Sophie Tucker was a Ukrainian-born American singer, comedian and radio personality. Known for her powerful delivery of comical and risqué songs, she was one of the most popular entertainers in America during the first half of the 20th century, she was known by the superlative nickname "The Last of the Red Hot Mamas". Tucker was born Sofya Kalish in 1886 to a Jewish family in Tulchyn, Podolia Governorate, Russian Empire, now Vinnytsia Oblast, Ukraine, they arrived in Boston on September 26, 1887. The family adopted the surname Abuza before immigrating, her father fearing repercussions for having deserted the Russian military; the family lived in Boston's North End for eight years before settling in Hartford and opening a restaurant. At a young age, she began singing at her parents' restaurant for tips. Between taking orders and serving customers, Tucker recalled: " would stand up in the narrow space by the door and sing with all the drama I could put into it. At the end of the last chorus, between me and the onions there wasn't a dry eye in the place."In 1903, around the age of 17, Tucker eloped with Louis Tuck, a beer cart driver, from whom she would derive her professional surname.
When she returned home, her parents arranged an Orthodox wedding for the couple. In 1905, she gave birth to a son, Albert. However, shortly after Albert was born, the couple separated and Tucker left the baby with her family to move to New York. After she left her husband, Willie Howard gave Tucker a letter of recommendation to Harold Von Tilzer, a composer and theatrical producer in New York; when it failed to bring her work, Tucker found jobs in cafés and beer gardens, singing for food and tips from the customers. She sent most of what she made back home to Connecticut to support her family. In 1907, Tucker made her first theater appearance, singing at an amateur night in a vaudeville establishment, it was here her producers thought that the crowd would tease her for being "so big and ugly." Tucker began integrating "fat girl" humor, which became a common thread in her acts. Her songs included "I Don't Want to Get Thin" and "Nobody Loves a Fat Girl, But Oh How a Fat Girl Can Love." In 1909, Tucker performed with the Ziegfeld Follies.
Though she was a hit, the other female stars refused to share the spotlight with her, the company was forced to let her go. This caught the attention of William Morris, a theater owner and future founder of the William Morris Agency, which would become one of the largest and most powerful talent agencies of the era. Two years Tucker released "Some of These Days" on Edison Records, written by Shelton Brooks; the title of the song was used as the title of Tucker's 1945 biography. In 1921, Tucker hired pianist and songwriter Ted Shapiro as her accompanist and musical director, a position he would keep throughout her career. Besides writing a number of songs for her, Shapiro became part of her stage act, playing piano on stage while she sang, exchanging banter and wisecracks with her in between numbers. Tucker remained a popular singer through the 1920s and became friends with stars such as Mamie Smith and Ethel Waters, who introduced her to jazz. Tucker learned from these talented women and became one of the first performers to introduce jazz to white vaudeville audiences.
In 1925, Jack Yellen wrote one of her most famous songs, "My Yiddishe Momme". The song was performed in large American cities. Tucker explained, "Even though I loved the song and it was a sensational hit every time I sang it, I was always careful to use it only when I knew the majority of the house would understand Yiddish. However, you didn't have to be a Jew to be moved by My Yiddishe Momme." During the Hitler regime, the song was banned by the German government for evoking Jewish culture. By the 1920s, Tucker's success had spread to Europe, she began a tour of England, performing for King George V and Queen Mary at the London Palladium in 1926. Tucker re-released her hit song "Some of These Days", backed by Ted Lewis and his band, which stayed at the number 1 position of the charts for five weeks beginning November 23, 1926, it sold over one million copies and was awarded a gold disc by the RIAA. Tucker was affected by the decline of vaudeville. Speaking about performing in the final show at E. F. Albee's Palace in New York City, she remarked, "Everyone knew the theater was to be closed down, a landmark in show business would be gone.
That feeling got into the acts. The whole place the performers, stank of decay. I seemed to smell it, it challenged me. I was determined to give the audience the idea: why brood over yesterday? We have tomorrow; as I sang I could feel the atmosphere change. The gloom began to lift, the spirit which filled the Palace and which made it famous among vaudeville houses the world over came back. That's what an entertainer can do." In 1929, she made her first movie appearance, in the sound picture Honky Tonk. During the 1930s, Tucker brought elements of nostalgia for the early years of 20th century into her show, she was billed as "The Last of the Red Hot Mamas", as her hearty sexual appetite was a frequent subject of her songs, unusual for female performers of the day after the decline of vaudeville. The cartoon The Woods Are Full of Cuckoos caricatures Tucker as "Sophie Turkey". In 1938, Tucker was elected president of the American Federation of Actors, an early actors' trade union. Formed for vaudeville and circus performers, the union expanded to include nightclub performers and was chartered as a branch of the Associated Actors and Artistes.
In 1939, the union was disbanded by the Americ
The Cologne Classical Ensemble was formed by graduates of the Hochschule für Musik Köln in 2003. With over 30 concerts per year it has become a renowned ensemble for classical music. Founder and Artistic Director of the ensemble is Tobias Kassung; the basic formation of the Cologne Classical Ensemble consists of three violins, cello, double-bass and piano. Their recording of classical arrangements of music by Ástor Piazzolla for Sony Classical became popular. Cologne Classical Ensemble in the German National Library catalogue Official website of the Cologne Classical Ensemble Presentation of the Cologne Classical Ensemble at KSG Exaudio
Vladimir Markovich Entov was an applied mathematician and physicist. During his high school years, Entov won multiple awards at the all-Union Physics Olympiads. In 1954 he graduated from a high school with a Gold Medal, he applied to the Physics Department of the Moscow State University, but was rejected on ideological grounds. The same year he began his study at the Mechanical Department of the Moscow Institute for Oil and Gas. In his second year, he approached Professor I. A. Charny and asked him for a research assignment; this was a beginning of their close personal and scientific friendship, which lasted until the death of Professor Charny. Upon his graduation from the Moscow Institute for Oil and Gas in 1959, Entov began a long-distance course of study at the mathematical department of the Moscow State University, while working in the Institute For Drilling Technology. In 1961 he began his graduate study with Professor I. A. Charny, in 1965 he defended his dissertation thesis “Non- stationary problems of the non-linear filtration”, earning the title of “Candidate of Science".
Beginning in 1971 and until his death, Entov worked at the Institute for Problems in Mechanics of the Soviet Academy of Science. In 1972 he was awarded the title of Doctor of Sciences for his dissertation thesis "Hydrodynamic theory of filtration of anomalous fluids", completed at the Institute for Problems in Mechanics. In his years at the Institute, Vladimir supervised the theses of 24 Candidates of Science and six Doctors of Science, he worked as a scientific supervisor at the Laboratory of Applied Continuum Mechanics until the last years of his life. In addition, since 1983 he served as a Professor of Applied Mathematics and Computer Modeling of the Moscow Institute of Oil and Gas. Since 1993, Vladimir was involved in research and teaching activity in France, the UK, the USA. Professor Entov was a Corresponding Member of The Russian Academy of the Natural Sciences, a member of the Russian National Committee for the Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, a member of the International Society for the Interaction of Mechanics and Mathematics, a member of the editorial board of the European Journal of Applied Mathematics.
See the link below for the complete list of publications and some downloads. Теория нестационарной фильтрации жидкости и газа // М. "Недра", 1972 Гидродинамическая теория фильтрации аномальных жидкостей // М. "Наука", 1975 Движение жидкостей и газов в природных пластах // М. "Недра", 1984 Гидродинамика в бурении // М. "Недра", 1985 Качественные методы в механике сплошных сред // М. "Наука", 1989 Гидродинамика процессов повышения нефтеотдачи // М. "Недра", 1989 Математическая теория целиков остаточной вязкопластичной нефти // Томск, Издательство Томского Университета, 1989 Fluids Flow through Natural Rocks // Dordrecht, "Kluwer Academic Publishers", 1990 Qualitative Methods in Continuum Mechanics // New York, "Longman Scientific & Technical", 1994 Mechanics of Continua and Its Application to Gas and Oil Productions // Moscow, "Moscow Nedra", 2008 List of publications Memorial Website