Sommar i P1 is one of the most popular shows on Swedish radio. It has been broadcast every summer since 29 June 1959 as Sommar on P3 and since 1993 on P1; each 90-minute-long programme in the series –, broadcast daily from Midsummer's day until the middle of August at 13.00 and repeated in the late evening – is presented by a different, specially invited host who plays music of his or her own choosing and importantly, talks about a topic of personal relevance. Being invited to host the show has been compared to receiving a knighthood in Sweden, it has become the custom for each year's presenters to be featured in a group photograph, each wearing a floral crown known as a midsommarkrans as a mark of the "honour" bestowed upon them; the host has to be a speaker of Swedish. However, in 2014, intense international interest led to the production of an English-language edition presented by the YouTube celebrity PewDiePie. In the programme's early years the hosts – known as Sommarvärdar – were regular radio DJs who each presented several editions on a rotating basis, but the present formula of a different guest presenter each day emerged during the 1970s.
The original concept for the show came from the head of radio entertainment at Sveriges Radio, Tage Danielsson, producer Jörgen Cederberg, the first host. The programme's theme tune is Sommar, sommar, composed in 1951 by Sten Carlberg, with lyrics by Eric Sandström; the hosts range from celebrities to politicians, authors and royalty. Several prime ministers of Sweden and other Nordic countries have been hosts on the show. High-profile celebrities such as the actresses Anita Ekberg and Liv Ullmann and the film director Ingmar Bergman have all hosted their own Sommar show. Other hosts from the film industry include Academy Award winners and nominees such as Malik Bendjelloul, Kay Pollak, Tomas Alfredson, Paul N. J. Ottosson, and journalists like Magdi Abdelhadi. Members of ABBA and modern music stars such as Robyn or Maja Ivarsson from The Sounds, as well as authors such as Astrid Lindgren, Håkan Nesser and Karl Ove Knausgård have been hosts of their own shows. Other hosts have included such industry leaders as IKEA-founder Ingvar Kamprad and legendary Volvo CEO Pehr G. Gyllenhammar.
Niklas Zennström and Daniel Ek of Skype and Spotify fame have hosted their own shows. In June 2014, Sveriges Radio received over 70 formal complaints concerning an edition of Sommar presented by the poet and playwright Athena Farrokhzad; the show is broadcast on Swedish radio for a Swedish audience. However, in 2014, intense international interest led to the production of an English-language edition presented by YouTube celebrity PewDiePie. All of the shows are available for download from the Sommar website directly after broadcast. Since 2005, episodes of the show have been available as podcasts, with more than 800 broadcast editions available from an archive covering the period from 1963 to the present. At the annual press conference introducing each year's presenters the participants always appear wearing midsommarkrans floral head garlands. Since 2009, some of each year's presenters have appeared in the Sveriges Television show Sommarpratarna. Sommar at P1's website List of all hosts 1959–2016
Ried-Brig is a municipality in the district of Brig in the canton of Valais in Switzerland. Ried-Brig is first mentioned in 1232 as Riet. In 1428 it was mentioned as ried de briga; until 1993 it was known as Ried bei Brig. Ried-Brig has an area, as of 2011, of 47.5 square kilometers. Of this area, 19.0 % is used for agricultural purposes. Of the rest of the land, 2.7% is settled and 47.6% is unproductive land. The municipality is located above Brig and on the Simplon Pass road; the blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Argent, issuant from Coupeaux Vert three Pine-trees Vert trunked proper. Ried-Brig has a population of 2,115; as of 2008, 6.1% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has changed at a rate of 3.4%. It has changed at a rate of 3.8 % due to births and deaths. Most of the population speaks German as their first language, French is the second most common and Italian is the third. There is 1 person; as of 2008, the gender distribution of the population was 49.4 % female.
The population was made up of 54 non-Swiss men. There were 48 non-Swiss women. Of the population in the municipality 701 or about 44.3% were born in Ried-Brig and lived there in 2000. There were 578 or 36.5% who were born in the same canton, while 192 or 12.1% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, 87 or 5.5% were born outside of Switzerland. The age distribution of the population is children and teenagers make up 29.2% of the population, while adults make up 61.1% and seniors make up 9.7%. As of 2000, there were 707 people who never married in the municipality. There were 34 individuals who are divorced; as of 2000, there were 562 private households in the municipality, an average of 2.7 persons per household. There were 121 households that consist of only one person and 64 households with five or more people. Out of a total of 568 households that answered this question, 21.3% were households made up of just one person and there were 7 adults who lived with their parents. Of the rest of the households, there are 147 married couples without children, 254 married couples with children There were 29 single parents with a child or children.
There were 4 households that were made up of unrelated people and 6 households that were made up of some sort of institution or another collective housing. In 2000 there were 294 single family homes out of a total of 439 inhabited buildings. There were 114 multi-family buildings, along with 12 multi-purpose buildings that were used for housing and 19 other use buildings that had some housing. In 2000, a total of 538 apartments were permanently occupied, while 136 apartments were seasonally occupied and 14 apartments were empty; as of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 12.5 new units per 1000 residents. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 1.67%. The historical population is given in the following chart: In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 65.45% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP, the SVP and the FDP. In the federal election, a total of 911 votes were cast, the voter turnout was 65.3%. In the 2009 Conseil d'Etat/Staatsrat election a total of 887 votes were cast, of which 49 or about 5.5% were invalid.
The voter participation was 65.3%, much more than the cantonal average of 54.67%. In the 2007 Swiss Council of States election a total of 909 votes were cast, of which 25 or about 2.8% were invalid. The voter participation was 65.5%, much more than the cantonal average of 59.88%. As of 2010, Ried-Brig had an unemployment rate of 1.3%. As of 2008, there were 73 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 34 businesses involved in this sector. 79 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 18 businesses in this sector. 158 people were employed with 43 businesses in this sector. There were 746 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 36.6% of the workforce. In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 234; the number of jobs in the primary sector was 40, of which 29 were in agriculture and 11 were in forestry or lumber production. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 70 of which 21 or were in manufacturing and 49 were in construction.
The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 124. In the tertiary sector. In 2000, there were 75 workers who commuted into 598 workers who commuted away; the municipality is a net exporter of workers, with about 8.0 workers leaving the municipality for every one entering. About 5.3% of the workforce coming into Ried-Brig are coming from outside Switzerland. Of the working population, 25.3% used public transportation to get to work, 59.1% used a private car. From the 2000 census, 1,391 or 87.9% we
Air Rum was an airline registered in Sierra Leone, though based in Amman owned by Jordanian business man Mohammad Ibrahim Abu Sheikh, which operated leasing and charter flights out Queen Alia International Airport, Amman. The airline was established in 2002 as a subsidiary of RUM Group by Mohammad Abu Sheikh, who served as President and General Manager. Services were somewhat limited as Air Rum was on the List of air carriers banned in the European Union due to safety concerns. Air Rum became inoperational in 2008 and was subsequently dismantled, in favor of Petra Airlines, another subsidiary of RUM Group; the Air Rum fleet consisted of a number of Lockheed L-1011 TriStar aircraft, the last of which went into storage in August 2008, marking the end of the airline's business. On 20 September 2005, an Air Rum aircraft full of Gambian football fans heading for Lima, Peru faked a fuel starvation emergency so that the flight had to divert to Piura; the fans were going to support their national team playing in the city for the 2005 FIFA U-17 World Championship.
Cannon Fodder 2: Once More unto the Breach, or Cannon Fodder 2, is an action-strategy shoot'em up game developed by Sensible Software and published by Virgin Interactive for the Amiga and DOS in November 1994. The game is the sequel to Cannon Fodder, a successful game released for multiple formats in 1993; the game is a combination of action and strategy involving a small number of soldiers battling through a time-travel scenario. The protagonists are outnumbered and killed; the player must rely on strategy and heavy secondary weapons to overcome enemies, their vehicles and installations. The game retained the mechanics and gameplay of its predecessor but introduced new levels and graphics. Former journalist Stuart Campbell designed the game's levels, making them harder and more tactically demanding, as well as introducing a multitude of pop culture references in the level titles; the development of the game's plot was hampered by budget constraints and the resulting lack of explanation confused reviewers.
Critics enjoyed the gameplay retained from the original Cannon Fodder but were disappointed at the lack of new mechanics or weapons, comparing the game to a data disk. Reviewers praised the game's level design, though less so those of its alien planet. Critics gave Cannon Fodder 2 positive reviews but lower scores than its predecessor and gave mixed criticism of the new theme music and increased difficulty. Cannon Fodder 2 shoot'em up elements; the player controls a small squad of up to four soldiers. These soldiers are armed with machine guns; the player's troops are fragile, while they possess superior fire-power at the game's outset the enemy infantry becomes more powerful as the game progresses. As well as foot soldiers, the antagonists include missile-armed turrets; the player must destroy buildings which spawn enemy soldiers. For these targets, which are invulnerable to machine gun fire, the player must use secondary, explosive weaponry: grenades and rockets. Ammunition for these weapons is limited and the player must find supply crates to replenish his troops.
Wasting these weapons can result in the player not having enough to fulfil the mission objectives. The player can opt to shoot crates – destroying enemy troops and buildings in the ensuing explosion – at less risk to his soldiers than retrieving them, but again at a greater risk of depleting ammunition; the player proceeds through 24 missions divided into several "phases" each, making 72 levels in all. There are various settings including medieval, gangster-themed Chicago, an alien spacecraft and an alien planet; the player must contend with mines and other booby traps. As well as shooting action, the game features strategy elements and employs a point-and-click control system more common to strategy than action games; as the player's troops are outnumbered and killed, he must use caution, as well as careful planning and positioning. To this end, he can split the squad into smaller units to take up separate positions or risk fewer soldiers when moving into dangerous areas. In alternative settings, heavy weapons are replaced graphically by such units as battering rams and wizards.
The game's plot – minimally expounded in the manual – concerns soldiers partaking in a Middle Eastern conflict abducted by aliens to do battle on an alien world. During the process of space travel, the aliens send the soldiers to various times and places, resulting in the intervening medieval and Chicago settings; the game is the sequel to Cannon Fodder, which drew criticism for its juxtaposition of war and humour and its use of iconography resembling the remembrance poppy. The cover art's poppy was replaced with a soldier, in turn replaced by a hand grenade for Cannon Fodder 2, regarding which Amiga Power joked: "the great thing about an explosive charge wrapped in hundreds of meters wound-inflicting wire is that it doesn't have the same child-frightening,'responsible adult' freaking, society-disrupting effect as an iddy-biddy flower." The One felt the new historical and science-fiction themes an attempt to avoid similar controversy as befell Cannon Fodder. Amiga Power itself had become embroiled in the controversy due to its planned use of the poppy on its cover and perceived inflammatory commentary its editor Stuart Campbell.
Campbell left the magazine to join Sensible Software as a programmer and worked on the sequel as his first game. A small team of "essentially four" people – among them first-time level-designer Campbell – created the game, retaining the Cannon Fodder engine. Prior to Campbell's arrival from a journalism career, Sensible Software had devised the game's time-travelling theme and decided upon the various settings. However, it had not yet developed a plot to expound these themes, it was not possible to illustrate the story in the game itself – due to Cannon Fodder 2's – simple nature and so Campbell began work on an elaborate "plot-to-be" completing a novella intended to accompany the final product. This version of the story had the time-travelling aliens plotting to intervene in various parts of human history to create chaos, which they intended to exploit to enslave and destroy humanity; the protagonists' kidnappers were envisioned as sympathisers who would send them through time to defend mankind.
However, Virgin took charge of the manual's production. The result was a simplified explanation which described the soldiers as in the employ of the aliens and did not clarify the time-travel element. Campbell said the loss of the novell
United Utilities Group plc, the United Kingdom's largest listed water company, was founded in 1995 as a result of the merger of North West Water and NORWEB. The group manages the regulated water and waste water network in North West England, which includes Cumbria, Greater Manchester and Merseyside, which have a combined population of nearly seven million; the United Utilities Group was the distribution network operator for the North West until 2010, when the electricity subsidiary was sold to Electricity North West. United Utilities' headquarters are in Warrington and the company has 5,300 direct employees, its shares are listed on the FTSE 100 Index. North West England is the wettest region in England, water hardness across the region is soft to soft. In 1990, North West Water and NORWEB, the companies responsible for the provision of water and electricity to the North West, were privatised. In 1995, they retained their separate identities. In January 1998, United Utilities listed on the New York Stock Exchange, but delisted its shares in May 2007.
In 2000, the North West Water and NORWEB branding was phased out in favour of United Utilities, the rebranding was completed by the end of 2001. The company sold some of the businesses it had acquired, its telecoms business, Your Communications was sold in February 2006, Vertex in March 2007. In December 2007, United Utilities sold its electricity distribution network assets to North West Electricity Networks Limitied, a joint venture between funds run by Colonial First State and investment bank JPMorgan Chase. Electricity North West became the licensed Distribution Network Operator for the north west of England as a result. United Utilities operated and maintained the network on behalf of Electricity Northwest until 2010, when Electricity Northwest bought the electricity network operations and maintenance arm of United Utilities to establish one Group. In October 2011, United Utilities was selected as the preferred bidder by Severn Trent Water to purchase the Lake Vyrnwy estate for £11 million.
United Utilities withdrew from the bidding process. In February 2012, United Utilities proposed a national water pipeline linking water sources in Manchester to London. In April 2016, United Utilities received an 18-year loan of £500m from The European Investment Bank to support investment across the North West. In May 2016, the Competition and Markets Authority granted United Utilities and Severn Trent Water approval to create a new joint venture company in preparation for the water market deregulation. In June 2016, United Utilities and Severn Trent Water formed Water Plus, in readiness to provide the retail services for their non household customers; as of 2012 United Utilities owned 184 reservoirs and was responsible to provide and maintain the water supply in the region. Some reservoirs operated by the company are outside the North West such as the Longdendale Chain in Derbyshire, which were constructed by the Manchester Corporation in the 19th century, remain networked to the North West's water supply.
In May 2010, a burst water main cut 15,000 customers in Moreton and Wallasey off water for 3 days. In November 2019, a burst pipe in a local treatment works disrupted water supply in the CH 41/42/43/63 areas and bottled water supply points were set up. On 7 August 2015, cryptosporidium, a water borne parasite that can cause diarrhoea and vomiting, had been detected in the water supply to Blackpool, Fylde, South Ribble and Wyre affecting more than 300,000 customers. No cases of cryptosporidiosis were reported and by introducing of ultra-violet treatment units "boil water" notices could be lifted in some areas. Investigations by UU and the Drinking Water Inspectorate had not identified the cause. On 6 September 2015, the water supply was declared free from contamination, restrictions were lifted. United Utilities was subsequently fined £300,000 at Preston Crown Court on 10 October 2017 for supplying water unfit for human consumption, with an additional £150,000 costs, it paid around £18 million in compensation to its customers.
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Sadie Lloyd was a fictional character in the UK soap opera Family Affairs, played by Barbara Young from 1998 until 2005. Sadie first appeared in late November 1998 as Pamela Tripp's gossipy and flamboyant mother, a former stage actor. Sadie took a job working for the villainous Pete Callan serving behind the bar at bar/restaurant The Lock, became one of Pete's few friends, she refused to believe that her daughter Pamela was being stalked by a former client, but after Pamela killed him in self-defence, assisted her daughter in disposing of the body and keeping the incident secret. After the body was found in 1999 Pamela accepted full responsibility for the crime, Sadie was not charged. Pamela went to prison begging Sadie to never visit her in prison. Sadie followed this instruction, Pamela was mentioned for several years. Sadie followed Pete to continue working for him at his new pub The Black Swan in 2000. During her time on Stanley Street, Sadie began opening her home to various lodgers. In 2001, her sister, Gloria along with her husband Barry and their daughter Kelly came over for a visit from Australia.
When Barry and Gloria returned to Australia, Kelly stayed in Charnham with Sadie for a year. Kelly died on New Year's Eve 2002, after falling down the stairs after an argument with Matt Ellis, the father of Kelly's daughter Grace. Sadie was left devastated. In late 2003, Sadie took a job at Dusty's Stores, in addition to her job at the pub and made friends with Myra Costello, whose family had arrived in the area. In early 2004, Sadie began seeing Jeff Lloyd. Though embarrassed by his social gaffes she enjoyed his generosity with money since she was facing financial ruin having run up large credit cards debts while defaulting on her home mortgage repayments. Learning that Jeff was dying, Sadie agreed to marry him, seeing it as a way out of her financial predicament, she became Sadie Lloyd. Jeff died soon after the wedding, however his estranged daughter contested the will and Sadie got nothing, was forced to put her home on the market. Number 6 was purchased by lodgers Doug and Cat MacKenzie. By mid-2005, Sadie's health was on the decline following a stroke.
Pam returned to Charnham after being tracked down by Pete. Pam was revealed to be living in Birmingham. Pam and Sadie had a difficult time reconnecting when they returned though Sadie was understanding about Pam having come out as a lesbian. In the end, things became so strained, Pam decided to return to Birmingham with Teresa and Sadie went into Sheltered housing outside of London; when Pete died after a shootout with SO19 Officers in September 2005, Cat phoned Sadie to inform her of his death. On the day of Pete's funeral, Cat revealed that Sadie had mentioned she wasn't up to making the journey to Charnham; this was the last, heard of Sadie. A reporter from Soaplife said "comic turn of the month" for November 1999; the referenced storyline involved Sadie performing at a talent contest but being mistaken for a drag queen. While another described her as "always the laugh and soul of the party, the one who picks people up when they're down and takes them in when they're homeless."