Soul Train is an American music-dance television program which aired in syndication from October 2, 1971, to March 27, 2006. In its 35-year history, the show featured performances by R&B, dance/pop, hip hop artists, although funk, jazz and gospel artists appeared; the series was created by Don Cornelius, who served as its first host and executive producer. Production was suspended following the 2005–2006 season, with a rerun package airing for two years subsequently; as a nod to Soul Train's longevity, the show's opening sequence during seasons contained a claim that it was the "longest-running first-run, nationally syndicated program in American television history," with over 1,100 episodes produced from the show's debut through the 2005–2006 season. Despite the production hiatus, Soul Train held that superlative until 2016, when Entertainment Tonight surpassed it completing its 35th season. Among non-news programs, Wheel of Fortune surpassed that mark in 2018; the origins of Soul Train can be traced to 1965 when WCIU-TV, an upstart UHF station in Chicago, began airing two youth-oriented dance programs: Kiddie-a-Go-Go and Red Hot and Blues.
These programs—specifically the latter, which featured a predominantly African-American group of in-studio dancers—would set the stage for what was to come to the station several years later. Don Cornelius, a news reader and backup disc jockey at Chicago radio station WVON, was hired by WCIU in 1967 as a news and sports reporter. Cornelius was promoting and emceeing a touring series of concerts featuring local talent at Chicago-area high schools, calling his traveling caravan of shows "The Soul Train". WCIU-TV took notice of Cornelius's outside work and in 1970, allowed him the opportunity to bring his road show to television. After securing a sponsorship deal with the Chicago-based retailer Sears, Roebuck & Co. Soul Train premiered on WCIU-TV as a live show airing weekday afternoons. Beginning as a low-budget affair, in black and white, the first episode of the program featured Jerry Butler, the Chi-Lites, the Emotions as guests. Cornelius was assisted by Clinton Ghent, a local professional dancer who appeared on early episodes before moving behind the scenes as a producer and secondary host.
The program's immediate success attracted the attention of another locally based firm—the Johnson Products Company —and they agreed to co-sponsor the program's expansion into national syndication. Cornelius and Soul Train's syndicator targeted 25 markets outside of Chicago to carry the show, but stations in only seven other cities—Atlanta, Cleveland, Houston, Los Angeles, Philadelphia—purchased the program, which began airing on a weekly basis on October 2, 1971. By the end of the first season, Soul Train was on in the other eighteen markets. At the time, there were no other commercial television programs being produced by black people for a black audience; when the program moved into syndication, its home base was shifted to Los Angeles, where it remained for the duration of its run. Soul Train was part of a national trend toward syndicated music-oriented programs targeted at niche audiences. Though Don Cornelius moved his operations west, a local version of Soul Train continued in Chicago.
He continued to oversee production in Chicago, where Clinton Ghent hosted episodes on WCIU-TV until 1976, followed by three years of once-weekly reruns. The syndicated version was picked up in the Chicago market by CBS-owned WBBM-TV at its launch. Don Cornelius hosted every national episode of Soul Train during this era except for one: comedian Richard Pryor guest hosted the final episode of the 1974-75 season. In 1985, Chicago-based Tribune Entertainment took over Soul Train's syndication contract. Don Cornelius ended his run as host at the end of the show's 22nd season in 1993, though he remained the show's main creative force from behind the scenes; the following fall, Soul Train began using guest hosts weekly until comedian Mystro Clark began a two-year stint as permanent host in 1997. Clark was replaced by actor Shemar Moore in 2000. In 2003, Moore was succeeded by actor Dorian Gregory, who hosted through 2006. Soul Train pulled into its last stop when production of first-run episodes was suspended at the conclusion of the 2005–06 season, the show's 35th.
Instead, for two seasons starting in 2006–07, the program aired archived episodes under the title The Best of Soul Train. This was because in years, Nielsen ratings dropped to below 1.0. The future of Soul Train was uncertain with the announced closing of Tribune Entertainment in December 2007, which left Don Cornelius Productions to seek a new distributor for the program. Cornelius soon secured a deal with Trifecta
Sue Schipper Rezin is a Republican member of the Illinois Senate, representing the 38th district since her appointment in December 2010. The 38th district includes Bureau, Putnam, LaSalle and Kendall counties in north central Illinois. Senator Sue Rezin was elected to the Illinois House of Representatives in November 2010, was appointed to the Illinois State Senate, she was sworn in as State Senator on December 14, 2010, has since been elected twice to represent the 38th Legislative District. In 2015, she was appointed Assistant Leader in the Senate Republican Caucus; as a proponent of energy advancement and independence, obtaining equitable education funding reform, improving statewide economic growth, Senator Rezin serves as the Minority Spokesperson on the Senate Energy Committee and is a member of the Senate Appropriations, Higher Education, Education and Transportation Committees. Additional committee and task force appointments have included the Education Funding Reform Commission, Education Funding Advisory Committee, the Young Adult Heroin Use Task Force, the Social Security Retirement Pay Task Force, the Illinois Veterans Advisory Council, the Joint Task force on Turkish and Illinois Relations, the Task Force on Hydraulic Fracturing Regulation, the Illinois Electric Vehicle Advisory Council the Joint Committee on Administrative Rules, the Unemployment Insurance Task Force.
In 2015, Sen. Rezin was appointed to the Commission to End Hunger and reappointed to the Veterans Advisory Council. Senator Rezin helped establish the Grundy County summer internship program. Teaming up with the Grundy Area Vocational Center, the Grundy Economic Development Council, several local employers, Senator Rezin has helped dozens of students obtain high quality internships; the goal is to not only provide students with a real world, hands on experience at great companies, but to entice students to stay in the area by working here. Senator Rezin established the Illinois Valley Flood Resiliency Alliance; the IVFRA brings communities, local governments, emergency personnel together to help them prepare for extreme weather events floods, through education, communication and the purchasing of flood prevention materials. The IVFRA included LaSalle, Grundy and Putnam counties, it has since added several more. The IVFRA will soon develop a resiliency plan for the region; the IVFRA is helping secure grant funding for communities to help prevent flood losses.
In 2015, Senator Rezin and several local employers teamed up with Joliet Junior College to establish the Operations Engineering and Technician technical program at JJC. It's part of Senator Rezin's goal to bridge the gap between high school and industry in the 38th Senate District; this program will help provide that pipeline for students. With anticipated industry growth and an increasing number of retirees in the coming years, many openings for well-paying, stable jobs are expected at energy and manufacturing companies in Senator Rezin's district. In 2016, Sen. Rezin established in Youth Advisory Council; this Council gives dozens of high school students from across the 38th Senate District, who are selected by their principals and teachers, a unique, hands-on experience in state government. The group receives a tour of the Capitol Building, visits the floor level of the Senate Chamber, sees how the General Assembly operates first-hand and up-close, hears from other State Senators and political leaders once a year in Springfield.
Students discuss and debate issues important to them, put forward proposals they feel could help make Illinois better. During another time of the year, the group meets in the district. There, students hear from a wide range of speakers such as business professionals and political leaders; this is where they continue the discussion of issues important to them, with Sen. Rezin facilitating the discussion. Community service has always been important to Senator Rezin. For the past twenty-five years, she has been an active volunteer and supporter of the Make-A-Wish Foundation of Northern Illinois. For seven years, she served as a Board Member and past Vice President for the Community Foundation of Greater Grundy County to help improve the lives of people in need, workforce development and land use and preservation, she has volunteered her time with the Edgar Fellows Program, where students participate in an intense four-day executive leadership-training program. Senator Rezin served on a local school board, as well as the Board of Directors for We Care of Grundy County, whose purpose is to provide temporary housing and food assistance to the community.
For fourteen years, she was a Board Member on the Morris Hospital Foundation, served as Vice President while chairing the Annual Support Committee, presided over the Executive Committee during her service. In recognition of Senator Rezin's philanthropic work and dedication to bettering her community, she was inducted into the 2009 Illinois Lincoln Series; the Illinois Lincoln Series of Excellence in Public Service empowers and amplifies the voices of women of leadership in government and civic organizations. Senator Rezin is a graduate of Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government's Senior Executives in State and Local Government Program, she is the recipient of the Partnership of the Year Award from the Grundy County Economic Development, the Illinois Farm Bureau ACTIVATOR Friend of Agriculture Award, the Highest Voting Record Supporting the Agricultural County Award from the Will County Farm Bureau. In 2015, Sen. Rezin received the Illinois Valley Women of Distinction Award. In 2016, Sen. Rezin received the Women in Politics Making a Difference Award
Sir John Cary, of Devon, was a judge who rose to the position of Chief Baron of the Exchequer and served twice as Member of Parliament for Devon, on both occasions together with his brother Sir William Cary, in 1363/4 and 1368/9. He was a son of Sir John Cary, Knight, by his second wife Jane de Brian, a daughter and co-heiress of Sir Guy de Brian, of Walwyn's Castle in Pembrokeshire and Torr Bryan, in Devon, sister of Guy de Bryan, 1st Baron Bryan, KG, he served twice as Member of Parliament for Devon, on both occasions together with his brother Sir William Cary, in 1363/4 and 1368/9, in November 1386 he was appointed Chief Baron of the Exchequer. He was a strong adherent to King Richard II and was attainted in 1388 by the Merciless Parliament, at which many members of Richard II's Court were convicted of treason, he was sentenced to death for his part in the "Nottingham judgements", but this was commuted to banishment to Ireland with a pension of £20. His landholdings and goods were thereupon forfeited to the Crown.
Many of his forfeited lands in Somerset, including Hardington Mandeville, a moiety of Chilton Cantelo, premises in Trent were sold by the crown in July 1389 for 600 marks, jointly to Sir John Wadham of Edge, Branscombe in Devon and Merryfield, Somerset, Justice of the Common Pleas and MP for Exeter in 1399 and for Devon in 1401, together with Sir William Hankford of Annery in the parish of Monkleigh in Devon, Chief Justice of the King's Bench. His son and heir Sir Robert Cary married as his second wife Jane Hankford, daughter of Sir William Hankford and, according to Sir John Vivian, the widow of Sir John Wadham, although the will of John Wadham does not appear to support Vivian's contention; the attainder was reversed in 1398. Sir John Cary appears to have had his principal home at Cary, thought by some to be Castle Cary in Somerset but in fact at St Giles on the Heath in Devon, where the ancestral estate of Carey Barton continues in other hands, he purchased the manor of Clovelly, on the north coast of Devon, where a junior branch of his descendants was seated until 1739 when it was sold to Zachary Hamlyn.
His son and heir Robert Cary is stated to have been the first of the family seated at Cockington, on the south coast of Devon in Torbay. He held a moiety of the manor of Great Torrington, Devon inherited from his heiress mother's family, de Bryan, which had inherited a one-fifth moiety of the feudal barony of Great Torrington from the Sully family. In 1376 he married Margaret Holleway and heiress of Robert Holleway of Holleway in the parish of North Lew in Devon; the arms of "Holway of Holway" are Gules, a fesse between three crescents argent and appear quartered by Cary on the monument in Clovelly Church of Robert Cary. Their children included three sons: Sir Robert Cary of Cockington, twelve times MP for Devon. Thomas Cary John Cary, believed by the Cary family in 1620, when William Cary submitted his return for the Heraldic Visitation of Devon, to have been Bishop of Exeter in 1419; the name of this bishop, who died in 1419, is given as John Catterick, he had served as Bishop of St David's and Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield.
He died in exile at Waterford in Ireland on 28 May 1395. Prince, The Worthies of Devon, 1810 edition, London, pp. 176–179, biography of Cary, Sir John, Knight Roskell, J. S. & Woodger, L. S. biography of his son: Cary, Robert, of Cockington, published in History of Parliament: House of Commons 1386–1421, ed. J. S. Roskell, L. Clark, C. Rawcliffe. 1993
Thomas Michael Cox was a British Labour Party politician, the Member of Parliament for Wandsworth Central from 1970 to 1974 and for Tooting from 1974 to 2005. Cox was educated at a state school and the London School of Economics after which, according to his entry in Who's Who, he became an "electrical worker", he served as an alderman of Fulham Borough Council from 1960 to 65, as a Councillor for Halford Ward on the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham from 1964 to 1967, as well as serving on the Inner London Education Authority. Before being elected for Wandsworth Central in 1970, he had stood unsuccessfully for Stroud in 1966, he served as a whip in the Callaghan Governments. He lived in Southfields in the London Borough of Wandsworth. Obituary: Tom Cox – Former MP, Friend of Cyprus
For others of the same name, see John Stuart. Colonel John Stuart was pioneering western Virginia settler. A veteran of the Battle of Point Pleasant, he surveyed and settled the Greenbrier Valley and is known locally as the "Father of Greenbrier County". Owing to his Memoir of Indian Wars and Other Occurrences, written in 1799, he has been called "the most important chronicler of pioneer history in southern West Virginia". Stuart's father, the Scotsman David Stuart, was among the supporters of Charles Edward Stuart as king of Great Britain. Soon after the failure of the Prince's cause at Culloden David found it necessary to immigrate to America, he settled in Augusta County, Virginia on the Shenandoah River, some distance from the town of Staunton. At the age of twenty, John Stuart was a member of the 1769 survey by citizens of Augusta County, which explored the wilderness of the Greenbrier Valley to the west in preparation for European settlement; the following year he built the first mill at Frankford.
In 1774, he led a company of Greenbrier troops in the Battle of Point Pleasant at the confluence of the Kanawha and Ohio Rivers. On 18 November 1776, he married Agatha Lewis, daughter of lawyer and Virginia pioneer Thomas Lewis and granddaughter of Virginia pioneer John Lewis. In 1777, Stuart — at Fort Randolph, which had just been built on the site of the Battle of Point Pleasant — witnessed the slaughter of four Indians including the Shawnee Chief Cornstalk, there to explain the Shawnee attitude toward the British and Americans; these murders by a mob were denounced by the Continental Congress. In 1778, Stuart was commander of troops when the last Indian raid on Fort Donnally, near Lewis Spring, occurred, he was among the city of Lewisburg's first trustees and in 1780 he became the county's first clerk, leaving many historic records behind. He attended the 1788 Virginia Ratifying Convention and advocated ratification of the U. S. Constitution. In 1789 Stuart built a large stone house at Fort Spring near Lewisburg.
The land on which the first county courthouse and the Old Stone Church in Lewisburg are situated was donated by Stuart. Stuart was a correspondent of Thomas Jefferson and in 1796 he sent Jefferson fossil bones he had obtained from a salt petre cave about five miles from his home; these specimens fascinated Jefferson and were determined to be tens of thousands of years old and to represent Megalonyx jeffersonii, or Jefferson's Ground Sloth. Stuart is buried in the family cemetery at "Stuart Manor" with his wife. Stuart, Memoir of Indian Wars and Other Occurrences by the Late Colonel Stuart of Greenbrier, this memoir includes an account of the Battle of Point Pleasant and of Cornstalk's murder
Colour of the Trap is the debut solo album by English musician Miles Kane, released on 6 May 2011. The album peaked to number 11 on the UK Albums Chart. Clémence Poésy is featured on the track "Happenstance" and Noel Gallagher is featured on the track "My Fantasy"; the album received positive reviews. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalised rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album received an average score of 73, based on 15 reviews. All-noise said "Colour of the Trap is a promising and entertaining first solo effort, if he can get the mix of attention-grabbing chart fodder and deeper, engaging album tracks right you get the feeling Miles Kane might just become unstoppable", while Scotsman.com said "He has the tunes, but sounds strained with the effort of being hip and popular. The retro hang-ups get in the way of something undeniably modern. Colour of the Trap is one of the few to escape that syndrome." Jamie Crossman from NME said "‘Colour of the Trap’ isn’t quite a perfect debut, but by stepping out from the shadows, Miles Kane has come away smelling of roses."
Three singles were released from the album. "Inhaler" was the first singled peaking at number 171 on the UK Singles Chart. "Come Closer" was the second single to be released from the album, reaching 85 on the UK Singles Chart. "Rearrange", the album's third and as yet final single, peaked to number 149 on the UK Singles Chart. Credits adapted from Colour of the Trap liner notes. Miles Kane – vocals, guitar Dan Carey – bass, keyboards Leo Taylor – drums Gruff Rhys – backing vocals, bass Lianne Barnes – backing vocals Chris Walmsley – drums Ben Parsons – keyboards Eugene McGuinness – backing vocals, guitar Noel Gallagher – backing vocals Clémence Poésy – vocals Antonia Pagulatos – violin Oli Langford – violin Mike Pagulatos – viola Isabelle Dunn – cello Phillip Anderson – bass Andrew Waterworth – double bass Osian Gwynedd – piano ProductionDan Carey – production Gruff Rhys – production Craig Sylvey – production, backing vocal recording