Abizanda is a municipality located in the province of Huesca, Spain. According to the 2004 census, the municipality has a population of 131 inhabitants
Bielsa is a municipality located in the province of Huesca, Spain. According to the 2004 census, the municipality has a population of 463 inhabitants; the Bielsa tunnel under the Pyrenean mountains connects Aragnouet in France. It was first opened in 1970. In 2002, the French government unilaterally decided to close the tunnel to heavy-goods vehicles over 3.5 tonnes, a decision which caused serious concern in Aragon. Bielsa on Diputación de Huesca
Broto is a municipality in the province of Huesca, Spain. According to the 2008 census, the municipality has a population of 550 inhabitants; the Valle de Broto includes the following villages: Broto proper in the center of the valley Oto, 1 km south of Broto Buesa, 3 km south of Broto on the eastern slope of the valley Sarvise, 3 km south of Broto Asin de Broto, 13 km south of Broto, 4 km north of Fiscal Bergua, 3 km west of Asin, now deserted Ayerbe de Broto, now deserted Yosa, now deserted Escartin, now deserted Torla Fragen Viu de Linás Linás de Broto http://valledebroto.com/
Boltaña is a municipality located in the province of Huesca, Spain. According to the 2004 census, the municipality has a population of 870 inhabitants. Boltaña is the economic development capital of the Sobrarbe comarca. Boltaña Town Hall Oficina de Turismo de Boltaña Weather Feria Pirenaica del Jabalí Web de Pirenostrum Web de Conspiremus Web de a Ronda de Boltaña. Castle in Romanicoaragones.com Castillos de Aragón Web del Palotiau de Boltaña News from Boltaña Asociación Belenística
Aínsa is the main town in the Aínsa-Sobrarbe municipal term, Spain. It is located south of the Pyrenees, in a geologically interesting setting. Besides the surrounding mountain landscape, the 12th-century Iglesia parroquial de Santa María church and the 11th-century castle are the main sights of the town, it is believed that there is a connection between the Anza family surnames. Spanish: Guide of Ainsa Aínsa Town Hall Villa de Aínsa Ainsa city guide at HitchHikers Handbook
The Marca Hispanica known as the March of Barcelona, was a military buffer zone beyond the former province of Septimania, created by Charlemagne in 795 as a defensive barrier between the Umayyad Moors of Al-Andalus and the Frankish Carolingian Empire. In its broader meaning, Marca Hispanica sometimes refers to a group of early Iberian and trans-Pyrenean lordships or counts coming under Frankish rule; as time passed, these lordships gained independence from Frankish imperial rule. The area broadly corresponds to eastern regions between the Ebro River; the local population of the March was diverse. It included Basques in its north-western valleys, a large Occitano-Romance-speaking Iberian population practising Visigothic traditions and law, all of them under the influence of Al-Andalus culture, since their lords had vowed allegiance to Cordovan rulers until Pepin's conquest of Andalusian Septimania; the Pyrenean valleys started to switch loyalties after 785 with the construction and garrisoning by counts loyal to the Carolingians of new outposts and fortresses on bordering areas.
The territory changed with the fortunes of the Empires and the feudal ambitions of those, whether the Counts or Walis, appointed to administer the counties. The rulers and people of the March became autonomous and claimed independence. Out of the welter of counties in the region emerged the Principality of Catalonia composed by a myriad of counties with the County of Barcelona as their main power centre. Counties that at various times formed part of the March included: Ribagorza, Cerdanya, Empúries, Besalú, Barcelona, Girona and, Roussillon and Fenollet; the nominal boundaries of Gothia and the Hispanic Marches vary in time, not without confusion. While Navarre and Aragon have sometimes been depicted within the Marca Hispanica, they were not part of it, but they came under the Carolingian area of influence between 794 and 806 within the Basque marches, or Duchy of Vasconia; the Marca Hispanica resulted from the expansion south of the Frankish realm from their heartland in Neustria and Austrasia starting with Charles Martel in 732 and after various decades fighting between the Franks and Umayyads in the Iberian Peninsula.
The Muslim invasion reached the Pyrenees in the Iberian Peninsula. In 719 the forces of Al-Samh ibn Malik surged up the east coast, overwhelming the remaining Visigoth province of Septimania and establishing a fortified base at Narbonne. Control was secured by offering the local population generous terms, inter-marriage between ruling families or treaties. Further Umayyad expansion was halted on Al-Samh ibn Malik al-Khawlanis defeat at the Battle of Toulouse. Wālis were installed in Barcelona; the Muslim forces however continued to raid their Gallic neighbours to the north, reaching as far as Autun. Peace was signed in 730 between the victor at Toulouse, the Duke of Aquitaine, and'Uthman ibn Naissa, a Berber rebel lord stationed in Cerdanya, a region that could act as a buffer state against Umayyad expansionism; the peace treaty was sealed with the marriage of the Duke’s daughter to Munuza. However, Munuza was defeated by a Umayyad military expedition and another period of Muslim expansion commenced.
Aquitaine pledged formal allegiance to the Frankish leaders several times, but remained independent. In 737 Charles led an expedition to the Lower Rhone and Septimania seeing that the Umayyad thrust was threatening his grip on Burgundy, but did not manage to subjugate and keep the region. Both Aquitaine and Septimania were still out of central Frankish control after Charles's death, but Pepin the Short was determined to subdue southern Gaul. In 759, after conquering Septimania from the Umayyad, the Carolingian king focused all his might in crushing Aquitanian resistance to central Frankish power. After a ruthless war of 8 years, Aquitainian independence came to an end. Toulouse was now under the grip of the new Carolingian king Charlemagne and access to Andalusian Hispania was open for him, despite sporadic rebellions in Vasconia during the next two decades. Pepin's son, fulfilled the Carolingian goal of extending the defensive boundaries of the empire beyond Septimania, creating a strong barrier state between the Umayyad Emirate/Caliphate of Iberia and the Frankish Empire, besides tightening control over the Duchy of Vasconia by establishing the Kingdom of Aquitaine ruled by his son Louis the Pious in 781.
The Franks created the Marca Hispanica by conquering former north-eastern territory of the Visigothic kingdom of Hispania, conquered by the Muslims. The first county to be conquered was Roussillon in around 760. In 785 the county of Girona to the south of the Pyrenees was taken. Ribagorza and Pallars were linked to Toulouse and were added to this county around 790. Urgell and Cerdanya were added in 798; the first records of the county of Empúries are from 812 but the county was under Frankish control before 800. After a series of struggles the County of Barcelona was taken by Frankish forces in 801. A number of castles were established in Aragón between 798 a
Fiscal is a municipality in the province of Huesca, Sobrarbe comarca, Spain. As of 2010, it had a population of 317 inhabitants. Villages: Albella, Borrastre, Jánovas, Javierre de Ara, Lardiés, Ligüerre de Ara, San Felices de Ara, San Juste, San Martín de Solana and Santa Olaria de Ara. Solana Valley Best Walking trails in Fiscal, Aragon