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Sopron is a city in Hungary on the Austrian border, near the Lake Neusiedl/Lake Fertő. When the area, today Western Hungary was a province of the Roman Empire, a city called Scarbantia stood here, its forum was located. During the Migration Period, Scarbantia was believed to be deserted. By the time Hungarians arrived in the area, it was in ruins. In the 9th -- 11th centuries, Hungarians built a castle; the town was named in Hungarian after a castle steward named Suprun. In 1153, it was mentioned as an important town. In 1273, King Otakar II of Bohemia occupied the castle. Though he took the children of Sopron's nobility with him as hostages, the city opened its gates when the armies of King Ladislaus IV of Hungary arrived; the king rewarded Sopron by elevating it to the rank of free royal town. During the Ottoman occupation of Hungary, the Ottoman Turks ravaged the city in 1529, but did not occupy it. Many Hungarians fled from the occupied areas to Sopron, the city's importance grew. While the Ottomans occupied most of central Europe, the region north of lake Balaton remained in the Kingdom of Hungary.

In 1676, Sopron was destroyed by a fire. The modern-day city was born in the next few decades, when Baroque buildings were built to replace the destroyed medieval ones. Sopron became the seat of the comitatus Sopron; the town was the seat of the Ödenburg comitat near 1850. After the compromise of 1867 and until 1918, the city was part of the Habsburg-ruled Kingdom of Hungary. Following the breakup of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, ethnic Germans inhabited parts of four western Hungarian counties: Pozsony, Vas and Moson; the German-inhabited parts of these counties were awarded to Austria in the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye. After local unrest and Italian diplomatic mediation in the Venice Protocol, Sopron's status as part of Hungary was decided by a controversial, local plebiscite held on December 14, 1921, with 65% voting for Hungary. Since Sopron has been called Civitas Fidelissima, the anniversary of the plebiscite is a city holiday. However, the western parts of Vas and Moson counties did join Austria and today form the Austrian federal state of Burgenland, while Pressburg/Pozsony was awarded to Czechoslovakia.

Sopron suffered during World War II, it was bombed several times. The Soviet Red Army captured the city on April 1, 1945. On August 19, 1989, it was the site of the Pan-European Picnic, a protest on the border between Austria and Hungary, used by over 600 citizens of East Germany to escape from the GDR to the West; as the first successful crossing of the border it helped pave the way for the mass flight of East German citizens that led to the fall of the Berlin Wall on November 9, 1989. During the Socialist era, the government tried to turn Sopron into an industrial city, but much of the medieval town center remains, allowing the city to remain an attractive site for tourists. Today, Sopron's economy immensely benefits from the European Union. Having been a city close to nowhere, that is, to the Iron Curtain, Sopron now has re-established full trade relations to nearby Austria. Furthermore, after being suppressed during the Cold War, Sopron's German-speaking culture and heritage are now recognized again.

As a consequence, many of the city's street-and traffic-signs are written in both Hungarian and German making it an bilingual city due to its proximity to the Austrian frontier. Visitors admire the large number of buildings in this city that reflect medieval architecture - rare in war-torn Hungary. Situated close to the Austrian border, Sopron receives many visitors from Vienna, from Bratislava, Slovakia, as well as from the United States, Great Britain, The Netherlands and Scandinavia, who visit to take advantage of the excellent low-cost dental services offered: Sopron boasts so many dental clinics—more than 300—that the city is known as the "dental capital of the world." Sopron is a significant wine producing region, one of the few in Hungary to make both red and white wines. Grapes include Traminer for white wine. In climate it is similar to the neighbouring Burgenland wine region in Austria, several winemakers make wine in both countries. Blue Frankish and Green Veltliner are well-known Sopron wines.

Sopron's Blue Frankish and Pinot Noir wines are prized. In 1910, Sopron had 33,931 inhabitants. Religions: 64.1% Roman Catholic, 27.8% Lutheran, 6.6% Jewish, 1.2% Calvinist, 0.3% other. In 2001, the city had 56,125 inhabitants. Religions: 69% Roman Catholic, 7% Lutheran, 3% Calvinist, 8.1% Atheist, 11.9% no answer, 1% other. The architecture of the old section of town reflects its long history. There is an old synagogue and other remains from the town's former Jewish community, expelled in the 16th century. On Daloshegy, there is a 165-metre tall FM-/TV-broadcasting tower, nicknamed "Rakéta". City centre Fi

Sooner or Later (1979 film)

Sooner or Later is a 1979 American made-for-television teen romantic drama film directed by Bruce Hart, starring Denise Miller, Rex Smith, Barbara Feldon and Judd Hirsch which premiered on NBC on March 25, 1979. As a up-and-coming recording artist, Rex Smith became an overnight teen idol following the film's telecast and he achieved pop star status in America with his hit single from the film's soundtrack entitled "You Take My Breath Away", which reached No. 10 on the Billboard Hot 100 and spent two weeks at No. 7 on the Cash Box Top 100. Jessie Walters is a buoyant 13-year-old girl who goes to the Eddie Nova Guitar Institute and is stunned to discover that her guitar instructor is Michael Skye, a 17-year-old aspiring musician she has just seen play with his rock band at the local shopping mall in upstate New York and with whom she is smitten. Through the grace of make-up, Jessie enters the world of a 16-year-old, she tells Michael that's her age when he gives her a ride home from class one week.

They start to flirt. When Michael invites her to a band rehearsal, they kiss for the first time. Denise Miller as Jessie Walters Rex Smith as Michael Skye Barbara Feldon as Lois Walters Judd Hirsch as Bob Walters Lilia Skala as Grandma Esther Morey Amsterdam as Eddie Nova Vivian Blaine as Make-up Artist Lynn Redgrave as The Teacher Rex Smith's self-titled LP, released by Columbia Records, is a soundtrack album featuring the pop/rock songs he performed in the film; the album's first four tracks are the soundtrack songs from the film composed by Stephen Lawrence and Bruce Hart: "You Take My Breath Away" "Sooner or Later" "Simply Jessie" "Better Than It's Ever Been Before" In an interview, Rex Smith recalled his experience of achieving instant fame with Sooner or Later and the hit single "You Take My Breath Away": On March 25, 1979, my life changed overnight. I was one of the stars of a made-for-TV movie called Sooner or Later, along with Barbara Feldon and Denise Miller. In the film, I was a guitar instructor, I fell for one of my young students who lied about her age.

The movie was written and directed by Bruce Hart, who wrote the Sesame Street theme. The day before the movie aired, I could walk the streets without being noticed, but that next day, I was swamped by five hundred girls when I tried to go shopping for clothes. I was this teen idol with a hit record from the film called "You Take My Breath Away", which I recorded for Columbia in one take; when it was played back in the studio, I said. There, crying, I just knew I'd just recorded a big hit record. You can just tell, it was an amazing time in my life. A paperback novelization of the film was written by Bruce and Carole Hart and published by Avon Books as a promotional tie-in. On March 13, 2001, Sooner or Later was released on DVD in Region 1 by Henstooth Video. Sooner or Later on IMDb Sooner or Later at AllMovie Sooner or Later at the TCM Movie Database Sooner or Later at Rotten Tomatoes

December 2011 Northern Nigeria attacks

A series of attacks occurred during Christmas Day church services in northern Nigeria on 25 December 2011. There were bomb blasts and shootings at churches in Madalla, Jos and Damaturu. A total of 41 people were reported dead. Boko Haram, a Muslim sect in Nigeria claimed responsibility for the attacks. At least 37 people died and 57 others were injured in an attack at St. Theresa Catholic Church in Madalla, a satellite town of Abuja located 40 km from the city center. A local coordinator with the National Emergency Management Agency confirmed the death toll. NEMA spokesperson Yushau Shuaibu said that the Madalla bombing occurred on the street outside the church, he added. Witnesses said. Officials at the local hospital said. Slaku Luguard, a NEMA coordinator, said that rescue workers found at least 25 bodies and officials were tallying the wounded in various hospitals. NEMA acknowledged. Luguard said that an angry crowd, which gathered at the blast site, blocked emergency workers from getting inside: "We're trying to calm the situation.

There are some angry people around trying to cause problems," he said. An explosion hit the Mountain of Fire and Miracles Church in Jos and gunmen fired on police who were guarding the area resulting in the death of one police officer. Another two bombs were disarmed. Two explosions were reported in the city of Damaturu and another at a church in the northeastern town of Gadaka. At least one of the attacks in Damaturu was the work of a suicide car bomber, who rammed the building housing the headquarters of the State Security Service. At least three people were killed in that blast; the attacks were claimed by the Islamist group Boko Haram. DomesticPresident Goodluck Jonathan described the incident as "unfortunate" and "an unwarranted affront on our collective safety and freedom," adding that Boko Haram would "not be for ever, it will end one day." He said that "Nigerians must stand as one to condemn them." National Security Adviser Gen. Owoye Andrew Azazi recognised that Boko Haram was trying to provoke religious warfare among Nigerians and called on fellow Christians not to talk of retaliation against Muslims, but to question the strategic intentions of the actual perpetrators and act accordingly.

He said that it is impossible to police a country as populous as Nigeria, that the best way to defeat Boko Haram was through active citizen involvement to help the security services. People's Democratic Party Governor of Bayelsa State Timipre Sylva termed the attacks as "a senseless criminal behaviour by enemies of humanity, it is strange to the Nigerian character, does not honour any faith or tradition. All men and women of conscience in Nigeria must condemn this callousness and contribute their various efforts to the collective task of stopping the mindless terror campaign; this is a time to stand together, faith with faith, nationality with nationality and culture with culture, to confront this growing threat to our nationhood and common humanity. Jesus Christ, whose birth is being celebrated this season, is a symbol of peace, and Mohammed, whose birth we shall mark in the next month or two, preached peace and harmonious coexistence. It is, difficult to figure out the source of inspiration of these attackers."

Nigeria Labour Congress – Acting general secretary Comrade Owei Lakemfa said: "Some Nigerians who left their homes to worship tragically did not return as their lives were cut short by bombs. They became victims of terrorists; the NLC condemns in strong terms these vicious acts and commiserates with the victims families."Arewa Consultative Forum – National Publicity Secretary Anthony Z. N. Sani said that the "ACF wishes to say killing of innocent Nigerians is not correct and offends God and many people's sense of justice." Christian Association of Nigeria – called on all religious groups in the country to condemn the act. Former secretary Reverend John Joseph Hyap expressed sadness that the attack was carried out at the time Christians were celebrating Christmas with their counterparts in the world. Supranational bodiesAfrican Union – Chairperson Jean Ping condemned the attacks and reiterated the AU's solidarity with the people and the government of Nigeria and its full support to their efforts to prevent and combat terrorism in all its forms.

European UnionCatherine Ashton, the foreign policy chief, said: "I am profoundly shocked and saddened by the terrorist attacks which took place in several regions of Nigeria, including cowardly attacks on religious symbols and churches during the Christmas period, with appalling loss of human lives. I condemn in the strongest possible terms these attacks and all other acts of terrorism," she said, voicing her solidarity and condolences to the victims and their families." Organisation of Islamic Cooperation – Secretary General Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu condemned the attacks and called for an "end to the bloodshed and the sufferings of the people." He urged all Nigerians to help the authorities preserve peace and stability in the country. United NationsSecretary-General Ban Ki-moon condemned the attacks in the strongest words and called for an end to all acts of sectarian violence in the country. UN Security Council ratified the need to fight terrorism by all means, it said that terrorism in all its forms and expressions is criminal and unjustifiable, regardless of its motives or where

List of Hot Adult Contemporary number ones of 1987

Adult Contemporary is a chart published by Billboard ranking the top-performing songs in the United States in the adult contemporary music genre. In 1987, 22 songs topped the chart published under the title Hot Adult Contemporary, based on playlists submitted by radio stations. In the year's first issue of Billboard the number one song was "Love Is Forever" by Billy Ocean, in its third week at number one, it held the top spot for a single week in 1987 before being replaced by "This Is the Time" by Billy Joel. The third chart-topper of the year, "At This Moment" by Billy Vera and the Beaters, had been released in 1981 but met with little success. Several years however, it was used in the NBC sitcom Family Ties to soundtrack the romance between Alex P. Keaton and his girlfriend Ellen Reed, after which it was re-released and became a hit, topping both the AC chart and Billboard's all-genre listing, the Hot 100. A second song to top the AC chart in 1987 based on exposure on television was "Moonlighting", the theme song from the comedy-drama of the same name which aired on ABC.

Performed by Al Jarreau, the song topped the chart for a single week in July. Two songs featured in films topped the chart in 1987: "Nothing's Gonna Stop Us Now" by Starship from the soundtrack of Mannequin, " The Time of My Life" by Bill Medley and Jennifer Warnes from Dirty Dancing." The Time of My Life" was one of three songs to tie for the longest unbroken run at number one during the year with four weeks in the top spot, along with "Ballerina Girl" by Lionel Richie and "Little Lies" by Fleetwood Mac. Only two acts achieved more than one AC number one in 1987. Whitney Houston topped the chart with "I Wanna Dance with Somebody" in July and "Didn't We Almost Have It All" in September, Steve Winwood reached number one with "The Finer Things" in April and "Back in the High Life Again" in August. All four songs spent three weeks at number one, Houston and Winwood tied for the highest total number of weeks at number one by an act in 1987 with six apiece; the final number one of the year was "Got My Mind Set on You" by George Harrison.

The song, which topped the Hot 100, was the last Billboard number one achieved by any of the former members of the Beatles. 1987 in music List of artists who reached number one on the U. S. Adult Contemporary chart

W. Turner Logan

William Turner Logan was a U. S. Representative from South Carolina. Born in Summerville, South Carolina, Logan attended the public schools, was graduated from the College of Charleston, South Carolina, in 1895, he studied law at the University of Virginia in Virginia. He commenced practice in Charleston, South Carolina, he served as member of the State house of representatives 1901-1904. He was corporation counsel of Charleston 1914-1918, he served as chairman of the Democratic executive committee of Charleston County 1916-1918. He served as chairman of the city Democratic executive committee 1918-1922 and reelected in 1922. Logan was elected as a Democrat to the Sixty-eighth Congresses, he was an unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1924. He continued the practice of his profession in Charleston, South Carolina, until his death there on September 15, 1941, he was interred in Magnolia Cemetery. "W. T. Logan Dies". Florence Morning News. Florence, SC. Associated Press. September 16, 1941 – via

CS1 maint: extra punctuation United States Congress. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774-2005. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office. ISBN 978-0-16-073176-1. United States Congress. "W. Turner Logan". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. W. Turner Logan at Find a Grave Description, Logan Family Papers, 1865-1961 at South Carolina Historical Society William Turner Logan at The Political Graveyard

Forest Way

The Forest Way is a linear Country park providing walking, horse riding and the quiet enjoyment of the countryside. It runs for around 16 km from East Grinstead to Groombridge; the Forest Way lies within the High Weald Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty in the heart of the picturesque East Sussex countryside with the Ashdown Forest lying to the south. It takes the route of a disused railway line and now provides an important habitat for wildlife forming a ‘green corridor’ through the upper valley of the River Medway; the route runs from East Grinstead, via Forest Row and Withyham to Groombridge. A flat, surfaced track runs along the entire length of the Forest Way providing easy access for disabled users and an ideal place for children to learn to cycle away from traffic. There are toilet facilities at Forest Row; the western end of the Forest Way links up, at East Grinstead, with the Worth Way which extends as far as Three Bridges. There are a number of circular trails leading from the Forest Way.

These vary in difficulty. East Sussex County Council provides leaflets giving information on "Forest Way Country Park and circular walks" and "Forest Row walk". Along the route trees have regenerated on the embankments and cuttings providing an excellent habitat for swallows, badgers and foxes, in the fields and woodlands. Forest Way provides access to Weir Wood Reservoir with its plentiful bird life and sailing and to Standen country house designed by Philip Webb which contains fine examples of William Morris designs. In 1866, a railway line, the Three Bridges to Tunbridge Wells Central Line, opened from East Grinstead through to Tunbridge Wells - an extension of the line from Three Bridges. In 1967 it was closed under the Beeching axe. Dr. Richard Beeching lived at East Grinstead and travelled up to London on the line when he was Chairman of British Rail; the disused railway line was bought by East Sussex County Council in 1971 and designated as a Country Park in 1974. Major improvements to the track surface in 2002 led to its inclusion in the Sustrans National Cycle Network.

To the west of East Grinstead, the cycle route continues as the Worth Way along the disused section of line to Three Bridges. In addition, there are as yet unrealised plans to link the Forest Way from Groombridge with the Cuckoo Trail, another trail following the route of a disused railway line, which runs from Heathfield to Hampden Park near Eastbourne. East Sussex County Council on the Forest Way Ashdown Friends of the Earth