The Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was one of the six constituent federal units forming the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. It was a predecessor of the modern-day Bosnia and Herzegovina state, existed between 1945 and 1992, it was subsequently given the higher status of a Socialist Republic, under strict terms of consociationalism known as "ethnic key", based on the balance in the political representation of ethnic groups. The capital city was Sarajevo; the Socialist Republic was dissolved in 1990 when it abandoned its socialist institutions and adopted liberal ones, as the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina which declared independence from Yugoslavia in 1992. The Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina was, up to 20 December 1990, in the hands of the League of Communists of Bosnia and Herzegovina; the borders of SR Bosnia and Herzegovina were identical to the ones Bosnia had during the period of Austro-Hungarian rule that lasted until 1918. That year Bosnia became part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and during that period the territory was divided among banovinas.
When SR Bosnia and Herzegovina was formed, it included what were the territories of most of Vrbas Banovina, the western part of Drina Banovina, the northwestern part of Zeta Banovina, the eastern parts of Banovina of Croatia. During a meeting of the State Anti-fascist Council for the National Liberation of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Mrkonjić Grad on 25 November 1943. In April 1945 its name was formalized as the Federal State of Bosnia and Herzegovina, a constituent unit of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia. With DF Yugoslavia changing its name to the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia on 29 November 1945 as well as the promulgation of the 1946 Yugoslav Constitution two months in January, its constituent units changed their respective names. FS Bosnia and Herzegovina thus became known as the People's Republic of Herzegovina; this constitutional system lasted until the 1963 Yugoslav Constitution. On 7 April 1963, Yugoslavia was reconstituted as the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, PR Bosnia and Herzegovina changed its name to the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
After independence on 1 March 1992, the country was renamed to the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Following the Dayton Agreement, in force, it became a federated state known as Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1997; because of its central geographic position within the Yugoslav federation, post-war Bosnia was strategically selected as a base for the development of the military defense industry. This contributed to a large concentration of military personnel in Bosnia. However, Bosnia's existence within Yugoslavia, for the large part, was prosperous. Being one of the poorer republics in the early 1950s it recovered economically, taking advantage of its extensive natural resources to stimulate industrial development; the Yugoslavian communist doctrine of "brotherhood and unity" suited Bosnia's diverse and multi-ethnic society that, because of such an imposed system of tolerance, thrived culturally and socially. The improvements to cultural tolerance throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina culminated with the selection of Sarajevo to host the 1984 Winter Olympics.
Though considered a political backwater of the federation for much of the 50s and 60s, the 70s saw the ascension of a strong Bosnian political elite. While working within the communist system, politicians such as Džemal Bijedić, Branko Mikulić and Hamdija Pozderac reinforced and protected the sovereignty of Bosnia and Herzegovina, their efforts proved key during the turbulent period following Tito's death in 1980, are today considered some of the early steps towards Bosnian independence. However, the republic hardly escaped the nationalistic climate of the time unscathed. Following the death of Tito in 1980, rising nationalist ideas noted in Serbian academia, pressured Bosnia to deal with allegations of rising nationalism in their own society. One of the most controversial events that were taken by a Bosnian political leadership was a so-called Sarajevo process in 1983 where, under significant pressure from Serbia's political leadership, Bosnian political elite used their influence to secure convictions for several Bosniak nationalists as a type of a political sacrifice to gain political points in the fight against Serbian nationalists.
The Sarajevo process centered on convicting Alija Izetbegović for writing "The Islamic Declaration", a literary work, in the Yugoslav communist regime considered a radical approach towards socialist ideals of former Yugoslavia that were based on suppression of nationalism and any violation of that doctrine was punishable by law. Such trials in the communist regime were quite common and a typical practice of suppressing the right to free speech. Bosnian politicians used this practice to reaffirm their political opposition to Serbian nationalist tendencies and in particular opposition to the politics of Slobodan Milošević, trying to revert the constitutional amendments of the 1970s that awarded the Bosniaks the status of a constituent ethnicity; the process backfired as the Serbian lobby insisted that Bosnia was a "dark nation
Melrose may refer to: Melrose, Scottish Borders, a town in the Scottish Borders, Scotland Melrose Abbey, ruined monastery Melrose RFC, rugby club Melrose, Queensland, a locality in the South Burnett Region Melrose, South Australia, a town in the southern Flinders Ranges Melrose Park, South Australia, a suburb of Adelaide Melrose, Hastings County, Ontario, a community in the township of Tyendinaga Melrose, Middlesex County, Ontario, a community in the township of Middlesex Centre Melrose, Nova Scotia Melrose, New Brunswick Melrose and Labrador Melrose, Nova Scotia Melrose, Mauritius, a village in Mauritius Melrose, New Zealand, a suburb in the Eastern Ward of Wellington City Melrose, Gauteng, a suburb of Johannesburg Melrose Estate, Gauteng, a suburb of Johannesburg Melrose House, historic mansion in Pretoria Melrose North, Gauteng, a suburb of Johannesburg Melrose Avenue, a major street running through Los Angeles and West Hollywood, California Melrose District, a neighborhood in Phoenix, Arizona on the border of the Encanto and Alhambra urban villages.
Melrose, California Melrose, former name of Cherokee, Nevada County, California Melrose, Connecticut, a village in East Windsor Melrose, Florida, an unincorporated town Melrose, Iowa, a city Melrose, Louisiana, a village Melrose Plantation, a plantation in Natchitoches, Louisiana Melrose, Maryland, an unincorporated community Melrose, Massachusetts, a city located in the Greater Boston metropolitan area Melrose, Minnesota, a city Melrose, New Jersey, an unincorporated community Melrose, New Mexico, a village Melrose, New York, a hamlet of the Town of Schaghticoke Melrose, Bronx, a residential neighborhood in the New York City borough of the Bronx Melrose Melrose, Ohio, a village Melrose-Rugby, Virginia, a neighborhood in central Roanoke Melrose, Wisconsin, a village Melrose, Wisconsin, a town Melrose Township Registered historic places: Melrose in listed on the NRHP in Boyle County, Kentucky Melrose, a mansion in Natchez National Historical Park Melrose in listed on the NRHP in Hertford County, North Carolina Melrose in Cheyney, Pennsylvania Melrose, listed on the NRHP in Fauquier County, Virginia Melrose, listed on the NRHP in Fluvanna County, Virginia Melrose Melrose plc, a British investment company Melrose, an apple cultivar Melrose, a San Francisco Bay ferry operating from 1909 to 1931 Melrose, a clothing store in the Southwest United States Melrose, a 1990 album by Tangerine Dream Chronicle of Melrose, a medieval chronicle written by monks at Melrose Abbey Melrose Apartments, Melrose High School Melrose Park Melrose Place, a 1990s TV soap opera
William Justice Ford was an English schoolmaster, known as a cricketer and sports writer. The eldest of seven sons of William Augustus Ford, of Lincoln's Inn Fields, by his wife Katherine Mary Justice, he was born in London on 7 November 1853. Educated at Eagle House, at Repton School, where he played in the cricket eleven, William entered St. John's College, Cambridge, as minor scholar in 1872, having first entered Trinity College earlier that year, he became foundation scholar in 1874, graduated B. A. with second-class classical honours in 1876, proceeding M. A. in 1878. Ford was a master at Marlborough College from 1877 to 1886, from that year till 1889 was headmaster of Nelson College, New Zealand. On his return to England he became in April 1890 headmaster of Leamington College, from which he retired in 1893. Ford died of pneumonia at Abingdon Mansions on 3 April 1904, was buried at Kensal Green. Ford was a cricket blue at Cambridge, played for Middlesex, he was 6 ft. 3 in. in height and weighed in 1886 over 17 stone.
He was reputed as one of the hardest-hitting cricketers, surpassed only by Charles Inglis Thornton. His longest authenticated hit was 144 yards, he was a good field at point. After retiring from teaching, Ford wrote on cricket, he compiled the articles on "Public School Cricket" for Wisden's Cricketers' Almanack from 1896 to 1904 and in Prince Ranjitsinhji's Jubilee Book of Cricket. He contributed articles to the Cyclopaedia of Sport and to the Encyclopædia Britannica, the chapter on "Pyramids and Pool" to the Badminton Library volume Billiards. Ford married Katherine Macey Browning at All Saints' Church, Nelson, on 22 December 1887. Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Lee, Sidney, ed.. "Ford, William Justice". Dictionary of National Biography. 2. London: Smith, Elder & Co
The Prodigal Trilogy is a 2008 independent Christian short film that tells the Parable of the Prodigal Son from the Bible, from a modern perspective. It was made in a combination of theatrical and cinematic styles, was filmed in the Orillia Opera House in Orillia, Canada; the film is divided into each act containing the three characters' monologues. Each character is played by Jason Hildebrand. Act I is the younger son's story, he tells of how he demanded that his father should give him his inheritance right away, how he ran away and spent himself on every pleasure he could think of. When his money was spent and his pleasure all gone, he tells of how he went back home to his father, how his father accepted him back into the family; the second act contains the story of the older brother, who tells of his own righteousness and his disgust at what his younger brother did. When his brother returned home, he watched in horror at how his father welcomed back his son, going so far as to throw a party for him though he had never given his elder son a party.
Act III gives us the father's perspective on the whole situation. He speaks of how saddened by his younger son's actions, he did the only thing a parent could do in a situation like this – he prayed, continued loving; when his son came home, he joyfully accepted him back into the family with his complete heart. The only thing that saddens him still is that his older son, though doing all the right things outwardly, is more lost than the younger son was, because of his heart-attitude; the production style of the film was as much a part of the story. Key elements of the story were further communicated through the use of a few simple props, which each served their purposes during each act. For instance, an ornate scarlet cloth was used both as a robe and a table cloth at different times throughout the three acts; each act made use of a different cinematographic style, as well. Act I was shot in a hand-held style, Act II had smooth dolly and tripod styles, Act III combined both styles in a smooth steadycam style.
This was done in order to convey the personalities of the characters of the Younger Son, Elder Son, Father, respectively. The Prodigal Trilogy has won several awards and honors, including: Special Jury Award: Most Original Short - 2008 Faith and Film Festival Best of Show - 2009 Imago Film Festival Best Dramatic Short - 2009 San Antonio Independent Christian Film Festival Honorable Mention - The Accolade Competition Official Selection - Gold Lion Film Festival Interview with Jason Hildebrand of The Prodigal Trilogy Praise Pictures review
Judy Johnson is an American pop singer most notable for her regular appearances on the NBC television series Your Show of Shows in the 1950s. Early in her career, she was billed under her birth name. In the late 1930s, Johnson and her family moved to Nutley, New Jersey, while there she learned tap dancing. After two years, they moved back to Norfolk. There she began singing on a radio station and began singing with a band at age 11, she performed at age 14 as a singer in a tent show headed by Gene Austin. When she was 18, she moved to New York to study musical comedy. In addition to studying, she traveled on USO tours and appeared in night clubs, including the Copacabana in New York. In the early 1940s, she sang with the Les Brown Orchestra. In 1941, she had a hit of "Joltin' Joe DiMaggio" with Brown's group, she sang with Frankie Carle and his orchestra. Her biggest hit was "How Little We Know", written by Hoagy Carmichael and Johnny Mercer for the character played by Lauren Bacall in the film To Have and Have Not.
In 1943, Johnson sang with Jerry Wald and his orchestra. Johnson's TV appearances included singing on the syndicated game show Hidden Treasure, the NBC game show Judge for Yourself,:546 and the NBC variety show Tonight! America After Dark.:1094 On old-time radio, she was a regular on The Robert Q. Lewis Show. Most of the kinescopes of Your Show of Shows were discarded by NBC, so few video appearances of Johnson remain. In one remaining film clip Johnson sings a cover of the Four Lads song "No, Not Much!". Her last television singing appearance was on The Arthur Murray Party in 1959. In 1950, Johnson joined Sammy Kaye as a singer with his orchestra. In 1952, she signed a contract with MGM Records to join Bill Hayes, with whom she sang on Your Show of Shows, to record duets. In 1955, she performed on Broadway as Miss Adelaide in Dolls. Johnson married composer and conductor Mort Lindsey in 1954. Judy Johnson on IMDb
War Child is the seventh studio album by Jethro Tull, released in October 1974. It was released a year and a half after the release of A Passion Play; the turmoil over criticism of the previous album surrounded the production of War Child, which obliged the band to do press conferences and explain their plans for the future. The band began recording songs for the album on 7 December 1973, starting with "Ladies", they recorded "The Third Hoorah" along with the outtake "Paradise Steakhouse" on 8 December, "War Child" and "Back-Door Angels" along with outtake "Saturation" on 16 December, the sound effects from "Bungle in the Jungle", "Ladies", "Skating Away on the Thin Ice of the New Day" and "The Third Hoorah" along with outtake "Good Godmother" and orchestral piece "Mime Sequence" on 19 December, "Sea Lion" along with outtake "Sea Lion II" on 6 January 1974, "Queen and Country" on 20 January 1974 and "Two Fingers" and "Bungle in the Jungle" along with outtake "Tomorrow was Today" on 24 February 1974.
The whole album was recorded at Morgan Studios, in London, except for tracks 6 and 8, which were recorded at the Château d'Hérouville, in France. According to the liner notes on the 2014 Theatre Edition reissue, War Child was a much more relaxed record to make, compared to the previous album and the Château d'Hérouville sessions; the studio equipment worked, the sound in the studio was workable, the atmosphere within the band was settled and productive. Much of the music derived from past recording sessions of the band. "Only Solitaire" and "Skating Away on the Thin Ice of the New Day" were left over from the summer 1972 writing sessions for what was to have been the follow-up to Thick as a Brick. The basic tracks and lead vocals for those two songs were recorded during September 1972 sessions in France. "Bungle in the Jungle" shares some elements with material recorded in September 1972. Ian Anderson told Songfacts: "It was late'72 or early'73 when I was in Paris recording an album that never got released, although one or two of the tracks made it out in 1974, but, at a time when I was writing an album, exploring people, the human condition, through analogies with the animal kingdom."
"Two Fingers" is a rearrangement of "Lick Your Fingers Clean", a track from the Aqualung recording sessions, not included on that album's original release. Meant to accompany a film project, it was reinstated as a ten-song, single-length rock album after failed attempts to find a major movie studio to finance the film; the "War Child" movie was written as a metaphysical black comedy concerning a teenage girl in the afterlife, meeting characters based on God, St. Peter and Lucifer portrayed as shrewd businessmen. Notable British actor Leonard Rossiter was to have been featured, Margot Fonteyn was to have choreographed, while Monty Python veteran John Cleese was pencilled in as a "humour consultant"; the front cover is a composite photograph featuring a positive color print of Melbourne at night, a negative print of a studio photo of lead singer Ian Anderson. The back cover of the album contains images of people, including the five members of the band, wives, Chrysalis Records staff, manager Terry Ellis, all related to the song titles.
Anderson's personal touring assistant Shona Learoyd appears as a ringmaster, while Terry Ellis appears as a leopard skin-clad, umbrella-waving aggressive businessman. The album prominently features David Palmer's string orchestration across an eclectic musical set, with the band members, as the two predecessor albums, playing a multitude of instruments; the music is lighter and more whimsical than the dark A Passion Play, with hints of comedy in the lyrics and the music' structure. Although, the lyrics still unleash lashing critiques of established society and critics. Tracks slated to accompany the film such as "Quartet" and "Warchild Waltz" were unearthed and released across several Tull compilations, all of them appeared on the 2002 CD reissue. In 2014, to commemorate the album's 40th anniversary, War Child: The 40th Anniversary Theatre Edition was released; the 1974 Rolling Stone review of the album is harsh, as was the Rolling Stone review of A Passion Play: "Each handcrafted track comes chock-full of schmaltz, tootie-fruitti sound effects and flute toots to boot, not to mention Anderson's warbling lyricism."
Concluding, the reviewer said: "Remember: Tull rhymes with dull."The AllMusic review, by Bruce Eder, recognizes the quality of the album and the musicians, but stated that: " never made the impression of its predecessors, however, as it was a return to standard-length songs following two epic-length pieces. It was inevitable that the material would lack power, if only because the opportunity for development that gave Thick as a Brick and A Passion Play some of their power." War Child went Gold in the U. S. where it peaked at No. 2 on the Billboard pop albums chart. On the other hand, the sales decreased in U. K. where it reached No. 14. In Norway it reached No. 8 and in Denmark No. 9. "Rainbow Blues" was covered by Blackmore's Night, former Deep Purple's guitarist Ritchie Blackmore's band. The song was released on their 2003 album Ghost of a Rose. Blackmore's Night performed the song live. All music is composed except where noted. *Tracks 12-21: orchestral recordings Jet