Sberbank of Russia
PJSC Sberbank is a state-owned Russian banking and financial services company headquartered in Moscow. The company was known as "Sberbank of Russia" until 2015. Sberbank has operations in several post-Soviet countries; as of 2014 it was the largest bank in Russia and Eastern Europe, the third largest in Europe, ranked 33rd in the world and first in central and Eastern Europe in The Banker's Top 1000 World Banks ranking. Sberbank's history goes back to Cancrin's financial reform of 1841, when a network of the first state-owned savings banks was created in Russia. By the end of the 19th century, the network reached 4 thousand outlets with over 2 million depositors. Since 1905, savings bank outlets became authorised to sell insurance. After 1910, savings banks started subsidising credit cooperation institutions and extending loans to small lenders. In 1915, savings bank outlets started accepting government securities for depositing. After the October Revolution of 1917, the state savings banks system continued its activity and growth under the management of the Finance Ministry of the USSR as the State Labour Savings Banks System.
From 1926, the saving bank outlets were used to pay wages to blue- and white-collar workers. The savings banks were used to distribute state lottery tickets and for the placement of state bonds with the population; the savings banks introduced wider services such as money transfers. By late 1980s, the Soviet savings bank system had 80 thousand branches; as part of Perestroika reforms, in 1987 the savings bank outlets are reorganised into the Savings Bank of the USSR. Within the Savings bank of the USSR, separate savings banks were created in the Soviet Republics. Following the dissolution of the USSR, the former republican savings banks became state savings banks of the newly independent post-Soviet states. In 1991, the Savings bank of the RSFSR has been reorganised into the Joint-Stock Commercial Savings Bank of the Russian Federation. In post-Soviet Russia, Sberbank is the largest universal bank despite growing competition from private and other state-owned commercial banks; the bank has expanded its international presence.
Since 2007, Sberbank is led by former economy minister Herman Gref. In 2011, Sberbank acquired Volksbank International AG from its shareholders Österreichische Volksbanken AG, BPCE, DZ Bank and WGZ Bank; the deal included all VBI assets - banks in Slovakia, Czech Republic, Slovenia, Ukraine and Bosnia and Herzegovina, except for Volksbank Romania. The agreed price was €585 to €645 million, depending on VBI business performance in 2011. VBI’s total assets excluding Romania was €9.4 billion in June 2011. On 16 December 2013, a wholly owned subsidiary of Sberbank, changed its name to «VS Bank». In June 2012 Sberbank bought the Turkish DenizBank for Turkish Lira 6,469 billion from the lender Dexia, which in 2011 was "partly nationalized by the governments of France and Luxembourg"; the deal included DenizBank subsidiaries in Turkey and Russia. After the annexation of the Crimean Peninsula by Russia in 2014, the Obama administration imposed sanctions on 12 September 2014, through the US Department of Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control by adding Sberbank and other entities to the Specially Designated Nationals List.
This was done in concert with 31 July 2014 addition of Sberbank to the European Union sanctions list. Sanctions consist of access restriction to the US capital markets. After announcement of the sanctions, by the end of July, Sberbank's market value had dropped the most market value among the world’s major lenders plus investors moved $22 billion from Sberbank’s market capitalization. Still, during the following year Sberbank’s share price grew back 89%. Sberbank together with other Russian banks filed claims with the highest EU court to lift the punitive economic measures. On 27 August 2014, Switzerland imposed sanctions on Sberbank and other Russian financial institutions. On 22 December 2015, the United States imposed additional sanctions on Sberbank and its subsidiaries. On 17 October 2016, Ukraine imposed sanctions against Sberbank Russia, Sberbank Leasing, their payment systems Kolibri Blitz. On 15 March 2017, the president of Ukraine imposed sanctions on Sberbank as part of its continued sanctions on Russia for its annexation of Crimea and involvement in the War in Donbass.
In December 2017, due to sanctions, Sberbank sold its Ukrainian subsidiary, "VS Bank" to Ukrainian businessman Serhiy Tihipko. The majority shareholder of Sberbank is the Central Bank of the Russian Federation, owning 50%+1 voting share of Sberbank's voting shares; the rest of the shares is dispersed among portfolio and other investors with an estimated shareholding of over 43% held by foreigners. Russia's central bank cannot sell its stake without a change in Russia's laws; the President and Chief Executive Officer is Herman Gref, confirmed by the Board of Directors on 16 October 2007. Sergei Gorkov joined Sberbank in November 2008 becoming the head of the international operations and the Senior Vice Chairman of the Board from 10 October 2010, until 26 February 2016, when he left Sberbank to became the Chairman of Vnesheconombank, he expanded Sberbank from operations in only two foreign countries and Ukraine, to over twenty coun
Asphalt known as bitumen, is a sticky and viscous liquid or semi-solid form of petroleum. It may be found in natural deposits or may be a refined product, is classed as a pitch. Before the 20th century, the term asphaltum was used; the word is derived from the Ancient Greek ἄσφαλτος ásphaltos. The primary use of asphalt is in road construction, where it is used as the glue or binder mixed with aggregate particles to create asphalt concrete, its other main uses are for bituminous waterproofing products, including production of roofing felt and for sealing flat roofs. The terms "asphalt" and "bitumen" are used interchangeably to mean both natural and manufactured forms of the substance. In American English, "asphalt" is used for a refined residue from the distillation process of selected crude oils. Outside the United States, the product is called "bitumen", geologists worldwide prefer the term for the occurring variety. Common colloquial usage refers to various forms of asphalt as "tar", as in the name of the La Brea Tar Pits.
Occurring asphalt is sometimes specified by the term "crude bitumen". Its viscosity is similar to that of cold molasses while the material obtained from the fractional distillation of crude oil boiling at 525 °C is sometimes referred to as "refined bitumen"; the Canadian province of Alberta has most of the world's reserves of natural asphalt in the Athabasca oil sands, which cover 142,000 square kilometres, an area larger than England. The word "asphalt" is derived from the late Middle English, in turn from French asphalte, based on Late Latin asphalton, the latinisation of the Greek ἄσφαλτος, a word meaning "asphalt/bitumen/pitch", which derives from ἀ-, "without" and σφάλλω, "make fall"; the first use of asphalt by the ancients was in the nature of a cement for securing or joining together various objects, it thus seems that the name itself was expressive of this application. Herodotus mentioned that bitumen was brought to Babylon to build its gigantic fortification wall. From the Greek, the word passed into late Latin, thence into French and English.
In French, the term asphalte is used for occurring asphalt-soaked limestone deposits, for specialised manufactured products with fewer voids or greater bitumen content than the "asphaltic concrete" used to pave roads. The expression "bitumen" originated in the Sanskrit words jatu, meaning "pitch", jatu-krit, meaning "pitch creating" or "pitch producing"; the Latin equivalent is claimed by some to be gwitu-men, by others, subsequently shortened to bitumen, thence passing via French into English. From the same root is derived the Anglo-Saxon word cwidu, the German word Kitt and the old Norse word kvada. In British English, "bitumen" is used instead of "asphalt"; the word "asphalt" is instead used to refer to asphalt concrete, a mixture of construction aggregate and asphalt itself. Bitumen mixed with clay was called "asphaltum", but the term is less used today. In Australian English, the word "asphalt" is used to describe a mix of construction aggregate. "Bitumen" refers to the liquid derived from the heavy-residues from crude oil distillation.
In American English, "asphalt" is equivalent to the British "bitumen". However, "asphalt" is commonly used as a shortened form of "asphalt concrete". In Canadian English, the word "bitumen" is used to refer to the vast Canadian deposits of heavy crude oil, while "asphalt" is used for the oil refinery product. Diluted bitumen is known as "dilbit" in the Canadian petroleum industry, while bitumen "upgraded" to synthetic crude oil is known as "syncrude", syncrude blended with bitumen is called "synbit"."Bitumen" is still the preferred geological term for occurring deposits of the solid or semi-solid form of petroleum. "Bituminous rock" is a form of sandstone impregnated with bitumen. The oil sands of Alberta, Canada are a similar material. Neither of the terms "asphalt" or "bitumen" should be confused with coal tars. Tar is the thick liquid product of the dry distillation and pyrolysis of organic hydrocarbons sourced from vegetation masses, whether fossilized as with coal, or freshly harvested; the majority of bitumen, on the other hand, was formed when vast quantities of organic animal materials were deposited by water and buried hundreds of metres deep at the diagenetic point, where the disorganized fatty hydrocarbon molecules joined together in long chains in the absence of oxygen.
Bitumen occurs as a solid or viscous liquid. It may be mixed in with coal deposits. Bitumen, coal using the Bergius process, can be refined into petrols such as gasoline, bitumen may be distilled into tar, not the other way around; the components of asphalt include four main classes of compounds: Naphthene aromatics, consisting of hydrogenated polycyclic aromatic compounds Polar aromatics, consisting of high molecular weight phenols and carboxylic acids produced by partial oxidation of the material Saturated hydrocarbons. Most natural bitumens a
Oleg Vladimirovich Deripaska is a Russian oligarch. He is the founder of Basic Element, one of Russia's largest industrial groups, Volnoe Delo, Russia's largest charitable foundation; until 2018, he was the president of En+ Group, a Russian energy-related company, United Company Rusal, the second largest aluminium company in the world. After graduating from Moscow State University with a degree in physics, Deripaska became a metals broker specialized in trading aluminium before expanding into energy, financial services and agribusiness. In 2000, Deripaska founded Rusal, the result of a partnership between Sibirsky Aluminium and Roman Abramovich's Millhouse Capital. In 2007, Rusal merged with SUAL Group and Glencore International AG to form UC Rusal, with Deripaska as chairman, he was once Russia's richest man, worth $28 billion, but lost a substantial part of his fortune amid the 2007–08 financial crisis. As of August 2018, his wealth was estimated by Forbes at $3.3 billion. Deripaska is known for his connection to American political consultant Paul Manafort, convicted on charges of tax fraud, bank fraud and failure to report foreign bank accounts, which stemmed from Robert Mueller's investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections.
Deripaska employed Manafort from at least 2005 to 2009. As the founder of Volnoe Delo foundation, he is reported to have donated more than $250 million to educational causes, he was married to Polina Yumasheva, step-granddaughter of former Russian President Boris Yeltsin and daughter of Valentin Yumashev, Yeltsin's son-in-law and close advisor. According to some media reports, they were divorced in 2018. Deripaska was granted Cypriot citizenship in 2017. Deripaska is Jewish and was born in Dzerzhinsk, Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Soviet Russia and grew up in Ust-Labinsk, Krasnodar Krai, his parents were from Kuban. Deripaska grew up on the family's small farm, where from the age of 5 or 6, he learned how to live off the land from his grandparents, who raised him after his widowed mother, an engineer, had to leave to find work. Deripaska credits his grandparents for teaching him the discipline of hard work along with farming. Both his grandfathers fought in the Second World War. Deripaska's first job was at the Ust-Labinsk plant.
At age 11, he became an electrician's apprentice doing maintenance on electrical motors. Deripaska acquired a passion for reading. Today, Basic Element's headquarters contain walls of books, reflecting Deripaska's lifelong love of reading, his talent for math allowed him to enroll at the physics faculty of Moscow State University in 1985. One year into his studies, he was conscripted into the armed forces and served in the Soviet army's Strategic Missile Forces in the Trans-Baikal area, from 1986–1989. In 1993, Deripaska graduated with honors in physics from Moscow State University. There were no grants for students either. "We had no money. It was an practical question every day. How do I earn money to buy food and keep studying?" he recalls. In 1996, he earned a master's degree from the Plekhanov University of Economics. At the age of 25, teaming up with fellow physicists and rocket scientists, Deripaska set up his first metal trading company, VTK, he adopted a scientific approach to commodity trading.
"I represented companies that were buying and selling raw materials", Deripaska said. Deripaska undertook export arbitrage, buying metal at low Russian prices and selling it abroad at higher international market prices. Deripaska traded through the Baltic state of Estonia as the Russian system of export licenses was in disarray. "I started my business at an unusual moment in history. The country in which I was born raised had disappeared, although the new country was not formed; the first one gave me an excellent education. He used nearly all his arbitrage and trading profits to acquire his initial package of shares in the Sayanogorsk Aluminium Smelter in Southern Siberia. Between 1993 and 1994, Deripaska bought vouchers and shares in Sayanogorsk, accumulated a 20% stake in the factory, becoming the biggest individual shareholder after the Russian State—to the annoyance of the plant's Communist-era bosses. In 1994, Deripaska became director general of the plant at the age of 26. In 1997, he founded Sibirsky Aluminium Group, which in 2000 merged with Roman Abramovich's Millhouse Capital to create RUSAL.
In 2003, businesses led by Deripaska increased their stake in those companies under common management to 75% by acquiring half of the interest managed by Millhouse Capital. In 2004, the consolidation of RUSAL's ownership by companies related to Deripaska was completed with the acquisition of the remaining 25% equity interest in RUSAL managed by Millhouse Capital. RUSAL went on to become the largest aluminium producer in the world, until the China Hongqiao Group surpassed it in 2015. In 2010, under Deripaska's leadership, Rusal became the first Russian company to be listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange. Beyond metals, which remain at the core of his diversified industrial holding, Deripaska has acquired stakes in a wide range of companies in various sectors, including energy, commercial vehicles, auto components and insurance servi
Sochi is a city in Krasnodar Krai, located on the Black Sea coast near the border between Georgia/Abkhazia and Russia. The Greater Sochi area, which includes territories and localities subordinated to Sochi proper, has a total area of 3,526 square kilometers and sprawls for 145 kilometers along the shores of the Black Sea near the Caucasus Mountains; the area of the city proper is 176.77 square kilometers. According to the 2010 Census, the city had a permanent population of 343,334, up from 328,809 recorded in the 2002 Census, making it Russia's largest resort city. Being part of the Caucasian Riviera, it is one of the few places in Russia with a subtropical climate, with warm to hot summers and mild winters. With the alpine and Nordic events held at the nearby ski resort of Rosa Khutor in Krasnaya Polyana, Sochi hosted the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games in 2014, as well as the Russian Formula 1 Grand Prix from 2014 until at least 2020, it was one of the host cities for the 2018 FIFA World Cup.
Before the whole area was conquered by Cimmerian and Sarmatian invaders, the Zygii people lived in Lesser Abkhazia under the Kingdom of Pontus the Roman Empire's influence in antiquity. From the 6th to the 11th centuries, the area successively belonged to the Georgian kingdoms of Lazica and Abkhazia, who built a dozen churches within the city boundaries, the was unified under the single Georgian monarchy in 11th-century, forming one of the Saeristavo, known as Tskhumi extending its possessions up to Nicopsis; the Christian settlements along the coast were destroyed by the invading Alans, Khazars and other nomadic empires whose control of the region was slight. The northern wall of an 11th-century Byzantine basilica still stands in the Loo Microdistrict. From the 14th to the 19th centuries, the region was dominated by the Abkhaz and Adyghe tribes, the current location of the city of Sochi known as Ubykhia was part of historical Circassia, was controlled by the native people of the local mountaineer clans of the north-west Caucasus, nominally under the sovereignty of the Ottoman Empire, their principal trading partner in the Muslim world.
The coastline was ceded to Russia in 1829 as a result of the Caucasian War and the Russo-Turkish War, 1828–1829. Provision of weapons and ammunition from abroad to the Circassians caused a diplomatic conflict between the Russian Empire and the British Empire that occurred in 1836 over the mission of the Vixen; the Russians had no detailed knowledge of the area until Baron Feodor Tornau investigated the coastal route from Gelendzhik to Gagra, across the mountains to Kabarda, in the 1830s. In 1838, the fort of Alexandria, renamed Navaginsky a year was founded at the mouth of the Sochi River as part of the Black Sea coastal line, a chain of seventeen fortifications set up to protect the area from recurring Circassian resistance. At the outbreak of the Crimean War, the garrison was evacuated from Navaginsky in order to prevent its capture by the Turks, who effected a landing on Cape Adler soon after; the last battle of the Caucasian War took place at the Godlikh river on March 18, 1864 O. S. where the Ubykhs were defeated by the Dakhovsky regiment of the Russian Army.
On March 25, 1864, the Dakhovsky fort was established on the site of the Navaginsky fort. The end of Caucasian War was proclaimed at Kbaade tract on June 2, 1864, by the manifesto of Emperor Alexander II read aloud by Grand Duke Michael Nikolaevich of Russia. After the end of Caucasian War all Ubykhs and a major part of the Shapsugs, who lived on the territory of modern Sochi, were either killed in the Circassian Genocide or expelled to the Ottoman Empire. Starting in 1866 the coast was colonized by Russians, Ukrainians, Greeks, Germans and other people from inner Russia. In 1874–1891, the first Russian Orthodox church, St. Michael's Church, was constructed, the Dakhovsky settlement was renamed Dakhovsky Posad on April 13, 1874. In February 1890, the Sochi Lighthouse was constructed. In 1896, the Dakhovsky Posad was renamed Sochi Posad and incorporated into the newly formed Black Sea Governorate. In 1900–1910, Sochi burgeoned into a sea resort; the first resort, "Kavkazskaya Riviera", opened on June 14, 1909.
Sochi was granted town status in 1917. During the Russian Civil War, the littoral area saw sporadic armed clashes involving the Red Army, White movement forces, the Democratic Republic of Georgia; as a result of the war Sochi has become Russian territory. In 1923, Sochi acquired one of its most distinctive features, a railway which runs from Tuapse to Georgia within a kilometer or two of the coastline. Although this branch of the Northern Caucasus Railway may appear somewhat incongruous in the setting of beaches and sanatoriums, it is still operational and vital to the region's transportation infrastructure. Sochi was established as a fashionable resort area under Joseph Stalin, who had his favorite dacha built in the city. Stalin's study, complete with a wax statue of the leader, is now open to the public. During Stalin's reign the coast became dotted with imposing Neoclassical buildings, exemplified by the opulent Rodina and Ordzhonikidze sanatoriums; the centerpiece of this early period is Shchusev's Constructivist Institute of Rheumatology.
The area was continuously developed until the demise of the Soviet Union. Following Russ
JSC Azimuth Airlines is a Russian airline based in Platov International Airport in Rostov-on-Don, the capital of Rostov Oblast. Due to the merger of Donavia with Rossiya Airlines in 2016, Rostov-on-Don lost its main airline though Rossiya continued the flights operated by Donavia; as Rostov-on-Don was selected as one of the host cities for the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia, there was a perceived need for another airline to provide quality flights to connect the cities of Southern Russia and Central Russia. Azimuth registered itself as a legal entity in Krasnodar, but re-registered itself in Rostov-on-Don in February 2017, with shareholders being co-owner of Vnukovo International Airport Vitaly Vantsev, Pavel Udod and Pavel Ekzhanov. In March 2017, contracts were signed with for the delivery of four Sukhoi Superjet 100 regional jets. Another contract was signed for the delivery of four more SSJ100s; the delivery of the aircraft began in July 2017, with the airline receiving its first SSJ100 on 7 July through the State Transport Leasing Company.
The airline plans to further increase the fleet to 16 aircraft. On 18 August 2017, the airline received an air operator's certificate giving the airline permission to commence flight operations. Domestic routes to Kaliningrad, Volgograd, Astrakhan and Gelendzhik, as well as international routes to Yerevan, Frankfurt and Tel Aviv are planned to enter Azimuth's route network by 2021. On 7 December 2017, Azimuth shifted all flights from Rostov-on-Don Airport to Platov International Airport. Azimuth started international flights on 29 September 2018 when it started offering weekly flights to Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. On 1 October 2018, Azimuth had its first flight to Yerevan, starting a schedule now offering three services a week; the airline, which obtained its Air Operator’s Certificate in August 2017, is exempt from the requirement that Russian airlines must demonstrate at least two years’ of successful domestic operations before being allowed to perform international services. This is due to the fact that the requirement does not apply to countries of the Eurasian Economic Union, of which Armenia and Kyrgyzstan are a part of.
Azimuth's logo and livery was designed by Asgard Branding based from St. Petersburg. According to the designers, the logo symbolizes the sea, the sky and southern hospitality; as of October 2018, Azimuth Airlines operates flights to 23 domestic destinations and 2 international destinations in three Eurasian countries: Russia and Kyrgyzstan. The Azimuth fleet consists of the following aircraft as of April 2018: Donavia List of airlines of Russia List of airports in Russia Transport in Russia Official website Azimuth Fleet
Belavia Belarusian Airlines Joint Stock Company "Belavia Belarusian Airlines", is the flag carrier and national airline of Belarus, headquartered in Minsk. The state-owned company had, 1,017 employees. Belavia serves a network of routes between European cities and the Commonwealth of Independent States, as well as some Middle East destinations from its base at Minsk National Airport. On 7 November 1933, the first Belarusian air terminal opened in Minsk. In the next spring 3 Po-2 aircraft landed in Minsk, they became the first aircraft of the Belarusian air fleet. In 1936 the first regular air route between Minsk and Moscow was established. In the summer of 1940 the Belarusian civil aviation group was founded. In 1964, the Tupolev Tu-124 aircraft received Belarusian registration. In 1973, the new Tupolev Tu-134A began operating in Belarus. In 1983 Belarusian aviation started flying the new Tupolev Tu-154 planes; the airline was founded on 5 March 1996 in accordance with a resolution of the Belarusian Government "On the restructuring of air transport of the Republic, Belarus", when the local Aeroflot division was nationalised and renamed.
Between and 1998 Belavia opened regular routes to Beijing, Larnaca, London and Rome. In 1998, Belavia merged with MinskAvia, acquiring several Antonov An-24, Antonov An-26 and Yakovlev Yak-40 aircraft in addition to existing fleet of Tupolev Tu-134 and Tupolev Tu-154 airplanes. On 18 May 2001, Belavia commenced a Minsk-Paris scheduled service with Tu-154s. In 2003 Belavia started publishing an in-flight magazine Horizons in English and Belarusian. On 16 October 2003, Belavia signed a leasing agreement for its first Boeing 737-500 aircraft. In 2004, Belavia further extended operations and acquired one more Boeing 737. On 26 June 2004 Belavia opened a new route to Germany. 2011 saw the introduction of a new route between Helsinki, Finland. Between 2003 and 2009, the airline has seen its passenger numbers double and in 2009 handled just under 700,000 customers. Three leased Bombardier CRJ 100 aircraft were introduced on regional services from Minsk; the first one was delivered in February 2007, with the other two in 2007.
They directly replaced Tupolev Tu-134 aircraft. It was looking to lease two Bombardier CRJ-700s in 2010. Belavia had planned to retire its remaining Tupolev Tu-154Ms by 2011 following the retirement of its last Tupolev Tu-134 in summer 2009, replaced by an ex-FlyLAL Boeing 737-500. On 27 June 2014 an order was announced for three Boeing 737-800 aircraft to be acquired directly by Belavia; the first of these was delivered in August 2016. Belavia is considering adding longhaul aircraft to its fleet to introduce new routes to China and North America; the government is also considering merging regional carrier Gomelavia and cargo operator TransAVIAexport Airlines into Belavia. In August 2016, Belavia received their first aircraft with their new livery; this is the first re-branding since the company's founding in 1996. The new livery was applied a brand new Boeing 737-800; the much newer 737's replaced. On 1 October 2016, Belavia retired their two remaining Tupolev Tu-154s from scheduled services as one of the last airlines worldwide to do so.
Belavia flies to Asia and Africa from its base at Minsk National Airport. In addition to scheduled destinations listed here, Belavia operates charter flights to leisure destinations and VIP charters. Belavia has codeshare agreements with the following airlines: As of June 2018, the Belavia fleet consists of the following aircraft: On 6 January 2003, a Yakovlev Yak-40 suffered a shattered windshield during flight, en route to Prague. Two Czech Air Force fighters accompanied the plane to a safe landing in Ruzyně International Airport. On 14 February 2008, Belavia Flight 1834, a Bombardier CRJ-100ER en route from Yerevan, Armenia, to Minsk hit its left wing on the runway during takeoff from Zvartnots International Airport, subsequently crashing on the ground, flipping over and coming to a stop inverted near the runway. All 18 passengers and 3 crew members managed to escape the aircraft before it erupted into flames due to the timely response of the fire and rescue crew at the airport; the main cause of the crash was icing contamination leading to a stall of the left wing.
Media related to Belavia at Wikimedia Commons Official website Insulated From Competition, Belavia Profits And Modernizes
Volgograd International Airport
Volgograd International Airport is an airport located 15 km northwest of the city of Volgograd Stalingrad, in Russia. It comprises a civilian airport built on top of an older military runway, now demolished; the terminal area parks 42 medium/large aircraft and 91 small aircraft. A military training unit was present at Gumrak as late as 1994, the 706 UAP, using Aero L-39 aircraft; however a more recent report puts 706 UAP at Beketovsk until 1997. Volgograd Airport served as base for Air Volga; when the airline went bankrupt in April 2010, its aircraft and most of the routes were taken over by RusLine. In 2012 it was announced that Volgograd airport would have a new terminal and runway built which would bring the airport up to European standards, it is being built and will be complete sometime in 2017; the airport named Gumrak Airport, was used by the German 6th Army as fuel and supply depot during the Battle of Stalingrad in 1942-43. After the fall of Pitomnik on 17 January 1943, Gumrak was the only one of seven airfields around Stalingrad still in German hands.
On 22 January, a last He 111 aircraft left the airfield with 19 wounded soldiers, the last flight out of Stalingrad for the 6th Army. Gumrak was recaptured by the 293rd Rifle Division on 23 January, leaving the 6th Army without any means of direct support. In 2016, the new terminal of the airport was opened for international flights. Straight after opening, the first terminal building was demolished to give more space for a new terminal extension, planned to be equipped with air-bridges; the construction is planned to finish before 9 May, where the terminal will open for passenger service and will integrate with terminal C. The current Soviet-built building is planned to convert into a bus terminal. On 8 May 2018, the new terminal B for domestic flights was opened for passengers; the new runway was opened on that day. The last third stage of the airport re-construction, will be integrating terminals B and C with the walking gallery and construction of air-bridges; the works will commence after FIFA-2018 finishes.
The current soviet-built terminal, after terminal B commences its operations in May, will be converted to the bus terminal. It was planned to do before FIFA World Cup 2018, but due to technical reasons, it will commence its services later; the railway station is integrated with Terminal A. The construction of the line was finished in April 2018, tested with the first train on 11 May and commenced the first journey on 17 May 2018; the train goes to Railway Terminal Volgograd-1 and the journey takes 30 minutes. The train to and from Volgograd City Zone travels daily. List of the busiest airports in the former USSR Media related to Gumrak Airport at Wikimedia Commons Volgograd International Airport official website