Murgon is a town and locality in the South Burnett Region, Australia. It is situated on the Bunya Highway 270 kilometres north-west of Brisbane. At the 2016 Australian Census, the town recorded a population of 2,378. Murgon is in the region of Queensland known as the South Burnett, the southern part of the Burnett River catchment. Attractions of Murgon include winemaking, fishing on the nearby Bjelke-Petersen Dam and gem-fossicking. Industries include peanuts, dairy farming and cattle production and wine; the Indigenous Australian settlement of Cherbourg is just south of Murgon. In July 1906, 32 allotments were advertised for selection by the Department of Public Lands Office; the map advertising the land selection states the allotments are portions in the Parishes of Murgon and Barambah. The portions were left over from April 5th. Murgon Post Office opened by June 1908; the foundation stone of the Murgon War Memorial was laid on 25 April 1920 by Lieutenant Colonel Wilder Neligan. On 11 November 1921, the digger memorial was dedicated by RSL chairman, Major General Spencer Browne.
In the early 20th century the Nanango railway line reached the town. The town was the administrative centre for the former Shire of Murgon which existed from 1914 until 2008. Murgon has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: 91 Gore Street: Murgon State SchoolMacalister Street: former South Burnett Co-operative Dairy Association Factory 62-70 Lamb Street: Murgon Civic Centre Murgon is close to a famous fossil site; the Murgon fossil site is the only such site in Australia with a diverse vertebrate fauna dating to the early Eocene epoch, around 55 million years ago, only 10 million years after the extinction of the dinosaurs. The South Burnett Regional Council operates a public library in Murgon at 42 Stephens Street, Murgon; the current Murgon Library facility opened in 2010. Public Wi-Fi available at this facility. Murgon State School opened on 24 February 1908. There was a Murgon Special School that closed on 31 December 1980. St Joseph's Catholic School opened 27 February 1937. Murgon State High School opened on 27 January 1959.
Notable residents of Murgon include: Gavin Cooper, Australian rugby league player born in Murgon John Mickel, Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly born in Murgon Steve Renouf, Australian rugby league player born in Murgon Leah Purcell, Australian actress and writer was born in Murgon. List of fossil sites Media related to Murgon at Wikimedia Commons University of Queensland: Queensland Places:Murgon and Murgon Shire
The Bunya Mountains are a distinctive set of peaks forming an isolated section of the Great Dividing Range in southern Queensland. The mountain range forms the northern edge of the Darling Downs in the locality called Bunya Mountains near Bell and Dalby; the mountains are south of Kingaroy and just to the south west of Nanango. The range is the remains of a shield volcano, built from numerous basalt lava flows about 23-24 million years ago. In 2009 as part of the Q150 celebrations, the Bunya Mountains was announced as one of the Q150 Icons of Queensland for its role as a "Natural attraction"; the range rises to an average elevation of 975 m. Slopes facing the north east are part of the Burnett River catchment, those on the south east make up part of the Brisbane River catchment, while those facing the south west belong to the Condamine River catchment and the Murray-Darling River system; the mountains are covered with ancient conifer rainforest that co-exists with a number of other unique natural features -'balds' which are open grasslands including some that contain rare grass species and sclerophyll forests.
Parts of the forest were once logged for various timbers including red cedar, bunya pine and hoop pine. However, most of the peaks are uncleared and covered in forest as the range was too steep for early timber clearers; the mountains are home to the largest natural Bunya pine forest in the world. The Bunya Mountains and neighbouring areas were the focus of major gatherings of Indigenous Australians from South East and Central Queensland to north east New South Wales; the gatherings occurred during the seasons when the bountiful nuts of the bunya pine ripened, from December through to March, during'bumper crops' which appeared to occur about every three or four years. These were evidently widest-attended Indigenous gatherings in Australia. Climbers would use a strong vine around their waist and the tree, which can be up to 1.5 m in width and up to 50 m tall, to reach the nuts. Members of the guest tribes were not allowed to collect nuts from the tree. Apart from feasting on bunya nuts, participants engaged in a variety of intertribal activities: games and sports, trade, knowledge exchange, the arrangement of marriages and the settling of disputes.
1902 was the final known gathering on the range. Indigenous groups such as the Wakka Wakka, Kabi Kabi, Gooreng Gooreng, Quandamooka, Barrangum and Willi Willi traditional owners have continued cultural and spiritual connections to the Bunya Mountains to this day, a number of strategies including the use of traditional ecological knowledge have been incorporated into the current management practices of the national park and conservation reserves with the Bunya Murri Ranger project operating in the mountains. Much of the area is protected as the Bunya Mountains National Park, the state's second oldest National Park, being established in 1908. There are many picnic spots, walking tracks, lookouts and a few camping grounds on the range, as well as a variety of cottage and group accommodation facilities for families and school camp groups. Along the walking tracks, which lead to lookouts that offer views of the surrounding countryside, flora such as ferns and staghorns, as well as the unique Bunya Pine, can be seen.
Waterfalls add to the scenic beauty. In the small patches of cleared land that are used by tourists, colourful birds such as Australian king parrots and rosellas can be seen. Fauna such as wallabies, scrub turkeys, koalas and possums may be seen; the unique Bunya pine is known for its Bunya nuts which were a favoured food of local Australian Aboriginals. The mountains have a highland subtropical climate, cooler and wetter than the surrounding plains. Heavy winter frosts and light snow occur on the highest peaks, while in summer, the mountains experience frequent heavy storms which contributes to the lush rainforest. List of mountains in Australia List of volcanoes in Australia Media related to Bunya Mountains at Wikimedia Commons
Kingaroy is an agricultural town and locality in the South Burnett Region, Australia. It is 210 kilometres or about 2½ hours drive north-west of the state capital Brisbane; the town is situated on the junction of the Bunya Highways. At the 2016 census, Kingaroy had a population of 10,020 with a median age of 37, it is known as the "Peanut Capital of Australia" because Australia's largest peanut processing plant is located in the town and peanut silos dominate the skyline. Kingaroy is well known as the home town of former Premier of Queensland, Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen; the origin of the name Kingaroy is claimed to be derived from the Wakka Wakka Aboriginal word for'Red Ant'. The local Kingaroy Rugby League football team is known as "the Red Ants" and a Red Ant features on the old Kingaroy Shire coat of arms. A Wakka Wakka Word List provides the following explanation: "Derived from'king', a small black ant, and'dhu'roi', meaning hungry; the name was suggested by a local Aboriginal helper of the surveyor, Hector Munro, who surveyed the original grazing holding of this name, on account of these ants being a pest at the survey camp.".
Munro selected Wakka Wakka words describing various species of ants when he surveyed a number of local towns, including Taabinga and Mondure. Rural settlement of the area dates back to 1843 when one of the first selections was made at Burrandowan by squatter and explorer Henry Stuart Russell. Through Russell was reputedly the first European to realise the potential of the South Burnett, it was Simon Scott of Taromeo and the Haly brothers of Taabinga who brought the first flocks of sheep to the area in the late 1850s. In 1878 the district where Kingaroy now stands was settled by the Markwell brothers; when the first resumptions were made from the enormous Taabinga holding, the brothers selected two adjoining areas and in 1883 these leases were converted to freehold and became known as the'Kingaroy Paddock'. The corner of this paddock was located on what is now known as Haly Street, named after the brothers who settled at Taabinga Station about 12 kilometres south-west of present-day Kingaroy.
A small, prosperous village grew up around Taabinga in the 1890s but the arrival of the railway in 1904 led to a land explosion around Kingaroy and the development of Kingaroy as it now exists. Taabinga declined into a ghost town by the end of World War I and today the original Taabinga Homestead and a few outbuildings are all that remain of it; the area opposite Kingaroy Airport is today known as "Taabinga Village" but is only a suburb of Kingaroy. The first Kingaroy Post Office opened by 1902 and was renamed Taabinga Village in 1905, when Kingaroy Railway Station office opened; this was renamed Kingaroy in 1907. The Taabinga Village office closed in 1929; the foundation stone of the Kingaroy Soldiers' Memorial Rotunda was laid on 25 April 1922 by the RSL president Sergeant Norman Booth. It was dedicated on 29 June 1932 by Mayor-General Sir Thomas William Glasgow; the Kingaroy Branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association was established 22 August 1922 with Florence Daphne Youngman of Taabinga Homestead as the first president.
In 1926 her husband Arthur Youngman donated land at 122 Kingaroy Street and Charlie Gills built the first rooms. On 24 November 1956 a hall was built at the rear of the rooms to allow for catering of weddings and functions; the Royal Australian Air Force had a significant operational and training presence in the region during the Second World War, the first squadrons deploying to the town's airport about mid-1942. At least eight squadrons were based at RAAF Kingaroy together with No. 3 Initial Training School. Aircraft operated there by the RAAF included Avro Ansons, CAC Wirraways, DAP Beauforts, DH Mosquitos, Curtiss P-40E Kittyhawks and Bristol Beaufighters. Kingaroy R. A. A. F. Post Office was open from 7 August 1942 until 28 February 1946. Kingaroy celebrated its Centenary in 2004. Kingaroy is noted for being the first region in Australia to be placed on Level 7 Water Restrictions, which occurred on 1 October 2007; the Kingaroy Public Library opened in 1945 and had a major refurbishment in 2011.
Kingaroy has experienced growth in population in recent years. Kingaroy has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: 2-6 Alford Street: St Michael and All Angels Church 6 Edward Street: Carroll Cottage 126 Haly Street: former Kingaroy Shire Council Chambers 117-131 Haly Street: Kingaroy Peanut Silos Kingaroy Road, Durong: Burrandowan Station Homestead 7 Old Taabinga Road, Haly Creek: Taabinga Homestead South Burrandowan Road, Ironpot: Wylarah 67 William Street: former Kingaroy Butter Factory Kingaroy itself is the largest town in the South Burnett and the region's commercial centre, offering all the services, shopping facilities and many of the industries expected in much larger centres; the town has its own hotels, caravan parks and breakfasts and cabins. Unlike many towns of its size, Kingaroy has its own shopping mall that includes Woolworths, Big W, other retailers. Kingaroy has an aerodrome a few kilometres from the centre of town and is served by major bus lines. Kingaroy has the most cosmopolitan feel of any South Burnett township but it's still a relaxed and informal country town at heart.
It has the typical low-humidity climate of all South Burnett townships and is surrounded by extensive farmlands interspersed with low rolling hills. The Booie Ra
North Burnett Region
The North Burnett Region is a local government area in Queensland, Australia in the northern catchment of the Burnett River. Established in 2008, it was preceded by several previous local government areas with histories extending back to the early 1900s, it has an estimated operating budget of A$32 millon. Prior to the 2008 amalgamation, the North Burnett Region, located in the northern catchment of the Burnett River, existed as six distinct local government areas: the Shire of Biggenden; the first local government in the North Burnett area was the Gayndah Municipality, created on 28 November 1866 under the Municipal Corporations Act 1864. On 11 November 1879, the Rawbelle and Perry Divisions were created to serve regional areas under the Divisional Boards Act 1879. A third division, was proclaimed on 25 January 1890. On 31 March 1903, following the enactment of the Local Authorities Act 1902, Gayndah became a town while the three divisions became shires. On 3 June 1905, the Shire of Degilbo, centred on Biggenden, was established from part of the Shire of Burrum.
On 19 May 1915, the Shire of Auburn was separately incorporated. On 17 March 1923, the Shire of Rawbelle was renamed Gayndah and on 24 May 1924, it absorbed the Town. On 3 March 1932, the Shire of Monto came into being and Eidsvold was reincorporated. On 12 July 1941, Degilbo was renamed Biggenden. In July 2007, the Local Government Reform Commission released its report and recommended that the six areas amalgamate, asserting that there were "inefficiencies with having six local governments to manage the economic and community interests of a small geographic region which has a static population of just over 10,000", it believed amalgamation would offer potential for both strategic planning and improving the quality of governance and decision-making, as well as allowing one of the towns to emerge as a regional centre for the area. Queensland Treasury had rated all of the councils for financial sustainability, with all except Perry and Biggenden attracting a weak rating; each of the councils apart from Gayndah opposed the Commission's model, with several suggesting either amalgamation with one or two other shires, or with local governments outside the region.
In the end, its proposal was unchanged. On 15 March 2008, the Shires formally ceased to exist, elections were held on the same day to elect councillors and a mayor to the Regional Council; the Region is divided into six divisions, each electing one councillor, with a mayor elected by the entire Region. Joy Jensen, the mayor for the Shire of Perry, was elected at the March 2008 local government elections but was not re-elected in 2012. 2008: Joy Jensen 2012: Don Waugh 2016: Rachel Chambers The North Burnett Region includes the following settlements: The North Burnett Regional Council operates public libraries at Biggenden, Gayndah, Mount Perry, Mundubbera. The North Burnett Regional Council's first planning scheme commenced on 3 November 2014, it replaced the six planning schemes prepared by the former Councils. As a scheme that follows the State-mandated structure it contains the following key components: a Strategic framework, Priority infrastructure plan, Tables of assessment, Overlays, Other codes, Definitions and Planning scheme policies.
Planning scheme mapping is accessible via the Council's online interactive mapping. On 5 May 2014, the North Burnett Regional Council published their first Local Heritage Register, containing 64 sites out of a proposed 71. Media related to North Burnett Region at Wikimedia Commons Report of the Local Government Reform Commission Volume 1 July 2007 Retrieved 3 Nov 2018 Interactive Map of North Burnett Region Retrieved 17 April 2008 Library Services
Boondooma is a locality in the South Burnett Region, Australia. The Boondooma Dam and its associated lake is on south-eastern boundary between Okeden. Boondooma has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Mundubbera-Durong Road: Boondooma Homestead Media related to Boondooma at Wikimedia Commons
The Somerset Region is a local government area located in the West Moreton region of South East Queensland, about 100 kilometres northwest of Brisbane and centred on the town of Esk. It was created in 2008 from a merger of the Shire of Kilcoy, it is known as the Brisbane Valley, due to the Brisbane River which courses through the region, although significant parts of the region lie outside the hydrological Brisbane Valley itself. The Esk and Kilcoy Shires were amalgamated to consolidate the water catchments for the Wivenhoe and Somerset Dams; the Local Government Reform Commission identified that the long-term future of Somerset would be as a major water catchment for the SEQ region with farming being the main economic activity within a water catchment management regime. The "planning strategy and land use policies" implemented by the Somerset Regional Council are therefore "directed this end"; the Somerset Regional Council, which administers the region, has an estimated operating budget of A$50 million..
The Somerset region comprises the primary water catchment for the Somerset and Wivenhoe Dams that form an essential part of the water supply grid for South East Queensland. Prior to 2008, the new Somerset Region was an entire area of two previous and distinct local government areas: the Shire of Esk; the traditional owners of the Brisbane Valley district include the Jagera, Yuppera and Dungibara people who occupied the region for thousands of years prior to European settlement. The country of the Dungibara people started just south of Esk and ran north along the river where their boundary ended near the source of the Brisbane River; the name Dungibara is made up of two words. During the drought seasons the Brisbane River became dry and left stagnant water pools, their main source of water was from the tributaries that ran into the river; the Somerset region in South East Queensland was settled by European pastoralists in the 1840s after the New South Wales Government had opened up the land around the penal colony at Moreton Bay.
The pioneers of this region sought land along the Stanley Rivers for raising sheep. There were several exploration maps. John Oxley discovered the Brisbane River in December 1823 with a castaway John Finnegan as his guide, shipwrecked on Moreton Island and cared for by the indigenous peoples there. Oxley's recommendations lead to a penal colony being established at Redcliffe and Brisbane the following year. Before this penal colony was closed in 1839 Botanist and explorer Alan Cunningham had discovered Spicers Gap and Cunninghams Gap through the Great Dividing Range that would link the Darling Downs with Ipswich and Brisbane, he had climbed Mount Esk, crossed Lockyer's Plains, named a unique bend in the Brisbane River near Wivenhoe "Pedal Bight" and climbed Lister's Peak situated two miles south east of Linville. John Gray had explored to Fernvale, he is thought to have been killed by indigenous tribesmen near Wivenhoe on the Brisbane River on 18 October 1830. According to Henry Stuart Russell the early settlers of the Brisbane Valley followed in the footsteps of Walter & Patrick Leslie.
They had "blazed a trail to the Darling Downs, marking the first tree at Wyndam's Stockyards, down the Severn River which they crossed near Texas and thence to the Condamine River between Tummaville and Ellangowan where, at Leslie's Crossing Place, the marked tree line ended." From the Downs the settlers crossed the Great Dividing Range at the new Gormans Gap, discovered by Owen Gorman and followed Lockyer Creek to Tarampa and up the Brisbane and Stanley rivers to their headwaters. The first settlers on the eastern side of the Great Dividing Range as listed by Russell were "Cocky" Rogers with Mocatta's sheep at Grantham. Following these were Frederick and Francis Edward Bigge and Colin Mackenzie, the McConnel Brothers at Cressbrook and the Balfour Brothers at Colinton. At the end of August 1843, the Anglican missionary John Gregor spent a fortnight in the Brisbane River valley visiting all the settlers at that time, he saw David Archer at Durundur and his guest Ludwig Leichhardt and visited the superintendent of Kilcoy station, John Macdonald.
He spoke with Frederick and Francis Bigge at Mt. Brisbane and Gideon Scott at Mt. Esk and D. C. McConnel and his superintendent Henry Mort at Cressbrook, he stayed with John Balfour at Colinton and Ivory at Eskdale and Oliver at Buaraba and Wingate and Fletcher at Lockyer's Creek. From here he returned to Ipswich. Approaching Kilcoy station Gregor had noted "a number of the aborigines, who were vociferous in their calls of "Name you," but did not attempt to deal us any blows, they were, all armed with shields, spears and boomerangs". This was the only property "which wish to leave as soon as possible for several reasons". In 1842, race relations faltered after the deaths of up to 60 Aboriginals at Kilcoy station who were poisoned by flour, laced with strychnine. Gregor's diary reference may have been his reaction to information