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Sobek, in Greek and from Latin Suchus, was an ancient Egyptian deity with a complex and fluid nature. He is associated with the Nile crocodile or the West African crocodile and is represented either in its form or as a human with a crocodile head. Sobek was associated with pharaonic power and military prowess, but served additionally as a protective deity with apotropaic qualities, invoked for protection against the dangers presented by the Nile. Sobek enjoyed a longstanding presence in the ancient Egyptian pantheon, from the Old Kingdom of Egypt through the Roman period, he is first known from several different Pyramid Texts of the Old Kingdom from spell PT 317. The spell, which praises the pharaoh as the living incarnation of the crocodile god, reads: Unis is Sobek, green of plumage, with alert face and raised fore, the splashing one who came from the thigh and tail of the great goddess in the sunlight... Unis has appeared as Neith's son. Unis will eat with his mouth, Unis will urinate and Unis will copulate with his penis.

Unis is lord of semen, who takes women from their husbands to the place Unis likes according to his heart's fancy. The origin of his name, Sbk in Egyptian, is debated among scholars, but many believe that it is derived from a causative of the verb "to impregnate". Though Sobek was worshipped in the Old Kingdom, he gained prominence in the Middle Kingdom, most notably under the Twelfth Dynasty pharaoh, Amenemhat III. Amenemhat III had taken a particular interest in the Faiyum of Egypt, a region associated with Sobek. Amenemhat and many of his dynastic contemporaries engaged in building projects to promote Sobek – projects that were executed in the Faiyum. In this period, Sobek underwent an important change: he was fused with the falcon-headed god of divine kingship, Horus; this brought Sobek closer with the kings of Egypt, thereby giving him a place of greater prominence in the Egyptian pantheon. The fusion added a finer level of complexity to the god's nature, as he was adopted into the divine triad of Horus and his two parents: Osiris and Isis.

Sobek first acquired a role as a solar deity through his connection to Horus, but this was further strengthened in periods with the emergence of Sobek-Ra, a fusion of Sobek and Egypt's primary sun god, Ra. Sobek-Horus persisted as a figure in the New Kingdom, but it was not until the last dynasties of Egypt that Sobek-Ra gained prominence; this understanding of the god was maintained after the fall of Egypt's last native dynasty in Ptolemaic and Roman Egypt. The prestige of both Sobek and Sobek-Ra endured in this time period and tributes to him attained greater prominence – both through the expansion of his dedicated cultic sites and a concerted scholarly effort to make him the subject of religious doctrine; the entire Faiyum region – the "Land of the Lake" in Egyptian – served as a cult center of Sobek. Most Faiyum towns developed their own localized versions of the god, such as Soknebtunis at Tebtunis, Sokonnokonni at Bacchias, Souxei at an unknown site in the area. At Karanis, two forms of the god were worshipped: Petsuchos.

There, mummified crocodiles were employed as cult images of Petsuchos. Sobek Shedety, the patron of the Faiyum's centrally located capital, was the most prominent form of the god. Extensive building programs honoring Sobek were realized in Shedet, as it was the capital of the entire Arsinoite nome and the most important city in the region, it is thought that the effort to expand Sobek's main temple was driven by Ptolemy II. Specialized priests in the main temple at Shedet functioned to serve Sobek, boasting titles like "prophet of the crocodile-gods" and "one who buries of the bodies of the crocodile-gods of the Land of the Lake". Outside the Faiyum, Kom Ombo, in southern Egypt, was the biggest cultic center of Sobek during the Ptolemaic and Roman periods. Kom Ombo was built during the Graeco-Roman period; the temple at this site was called the "Per-Sobek", meaning the "house of Sobek". Sobek is, above all else, an aggressive and animalistic deity who lives up to the vicious reputation of his patron animal, the large and violent Nile crocodile/West African crocodile.

Some of his common epithets betray this nature succinctly, the most notable of which being: "he who loves robbery", "he who eats while he mates", "pointed of teeth". However, he displays grand benevolence in more than one celebrated myth. After his association with Horus and consequent adoption into the Osirian triad of Osiris and Horus in the Middle Kingdom, Sobek became associated with Isis as a healer of the deceased Osiris. In fact, though many scholars believe that the name of Sobek, Sbk, is derived from s-bAk, "to impregnate", others postulate that it is a participial form of the verb sbq, an alternative writing of sAq, "to unite", thereby meaning Sbk could translate to "he who unites", it is from this association with healing. His fierceness was able to ward off evil while defending the innocent, he was thus made a subject of personal piety and a common recipient of votive offerings in the periods of ancient Egyptian history. It was not uncommon in Ptolemaic and Roman Egypt, for crocodiles to be preserved as mummies in order to present at Sobek's cu

GrĂ¼ner IL

Grüner Idrettslag is a Norwegian alliance sports club from Grünerløkka, Oslo. It has sections for association football, team handball and ice hockey, formally named Grüner Fotball IL, Grüner Håndball IL and Grüner Ishockey IL; the club colors are purple. It was founded on 14 October 1952 as a merger of the teams Strong, B14 and Spero, but it counts 1914, founding date of B14, as its own founding date. After merging with Hugin in 1969 it held the name Grüner/Hugin, but reverted to Grüner IL in 1974; the club crest was inspired by that of Allmänna Idrottsklubben. The men's football team plays in the Fourth Division, having had runs in the Third Division from 2002 to 2005 and from 2007 to 2012. In 2007 the team won its group, contested a playoff to be promoted to the Second Division; however the team was utterly thrashed by 0 -- 14 over two legs. The home field is Dælenenga idrettspark; the men's ice hockey team plays in the First Division, the second tier of Norwegian ice hockey. It contested playoffs to win promotion to the highest league after the 2007–08 season and after the 2009–10 season, but did not prevail.

The ice arena is named Grünerhallen. Dælenenga idrettspark was used as an outdoor ice rink, hosting ice hockey at the 1952 Winter Olympics; the club has a women´s handball team playing in the Fifth Division. Official site, football Official site, ice hockey Official site, handball

Enterprise social graph

An enterprise social graph is a representation of the extended social network of a business, encompassing relationships among its employees, partners and the public. With the advent of Web 2.0 and Enterprise 2.0 technologies a company can monitor and act on these relationships in real-time. Given the number of relationships and the volume of associated data, algorithmic approaches are used to focus attention on changes that are deemed relevant; the term was first popularized in a 2010 Forbes article, to describe the multi-relational nature of enterprise-centric networks that are now at least observable at scale. The enterprise social graph integrates representations of the various social networks in which the enterprise is embedded into a unified graph representation. Given the online context of many of the relationships, social interactions comprise direct communication along with interactions around digital artifacts. Therefore, the enterprise social graph codifies not only relationships among individuals but individual-object interaction patterns.

This definition follows Facebook's and Google's concept of a social graph that explicitly includes the objects with which individuals interact in a network. Examples of these relationship patterns can include authorship, sharing or sending information, management or other social hierarchy and other gestural signals that describe a relationship between two or more nodes. Additional representational challenges arise with the need to capture interaction dynamics and their changing social context over time, as such, representational choices vary based on the analytic questions that are of interest. Besides being a specialized type of social graph, the enterprise social graph is related to network science and graph theory. Changes in how people connect, accomplish tasks through online social networks, combined with the growth of ambient public information relevant to an enterprise, contribute to the dynamism and increasing complexity of enterprise social graphs. Whereas meetings, phone calls, or email have been the traditional media for these exchanges collaboration and conversation occurs via online social media.

As Kogut and Zander point out, the more tacit knowledge is, the more difficult and expensive it is to transmit, since the costs of codifying and teaching will rise as tacitness increases. The consumerization of social business software enables simpler and more cost-effective ways making relationships and tacit knowledge both observable and actionable. From an internal enterprise perspective, understanding the enterprise social graph can provide greater awareness of internal dynamics and information flow inefficiencies, information seeking and expert identification, or exposing opportunities for new valued connections. From an external perspective, it can provide deeper insights into marketplace conditions and customer demand, customer issues and concerns, product development and co-creation, supply-side operational awareness or external causal relationships. Recent developments in big data analysis, combined with graph mining techniques, make it possible to analyze petabytes of structured and unstructured information and feed user-facing applications.

In making use of the enterprise social graph, such applications excel at search and matching operations where these include personalization, statistical analysis and machine learning. Examples of applications that combine big data mining techniques over the enterprise social graph include business intelligence, personalized activity streams and intelligent filtering, social search, recommendation engines, automated question or message routing, expertise identification, information context discovery. Social Graph: Concepts and Issues, by Alex Iskold, ReadWriteWeb. Social Network Analysis: Introduction and Resources Peer Influence Analysis: Using Social Technologies to Identify Your Business's Most Influential Customers, by Josh Bernoff, Ted Schadler, Harvard Business Review. Why Social Sharing is Bigger than Facebook and Twitter, by David Armano, Harvard Business Review blog. Portable Social Graphs, Imagining Their Potential, by Jesse Pickard, on Slideshare. How Social Media and Big Data will unleash what we know, Dion Hinchcliffe on ZDNet, May 12, 2011 The Social Life of Information, John Seely Brown Paul Duguid

Lewis Craig Humphrey

Lewis Craig Humphrey was a prominent Kentucky newspaper editor who began his journalistic career as a reporter at the Louisville daily newspaper, the Louisville Evening Post, under the supervision of editor and publisher Richard W. Knott. Upon Knott's death, Humphrey became chief editor of the paper. Humphrey was active in politics with the Democratic Party of Kentucky; the Kentucky Irish American, a newspaper in Louisville, reported on page 1 in an article headlined "Democrats Enthused by Reorganization of the Party in City and State" that Lewis Humphrey was a member of the organizational committee which wanted to "mark the end of Republican machine rule in Kentucky." According to the Kingsport Times, shortly after he became a reporter he was made news writer, city editor, associate editor of the Evening Post "with full dictation of editorial and political policy" until it merged with the Herald, at which time he became associate editor of the Louisville Herald-Post. The merger was planned by publisher/financier James Buckner Brown to balance the influence of the Barry Bingham, Sr family newspapers, including the Louisville Courier Journal, but the Herald-Post lost its financial support when another of Brown's enterprises failed.

His fraternity Sigma Chi at Centre College announced in the Sigma Chi Quarterly an early editorial assignment for Humphrey as editor of The Cento, the Centre College newspaper. After his tenure at the Louisville Evening Post with editor and publisher Knott, Humphrey worked his way up through the ranks to become chief editor at the Louisville Herald. After the Herald's merger with the Louisville Post, he became associate editor of the Louisville Herald-Post, a broadsheet daily newspaper founded by its original owner, financier James Buckner Brown, in 1925. After the source of Brown's own original wealth and capital investment failed, he relinquished the company in a bankruptcy sale. After additional takeovers and bankruptcies, the Louisville Herald-Post ceased publication in 1936. According to their website,"The newspaper's photo morgue was donated to the Louisville Free Public Library where it was used extensively as a research collection before being accessioned by the University of Louisville Photographic Archives in 1994."

The University of Louisville Library's Herald-Post Collection has digitally archived the old editions of the now defunct newspaper for which Lewis Craig Humphrey was associate editor. Of the 31 years Lewis Craig Humphrey worked as a Louisville journalist, all but three years were spent at the old Evening Post as chief editor. Humphrey was the son of Jessamine Barkley, he attended public school in Louisville and graduated from Centre College in Danville, Kentucky in 1896. He married Eleanor Silliman Belknap, the eldest daughter of William Richardson Belknap on December 19, 1904, the week before Christmas at Lincliff, the home of the bride's parents, he and his wife, Eleanor Belknap Humphrey, commissioned in 1914 the design by Gray and Wischmeyer of their home in The Highlands considered one of the finest examples of colonial revival architecture in the city of Louisville. The house, built by the Alfred Struck Company is known as the Humphrey-McMeekin House and was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983.

The couple had two daughters, Alice Humphrey Morgan and Mary Humphrey Gray, two sons, Edward Cornelius Humphrey and William Belknap Humphrey. Lewis Craig Humphrey was a recipient of the Algernon Sydney Sullivan Award medallion from the University of Kentucky, an award established by the New York Southern Society in 1925. Humphrey contracted cancer and died on February 3, 1927 at the age of 51, he was buried at Louisville's Cave Hill Cemetery. "Morgan, Gerald D. Records 1953-61". Dwight D. Eisenhower Library. Archived from the original on 2010-12-06. New York Times obituary of Gerald D. Morgan R. Burnham Moffat; the Barclays of New York: who They are and who They are Not,-and Some Other Barclays. R. G. Cooke. Pp. 317–. "Centre College Catalog 1863". Centre College Library


Proactiv known as Proactiv Solution, is a brand of skin-care products developed by two American dermatologists, Katie Rodan and Kathy A. Fields, launched in 1995 by Guthy-Renker, a California-based direct marketing company; the range includes moisturizers, body washes and hair products, but the brand is known for its three-step anti-acne kit consisting of a cleanser and lotion. Proactiv+, a reformulation of the three-step kit, was introduced in 2013; as a result of its celebrity endorsements and infomercials, Proactiv is one of the most popular skincare brands of all time, according to the Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology. Sales amounted to $800 million a year as of 2010, with a media budget of nearly $200 million and $12–15 million for celebrity fees; the product is sold online as part of a continuity program. A month after ordering, customers are sent a three-month supply, which continues until the subscription is cancelled. Customers have complained. According to a 2011 review, there have been few studies on the efficacy of Proactiv.

A 2011 Consumer Reports study compared Proactiv with two less expensive types of benzoyl peroxide, AcneFree and OXY Maximum, found all three to be effective. The US Food and Drug Administration warned in 2014 that over-the-counter acne treatments can cause severe irritation, as well as rare but life-threatening allergic reactions. Proactiv was created in the late 1980s by Katie Rodan and Kathy A. Fields, who met while at Stanford University School of Medicine. Proactiv was offered to Neutrogena, which declined it, but its CEO, Allan Kurtzman, suggested selling it via infomercials. Guthy-Renker were in the infomercial business and agreed to market and distribute it; the first infomercial appeared in October 1995, offering a money-back guarantee and fast delivery, featuring Judith Light, who suffered from acne problems herself. Rodan and Fields founded their own skincare brand, Rodan + Fields. Guthy-Renker LLC is a direct-response marketing company registered in California. Founded in 1988 by Bill Guthy and Greg Renker, the company is known as "the Rolls Royce" of the infomercial industry.

As of 2012 its portfolio of products was making $1.8 billion a year. The range includes Victoria Principal's Principal Secret skincare, Wen Hair Care, Cindy Crawford's Meaningful Beauty skincare, the Dean Martin Celebrity Roast DVDs, the Malibu Pilates Chair. In March 2016, Nestlé joined Guthy-Renker as a majority owner of Proactiv. In October 2019, Nestle sold its shares to EQT. Proactiv is a registered trademark of Guthy-Renker; the brand's primary product is a three-step kit comprising a cleanser and lotion, which sells for $20 a month in the United States if purchased as part of the continuity program. The toner contains glycolic acid, an exfoliant, witch hazel, an astringent; the active ingredient in the cleanser and lotion, outside Europe, is a 2.5% concentration of benzoyl peroxide, lower than in most prescription-strength acne treatments. Benzoyl peroxide has been used since 1934 to kill Cutibacterium acnes, the bacterium that causes acne. Several over-the-counter acne treatments contain it, including Clean & Clear, Doctor's Dermatologic Formula, Neutrogena Advanced Systems, PanOxyl and Stridex.

There is a three-step program in Extra Strength, with a 7% concentration of benzoyl peroxide, a Gentle Formula that instead contains a 2% concentration of salicylic acid, an exfoliant. The three-step kit in Europe is based on salicylic acid. Other Proactiv products include an oil-free moisturizer that uses octinoxate and zinc oxide, an anti-dandruff shampoo with a 1% concentration of zinc pyrithione. Guthy-Renker introduced Proactiv+ in 2013, charging $30 in the United States for a month's supply if the customer creates a subscription, it is a paraben-free three-step kit comprising a cleanser and toning gel, each with 2.5% benzoyl peroxide, a moisturizer with salicylic acid. It is more hydrating than the original program. Proactiv is aimed at customers with mild to moderate acne. According to a 2011 review, there have been few studies examining its efficacy. A 2007 study saw inflammatory lesions reduced by 39% in subjects using a combination of butenafine and benzoyl peroxide, compared with 34% in those using Proactiv containing only benzoyl peroxide.

A physician suggested in Salon that its three-step system might make it easier for teenagers to comply, but that the key to its success lay with its celebrity endorsements. In 2011, Consumer Reports compared Proactiv with two less expensive products, AcneFree and OXY Maximum. At the time a two-month supply of Proactiv cost around $40 in the US, AcneFree $20 and OXY Maximum $5. Eighty-three subjects, aged 14 to 40, used one of the products twice a day for eight weeks; the magazine reported that, no matter which product was used, after two weeks around 75% of subjects saw a 35% reduction in blemishes on average. After eight weeks, around 50–66% saw a 40% reduction on average. Benzoyl peroxide can have a drying effect on the skin, can cause erythema and fine scaling, though these effects are mild, can increase sensitivity to sunlight. One in 500 may experience allergic contact dermatitis, it is categorized as a pregnancy category C agent, "suggesting that its use in pregnancy may not be prudent," according to a literature review in the Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology.

If benzoyl peroxide comes into contact with clothing it is to bleach it. The US Food and Drug Administration warned in 2014 that over-the-counter acne products containing benzoyl peroxi

Badhwar Park

Badhwar Park is the residential complex of the Indian Central Railway and Western Railway officers. It is located at Wodehouse Road in Cuffe Parade; the colony is situated along the coastline. The complex has been aptly named after Shri Fateh Chand Badhwar, the first Indian chairman of the Indian Railway Board. In the past, after its inception in 1925, all chairmen of the Railway Board had been Britons; the beautiful, lush green complex has a club with library etc.. The club has coaching facilities for martial arts. Badhwar Park can be reached from Churchgate or Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus railway station by catching bus no 138 starting from CST. During the British Raj in India, Colaba railway station was a terminus railway station. At one point in time and Victoria Terminus were not the southern-most endpoint for the Mumbai suburban railway lines, Colaba railway station was terminus of Western Railway line of Mumbai suburban railway; this station was rebuilt as Badhwar Park residential complex.

Badhwar Park was the location of landing of the 10 terrorists from Pakistan on the evening of 26/11/2008, who went on to kill 188 persons in Mumbai