SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Sociobiology

Sociobiology is a field of biology that aims to examine and explain social behavior in terms of evolution. It draws from disciplines including psychology, anthropology, zoology and population genetics. Within the study of human societies, sociobiology is allied to Darwinian anthropology, human behavioral ecology and evolutionary psychology. Sociobiology investigates social behaviors such as mating patterns, territorial fights, pack hunting, the hive society of social insects, it argues that just as selection pressure led to animals evolving useful ways of interacting with the natural environment, so it led to the genetic evolution of advantageous social behavior. While the term "sociobiology" originated at least as early as the 1940s, the concept did not gain major recognition until the publication of E. O. Wilson's book Sociobiology: The New Synthesis in 1975; the new field became the subject of controversy. Critics, led by Richard Lewontin and Stephen Jay Gould, argued that genes played a role in human behavior, but that traits such as aggressiveness could be explained by social environment rather than by biology.

Sociobiologists responded by pointing to the complex relationship between nurture. E. O. Wilson defined sociobiology as "the extension of population biology and evolutionary theory to social organization". Sociobiology is based on the premise that some behaviors are at least inherited and can be affected by natural selection, it begins with the idea that behaviors have evolved over time, similar to the way that physical traits are thought to have evolved. It predicts that animals will act in ways that have proven to be evolutionarily successful over time; this can, among other things, result in the formation of complex social processes conducive to evolutionary fitness. The discipline seeks to explain behavior as a product of natural selection. Behavior is therefore seen as an effort to preserve one's genes in the population. Inherent in sociobiological reasoning is the idea that certain genes or gene combinations that influence particular behavioral traits can be inherited from generation to generation.

For example, newly dominant male lions kill cubs in the pride that they did not sire. This behavior is adaptive because killing the cubs eliminates competition for their own offspring and causes the nursing females to come into heat faster, thus allowing more of his genes to enter into the population. Sociobiologists would view this instinctual cub-killing behavior as being inherited through the genes of reproducing male lions, whereas non-killing behavior may have died out as those lions were less successful in reproducing; the philosopher of biology Daniel Dennett suggested that the political philosopher Thomas Hobbes was the first sociobiologist, arguing that in his 1651 book Leviathan Hobbes had explained the origins of morals in human society from an amoral sociobiological perspective. The geneticist of animal behavior John Paul Scott coined the word sociobiology at a 1948 conference on genetics and social behaviour which called for a conjoint development of field and laboratory studies in animal behavior research.

With John Paul Scott's organizational efforts, a "Section of Animal Behavior and Sociobiology" of the ESA was created in 1956, which became a Division of Animal Behavior of the American Society of Zoology in 1958. In 1956, E. O. Wilson came in contact this emerging sociobiology through his PhD student Stuart A. Altmann, in close relation with the participants to the 1948 conference. Altmann developed his own brand of sociobiology to study the social behavior of rhesus macaques, using statistics, was hired as a "sociobiologist" at the Yerkes Regional Primate Research Center in 1965. Wilson's sociobiology is different from John Paul Scott's or Altmann's, insofar as he drew on mathematical models of social behavior centered on the maximisation of the genetic fitness by W. D. Hamilton, Robert Trivers, John Maynard Smith, George R. Price; the three sociobiologies by Scott and Wilson have in common to place naturalist studies at the core of the research on animal social behavior and by drawing alliances with emerging research methodologies, at a time when "biology in the field" was threatened to be made old-fashioned by "modern" practices of science.

Once a specialist term, "sociobiology" became known in 1975 when Wilson published his book Sociobiology: The New Synthesis, which sparked an intense controversy. Since "sociobiology" has been equated with Wilson's vision; the book pioneered and popularized the attempt to explain the evolutionary mechanics behind social behaviors such as altruism and nurturance in ants and other Hymenoptera, but in other animals. However, the influence of evolution on behavior has been of interest to biologists and philosophers since soon after the discovery of evolution itself. Peter Kropotkin's Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution, written in the early 1890s, is a popular example; the final chapter of the book is devoted to sociobiological explanations of human behavior, Wilson wrote a Pulitzer Prize winning book, On Human Nature, that addressed human behavior specifically. Edward H. Hagen writes in The Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology that sociobiology is, despite the public controversy regarding the applications to humans, "one of the scientific triumphs of the twentieth century."

"Sociobiology is now part of the core research and curriculum of all biology departments, it is a foundation of the work of all field biologists" Sociobiological research on nonhuman organisms has increased dramatic

Mauricio Barcelata

Mauricio Barcelata Pinedo is a Mexican actor and TV host. He hosts Sale El Sol, the morning show of Imagen Televisión. Barcelata started his professional career as member of a child pop band called "Cometa", he appeared as an extra in the telenovela Agujetas de color de rosa. In the early 2000s he hosted the afternoon show Vida TV. After several feuds with Televisa's directives in January 2009 Barcelata left the network and moved to TV Azteca where he hosted Para todos and Venga la Alegría. In 2016, he moved to upstart Imagen Televisión and became the host of its morning program, Sale el Sol. Plaza Sésamo Agujetas de color de rosa Mi querida Isabel Mujer, casos de la vida real Mi generación ¿Qué nos pasa? Soñadoras Cuentos para solitarios DKDA Sueños de juventud Primer amor... a mil por hora El juego de la vida Desde Gayola Mujer de Madera La fea más bella Muchachitas como tú Vecinos Mujeres asesinas La loba Quererte Así Vida TV Espacio en Blanco Nocturninos Muévete Para todos Justo a tiempo Venga la alegría N2Ruedas Sale El Sol

2018 MSBL season

The 2018 MSBL season was the 30th season of the Men's State Basketball League. The regular season began on Friday 16 March, with Round 1 seeing the reigning Champions the Perth Redbacks hosting the Lakeside Lightning; the 2018 MSBL All-Star Game was played on 4 June at Bendat Basketball Centre – the home of basketball in Western Australia. The regular season ended on Saturday 28 July; the finals began on Friday 3 August and ended on Saturday 1 September with the Perry Lakes Hawks defeating the Joondalup Wolves in the MSBL Grand Final. The regular season began on Friday 16 March and ended on Saturday 28 July after 20 weeks of competition. Again in 2018, all games over the Easter Weekend were played on a blockbuster Thursday night with six venues all hosting games before the league took a break for the Easter long weekend. Anzac Round took place in Week 6 of the competition with the Kalamunda Eastern Suns and Willetton Tigers continuing their Anzac Day game tradition. There was Women's Round in Week 9, Rivalry Round in Week 12, Heritage Round in Week 16.

The finals ended on Saturday 1 September with the MSBL Grand Final. The 2018 MSBL All-Star Game took place at Bendat Basketball Centre on Monday 4 June, with all proceeds going to Red Frogs Australia. Most Valuable Player: Jalen Billups Coach of the Year: Dave Daniels Most Improved Player: Travis Durnin All-Star Five: PG: Jack Isenbarger SG: Gavin Field SF: Ben Purser PF: Jalen Billups C: Daniel Alexander All-Defensive Five: PG: Gokul Natesan SG: Damien Scott SF: Ben Purser PF: Maurice Barrow C: Jarrad Prue Grand Final MVP: Ben Purser 2018 fixtures 2018 season preview All-Star starters 2018 grand final preview 2018 grand final preview 2018 grand final highlights 2018 grand final full replay