The International Solvay Institutes for Physics and Chemistry, located in Brussels, were founded by the Belgian industrialist Ernest Solvay in 1912, following the historic invitation-only 1911 Conseil Solvay, considered a turning point in the world of physics. The Institutes coordinate conferences, workshops and colloquia. Following the initial success of 1911, the Solvay Conferences have been devoted to outstanding preeminent open problems in both physics and chemistry; the usual schedule is every three years. Hendrik Lorentz was chairman of the first Solvay Conference held in Brussels from 30 October to 3 November 1911; the subject was the Quanta. This conference looked at the problems of having two approaches, namely classical physics and quantum theory. Albert Einstein was the second youngest physicist present. Other members of the Solvay Congress included such luminaries as Marie Curie and Henri Poincaré; the Third Solvay Conference was held in April 1921, soon after World War I. Most German scientists were barred from attending.
In protest at this action, Albert Einstein, himself a citizen and a vocal supporter of the infant Weimar Republic, declined his invitation to attend the conference where most of his countrymen were barred. However, the real reason of Einstein's absence is because he accepted the invitation by Dr. Chaim Weizmann for a trip to the United States; the most famous conference was the Fifth Solvay Conference on Electrons and Photons held from 24 to 29 October 1927, where the world's most notable physicists met to discuss the newly formulated quantum theory. The leading figures were Niels Bohr. 17 of the 29 attendees were or became Nobel Prize winners, including Marie Curie, who alone among them, had won Nobel Prizes in two separate scientific disciplines. A. Piccard, E. Henriot, P. Ehrenfest, E. Herzen, Th. de Donder, E. Schrödinger, J. E. Verschaffelt, W. Pauli, W. Heisenberg, R. H. Fowler, L. Brillouin. L. Bragg, H. A. Kramers, P. A. M. Dirac, A. H. Compton, L. de Broglie, M. Born, N. Bohr. Langmuir, M. Planck, M. Curie, H.
A. Lorentz, A. Einstein, P. Langevin, Ch.-E. Guye, C. T. R. Wilson, O. W. Richardson Fifth conference participants, 1927. Institut International de Physique Solvay in Leopold Park. Straumann, N.. "On the first Solvay Congress in 1911". European Physical Journal H. arXiv:1109.3785. Bibcode:2011EPJH...36..379S. Doi:10.1140/epjh/e2011-20043-9. Franklin Lambert & Frits Berends: Vous avez dit: sabbat de sorcières? La singulière histoire des premiers Conseils Solvay, EDP Sciences - Collection: Sciences et Histoire - octobre 2019 Frits Berends, Franklin Lambert: paperity.org "Einstein's witches' sabbath: the first Solvay council", Europhysics News, 42/5 pp 15–17, 2011 International Solvay Institutes The Solvay Science Project Previous Solvay Conferences on Physics Previous Solvay Conferences on Chemistry Proceedings 1911 Proceedings 1913 Proceedings 1933 Overview of the transcript of the famous Fifth Conference — American Institute of Physics Bacciagaluppi G. Valentini A. Quantum Theory at the Crossroads: Reconsidering the 1927 Solvay Conference, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK
Henri Mikael Hurskainen is a Swedish badminton player who competed for Sweden at the 2012 and 2016 Summer Olympics. Hurskainen has won several Silver medals in badminton championships. Hurskainen was born in Sweden, to Finnish parents who had moved to Sweden in the 1980s. Men's Singles The BWF Grand Prix has two level such as Grand Prix Gold, it is a series of badminton tournaments, sanctioned by Badminton World Federation since 2007. Men's Singles BWF Grand Prix Gold tournament BWF Grand Prix tournament Men's singles BWF International Challenge tournament BWF International Series tournament BWF Future Series tournament Henri Hurskainen at BWF.tournamentsoftware.com Henri Hurskainen at the International Olympic Committee Henri Hurskainen at the Sveriges Olympiska Kommitté
Double Trouble is a 1915 American silent romantic comedy film written and directed by Christy Cabanne, produced by D. W. Griffith, starring Douglas Fairbanks in one of his earliest motion pictures; the film is based on the novel of the same name by Herbert Quick. The plot, a variant on the theme of Jekyll and Hyde, revolves around a shy, "effeminate" banker who acquires a second and flirtatious personality after receiving a blow on the head; the film was a critical success. A print of the film is held by the Cohen Media Group. Douglas Fairbanks - Florian Amidon/Eugene Brassfield Margery Wilson - Elizabeth Waldron Richard Cummings - Judge Blodgett Olga Grey - Madame Leclaire Gladys Brockwell - Daisy Scarlett Monroe Salisbury - Hotel Clerk William Lowery Tom Kennedy - Judge Blodgett Kate Toncray Lillian Langdon Double Trouble on IMDb still photograph, imagery from the film