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South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands is a British Overseas Territory in the southern Atlantic Ocean. It is a remote and inhospitable collection of islands, consisting of South Georgia and a chain of smaller islands known as the South Sandwich Islands. South Georgia is 165 kilometres long and 35 kilometres wide and is by far the largest island in the territory; the South Sandwich Islands lie about 700 kilometres southeast of South Georgia. The territory's total land area is 3,903 km2; the Falkland Islands are about 1,300 kilometres west-northwest from its nearest point. No permanent native population lives in the South Sandwich Islands, a small non-permanent population resides on South Georgia. There are no scheduled passenger flights or ferries to or from the territory, although visits by cruise liners to South Georgia are popular, with several thousand visitors each summer; the United Kingdom claimed sovereignty over South Georgia in 1775 and the South Sandwich Islands in 1908. The territory of "South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands" was formed in 1985.

Argentina claimed South Georgia in 1927 and claimed the South Sandwich Islands in 1938. Argentina maintained a naval station, Corbeta Uruguay, on Thule Island in the South Sandwich Islands from 1976 until 1982 when it was closed by the Royal Navy; the Argentine claim over South Georgia contributed to the 1982 Falklands War, during which Argentine forces occupied the island. Argentina continues to claim sovereignty over the South Sandwich Islands. Toothfish are vital to the islands' economy; the Island of South Georgia is said to have been first sighted in 1675 by Anthony de la Roché, a London merchant and an Englishman despite his French name. The island was named Roche Island on early maps, it was sighted by the commercial Spanish ship León operating out of Saint-Malo on 28 June or 29 June 1756. At one time it was confused with Pepys Island, "discovered" by William Dampier and Ambrose Cowley in 1683 but proved to be a phantom island. James Cook made the first landing, he claimed the territory for the Kingdom of Great Britain, named it the Isle of Georgia, in honour of King George III.

British arrangements for the government of South Georgia were established under the 1843 British Letters Patent. In 1882–1883, a German expedition for the first International Polar Year was stationed at Royal Bay on the southeast side of the island; the scientists of this group observed the transit of Venus and recorded waves produced by the 1883 eruption of Krakatoa. Seal hunting at South Georgia continued throughout the 19th century; the waters proved treacherous and a number of vessels were wrecked there, such as Earl Spencer, in late-1801. South Georgia became a base for whaling beginning in the 20th century, until whaling ended in the 1960s. A Norwegian, Carl Anton Larsen, established the first land-based whaling station and first permanent habitation at Grytviken in 1904, it operated through his Argentine Fishing Company. The station operated until 1965. Whaling stations operated under leases granted by the Governor of the Falkland Islands; the seven stations, all on the north coast with its sheltered harbours, from the west to east: The whaling stations' tryworks were unpleasant and dangerous places to work.

One was called "a charnel house boiling wholesale in Vaseline" by an early 20th-century visitor. Tim Flannery wrote that its "putrid vapors the pong of bad fish, a tanning works mixed together", noted one bizarre peril: "A rotting whale could fill with gas to bursting, ejecting a fetus the size of a motor vehicle with sufficient force to kill a man." With the end of the whaling industry, the stations were abandoned. Apart from a few preserved buildings such as the South Georgia Museum and Norwegian Lutheran Church at Grytviken, only their decaying remains survive. From 1905, the Argentine Meteorological Office cooperated in maintaining a meteorological observatory at Grytviken under the British lease requirements of the whaling station until these changed in 1949. In 1908, the United Kingdom issued further letters patent that established constitutional arrangements for its possessions in the South Atlantic; the letters covered South Georgia, the South Orkneys, the South Shetlands, the South Sandwich Islands, Graham Land.

The claim was extended in 1917 to include a sector of Antarctica reaching to the South Pole. In 1909, an administrative centre and residence were established at King Edward Point on South Georgia, near the whaling station of Grytviken. A permanent local British administration and resident magistrate exercised effective possession, enforcement of British law, regulation of all economic and other activities in the territory, governed as the Falkland Islands Dependencies. In about 1912, what is according to some accounts the largest whale caught, a blue whale of 110 feet, was landed at Grytviken. In April 1916, Ernest Shackleton's Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition became stranded on Elephant Island, some 800 miles southwest of South Georgia. Shackleton and five companions set out in a small boat to summon help, on 10 May, after an epic voyage, they landed at King Haakon Bay on South Georgia's south coast. While three stayed at the coast and the two others, Tom Crean and Frank Worsley, went on to cover 22 miles over the spine of the mountainous island to reach help at Stromness whaling station.

The remaining 22 members of the exp

2018 in amusement parks

This is a list of events and openings related to amusement parks that occurred in 2018. These various lists are not exhaustive. China Three Gorges Happy World – January 19 Mexico Kataplum – November 1 U. S. Adventure Zone at Bear Lake – June 16 U. S. America's Fun Park – May 18 China Huayi Brothers Movie World Russia Dreamwood China Nanjing Wanda Theme Park – June 1 Poland Holiday Park Kownaty – September 29 France Parc Spirou – June 1 UAE Warner Bros. World Abu Dhabi – July 25 Malaysia Skytropolis Funland – December 7 Indonesia Saloka Park – December 15 Philippines Aqua Planet – February 24 U. S. Waterworld California » Six Flags Hurricane Harbor Concord UAE Sega Republic » VR Park Dubai Darien LakePremier Parks » Six Flags Frontier City – Premier Parks » Six Flags White Water Bay – Premier Parks » Six Flags Wet'n'Wild SplashTown – Premier Parks » Six Flags Wet'n'Wild Phoenix – Premier Parks» Six Flags Adventuredome – 25th Birthday Alabama Splash Adventure – 20th Birthday Belantis – 15th Birthday Carowinds – 45th Birthday Disney's Animal Kingdom – 20th Birthday Dutch Wonderland – 55th Birthday Frontier City – 60th Birthday Attractiepark Slagharen – 55th Birthday Heide Park Resort – 40th Birthday Movieland Park – 15th Birthday SeaWorld Orlando – 45th Birthday SeaWorld San Antonio – 30th Birthday Silverwood Theme Park – 30th Birthday Tokyo Disneyland – 35th Birthday Worlds of Fun – 45th Birthday Ratanga Junction – May 1 Bowcraft Playland – September 30 Giant Wheel Park of Suzhou – September 10 Heritage Amusement Park – June 30 * This ride's closure was announced after the 2018 season

Laura Michalek

Laura Michalek is a former American runner who won the 1979 Chicago Marathon. Although she finished in third place at Chicago, Michalek was declared the winner after the first two finishers were disqualified. After ending her athletic career, Michalek was an antique furniture seller in Seattle, Washington from 1994 to 2005 before becoming a charity auctioneer in 2005. Michalek grew up in Berwyn, Illinois. During high school, Michalek was a member of the cross country and track teams at Morton West High School. For her post-secondary education, Michalek first attended Southern Illinois University for a bachelor's degree and a master's degree. In the early 2000s, Michalek studied at the Missouri Auction School to complete her auctioneer training. In 1979, Michalek began running at races throughout Illinois after being inspired to run by her jogging neighbor. At the age of 15, Michalek became the youngest person to win the Chicago Marathon when she won the 1979 event with a time of 3:15:45. Although she finished the event in third place, Michalek was named the Chicago winner when the two competitors ahead of her were disqualified for not completing the full marathon.

Upon winning the Chicago Marathon, Michalek was suspended from the Morton cross country team for participating in a race not part of the Illinois High School Association. Her month of suspension prevented Michalek from competing in the 1979 state championships held by the IHSA. After Chicago, Michalek continued competing in road running before moving on to rugby. Outside of sports, Michalek worked as an AIDS teacher before she started selling antique furniture in Seattle, from 1994 to 2005. After leaving antique selling, Michalek became a charity auctioneer in 2005. Laura Michalek at ARRS

Léon Delagrange

Ferdinand Léon Delagrange was a pioneering French aviator and sculptor. Léon was ranked as one of the top aviators in the world. On 30 December 1909 he had broken all speed records at Juvisy-sur-Orge in France in an attempt to win the Michelin Cup, he did not succeed in beating Henry Farman’s record for distance, but did establish a new distance record for monoplanes and a new world speed record. He covered 124 miles in 2 hours and 32 minutes, maintaining an average speed of 45 miles an hour. Léon Delagrange was born in the son of a textile factory owner; as a teenager he studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts under Louis Barrias and Charles Vital-Cornu and was represented at several exhibitions in Paris. He was a member of the Salon des Artistes Français and received a commendation in 1901. Delagrange was one of the first men in Europe to take up aviation. In 1907 he became a pioneer of powered flight; that same year he was one of the first people to order an aircraft from Gabriel Voisin of the Voisin brothers, enabling them to get established as manufacturers of airplanes.

The aircraft was the first example of what was to become one of the most successful early French aircraft, the Voisin 1907 biplane. His first public flight was made on 16 March 1907 at Bagatelle in France, his feats soon attracted worldwide attention and he is said to have refused a guarantee of $10,000 if he would visit the United States to perform demonstrations. In 1907, Delagrange was elected president of the Aviation Club of France. During 1908 Delagrange toured Italy, it was during one of these demonstrations on 8 July that he made the world's first flight with a lady passenger, his partner and fellow sculptor Thérèse Peltier. In September the same year Delagrange set distance and endurance records, establishing a record of 15.2 miles in 29 minutes, 53 seconds. On 7 January 1909, he was awarded one of the first eight aviators certificates awarded by the Aéro-Club de France. In 1909 he received the Lagatiner prize at Juvisy, he participated in the world's first air race at Port-Aviation on 23 May 1909, a further couple of race meetings during that same year.

In addition to his original Voisins airplane he bought three Blériot XIs, formed a team by recruiting Hubert Le Blon, Léon Molon and Georges Prévoteau. He flew in several non-competitive meetings, he was the first to equip a Blériot XI with a 50 hp Gnôme engine in place of the 25 hp Anzani, thereby doubling its power. During 1909 Léon Delagrange participated in the following air race meetings: Port-Aviation 23 May 1909 Port-Aviation 30 May - 3 June 1909 Reims 1909 Spa 1909 Doncaster 1909 The Doncaster Aviation Meeting was held between 18 and 26 October 1909. Delagrange’s first sensational flight and the one that made him a contender for all prizes, was accomplished at Doncaster on 26 October 1909, he set a world record by flying a Bleriot Monoplane six miles in 7 minutes 36 seconds, more than 50 miles an hour. The fact that he flew in a storm created a sensation for the press. Tuesday, 26 October 1909, Yorkshire Post: "Delagrange tried for the Tradesmen's Cup for the fastest circuit, on his Gnome-engine Bleriot completed one lap, during a flight of 5 miles 1,695 yards, in 1 min.

47.2 seconds and as this worked out at a speed of 49.9 miles an hour, this was announced as a world's record."Pilots flying during the Doncaster Aviation Meeting were: Hubert Le Blon, Samuel Cody, Leon Delagrange, Maurice Gifford, Ballin Hinde, Frank Lovelace?, Edward M. Maitland, Leon Molon?, Roger Sommer and Walter George Windham. A Getty photographic image of Léon Delagrange flying his monoplane at Doncaster is held in the Getty Image Archive. During Delagrange's stay in Doncaster, the artist Dudley Hardy sketched a cartoon drawing of him, reproduced in the Doncaster Aviation Meeting Souvenir Programme dated 18–23 October 1909. At the end of 1909, during December Delagrange set a new monoplane record. In December 1909 the Academy of Sciences at Paris voted him an enamel medal for aeronautic achievements; the French aviator was killed. His death made front-page news worldwide: Quote from The New York Press, 5 January 1910, front page:Delagrange’s skull crushed by fall of monoplane flying in a gusty wind.

"Léon Delagrange, the noted French aeronaut, was killed while making a flight here today. Delagrange was crushed under the wreckage, he had been flying in a wind, gusty which blew at the rate of 20 miles an hour. In spite of this disadvantage, Delagrange continued and had circled the aerodrome three times when as he was turning at high speed against the wind the left wing of the monoplane broke and the other wing collapsed; the machine plunged to the ground. Delagrange was caught under the weight of the motor. Delagrange’s flight was preliminary to the attempt, which he was to make in the afternoon to break Henry Farman’s record; the aviator did not have time to disengage himself from his seat." He was made president of the Aéro-Club de France in 1908 and in 1909 was decorated with the order of the Legion of Honor. In 1910 received a medal from the Paris Academy of Sciences; when the first French "Brevets de Pilote" where granted in 1910, Delagrange received No. 3, based on the alphabetical order between the first fourteen holders.

A list of airplanes flown by Léon Delagrange ca

2010–11 Boston Celtics season

The 2010–11 Boston Celtics season was the 65th season of the Boston Celtics in the National Basketball Association. The Celtics were coming off of an NBA Finals loss to their rivals, the Los Angeles Lakers, in seven games. On June 30, 2010, Doc Rivers announced that he would return to coach the Celtics after speculating that he would resign in order to spend time with his family. With the off-season acquisitions of former all-stars Shaquille O'Neal and Jermaine O'Neal, the Celtics started the year at 41–14 and were on top of the Eastern Conference standings during the All-Star break. However, after center Kendrick Perkins, working his way back from a torn ACL in last year's Finals, was traded to the Oklahoma City Thunder mid-season, the Celtics only won 15 of their final 27 games. Still, they enter the playoffs as the 3rd seed in the Eastern Conference. In the playoffs, they swept the New York Knicks in the first round to advance to the Conference Semifinals, where they faced the Miami Heat.

The Celtics had defeated the Heat in five games in last season's First Round, after which the Heat had added LeBron James and Chris Bosh to join Dwyane Wade. The new-look Heat proved too much for the Celtics and won the series in five games, knocking Boston out of the playoffs; the Heat would lose against the Dallas Mavericks in the NBA Finals. Following the season, Shaquille O'Neal retired after playing 19 seasons in the league; the Big Four of Kevin Garnett, Paul Pierce, Ray Allen, Rajon Rondo and coach Rivers represented the Eastern Conference in the 2011 NBA All-Star Game in Los Angeles. June 24 – The 2010 NBA draft was held in New York City. July 1 – The free agency period started. October 26 – The regular season started with an 88–80 win over the media-hyped Miami Heat. * – Stats with the Celtics. On November 1, 2010 Rajon Rondo was named Eastern Conference's Player of the Week. On December 1, 2010 Doc Rivers was named Eastern Conference's Coach of the Month. On December 20, 2010 Paul Pierce was named Eastern Conference's Player of the Week.

Doc Rivers and his staff earned the right to coach the Eastern Conference team in the All-Star Game. Rajon Rondo was selected to his 2nd All-Star Game. Ray Allen was selected to his 10th All-Star Game. Paul Pierce was selected to his 9th All-Star Game. Kevin Garnett was selected to his 14th All-Star Game. Paul Pierce becomes the 3rd Celtics player in history to score 20,000 points joining Larry Bird and John Havlicek. On January 8, 2011, Boston Celtics joined Los Angeles Lakers to be the only franchises to reach 3,000 wins, they won against Toronto Raptors, 122–102. On February 10, 2011, Ray Allen became the NBA's all-time leader in three-point field goals, surpassing Reggie Miller with 2,561. 2010–11 NBA season

George Henry Rose

Sir George Henry Rose GCH was a British politician and diplomat. He was educated at Cambridge; the eldest son of George Rose, he was Member of Parliament for Southampton from 1794–1813 and for Christchurch from 1818–32 and 1837–44, Clerk of the Parliaments from 1818–55 and sometime Envoy Extraordinary to Munich and Berlin, to the United States in 1807–1808 in the wake of the Chesapeake-Leopard Affair. This last mission was an utter failure owing to the harsh and inflexible instructions he received from George Canning, he was the father of 1st Baron Strathnairn. Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume I 1832-1885, edited by Michael Stenton Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by George Henry Rose