Americans are citizens of the United States of America. The country is home to people of different national origins. As a result, Americans do not equate their nationality with ethnicity, although citizens make up the majority of Americans, non-citizen residents, dual citizens, and expatriates may also claim an American identity. See Names for United States citizens. S, virgin Islands and Northern Mariana Islands in the 20th century. It also includes influences of African-American culture, westward expansion integrated the Creoles and Cajuns of Louisiana and the Hispanos of the Southwest and brought close contact with the culture of Mexico. Large-scale immigration in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from Southern and Eastern Europe introduced a variety of elements, immigration from Asia, Africa, and Latin America has also had impact. A cultural melting pot, or pluralistic salad bowl, describes the way in which generations of Americans have celebrated and exchanged distinctive cultural characteristics, in addition to the United States, Americans and people of American descent can be found internationally. As many as seven million Americans are estimated to be living abroad, the United States of America is a diverse country, racially, and ethnically. Some other race is also an option in the census and other surveys, people of European descent, or White Americans, constitute the majority of the 308 million people living in the United States, with 72. 4% of the population in the 2010 United States Census. They are considered people who trace their ancestry to the peoples of Europe, the Middle East. Of those reporting to be White American,7,487,133 reported to be Multiracial, with largest combination being white, additionally, there are 29,184,290 White Hispanics or Latinos. Non-Hispanic Whites are the majority in 46 states, there are four minority-majority states, California, Texas, New Mexico, and Hawaii. In addition, the District of Columbia has a non-white majority, the state with the highest percentage of non-Hispanic White Americans is Maine. The largest continental ancestral group of Americans are that of Europeans who have origins in any of the peoples of Europe. This includes people via African, North American, Caribbean, Central American or South American and Oceanian nations that have a large European diaspora, the Spanish were the first Europeans to establish a continuous presence in what is now the United States. Martín de Argüelles born 1566, San Agustín, La Florida, was the first person of European descent born in what is now the United States. Twenty-one years later, Virginia Dare born 1587 Roanoke Island in present-day North Carolina, was the first child born in the Thirteen Colonies to English parents. 8% of the total population, Hispanic or Latino Americans constitute the largest ethnic minority in the United States. They form the second largest group after non-Hispanic Whites in the United States, hispanic/Latino Americans are very racially diverse, and as a result form an ethnic category, rather than a race
The Establishment generally denotes a dominant group or elite that holds power or authority in a nation or organization. The Establishment may be a social group which selects its own members or specific entrenched elite structures. The American Sociological Association states that the term is used by those protesting a small group that dominates a larger organization. The positions against it are antiestablishmentarianism, and populism, for example, candidates for political office are often said to have to impress the party establishment in order to win endorsement. The exercise of power in the United Kingdom cannot be understood unless it is recognized that it is exercised socially, following that, the term, the Establishment, was quickly picked up in newspapers and magazines all over London, making Fairlie famous. However, the term The Establishment, had used by Ralph Waldo Emerson in a similar fashion. Nevertheless, the Oxford English Dictionary would cite Fairlies column as its locus classicus, however, author and professor Carroll Quigley of Georgetown University, in his book The Anglo-American Establishment, used the term much more specifically than did Fairlie. In that book, Quigley exposes the secret societys established in London in 1891, Quigley explains how these men worked in union to begin their society to control the world. He explains how all the wars from that time were deliberately created to control the economies of all the nations, much more generally, this use of the word, Establishment, may have been influenced by the British term, established church, for the official church of England. The term was found useful in discussing the power elites in many other countries. The English word is now used as a loanword in other languages. The term, establishment is often used in Australia to refer both to the political parties and also to the powers behind those parties. In the book, Anti-political Establishment Parties, A Comparative Analysis by Amir Abedi, Amir Abedi refers to the Labor Party and it is communally thought that the Coalition parties are more closely aligned to the American and particularly the British political establishment than is the Labor Party. This would seem to be out by the fact that many more former members of the Coalition parties have been honoured by the monarchy for services to the Commonwealth. The original Canadian Establishment began as a mix between the British and U. S. models, combining political appointments and business acumen, the Family Compact is the first identifiable Canadian Establishment in Anglophone Canada. In francophone Canada, the leaders of the Catholic Church also played a major role. Newman defined the modern Canadian Establishment in his 1975 book The Canadian Establishment and it catalogued the richest individuals and families living in Canada at the time. All of the people he identified were prominent business leaders, especially in the media
William Woodward Jr.
William Billy Woodward Jr. Woodward was the only son of William Woodward Sr. and his wife Elizabeth Ogden Elsie Cryder. His mother was one of the Cryder triplets of New York society fame and his father was president and director of the Hanover Bank of New York, and was secretary to the ambassador to the Court of St. Jamess during the reign of Edward VII. Woodward Sr. frequented the race track with the king, Woodward was educated at the Groton School and graduated from Harvard University. After graduation, Woodward fought in the United States Navy during World War II, there, he received a Purple Heart after a torpedo attack on his ship. After leaving the Navy, Woodward became a director of Hanover Bank, a young, tall, wealthy man, he was considered by some to be the most eligible bachelor in America. He eventually became one of Americas finest horse breeders, on the senior Woodwards death in 1953, Woodward inherited Belair Mansion and stud farm in Collington, Maryland, the oldest in America, along with the thoroughbred horse Nashua. During his naval stint, Woodward met Ann Eden Crowell, a Powers model and stage, there were rumors that Ann was initially Woodward Sr. s mistress and that he passed her along to his son. Woodward Sr. did in fact set his son up with Ann much to the displeasure of his wife Elsie who thought Ann was a gold digger, the couple announced their engagement on March 6,1943 and were married two weeks later. They had two sons, William Woody III and James Jimmy, the Woodward marriage was reportedly turbulent. Both had affairs, drank frequently and often argued publicly, Ann also began abusing prescription drugs. After attending a party for Wallis Simpson on October 30,1955, Woodward and his wife returned to their home in Oyster Bay. Both were nervous about reports of a prowler roaming nearby estates, the Woodwards were both avid hunters. Ann was considered a shot, and each went to their separate bedrooms that evening with loaded shotguns. A few hours later Ann heard a noise on the roof, believing the figure to be a prowler, Ann fired the gun, killing her husband. Upon arriving at the home, police found Ann Woodward holding her husbands body and she immediately confessed that she had shot her husband because she thought he was a burglar. Police later arrested a man named Paul Wirths who admitted that he had attempted to break into the Woodwards house on the night of the shooting, wirth claimed that he had been scared by the sound of gunshots, and then left. Woodwards mother, however, believed that the shooting had been deliberate, there was speculation that Elsie Woodward had paid Paul Wirths to say he had attempted to break into the home in an effort to exonerate Ann. Three weeks after the shooting, Ann Woodward testified before a jury and maintained that the shooting was an accident
Lyle and Erik Menendez
During the trial, the brothers claimed the murders stemmed from years of sexual and psychological abuse by the parents. The defense was rejected by jurors, who sentenced the brothers to life imprisonment without the possibility of parole and their story has been retold in movies and in popular culture. The Menéndez brothers father, Jose Enrique Menéndez, was born in Havana, Cuba, while attending Southern Illinois University, he met Mary Louise Kitty Andersen. The two married in 1963 and moved to New York, where Jose Menéndez earned a degree in accounting at Queens College, the couple had two sons, Joseph Lyle Menéndez was born in New York City, New York on January 10,1968. Erik was born on November 27,1970, in Gloucester Township, Kitty Menéndez quit her schoolteaching job after Lyle was born. In New Jersey both brothers attended Princeton Day School, joses career as a corporate executive took the family to Calabasas, California, where the boys spent their adolescence. During 1987 Erik attended high school in Calabasas, earning average grades but showing a talent for tennis. Lyle attended Princeton University but was placed on probation for poor grades and discipline. In 2017 interviews the brothers stated they had sexually molested by their father since a young age. On August 20,1989, Lyle and Erik were 21 and 18 years old, the murders occurred that evening in the den of the familys home in Beverly Hills at 722 North Elm Drive. Jose and Kitty were tired that evening because the family had been shark fishing on a chartered yacht, Motion Picture Marine. With Lyle and Erik out for the evening, Jose and Kitty went into their den to watch the James Bond movie The Spy Who Loved Me. Neighbors later reported hearing loud bangs about 10 p. m. but dismissed them as nothing to be concerned about, Jose was shot point-blank in the back of the head with a Mossberg 12-gauge shotgun. Kitty, awakened by the shots, sprang from the couch and she slipped in her own blood and fell, then was shot several times in the arm, chest, and face, leaving her unrecognizable. Both Jose and Kitty were then shot in the kneecap in an attempt to make the murders appear related to organized crime, the brothers then drove away and dumped their shotguns on Mulholland Drive. They later told police they had left home that evening to see the new James Bond movie, Licence to Kill, afterward, they said, they went to the annual “Taste of L. A. ” festival at the Santa Monica Civic Auditorium. At 11,47 p. m. when the brothers returned home, Lyle telephoned 911 and cried, Somebody killed my parents. The police considered the brothers suspects but did not have any evidence, during their trial, Erik said he spotted a shotgun shell they had left on the floor and removed it when the policeman talking to him looked away
Celebrity status is often associated with wealth, while fame often provides opportunities to make money. Successful careers in sports and entertainment are commonly associated with celebrity status, People may also become celebrities due to media attention on their lifestyle, wealth, or controversial actions, or for their connection to a famous person. Throughout recorded history there are accounts of people who attracted the trappings of celebrity which would be recognized today, athletes in Ancient Greece were welcomed home as heroes, had songs and poems written in their honor, and received free food and gifts from those seeking celebrity endorsement. Ancient Rome similarly lauded actors and notorious gladiators, and Julius Caesar appeared on a coin in his own lifetime, in the 12th century, Thomas Becket became famous following his murder. He was promoted by the Christian Church as a martyr and images of him, the cult of personality can be traced back to the Romantics in the 18th Century, whose livelihood as artists and poets depended on the currency of their reputation. The establishment of cultural hot-spots became an important factor in the process of generating fame, for example, London, newspapers started including gossip columns and certain clubs and events became places to be seen in order to receive publicity. The movie industry spread around the globe in the first half of the 20th Century, yet, celebrity wasnt always tied to actors in films, especially when cinema was starting out as a medium. The second half of the century saw television and popular music bring new forms of celebrity, such as the rock star, unlike movies, television created celebrities who were not primarily actors, for example, presenters, talk show hosts and news readers. In the sixties and early seventies the book publishing industry began to persuade major celebrities to put their names on autobiographies and other titles in a genre called celebrity publishing. In most cases the book was not written by the celebrity but by a ghost-writer, cultures and regions with a significant population may have their own independent celebrity systems, with distinct hierarchies. For example, the Canadian province of Quebec, which is French-speaking, has its own system of French-speaking television, movie, a person who garners a degree of fame in one culture may be considered less famous or obscure in another. S. Whereas the francophone Canadian singer Celine Dion is well known in both the French-speaking world and in the United States, regions within a country, or cultural communities can also have their own celebrity systems, especially in linguistically or culturally distinct regions such as Quebec or Wales. Regional radio personalities, newscasters, politicians or community leaders may be local or regional celebrities and these informal rankings indicate a placing within a hierarchy. However, due to differing levels of celebrity in different regions, a Brazilian actor might be a B-list action film actor in the U. S. but an A-list star in Portugal. Some elements are associated with fame, such as appearing on the cover of Time, being spoofed in Mad, having a wax statue in Madame Tussauds, certain people are known even to people unfamiliar with the area in which they excelled. If one has to name a famous boxer, they are likely to name Muhammad Ali or Mike Tyson. The same phenomenon is true for fictional characters, superman, Spider-Man, The Hulk, Wonder Woman and Batman represent super heroes to a far wider audience than that of the comics and graphic novels in which they appear. Disney have themeparks around the world rely on the fame of its creations headed by Mickey Mouse