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Sounds of the Universe

Sounds of the Universe is the twelfth studio album by English electronic music band Depeche Mode. It was released on 17 April 2009 by Mute Records; the album was supported by the 2009–10 concert tour Tour of the Universe. Three singles were released from the album: "Wrong", "Peace", a double A-side of "Fragile Tension" and "Hole to Feed". "Perfect" was released in the United States as a promotional single. As with their previous album Playing the Angel, Dave Gahan once again wrote three songs with Christian Eigner and Andrew Phillpott: "Hole to Feed", "Come Back", "Miles Away/The Truth Is". Martin Gore shares lead vocal duties with Gahan on "In Chains", "Peace", "Little Soul"; the album was released by Virgin Records and Capitol Records in the United States and by EMI in Canada and Mexico, marking the first time in the band's catalog that saw distribution from EMI within North America, where previous albums were released by Sire Records and Reprise Records, both divisions of Warner Music Group.

While Dave Gahan was still busy with his solo album Hourglass, Martin Gore was in his home studio in Santa Barbara, working on new songs. In May 2008 the band hit the studio to record their twelfth studio album. Ben Hillier took the production reins again, because the band were so satisfied with their previous collaboration on Playing the Angel; the band described the time in the studio as productive, a total of 22 songs were created and it was difficult to choose the right songs for the album. Five of the songs not used on the album were released as part of the deluxe box set. Short video clips of the band and production team at work in the studio were posted on the band's homepage. Sounds of the Universe received positive reviews from music critics. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalised rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream publications, the album received an average score of 70, based on 28 reviews. Entertainment Weekly's Leah Greenblatt stated that on Sounds of the Universe, Depeche Mode "still sound genuinely inspired" and Ned Raggett of AllMusic concluded, "Sounds of the Universe is a grower, relying on a few listens to take effect, but when it does, it shows Depeche Mode are still able to combine pop-hook accessibility and their own take on'roots' music for an electronic age with sonic experimentation and recombination."

Neil McCormick of The Daily Telegraph noted that the album "shows up the imaginative constraints of most guitar-based rock."However, Rolling Stone critic Melissa Maerz felt that "the result sounds like a time machine back to the Eighties", adding that "Depeche Mode should be poised for a comeback, but it's too soon to unpack those black turtlenecks." Bill Stewart of PopMatters wrote that Depeche Mode "tempt us with a strong first half and dump us in a collection of tossed off b-sides." Jon Caramanica wrote for The New York Times that while the album "lacks the fragility of 1984's Some Great Reward or the earned attitude of 1990's Violator, it's unmistakably an attempt at revisiting the past, admirable either as an act of defiant stubbornness or tenacious commitment", but opined that "even at its most imaginative, this is seamless Depeche Mode filler, music that could be made by any number of acolytes."Sounds of the Universe debuted at number two on the UK Albums Chart with first-week sales of 30,537 copies—the band's highest-peaking album since chart-topping Ultra.

In the United States, the album debuted at number three on the Billboard 200, selling 80,000 units in its first week. The album was ranked number 200 on the Billboard 200 year-end chart for 2009, had sold 193,000 copies in the US by November 2012, according to Nielsen SoundScan. Sounds of the Universe was nominated for Best Alternative Music Album at the 2010 Grammy Awards, but lost out to Phoenix's Wolfgang Amadeus Phoenix; the album's sleeve design was voted number ten on the 2009 Best Art Vinyl poll. All tracks are written except where noted. Contains the standard 13-track album on two LPs, as well as a CD of the album. Contains the standard 13-track album, plus a bonus DVD with exclusive features: Video Sounds of the Universe – 10:05 Wrong – 3:16Audio Sounds of the Universe in 5.1 surround sound "In Chains" "Little Soul" "Jezebel" With iTunes Pass, fans receive new and exclusive singles, remixes and other content from Sounds of the Universe over a set period of time, delivered to their libraries as soon as they're available.

In addition, the iTunes standard pre-order release of Sounds of the Universe contained "Oh Well" as track 14, along with an exclusive edit of "Wrong" called the Trentemøller Remix Edit as track 15. The iTunes Pass track listing contained the standard 13-track album, plus the following: "Oh Well" – 5:02 "Wrong" – 3:23 "The Sun and the Moon and the Stars" – 4:04 "Miles Away/The Truth Is" – 4:06 "Wrong" – 7:41 "Wrong" – 6:23 "Wrong" – 5:09 Sounds of the Universe – 10:05 "Wrong" – 5:45 "Jezebel" – 5:32 "Little Soul" – 9:20 "In Chains" – 7:54 "Corrupt" – 4:54 "Little Soul" – 3:57 "Little Soul" – 10:03 "Peace" – 5:10 "Peace" – 6:41 "In Sympathy" – 5:18 "Walking in My Shoes" – 6:24 Includes three CDs containing the album, b

Hilbrand J. Groenewold

Hilbrand Johannes "Hip" Groenewold was a Dutch theoretical physicist who pioneered the operator-free formulation of quantum mechanics in phase space known as phase-space quantization. Groenewold was born on 29 June 1910 in Muntendam in the province of Groningen, he graduated from the University of Groningen, with a major in physics and minors in mathematics and mechanics in 1934. After a visit to Cambridge to interact with John von Neumann on the links between classical and quantum mechanics, a checkered career working with Frits Zernike in Groningen Leiden, the Hague, De Bilt, several addresses in the North of the Netherlands during World War II, he earned his Ph. D. degree under the tutelage of Léon Rosenfeld at Utrecht University. In 1951, he obtained a position in Groningen in theoretical physics, first as a lecturer as a senior lecturer, as a professor in 1955, he was the initiator and organizer of the Vosbergen Conference in the Netherlands for over two decades. His 1946 thesis paper laid the foundations of quantum mechanics in phase space, in unwitting parallel with J. E. Moyal.

This treatise was the first to achieve full understanding of the Wigner–Weyl transform as an invertible transform, rather than as an unsatisfactory quantization rule. This work further formulated and first appreciated the all-important star-product, the cornerstone of this formulation of the theory often associated with Moyal's name though it is not featured in Moyal's papers and was not understood by Moyal. Moreover, Groenewold first understood and demonstrated that the Moyal bracket is isomorphic to the quantum commutator, thus that the latter cannot be made to faithfully correspond to the Poisson bracket, as had been envisioned by Paul Dirac; this observation and his counterexamples contrasting Poisson brackets to commutators have been generalized and codified to what is now known as the Groenewold – Van Hove theorem. See Groenewold's theorem for one version. Hall, Brian C. Quantum Theory for Mathematicians, Graduate Texts in Mathematics, 267, Springer. Biographical note from U Groningen memorial conference, 2016.

Alternate open source of the 1946 article

Advanced Comprehensive Operating System

Advanced Comprehensive Operating System is a family of mainframe computer operating systems developed by NEC for the Japanese market. It consists of three systems, based on the General Comprehensive Operating System family developed by General Electric and Bull. Two of these systems, ACOS-2 and ACOS-4 are still sold, although only ACOS-4 is under active development. ACOS-6 is an obsolete high-end mainframe platform, which ceased active development in the early 2000s. In late September 2012, NEC announced a return from IA-64 to the previous NOAH line of proprietary mainframe processors for ACOS-4, now produced in a quad-core variant on 40 nm, called NOAH-6. ACOS-2 runs on Intel Xeon servers. Timeline of operating systems ACOS Club home page ACOS-4 home page ACOS-2 home page ACOS Roadmap A history of GE/Honeywell/NEC/Bull operating systems