West Hobart, Tasmania
West Hobart is an inner-city suburb of Hobart, Australia. It is in the hills immediately west of the city centre, the area was first settled as a farming district, hosting poultry, hops and Chinese market gardens. Various industries have served in the area, including a brickworks at the top of Arthur Street, the side of Knocklofty Hill served as a sandstone quarry. Knocklofty is now a reserve maintained by the Hobart City Council, the area around Goulburn and Harrington Streets was once a red-light district. Hobart West Post Office opened on 12 July 1892, considered a working-class suburb until the 1960s, West Hobart has become increasingly a popular inner-city suburb. Many of the houses in the area are older federation era buildings, West Hobart is now considered a bohemian suburb of Hobart, with lots of artists and musicians living in gentrified Victorian and Federation houses, which abound in the suburb. Schools in the area include Lansdowne Crescent Primary School, Goulburn Street Primary and the Hobart campus of Guilford Young College on Barrack Street
New Town, Tasmania
New Town is a suburb of the city of Hobart, Australia, about 4 kilometres north of the central business district of Hobart. One of the citys oldest suburbs, it is now a city residential suburb. Many of its streets are lined with Federation style cottages and it is surrounded by the suburbs of North Hobart, Mount Stuart, Lenah Valley and Moonah, with the Queens Domain just to the south-east. The most recent median house price for New Town is $460,000, some early buildings remain including Pitt Farm which is the second oldest farmhouse in Australia. New Town Post Office opened on 1 January 1842, New Town has the only two single-sex public schools in Tasmania - Ogilvie High School, for girls, and New Town High School for boys. There is a main school in New Town, which is the Catholic, Sacred Heart College. New Town Primary School is over a years old. The major shopping centre is Centro New Town Plaza, which houses a Kmart, architects that have worked on New Town homes include Thomas Reibey Atkinson, grandson of Mary Reibey, and Henry Hunter, one of Hobarts most prominent early colonial architects.
The InterCity Cycleway passes directly through the suburb, on its course from Claremont to the city, the main road in New Town is known as New Town Road and follows on from Elizabeth Street in Hobart. The road connects Hobart with the city of Glenorchy
Geography is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, the features, the inhabitants, and the phenomena of Earth. The first person to use the word γεωγραφία was Eratosthenes, Geography is an all-encompassing discipline that seeks an understanding of the Earth and its human and natural complexities—not merely where objects are, but how they have changed and come to be. It is often defined in terms of the two branches of geography and physical geography. Geography has been called the world discipline and the bridge between the human and the physical sciences, Geography is a systematic study of the Earth and its features. Traditionally, geography has been associated with cartography and place names, although many geographers are trained in toponymy and cartology, this is not their main preoccupation. Geographers study the space and the temporal database distribution of phenomena, because space and place affect a variety of topics, such as economics, climate and animals, geography is highly interdisciplinary.
The interdisciplinary nature of the approach depends on an attentiveness to the relationship between physical and human phenomena and its spatial patterns. Names of places. are not geography. know by heart a whole gazetteer full of them would not, in itself and this is a description of the world—that is Geography. In a word Geography is a Science—a thing not of mere names but of argument and reason, of cause, just as all phenomena exist in time and thus have a history, they exist in space and have a geography. Geography as a discipline can be split broadly into two main fields, human geography and physical geography. The former largely focuses on the environment and how humans create, manage. The latter examines the environment, and how organisms, soil, water. The difference between these led to a third field, environmental geography, which combines physical and human geography. Physical geography focuses on geography as an Earth science and it aims to understand the physical problems and the issues of lithosphere, atmosphere and global flora and fauna patterns.
Physical geography can be divided into broad categories, Human geography is a branch of geography that focuses on the study of patterns. It encompasses the human, cultural, and it requires an understanding of the traditional aspects of physical and human geography, as well as the ways that human societies conceptualize the environment. Integrated geography has emerged as a bridge between the human and the geography, as a result of the increasing specialisation of the two sub-fields. Examples of areas of research in the environmental geography include, emergency management, environmental management, geomatics is concerned with the application of computers to the traditional spatial techniques used in cartography and topography
Tasmania is an island state of the Commonwealth of Australia. It is located 240 km to the south of the Australian mainland, the state encompasses the main island of Tasmania, the 26th-largest island in the world, and the surrounding 334 islands. The state has a population of around 519,100, just over forty percent of which resides in the Greater Hobart precinct, Tasmanias area is 68,401 km2, of which the main island covers 64,519 km2. Though an island state, due to an error the state shares a land border with Victoria at its northernmost terrestrial point, Boundary Islet. The Bishop and Clerk Islets, about 37 km south of Macquarie Island, are the southernmost terrestrial point of the state of Tasmania, the island is believed to have been occupied by Aboriginals for 40,000 years before British colonisation. It is thought Tasmanian Aboriginals were separated from the mainland Aboriginal groups about 10,000 years ago when the sea rose to form Bass Strait. The conflict, which peaked between 1825 and 1831 and led to more than three years of law, cost the lives of almost 1100 Aboriginals and settlers.
The near-destruction of Tasmanias Aboriginal population has been described by historians as an act of genocide by the British. The island was part of the Colony of New South Wales. In 1854 the present Constitution of Tasmania was passed and the year the state received permission to change its name to Tasmania. In 1901 it became a state through the process of the Federation of Australia, the state is named after Dutch explorer Abel Tasman, who made the first reported European sighting of the island on 24 November 1642. Tasman named the island Anthony van Diemens Land after his sponsor Anthony van Diemen, the name was shortened to Van Diemens Land by the British. It was officially renamed Tasmania in honour of its first European discoverer on 1 January 1856, Tasmania was sometimes referred to as Dervon, as mentioned in the Jerilderie Letter written by the notorious Australian bushranger Ned Kelly in 1879. The colloquial expression for the state is Tassie, Tasmania is colloquially shortened to Tas, especially when used in business names and website addresses.
TAS is the Australia Post abbreviation for the state, the reconstructed Palawa kani language name for Tasmania is Lutriwita. The island was adjoined to the mainland of Australia until the end of the last glacial period about 10,000 years ago, much of the island is composed of Jurassic dolerite intrusions through other rock types, sometimes forming large columnar joints. Tasmania has the worlds largest areas of dolerite, with many distinctive mountains, the central plateau and the southeast portions of the island are mostly dolerite. Mount Wellington above Hobart is an example, showing distinct columns known as the Organ Pipes
Local government areas of Tasmania
Local government areas in the Australian state of Tasmania describes the 29 organisations and processes by which towns and districts can manage their own affairs. The LGAs are grouped by region and this article includes lists of towns and localities of Tasmania. Greater Hobart contains six LGAs, Brighton Council, containing the Hobart suburbs of Bridgewater, Old Beach, and the towns of Brighton and Tea Tree. Sorell Council, containing the towns of Bream Creek, Dodges Ferry, Dunalley, Lewisham, Marion Bay, Midway Point, municipality of Tasman, containing the towns and settlements of Koonya, Murdunna and Port Arthur. Huon Valley Council, containing the towns and settlements of Cygnet, Franklin, Port Huon, Glen Huon, glamorgan Spring Bay Council, containing the towns and settlements of Bicheno, Coles Bay, Orford and Triabunna. The north-east area councils contain three LGAs, Break ODay Council, containing the towns and settlements of Fingal, St Helens, St Marys, dorset Council, containing the towns and settlements of Branxholm, Derby and Winnaleah.
Flinders Council, containing Cape Barren Island and Flinders Island and its settlements of Emita, the Launceston area councils contain four LGAs, George Town Council, containing the towns and settlements of Bell Bay and George Town. Meander Valley Council, containing the Launceston suburbs of Blackstone Heights and Prospect, the towns and settlements of Carrick, Hagley, Mole Creek, west Tamar Council, containing the towns and settlements of Beaconsfield, Beauty Point, Exeter and Riverside. Central Coast Council, containing the towns of Forth, Turners Beach, circular Head Council, containing the towns of Marrawah and Stanley. City of Devonport, containing the city of Devonport, kentish Council, containing the towns and settlements of Cradle Mountain and Sheffield. King Island Council, containing King Island and the settlement of Currie, Latrobe Council, containing the towns and settlements of Hawley Beach, Port Sorell, and Shearwater. Waratah-Wynyard Council, containing the towns and settlements of Savage River, Waratah, west Coast Council, containing the towns and settlements of Queenstown, Strahan and Zeehan.
The Central councils contain three LGAs, Central Highlands Council, containing the settlements of Bothwell, Bronte Park, Derwent Bridge, Liawenee, Miena and Tarraleah. Northern Midlands Council, containing the settlements of Avoca, Campbell Town, Evandale, Longford, southern Midlands Council, containing the settlements of Bagdad, Campania and Ross. See Former local government areas of Tasmania Tasmania has had an amount of former LGAs. In 1907,149 LGAs were reduced by mergers and amalgamation to 53 LGAs, by the time of a large scale overhaul in 1993,46 LGAs were reduced to 29 LGAs. List of localities in Tasmania Government of Tasmania Divisions of the Australian House of Representatives#Tasmania Map of Local Government Areas
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the worlds sixth-largest country by total area, the neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea and East Timor to the north, the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east, and New Zealand to the south-east. Australias capital is Canberra, and its largest urban area is Sydney, for about 50,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century, Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians, who spoke languages classifiable into roughly 250 groups. The population grew steadily in subsequent decades, and by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored, on 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Australia has since maintained a liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy comprising six states.
The population of 24 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard, Australia has the worlds 13th-largest economy and ninth-highest per capita income. With the second-highest human development index globally, the country highly in quality of life, education, economic freedom. The name Australia is derived from the Latin Terra Australis a name used for putative lands in the southern hemisphere since ancient times, the Dutch adjectival form Australische was used in a Dutch book in Batavia in 1638, to refer to the newly discovered lands to the south. On 12 December 1817, Macquarie recommended to the Colonial Office that it be formally adopted, in 1824, the Admiralty agreed that the continent should be known officially as Australia. The first official published use of the term Australia came with the 1830 publication of The Australia Directory and these first inhabitants may have been ancestors of modern Indigenous Australians. The Torres Strait Islanders, ethnically Melanesian, were originally horticulturists, the northern coasts and waters of Australia were visited sporadically by fishermen from Maritime Southeast Asia.
The first recorded European sighting of the Australian mainland, and the first recorded European landfall on the Australian continent, are attributed to the Dutch. The first ship and crew to chart the Australian coast and meet with Aboriginal people was the Duyfken captained by Dutch navigator, Willem Janszoon. He sighted the coast of Cape York Peninsula in early 1606, the Dutch charted the whole of the western and northern coastlines and named the island continent New Holland during the 17th century, but made no attempt at settlement. William Dampier, an English explorer and privateer, landed on the north-west coast of New Holland in 1688, in 1770, James Cook sailed along and mapped the east coast, which he named New South Wales and claimed for Great Britain. The first settlement led to the foundation of Sydney, and the exploration, a British settlement was established in Van Diemens Land, now known as Tasmania, in 1803, and it became a separate colony in 1825. The United Kingdom formally claimed the part of Western Australia in 1828.
Separate colonies were carved from parts of New South Wales, South Australia in 1836, Victoria in 1851, the Northern Territory was founded in 1911 when it was excised from South Australia
Clifton Beach, Tasmania
Clifton Beach is a town located approximately 25 km southeast of Hobart on the South Arm Peninsula on the outskirts of Hobart, Australia. It is part of the City of Clarence, and is a surfing location. Clifton Beach Surf Life Saving Club was established in 1963 and this section of the club is one part of two, the other half being at Kingston Beach on the western shore. The entire beach is backed by a reserve, which incorporates coastal dunes behind the central. The now vegetated dunes have transgressed up to 300 m inland rising to more than 20 m, with dense vegetation behind, the shallow southern shores of circular Pipe Clay Lagoon. The beach is bordered by 54 m high Cape Deslacs in the east and 50 m high cliffs in the west that run south for 3.5 km rising to 100 m high at Cape Contrariety. The beach is 2.1 km long and faces south-southeast into Storm Bay exposing it to all southerly swell
Lutana is a suburb of Hobart, Australia. It is part of the City of Glenorchy and it is a large residential suburb located between the Brooker Highway and the River Derwent. It was originally built by the Electrolytic Zinc company as homes for its employees at the zinc works. Lutana is the word for moon. The homes were sold off and are now privately owned
Postcodes in Australia
Postcodes are used in Australia to more efficiently sort and route mail within the postal system. All postcodes in Australia have four digits and are placed at the end of the Australian address, Australian postcodes are managed by Australia Post. Postcodes are published in booklets available from post offices or online from the Australia Post website, Australian envelopes and postcards often have four square boxes printed in orange at the bottom right for the postcode. These are used when addressing mail by hand, use of the Australian postcode system commenced in 1967, implemented by the Postmaster-Generals Department, now called Australia Post. It replaced earlier postal sorting systems, such as Melbournes letter and number codes, if addressing a letter from outside Australia, the postcode is recorded before Australia. They are often linked with one area, due to post code rationalization, But are now sometimes they can be quite complex, especially in country areas. The south-western Victoria 3221 postcode of the Geelong Mail Centre includes twenty places around Geelong with very few people and this means that mail for these places is not fully sorted until it gets to Geelong.
Some postcodes cover large populations, while other postcodes have much smaller populations, Australian postcodes range from 0200 for the Australian National University to 9944 for Cannonvale, Queensland. Some towns and suburbs have two postcodes — one for deliveries and one for post office boxes. g. The Royal Brisbane and Womens Hospital has the postcode 4029, the Australian National University had the postcode 0200, more postcode ranges were made available for LVRs in the 1990s. Australia Post has been progressively discontinuing the LVR programme since 2006, Australian National Universitys postcode 0200 was the last LVR to be closed in September 2014. For example, postcode 2620 covers both a locality in NSW as well as a locality in the ACT, and postcode 0872 covers a number of localities across WA, SA, NT and QLD. Jervis Bay Territory, once an exclave of the ACT but now a territory, is geographically located on the coast of NSW. It is just south of the towns of Vincentia and Huskisson, Mail to the Jervis Bay Territory is still addressed to the ACT.
The numbers used to show the state on each radio callsign in Australia are the number as the first number for postcodes in that state, e. g. 2xx in New South Wales, 3xx in Victoria. Radio callsigns pre-date postcodes in Australia by more than forty years, australias external territories are included in Australia Posts postcode system. Capital city postcodes were the lowest postcodes in their state or territory range, before new ranges for LVRs, postcodes with the same second number are not always next to each other. As an example, postcodes in the range 2200–2299 are split between the suburbs of Sydney and the Central Coast of New South Wales
Austins Ferry, Tasmania
Austins Ferry is a suburb of Hobart, capital city of Tasmania, Australia. It is predominantly a new homes area, Austins Ferry is named after James Austin, who had been transported to Port Phillip as a convict in 1803 along with his cousin John Earl, and arrived in Van Diemens Land in 1804. After their sentences expired both men were given land grants on the western shore of the River Derwent between Hobart and New Norfolk. In 1821 the visiting Governor Lachlan Macquarie renamed the village Roseneath, James Austins original cottage is preserved as a tourist attraction. The opening hours for the cottage are limited to Sundays between 1pm and 4pm, it provides crafts and historical information, Austins Ferry is the location of St Virgils College