South China Athletic Association is a football club which competes in the Hong Kong First Division, the second-level league in Hong Kong football league system. The club has won a record 41 First Division titles, a record 31 Senior Shields, a record 10 FA Cups and 3 League Cups. Nicknamed "Shaolin Temple" and "Caroliners", South China has produced many great Hong Kong footballers over the years. In November 2007, the club entered into a charity partnership with Hong Kong Red Cross; the partnership is a pioneer between a sports association and a humanitarian organisation in Hong Kong. The club plays; the Chinese Football Team was founded in 1904 by a group of Chinese students in Hong Kong, including Mok Hing and Tong Fuk Cheung. In 1910, the team was renamed as South China Football Club. In the 1917 Far Eastern Games and 1919 Far Eastern Games, the club represented the Republic of China and won the football championship, it is the only team in Hong Kong sports history. China lost in the final to the Philippines in the first to be held, in 1913, but in the next nine it won every time, right through until the last FECG to be held in 1934.
On that occasion China was a joint winner with Japan. Throughout these tournaments, the majority of the China team was composed of SCAA players. In 1920, South China which began as a club called the South China Athletic Association founded by Mok Hing. Around 1920–1922, the club formally adopted the present name of South China Athletic Association and diversified into other sports such as basketball. Since its foundation, South China had a Chinese only whereby the club would only field players of Chinese ethnicity. In keeping with this policy, the club would only sign foreign players had Chinese ancestry such as Edmund Wee, Chow Chee Keong and Chan Kwok Leung. Up until the 1980s, the policy did have a negative effect on results. However, when professional football took off in Hong Kong, the club could not cope with the influx of foreign players and performed poorly at the beginning of the 1981–1982 season. Therefore, on 2 November 1981 the club voted to end its six decade old Chinese only policy.
Although the club was able to avoid relegation that season, it was not incident-free. On 6 June 1982, after the club drew an all-important match with Caroline Hill, the fans rioted outside the stadium that spread onto Causeway Bay; the riot was the largest civil disorder in Hong Kong since the leftist riot in 1967. As they failed to beat Citizen in the last game of the 2005–06 season, South China was to be relegated for the first time since 1983. However, on 14 June 2006, the Hong Kong Football Association approved a request from South China to remain in the Hong Kong First Division with the promise of strengthening their squad. Staying true to their word, South China strengthened their squad and coaching staff; as a result, South China regained the First Division League title in the 2006–07 season, winning the Hong Kong FA Cup and the Hong Kong Senior Shield, achieving the famous treble. The team has gone from strength to strength, while the team has had continued success on the domestic front, winning three consecutive league titles in the process, it has had success in other international club competitions.
The team has reached the semi-finals of the 2009–10 AFC Cup. South China's success has seen the team climb in world club rankings to their new high of 145th surpassing other Mainland Chinese clubs which are considered to be of a better standard than clubs in Hong Kong. In recent years the South China has taken part in several pre-season exhibition matches with European clubs, with the most notable being a 2–0 win against the English Premier League side Tottenham Hotspur. Much of the recent success has been attributed to the former chairman, Steven Lo, with his shrewd business sense he rebuilt the team as a brand, played a major role in reigniting interest in the Hong Kong Football League. South China have partnered with several organisations and brands. In 2007, South China has enter into a partnership with Hong Kong Red Cross; the partnership is a pioneer between a sports association and a humanitarian organisation in Hong Kong, South China is the first football team to bear the Red Cross emblem on the official kit.
The appointment of the fashion brand Giorgio Armani as the official tailor, has allowed South China to join some of the world's elite, with the brand being associated with Chelsea Football Club and the English national team. In celebration of the 100th Anniversary of the establishment of South China Football Team, world-renowned designer Philippe Starck produced a special edition of the "Peninsula Chair", with the faces of the team and the chairman printed on. Nicky Butt and Mateja Kežman played for South China during the 2010–11 season. Ahead of the 2014–15 season, AET chairman Wallace Cheung became the conveynor of the club, promising to spend $18–20 million per season; the domestic season was not a successful one as the club finished fourth in the league and did not win any silverware. The saving grace was a Season Playoff victory which allowed the club to directly qualify for the 2016 AFC Cup group stage. In 2016–17 South China reached their first cup final in six years, facing Kitchee in the 2016–17 Hong Kong FA Cup Final.
However, they were unable to capture the trophy. On 5 June 2017, South China made the shocking announcement that they would voluntarily self-relegate into the First Division; the club and Cheung had parte
Peter Henry Salus is a linguist, computer scientist, historian of technology, author in many fields, an editor of books and journals. He has conducted research in germanistics, language acquisition, computer languages. Salus has a 1963 PhD in Linguistics from New York University, his dissertation was The Compound Noun in Indo-European: A Survey. After serving as professor and dean at University of North Florida, University of Toronto, University of Massachusetts where in 1967 he was involved in the founding of the Department of Linguistics, Queens College, City University of New York, he is now retired, he has been Executive Director of both the USENIX Association and the Sun User Group, Vice President of the Free Software Foundation. He was one of the organizers of the 1996 conference on Freely Redistributable Software in Cambridge. In addition, he has worked for several high tech startups. From 1987 to 1996, he was Managing Editor of the technical journal Computing Systems. In 1966, Salus worked with W. H. Auden on a translation of the Poetic Edda.
During his work he discovered that the "Airman's Alphabet" in Auden's work was derived from the Eddic poems or more the translation by Bruce Dickins. In December 1965 Salus attended a meeting of the Tolkien Society in New York. Auden and Salus' comments and intentions to write a book on J. R. R. Tolkien were reported by The New Yorker and The Daily Telegraph. However, Tolkien disapproved of a book on himself and was critical of Auden's reported remarks on his house and Salus' observations on the shape of Middle-earth, he is best known for his books on the history of computing A Quarter Century of UNIX and Casting The Net. Völuspá: The Song of the Sybil On Language: Plato to von Humboldt Linguistics Pāṇini to Postal: A Bibliography in the History of Linguistics For W. H. Auden, 21 February 1972 Language and the Language Arts A Quarter Century of UNIX Casting the Net Handbook of Programming Languages Big Book of IPv6 Addressing RFCs The Complete April Fools' Day RFCs The Daemon, the Gnu & the Penguin — serialised on the Groklaw website The ARPANET Sourcebook: The Unpublished Foundations of the Internet
Moses King was an editor and publisher who produced guidebooks to travel destinations in the United States, including Massachusetts and New York. King was born in London, UK, to David Woolf King and Sarah Lazarus, he grew up in Missouri. After working for several years, he returned to school and graduated from Phillips Exeter Academy in 1879 and Harvard College in 1881, at age 28, he published his first guidebook while still in titled Harvard and its Surroundings. After college he held a series of jobs in the publishing industry, working for Science magazine, Bradstreet's magazine, Rand-Avery Co, he married Bertha Maria Cloyes in 1881. He published travel guidebooks from 1878 onwards. By 1888 he formally established the Moses King Corporation. King's illustrated publications about Boston, New York City and elsewhere in the U. S. received positive reviews. King published a few handbooks in the Boston area that were written by Moses Foster Sweetser, such as the King's Handbook of the Boston Harbor.
M. F. Sweetser was a manuscript writer of many works; the more popular titles of King's publications returned in updated editions. One darker chapter in King's career occurred in June 1893. During a business meeting in New York and photographer Arthur G. Massey engaged in an altercation resulting in Massey filing a lawsuit alleging that King had pulled out part of Massey's beard. Plaintiff demanded $10,000 in damages. In 1894 King moved from Boston to New York, where he remained until his death in 1909. Harvard & its surroundings. Cambridge, King, 1878, 1880. King's hand-book of Boston. Cambridge, Massachusetts, M. King, 1878, 1889. Moses King; the Back-Bay District and the Vendome. Boston. King's handbook of Massachusetts. Springfield, Massachusetts, J. D. Gill, 1884. With Moses Foster Sweetser. King's handbook of Boston Harbour. Boston: Moses King Corporation, 1889. With Moses Foster Sweetser. King's handbook of Massachusetts. 1889. King's. Boston, Mass.: Moses King, 1895. Harvard University: eighty photographic views selected from "King's handbook of Harvard University".
Boston: M. King, 1895, 1896. King's handbook of New York city. Boston, Mass.: Moses King, 1892, 1893. Media related to King's handbook of New York City, 1893 by Moses King at Wikimedia Commons King's photographic views of New York. Boston, M. King, ©1895. King's views of the New York Stock Exchange. New York: M. King, 1897. King's views of New York city. New York, M. King, 1897; the Dewey reception in New York City: nine-hundred and eighty views and portraits.: M. King, 1899 Notable New Yorkers of 1896-1899. New York, King, 1899. New York's underground railway. New York: Moses King, 1900. King's views of Brooklyn. New York, M. King, 1904. King's Views of Philadelphia. N. Y. 1900. The city and country homes of Philadelphians. Moses King, 1902. Philadelphia and notable Philadelphians. New York: Moses King, 1902. Peirce School in Philadelphia. New York: Moses King, 1904 Philadelphia Industrial Parade. Philadelphia: Moses King, 1908. Olde Philadelphia: The Birthplace of the Nation!. Philadelphia: Moses King, 1908. King's pocket-book of Cincinnati.
J. Shillito & Co. 1879. King's pocket-book of Providence, R. I. Tibbitts & Shaw, 1882. With Moses Foster Sweetser. King's handbook of the United States. Buffalo: King, 1891. Where to stop. A guide to the best hotels of the world, alphabetically by cities. Boston: M. King. 1894. A California paradise—home and studio of Paul de Longpré, the pre-eminent flower artist: Hollywood, superb suburb of Los Angeles. New York: M. King, 1904. Moses King Going to New York. Boston Daily Globe. Jul 31, 1883. P. 5. Mr. Moses King Takes Charge of "Bradstreet's." Boston Daily Globe. Jan 2, 1884. P. 6. An author's wooden wedding. Congratulations to Moses King of Newton. Boston Daily Globe. Oct 20, 1886. P. 2. Trade good, credit bad. Boston Daily Globe. Oct 22, 1888. P. 1. Boston failures: W. D. Forbes's the insolvency of Moses King. New York Times. Nov 4, 1888. P. 16. Moses King, The Harvard Register, Harvard University, 1880. Contains many references to Moses King. Media related to Moses King at Wikimedia Commons Works by or about Moses King at Internet Archive