at longer wavelengths; the law may be expressed in other terms, such as the number of photons emitted at a certain wavelength, or the energy density in a volume of radiation. The SI units of B ν are W·sr−1·m−2·Hz−1, while those of B λ are W·sr−1·m−3. Planck soon realized. There were several different solutions, each of which gave a different value for the entropy of the oscillators. To save his theory, Planck resorted to using the then-controversial theory of statistical mechanics, which he described as "an act of despair … I was ready to sacrifice any of my previous convictions about physics." One of his new boundary conditions was to interpret UN not as a continuous, infinitely divisible quantity, but as a discre
The 2020 Memphis 901 FC season is the second season for Memphis 901 FC in the USL Championship, the second-tier professional soccer league in the United States and Canada. This article covers the period from November 18, 2019, the day after the 2019 USL-C Playoff Final, to the conclusion of the 2020 USL-C Playoff Final, scheduled for November 12–16, 2020. Memphis finished their inaugural season of 2019 in 15th place among the 18-team eastern conference, five spots below the playoff positions, although they did enter the final week of the regular season with a mathematical chance of making the playoffs; the club announced in November that nine players starters, from the inaugural season would be retained for the 2020 campaign. In January, the club announced that minority owner Tim Howard would be taking on the role of Sporting Director. Beginning in mid-January, the club announced several player signings: defenders Zach Carroll and Mark Segbers, midfielders Rafael Mentzingen, Michael Reed, Jean-Christophe Koffi, UK League One-experienced winger Keanu Marsh-Brown, goalkeeper Jimmy Hague.
In early February, the club announced their pre-season schedule, with exhibitions scheduled against clubs from the USL Championship and League One, as well as NCAA Divisions I and III. The club began its preseason campaign by dropping a match 2–1 away to Saint Louis FC on February 8; the second preseason match on February 22 produced a 3–1 win over USL League One side Forward Madison. The preseason campaign was finished on February 29 with a 1–0 win against the NCCA D-I University of Memphis men's team. On March 4, in the run-up to the season opener, the club announced that minority owner and sporting director Tim Howard was coming out of retirement to play in goal. In their season opener in front of a record crowd, the club went up 2-0 after only 16 minutes conceded four unanswered goals through the remainder of the match to fall 4-2 to Indy; as of March 4, 2020 The league announced opening home matches for the season on January 6, 2020. As a USL Championship club, Memphis will enter the competition in the Second Round, to be played April 7–9
Brian Kim is a former hedge fund manager. He founded the now-defunct Liquid Capital Management LLC. In 2011, he was found guilty of fraudulent solicitation and misrepresentation to investors and regulatory organizations, sought an injunction preventing him from trading in commodities futures and foreign currencies. A $12.5 million default judgement was entered against him, he was banned from commodity trading. In 2012, he pleaded guilty to charges including passport fraud, grand larceny, scheme to defraud, violation of the NY General Business Law, falsifying business records to further a Ponzi scheme, he was sentenced to 7 months in prison. Kim was born in the late-mid 1970s in New Jersey, he graduated from Dartmouth College in 1997, where he had majored in economics and minored in art history. He founded the now-defunct Liquid Capital Management LLC, which focused on futures trading, in 2002 and had an office on Broadway in New York City. In 2009, Kim twice appeared on CNBC's financial television news show Squawk Box, speaking as an expert about derivatives trading.
Brian Kim lived in an apartment at Christodora House. He was indicted and arrested in 2009, accused of stealing $435,000 from the Christodora House condo association in 2008. Kim failed to appear at his trial in January 2011, was charged with jumping bail, he had fled to Hong Kong after obtaining a new passport by saying. In fact it had been confiscated by authorities, he was taken into custody in Hong Kong in October 2011, was returned to the United States. After an investigation by the Commodity Futures Trading Commission into his hedge fund business, in February 2011, Kim was charged both civilly and criminally with financial fraud, grand larceny, scheme to defraud for running a $6 million Ponzi scheme from January 2003 through January 2011, cheating at least 45 investors from the West Coast while providing them with fake monthly performance statements. According to prosecutors, he misrepresented the quality of the investments to his clients, while stealing some of the money for himself; the CFTC sued Kim and Liquid Capital in February 2011, charging them with fraudulent solicitation and misrepresentation to investors and regulatory organizations, seeking an injunction preventing them from trading in commodities futures and foreign currencies.
The agency said Kim and his employees told clients that Liquid Capital generated returns of more than 240 percent, when in fact they were losing money, the only funds coming in were from new deposits by clients. In April 2011, Judge Denise Cote of the U. S. District Court for the Southern District of New York found the defendants guilty of all charges, she entered a default judgment of $12.5 million against him, he and Liquid Capital were banned from further commodity trading. In addition, the court froze his assets. In March 2012, he pleaded guilty to passport fraud, by lying to officials to obtain a passport by saying his was lost, after prosecutors had confiscated his passport, he was sentenced in April 2012 to 14 months in prison, some of which would be served concurrently with his sentence for the Ponzi scheme. On March 16, 2012, Kim pleaded guilty to 9 of 26 counts against him, including grand larceny, scheme to defraud, violation of the NY General Business Law, falsifying business records in connection with the Ponzi scheme charge, stealing $435,000 from the Christadora House.
In April 2012, Kim was sentenced by Justice Charles H. Solomon in New York State Supreme Court in Manhattan to 5 to 15 years in prison. Kim was to serve 7 months in federal prison on his fraud conviction, serve his 5 to 15 year sentence in state prison. "Ex Parte Statutory Restraining Order Freezing Assets...", CFTC v. BRIAN KIM and LIQUID CAPITAL MANAGEMENT, LLC, Southern District of New York, February 15, 2011 "Order for Entry of Default Judgment Permanent Injunction and Ancillary Equitable Relief against Brian Kim and Liquid Capital Management, LLC", CFTC v. BRIAN KIM and LIQUID CAPITAL MANAGEMENT, LLC, Southern District of New York, April 15, 2011 "Initial Decision on Default", In the Matter of: BRIAN KIM, LIQUID CAPITAL MANAGEMENT, LLC, Registrants, U. S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission, November 9, 2012