Software license

A software license is a legal instrument governing the use or redistribution of software. Under United States copyright law, all software is copyright protected, in both source code and object code forms, unless that software was developed by the United States Government, in which case it cannot be copyrighted. Authors of copyrighted software can donate their software to the public domain, in which case it is not covered by copyright and, as a result, cannot be licensed. A typical software license grants the licensee an end-user, permission to use one or more copies of software in ways where such a use would otherwise constitute copyright infringement of the software owner's exclusive rights under copyright. Most distributed. Two common categories for software under copyright law, therefore with licenses which grant the licensee specific rights, are proprietary software and free and open-source software; the distinct conceptual difference between the two is the granting of rights to modify and re-use a software product obtained by a customer: FOSS software licenses both rights to the customer and therefore bundles the modifiable source code with the software, while proprietary software does not license these rights and therefore keeps the source code hidden.

In addition to granting rights and imposing restrictions on the use of copyrighted software, software licenses contain provisions which allocate liability and responsibility between the parties entering into the license agreement. In enterprise and commercial software transactions, these terms include limitations of liability and warranty disclaimers, indemnity if the software infringes intellectual property rights of anyone. Unlicensed software outside the scope of copyright protection is either public domain software or software, non-distributed, non-licensed and handled as internal business trade secret. Contrary to popular belief, distributed unlicensed software is copyright protected, therefore unusable until it passes into public domain after the copyright term has expired. Examples of this are unauthorized software leaks or software projects which are placed on public software repositories like GitHub without a specified license; as voluntarily handing software into the public domain is problematic in some jurisdictions, there are licenses granting PD-like rights, for instance the CC0 or WTFPL.

Many proprietary or open source software houses sell the SW copy with a license to use it. There isn't any transferring of ownership of the good to the user, which hasn't the warranty of a for life availability of the software, nor isn't entitled to sell, give it to someone, copy or redistribute it on the Web. License terms and conditions may specify further legal clauses that users can't negotiate individually or by way of a consumer organization, can uniquely accept or refuse, returning the product back to the vendor; this right can be applied where the jurisdiction provides a mandatory time for the good decline right after the purchase, or a mandatory public advertisement of the license terms, so as to be made readable by users before their purchasing. In the United States, Section 117 of the Copyright Act gives the owner of a particular copy of software the explicit right to use the software with a computer if use of the software with a computer requires the making of incidental copies or adaptations.

Therefore, the owner of a copy of computer software is entitled to use that copy of software. Hence, if the end-user of software is the owner of the respective copy the end-user may use the software without a license from the software publisher; as many proprietary "licenses" only enumerate the rights that the user has under 17 U. S. C. § 117, yet proclaim to take rights away from the user, these contracts may lack consideration. Proprietary software licenses proclaim to give software publishers more control over the way their software is used by keeping ownership of each copy of software with the software publisher. By doing so, Section 117 does not apply to the end-user and the software publisher may compel the end-user to accept all of the terms of the license agreement, many of which may be more restrictive than copyright law alone; the form of the relationship determines if it is a lease or a purchase, for example UMG v. Augusto or Vernor v. Autodesk, Inc; the ownership of digital goods, like software applications and video games, is challenged by "licensed, not sold" EULAs of digital distributors like Steam.

In the European Union, the European Court of Justice held that a copyright holder cannot oppose the resale of a digitally sold software, in accordance with the rule of copyright exhaustion on first sale as ownership is transferred, questions therefore the "licensed, not sold" EULA. The Swiss-based company UsedSoft innovated the resale of business software and fought for this right in court. In Europe, EU Directive 2009/24/EC expressly permits trading used computer programs; the hallmark of proprietary software licenses is that the software publisher grants the use of one or more copies of software under the end-user license agreement, but ownership of those copies remains with the software publisher. This feature of proprietary software licenses means that certain rights re

Evare Athagadu

Evare Athagadu is a Tollywood film starring Vallabha, Jaya Sheel and K. Viswanath; the film is a debut movie for Vallabha. The film was a flop; the lead actor of the film, Vallabha is the son of renowned Tollywood Producer K. S. Rama Rao. Sunny and Sneha are childhood friends, Sunny Joins Sneha's event management company and falls in love with her, result in her narrating a flashback revealing her life's sad experiences, Time passes though sneha starts loving sunny she is hesitant in informing him, meanwhile sunny leaves for the USA studies meeting Rekha proposing to her resulting in her acceptance, sneha is shocked to see Rekha accompany sunny as his fiancé on his return from The US, Sneha agrees to manage the event of their marriage what happens next does sunny see sneha's love forms the rest of the story. Soundtrack was released on Aditya Music. All tracks are written by Veturi Sundararama Murthy. Listen Evare Atagaadu Songs News Article on The Hindu, India's Oldest Newspaper

Stonehouse railway station

Stonehouse railway station is a railway station that serves the town of Stonehouse in Gloucestershire, England. The station is located on the Swindon-Gloucester "Golden Valley" line; the station was called Stonehouse Burdett Road to distinguish it from a second station, Stonehouse, on the line between Bristol and Gloucester. Stonehouse Bristol Road closed to passengers under the Beeching Axe in 1965 and to goods traffic the following year; the station has two platforms, is operated by Great Western Railway. The station has a ticket office, located on the Gloucester-bound platform; the platforms are short: only about 55 yards each. This is long enough to accommodate the two-coach trains used on SwindonCheltenham Spa local services. Since long trains cannot be accommodated such trains running towards Gloucester stop with the front two coaches in the platform, those running toward London stop with the rear two in the platform. Passengers intending to alight at Stonehouse are advised earlier in their journeys to proceed along the train to the relevant coaches.

Since trains from Cheltenham always reverse at Gloucester, this can lead to confusion for cyclists as to which end of the train in which to load their bicycles. In December 2017 the station completed a £300,000 upgrade; the work included improved access and a new footbridge. In 2018, improvements were made to the provision of service information for passengers, comprising the installation of LED dot-matrix passenger information screens and the provision of automated announcements. Works to extend the short platforms by around 100m were completed in 2019; these changes were required for introduction of Class 166 trains, which are longer than the previous rolling stock used on the line. Great Western Railway operate services from London Paddington to Gloucester and Cheltenham Spa using Class 800s, limited local services from Swindon to Gloucester and Cheltenham using Class 165 two carriage sets. Trains call hourly in each direction Mon-Sat and on Sundays. Old photos of Stonehouse Burdett Road Station - Stonehouse History Group