Sophie Calle is a French writer, installation artist, conceptual artist. Calle's work is distinguished by its use of arbitrary sets of constraints, evokes the French literary movement of the 1960s known as Oulipo, her work depicts human vulnerability, examines identity and intimacy. She is recognized for her detective-like ability to follow strangers and investigate their private lives, her photographic work includes panels of text of her own writing. Since 2005 Calle has taught as a professor of film and photography at European Graduate School in Saas-Fee, Switzerland, she has lectured at the University of San Diego in the Visual Arts Department. She has taught at Mills College in Oakland, California. Exhibitions of Calle's work took place at Paris, she represented France at the Venice Biennale in 2007. In 2017 she was shortlisted for the Deutsche Börse Photography Prize for her publication My All. In 2019 she was the recipient of the Royal Photographic Society's Centenary Medal and Honorary Fellowship.
In Suite Venitienne, Calle followed a man she met at a party in Paris to Venice, where she disguised herself and followed him around the city, photographing him. Calle’s surveillance of the man, who she identifies only as Henri B. includes black and white photographs accompanied by text. Calle's first artistic work was The Sleepers, a project in which she invited passers-by to occupy her bed; some were friends, or friends of friends, some were strangers to her. She photographed them every hour. In order to execute her project The Hotel, she was hired as a chambermaid at a hotel in Venice where she was able to explore the writings and objects of the hotel guests. Insight into her process and its resulting aesthetic can be gained through her account of this project: "I spent one year to find the hotel, I spent three months going through the text and writing it, I spent three months going through the photographs, I spent one day deciding it would be this size and this frame...it's the last thought in the process."
One of Calle's first projects to generate public controversy was Address Book. The French daily newspaper Libération invited her to publish a series of 28 articles. Having found an address book on the street, she decided to call some of the telephone numbers in the book and speak with the people about its owner. To the transcripts of these conversations, Calle added photographs of the man's favorite activities, creating a portrait of a man she never met, by way of his acquaintances; the articles were published, but upon discovering them, the owner of the address book, a documentary filmmaker named Pierre Baudry, threatened to sue the artist for invasion of privacy. As Calle reports, the owner discovered a nude photograph of her, demanded the newspaper publish it, in retaliation for what he perceived to be an unwelcome intrusion into his private life. Another of Calle's noteworthy projects is titled The Blind, for which she interviewed blind people, asked them to define beauty, their responses were accompanied by her photographic interpretation of their ideas of beauty, portraits of the interviewees.
Calle has created elaborate display cases of birthday presents given to her throughout her life. According to Bouillier, the premise of his story was that "A woman who has left a man without saying why calls him years and asks him to be the'mystery guest' at a birthday party thrown by the artist Sophie Calle, and by the end of this fashionable—and utterly humiliating—party, the narrator figures out the secret of their breakup." In 1996, Calle asked Israelis and Palestinians from Jerusalem to take her to public places that became part of their private sphere, exploring how one's personal story can create an intimacy with a place. Inspired by the eruv, the Jewish law that permits to turn a public space into a private area by surrounding it with wires, making it possible to carry objects during the Sabbath, the Erouv de Jérusalem is exposed at Paris's Musée d'Art et d'Histoire du Judaïsme; the same year, Calle released a film titled No Sex Last Night which she created in collaboration with American photographer Gregory Shephard.
The film documents their road trip across America. Rather than following the genre conventions of a road trip or a romance, the film is designed to document the result of a man and woman who knew each other, embarking on an intimate journey together. Calle asked writer and filmmaker Paul Auster to "invent a fictive character which I would attempt to resemble" and served as the model for the character Maria in Auster’s novel Leviathan; this mingling of fact and fiction so intrigued Calle that she created the works of art created by the fictional character, which included a series of color-coordinated meals. These works are documented in her publication Double Game. Auster challenged Calle to create and maintain a public amenity in New York City; the artist's response was to augment a telephone booth on the corner of Greenwich and Harrison Streets in Manhattan with a note pad, a bottle of water, a pack of cigarettes, flowers and sundry other items. Everyday, Calle cleaned t
Ocean Giants is a 2011 British nature documentary series narrated by actor Stephen Fry. The series is a production of the BBC Natural History Unit, premiered on 14 August 2011; the documentaries focus on the life of whales. The series includes film crew members; the cameramen featured in the show are Doug Allen, a winner of four Emmys and four BAFTAs for his work on filming marine mammals, Didier Noirot, known for working with marine conservationist Jacques Cousteau. The series consists of each an hour long; the first episode, Giant Lives, focuses on humpback whales and blue whales, The second, Deep Thinkers, explores the cognitive abilities of dolphins. The third and final episode, Voices of the Sea, investigates the vocalizations of dolphins and whales; the series was released on DVD and Blu-ray on 6 March 2012 by BBC Home Entertainment, but only for the United States. The series premiered with 5.45 million viewers. Critical reception of the series was mixed. Benji Wilson of The Daily Telegraph criticized the first episode for being "underwhelming," writing that although the series showcased plenty of footage of the whales, "it’s hard for television to communicate their awesome bigness."
Amol Rajan of The Independent voiced a similar concern, pointing out that "there was a failure to convey the sheer size of these beasts because the only thing we had to compare them with was each other." Rajan did praise the show for its underwater photography, calling it "stunning." Phil Hogan of The Guardian disliked the slow pacing of the series, writing that "it seemed to take hours to get in and out of shot." Hogan commented that it was difficult to distinguish scenes of the humpback whales in battle with scenes of the whales swimming, although "there was action to be had... with killer whales." Ocean Giants at BBC Programmes Ocean Giants at PBS Ocean Giants on IMDb
Tsurudomari Station is a railway station located in the town of Tsuruta, Aomori Prefecture Japan, operated by the East Japan Railway Company. Tsurudomari Station is a station on the Gonō Line, is located 134.1 kilometers from the terminus of the line at Higashi-Noshiro. Tsurudomari Station has one ground-level side platform serving a single bi-directional track; the station building is unattended. Tsurudomari Station was opened on September 1918 as a station on the Mutsu Railway, it became a station on the Japan National Railways when the Mutsu Railway was nationalized on June 1, 1927. With the privatization of the JNR on April 1, 1987, it came under the operational control of JR East. Tsurudomari Station is a simple consignment station, administered by Goshogawara Station, operated by JA Itayanagi. National Route 339 List of Railway Stations in Japan Endo, Isao. 五能線物語 「奇跡のローカル線」を生んだ最強の現場力. PHP研究所. ISBN 4569830099. 五能線ガイドブック. 無明舎出版. 2002. ISBN 4895443078. Official website