SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Soteriology

Soteriology is the study of religious doctrines of salvation. Salvation theory occupies a place of special significance in many religions. In the academic field of religious studies, soteriology is understood by scholars as representing a key theme in a number of different religions and is studied in a comparative context. Buddhism is devoted to liberation from suffering and contaminated rebirth; the purpose of one's life is to break free from samsara, the cycle of compulsory rebirth, by attaining nirvana. Many types of Buddhism, Theravada and Vajrayana, emphasize an individual's meditation and subsequent liberation from samsara, to become enlightened. Thus, the fundamental reason that the precise identification of these two kinds of clinging to an identity – personal and phenomenal – is considered so important is again soteriological. Through first uncovering our clinging and working on it, we become able to let go of this sole cause for all our afflictions and suffering. However, the Pure Land traditions of Mahayana Buddhism focus on the saving nature of the Celestial Buddha Amitābha.

In Mahayana eschatology, it is believed that we are living through the Age of Dharma Decline, a period of 10,000 years where the corrupt nature of the people means the teachings of the Buddha are not listened to. Before this era occurred, the Bodhisattva Amitābha made 48 vows, including the vow to accept all sentient beings that called to him, to allow them to take refuge in his Pureland and to teach them the pure Dharma, it is therefore considered ineffective to trust in personal meditational and monastic practices, but to only trust in the Primal Vow of Amitābha. In Christianity, salvation is the saving of human beings from its consequences, it may be called "deliverance" or "redemption" from sin and its effects. Variant views on salvation are among the main lines dividing the various Christian denominations, being a point of disagreement between Eastern Orthodoxy, Roman Catholicism and Protestantism, as well as within Protestantism, notably in the Calvinist–Arminian debate; these lines include conflicting definitions of depravity, predestination and most pointedly, justification.

According to Christian belief, salvation is made possible by the life, crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus, which in the context of salvation is referred to as the "atonement". Christian soteriology ranges from exclusive salvation to universal reconciliation concepts. While some of the differences are as widespread as Christianity itself, the overwhelming majority agrees that salvation is made possible only by the work of Jesus Christ, the Son of God, dying on the cross and being resurrected from death. Soteriology is discussed in Hinduism through its concept of moksha. “In India,” wrote Mircea Eliade, “metaphysical knowledge always has a soteriological purpose.” Moksha refers to freedom from the cycle of death and rebirth. Muslims believe. So though Muslims believe that Adam and Hawwa, the parents of humanity, committed a sin by eating from the forbidden tree and thus disobeying God, they believe that humankind is not responsible for such an action, they believe that God is fair and just and one should request forgiveness from him to avoid being punished for not doing what God asked of them and for listening to Satan.

Muslims believe that they, as well as everyone else, are vulnerable to making mistakes and thus they need to seek repentance at all times. Muhammad said "By Allah, I seek the forgiveness of Allah and I turn to Him in repentance more than seventy times each day." God wants his servants to repent and forgives them, he rejoices over it, as Muhammad said: "When a person repents, Allah rejoices more than one of you who found his camel after he lost it in the desert." Islamic tradition has held that it is straightforward to enter Jannah. In the Quran, God says: "If you avoid the great sins you have been forbidden, We shall wipe out your minor misdeeds and let you through the entrance of honor." In Jainism, the soteriological concept is moksha, but it is explained differently than the similar term found in Hinduism. Moksha is a blissful state of existence of a soul free from the karmic bondage, free from saṃsāra, the cycle of birth and death. In contemporary Judaism, refers to God's redeeming the people of Israel from their various exiles.

This includes the final redemption from the present exile. Judaism holds. Jews do not subscribe to the doctrine of Original sin. Instead, they place a high value on individual morality as defined in the law of God — embodied in what Jews know as the Torah or The Law, given to Moses by God on Mount Sinai, the summary of, comprised in the Ten Commandments; the Jewish sage Hillel the Elder states that The Law can be further compressed in just one line, popularly known as the Golden Rule: "That, hateful to you, do not do unto your fellow". In Judaism, salvation is related to the idea of redemption, saving from the states or circumstances that destroy the value of human existence. God as the universal spirit and Creator of the World, is the source of all salvation for humanity, provided an individual honours God by observing his precepts. So redemption or salvation depends on the individual. Judaism stresses that salvation cannot

John A. Henderson

John Alexander Henderson was a corporate lawyer and politician in Florida. He was an early resident of Tampa, the brother of W. B. Henderson, he studied law under James Gettis. During the Civil War, Henderson was in Gettis's company, he was elected mayor of Tampa in 1870. In 1876, he moved to Tallahassee, his second wife was the daughter of G. T. Ward, he served as general consul for the Florida Peninsular Railroad Company. He was a trustee of the West Florida Seminary, his daughter Jennie married Albert A. Murphree, he taught law to William Himes. He was a state senator. William D. Bloxham appointed him a US Senator when Wilkinson Call's term expired

Oberbootsmann

Oberbootsmann designates in the German Navy of the Bundeswehr a military person or member of the armed forces. It belongs to the particular rank group Senior NCOs with port epée. According to the salary class it is equivalent to the Oberfeldwebel of Luftwaffe, it is grouped as OR6 in NATO, equivalent to First Sergeant, Master Sergeant, or Senior Chief Petty Officer in the US Armed forces, to Warrant Officer Class 2 in the British Army and Royal Navy. In navy context NCOs of this rank were formally addressed as Herr Oberbootsmann informally / short Oberbootsmann; the sequence of ranks in that particular group is as follows:Unteroffiziere mit Portepee OR-9: Oberstabsbootsmann / Oberstabsfeldwebel OR-8: Stabsbootsmann / Stabsfeldwebel OR-7: Hauptbootsmann and Oberfähnrich zur See/ and Hauptfeldwebel and Oberfähnrich OR-6a: Oberbootsmann/ Oberfeldwebel OR-6b: Bootsmann and Fähnrich zur See/ Feldwebel and Fähnrich The abbreviation "OR" stands for "Other Ranks / fr: sous-officiers et militaires du rang / ru:другие ранги, кроме офицероф"!

– Premier-maître chef/ Eerste meester – Chief petty officer 2nd class/ Premier maître de 2e classe – Stožerni narednik – Seniorsergent – Premier maître – Επικελευστής/ Epikelefstis – Petty officer/specialist – secondo capo scelto – Sergeant-majoor – no equivalent – Młodszy chorąży marynarki – Sargento-ajudante – Sargento primero – Chief Petty Officer/ Colour Sergeant – Chief Petty Officer/ Gunnery Sergeant