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South Downs National Park

The South Downs National Park is England's newest national park, having become operational on 1 April 2011. The park, covering an area of 1,627 square kilometres in southern England, stretches for 140 kilometres from Winchester in the west to Eastbourne in the east through the counties of Hampshire, West Sussex and East Sussex; the national park covers the chalk hills of the South Downs and a substantial part of a separate physiographic region, the western Weald, with its wooded sandstone and clay hills and vales. The South Downs Way spans the entire length of the park and is the only National Trail that lies wholly within a national park; the idea of a South Downs National Park goes back to the 1920s, when public concern was mounting about increasing threats to the beautiful downland environment the impact of indiscriminate speculative housing development on the eastern Sussex Downs. In 1929, the Council for the Preservation of Rural England, led by campaigners including the geographer Vaughan Cornish, submitted a memorandum to the Prime Minister urging the case for national parks, including a national park on part of the South Downs.

When however, towards the end of World War II, John Dower was asked to report on how a system of national parks in England and Wales might be established, his 1945 report, National Parks in England and Wales, did not identify the South Downs for national park status, but rather included it in a list of "other amenity areas". Sir Arthur Hobhouse's 1947 Report of the National Parks Committee took a different view, he included the South Downs in his list of twelve areas recommended for designation as a national park, defined by John Dower as an "extensive area of beautiful and wild country in which, for the nation's benefit...the characteristic landscape beauty is preserved". The South Downs was the last of the original twelve recommended national parks to be designated. Extensive damage to the chalk downland from 1940 onwards through arable farming, a resulting decline in sheep grazing, militated at an early stage against further work on designation; when in 1956 the National Parks Commission came to consider the case for the South Downs as a national park, it found designation no longer appropriate, noting that the value of the South Downs as a potential national park had been reduced by cultivation.

It did however recognise the "great natural beauty" of the area, proposed it be designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. In due course two AONBs were designated, split along the county boundary, namely the East Hampshire AONB in 1962 and the Sussex Downs AONB in 1966; these were to form the basis of the South Downs National Park. In September 1999 the government, following a review of national parks policy, declared support for a South Downs National Park, announced a consultation on its creation. In January 2003 the Countryside Agency made an Order to designate the proposed park in 2003, submitted to the Secretary of State for the Environment on 27 January 2003; as a result of objections and representations received on the proposed Order, a public inquiry was conducted between 10 November 2003 and 23 March 2005, with the aim of recommending to ministers whether a national park should be confirmed and, if so, where its boundaries should be. The results of the inquiry were expected by the end of 2005, but were delayed pending a legal issue arising from a High Court case challenging part of the Order designating the New Forest National Park.

Following an appeal on the High Court case and new legislation included in the Natural Environment and Rural Communities Act 2006, the South Downs Inquiry report was published on 31 March 2006. It recommended a 23% reduction in the size of the proposed national park, focussing it more narrowly on the chalk downland and excluding from it a large part of the existing East Hampshire and Sussex Downs AONBs; this proved controversial, leading to calls from the Campaign for the Protection of Rural England and others for the inclusion of the so-called western Weald, a region within the two AONBs possessing a geology and landscape quite different from the chalk hills of the South Downs, within the park boundary to ensure that it remained protected from development. The Secretary of State invited objections and representations on new issues relating to the proposed national park in a consultation that ran from 2 July to 13 August 2007. In the light of the responses received, the Secretary of State decided that it was appropriate to re-open the 2003–05 public inquiry.

The inquiry was closed on 4 July 2008 after 27 sitting days. The Inspector's report was submitted on 28 November 2008. On 31 March 2009 the result of the inquiry was published; the Secretary of State, Hilary Benn, announced that the South Downs would be designated a national park, on 12 November 2009 he signed the order confirming the designation. He confirmed that a number of hotly disputed areas, including the western Weald, the town of Lewes and the village of Ditchling, would be included within the national park; the new national park came into full operation on 1 April 2011 when the new South Downs National Park Authority assumed statutory responsibility for it. The occasion was marked by an opening ceremony which took place in the market square of Petersfield, a town situated in the western Weald just 4 km north of the chalk escarpment of the South Downs. In 2016 the national park was granted International Dark Sky Reserve status, to restrict artificial light pollution above the park, it was the second such

José de Jesús Méndez Vargas

José de Jesús Méndez Vargas referred to by his alias El Chango, is a Mexican drug lord and former leader of the now disbanded La Familia drug cartel, headquartered in the state of Michoacán. Méndez took control of the cartel after its former leader, Nazario Moreno, was killed in a shootout with Mexican Federal Police on December 9, 2010, his protection was the responsibility of twelve gunmen he called the "Twelve Apostles". His leadership, was disputed by Servando Gómez Martínez and Enrique Plancarte Solís who left the organization and formed the Knights Templar. On 25 February 2010, the United States Department of the Treasury sanctioned Méndez under the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act, for his involvement in drug trafficking along with twenty-one other international criminals and ten foreign entities; the act prohibited U. S. citizens and companies from doing any kind of business activity with him, froze all his assets in the U. S. Méndez was captured at a road checkpoint on June 21, 2011 by Mexican Federal police in the state of Aguascalientes.

The Mexican government had offered a $30 million pesos bounty for information leading to Méndez's capture. On 8 April 2014, a Mexican federal court rejected Méndez's writ of amparo to prevent his extradition to the United States, where he is wanted in a New York federal court for drug trafficking offenses. War on Drugs Mexican drug war Mérida Initiative List of Mexico's 37 most-wanted drug lords Mexico captures top drug cartel leader — CNN on YouTube

USS Steuben County (LST-1138)

USS Steuben County was an LST-542-class tank landing ship built for the United States Navy during World War II. Named after counties in Indiana, New York, she was the only U. S. Naval vessel to bear the name. Completed too late for service in World War II, LST-1138 performed occupation duty in the Far East until early January 1946. After post-war operations with the Pacific Fleet, LST-1138 saw extensive service during the Korean War, including the 1950 amphibious assault at Inchon, a Korean prisoner exchange in 1953, she earned five battle stars for her service. During various cruises across the Pacific, she ranged as far north as Barrow, as far south as Taka Atoll in the Marshall Islands. On 1 July 1955, she was renamed Steuben County after counties in New York, she was sold to Zidell Explorations, Inc.. Portland, Oregon, on 11 August 1961. Zidell had by that time expanded from shipbreaking into building barges with steel recovered from decommissioned ships, including Steuben County. "Zidell Marine Corporation: Our Story".

Zidell Marine Corporation. Archived from the original on 2010-01-14. Retrieved 2010-10-15. "LST-1138". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Washington Navy Yard, Washington D. C.: Department of the Navy -- Naval Historical Center. Retrieved 2009-05-15. "Veterans' Memoirs, Edwin Anthony DeDeaux". Korean War Educator. Tuscola, IL: Lynnita Jean Brown. Retrieved 2009-05-15. "Unofficial Log of operations of the LST 1138 from July 1950 to 1954". Lst1138.org. C. D. Pardee. Retrieved 2009-05-15. Serving on LST-1138 from 1953 through 1955 Photo gallery of USS Steuben County at NavSource Naval History

Spragga Benz

Carlton Errington Grant, better known as Spragga Benz, is a Jamaican dancehall deejay. He began his career around 1991. Once known to his friends as "Spaghetti", but this was shortened to Spragga; the Benz in his name comes from the sound system for which he used to work for, L. A. Benz, it is through this that he found his way into the music industry at a Dubplate recording session with Buju Banton; the famed elder DJ was slated to do four tracks for L. A. Benz but suggested that Spragga do the other two. Since he was new to recording, he freestyled a couple of lines of what would become, "Love Mi Gun", a popular tune, he soon became an in-demand performer for numerous producers, including Bobby Digital, hits followed with "Could a Deal" and "Girls Hooray". A series of well-received singles followed, many included on his debut album; this success led to a deal with Capitol Records, who issued his second album, Uncommonly Smooth, in 1995, featuring duets with Chevelle Franklyn and "Spanish Harlem".

The album didn't sell well enough for Capitol, who dropped him, after which he spent a few years releasing further singles in Jamaica collaborating with the likes of Wyclef Jean and KRS-One. In 1999, he recorded a'clash' album with Beenie Man, Two Badd DJs, had a number one Jamaican hit single with "She Nuh Ready Yet", included on his third album, Fully Loaded; this album featured duets with Lady Saw and Foxy Brown, was co-produced by house music legend Todd Terry. In the same year, Benz made his film acting debut in Brooklyn Babylon, the following year played a leading role in the gangster film Shottas. 2002 saw the release of Thug Nature. In 2003, Benz recorded a number of duets, with the likes of Carly Simon, Kevin Lyttle and Shannon, with the aim of breaking into the US market. In July 2007, Benz co-hosted the Urban Music Awards in New York with Foxy Brown. Benz was nominated for three awards at the first Caribbean Urban Music Awards, held in Jamaica in April 2008. On 31 August 2010 Spragga Benz released his sixth solo album Shotta Culture.

His 2019 album Chiliagon topped the Billboard Reggae Albums chart. In the late 1990s, Benz founded the Stay In School program which provided help for needy students in his hometown of Franklin Town. Carlton "Carlyle" Grant Jr. his 17-year-old son who had played a younger version of Benz's character in the film Shottas, was shot and killed by local police in Kingston, Jamaica, on 23 August 2008. Police say they stopped two men on a bicycle in the Kingston 8 area, when they approached them, one of the men began firing at them; the police said they returned the men fled. When they searched the area they found Grant Jr. suffering from gunshot wounds and in possession of a.45 semi-automatic pistol. Grant Jr. was rushed to hospital. Following his son's death, Benz founded the Carlisle Foundation, with the aim of helping local youths. Jack It Up, VP Uncommonly Smooth, Capitol Two Bad DJs with Beenie Man Fully Loaded, VP Thug Nature, Empire Musicwerks Live Good Shotta Culture Chiliagon, Easy Star "Oh Yeah" feat.

Foxy Brown. Carly Simon "Chicken Head Remix" feat. Wyclef Jean "Turn Me On" feat. Kevin Lyttle. Lady Saw "Mad House Tek Him" "No Way Remix" "Red Dot Special" Shotta Culture" "This Is The Way" feat. Nas "Eat Buddy" feat. Poizn Ivy "Hotter Dan Dem" 2012 "Nothin' But Love" WonderSound Records 2014 "Pop It Off" & "Pop It Off REMIX" WonderSound Records 2014 "Fire" Kelis feat. Spragga Benz "The Best Man" Kardinal Offishall feat. Spragga Benz and Darryl Riley "Gangsta Gal" Tanya Stephens feat. Spragga Benz "Iron Bars" Stephen Marley feat. Julian Marley and Spragga Benz "Working Ways" Stephen Marley feat. Spragga Benz "Lullabye" Toni Norville feat. Spragga Benz "Bounce With Me Remix" Lil Bow Wow feat. Spragga Benz "We Can" Alison Hinds feat. Spragga Benz "Spanish Harlem" "Another One Partner" Machel Montano feat. Spragga Benz, Red Rat and Buccaneer "Jealousy" video with Charles & Eddie, 1995 "Don't Walk Away" Skull feat. Spragga Benz Shottas Brooklyn Babylon Spragga Benz on IMDb News on Spragga Benz Spragga claims that … COPS SHOT UP HIS SON’S MEMORIAL

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cumaná

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cumaná is an archdiocese located in the city of Cumaná in Venezuela. On 12 October 1922 Pope Pius XI established the Diocese of Cumaná from the Diocese of Santo Tomás de Guayana. Blessed John Paul II elevated the diocese to an archdiocese on 16 May 1992. Sixto Sosa Díaz † Crisanto Darío Mata Cova † Appointed, Archbishop of Ciudad Bolívar Mariano José Parra León † Alfredo José Rodríguez Figueroa † Diego Rafael Padrón Sánchez Jesús González de Zárate Salas Rafael Ignacio Arias Blanco, appointed Bishop of San Cristóbal de Venezuela Pedro Pablo Tenreiro Francia, appointed Bishop of Guanare Eduardo Herrera Riera, appointed Bishop of Guanare Manuel Felipe Díaz Sánchez, appointed Bishop of Carúpano Antonio José Ramírez Salaverría, appointed Bishop of Maturín in 1958 Tomás Enrique Márquez Gómez, appointed Auxiliary Bishop of Ciudad Bolívar in 1963 Mariano José Parra Sandoval, appointed Bishop of San Fernando de Apure in 1994 Barcelona Carúpano El Tigre Margarita Roman Catholicism in Venezuela

Southern Forestry Conclave

The Southern Forestry Conclave is an annual competition among students from 15 southern forestry schools in a variety of physical and technical events. It involves more than 250 contestants. Traditional physical events include archery, axe throwing, pole climbing, log rolling, bow sawing, log birling, cross-cut saw competition. Technical events include dendrology, timber volume estimation, wood identification, others. Scores from individual events are combined to determine the overall winning school of each year's conclave, a sought honor; the Forestry Conclave is hosted by the participating schools on a rotating basis and is sponsored by the Association of Southern Forestry Clubs. The Conclave promotes spirited competition among the forestry students representing their respective schools and clubs, participation in the Conclave helps students develop high standards and professionalism. Planning the Conclave requires considerable cooperation among the participating forestry clubs for it to be successful.

Eight forestry schools participated in the first Conclave in 1958, sponsored by the University of Georgia. Fewer than 100 students competed in the first Conclave's physical events. Over 50 Conclaves have been conducted since the first one