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South Station Bus Terminal

The South Station Bus Terminal, owned by the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority, is the main gateway for long-distance coach buses in Boston, Massachusetts. It is located at 700 Atlantic Avenue, at the intersection with Beach Street, in the Chinatown/Leather District neighborhoods; the facility is south-southwest of the main MBTA/Amtrak South Station terminal, is located above the station platforms and tracks. The building, completed in 1995, serves as a nexus to consolidate several intercity coach bus locations serving Boston into a single central location; this shift facilitated the removal of the main coach bus terminal at the heart of Dewey Square, a shift from the former Greyhound coach Bus terminal at 10 St. James Avenue in the Back Bay area, the transferral of various curbside Chinatown bus lines into this one facility. Continental Trailways service previously operated from a terminal in the Back Bay, until sometime in the 1980s. A second phase of construction, to expand the coach bus terminal, is proposed as part of the South Station Tower project.

The bus station building has a mixture of glass and metal on its exterior, with a red-granite stone and metallic-surfaced interior. Situated just south of and separate from the main South Station train terminal, the bus terminal is strikingly vertical in design, with five floors. Entry is via a large glass-sided elevator with exterior views; the passageway from the upper entrance lobby towards the main hall has a series of large dark-tinted windows overlooking the railway tracks below. The station contains a variety of amenities for waiting passengers; these include a snack bar. Like other major transportation facilities, it contains full service ticket counters, seating areas, a waiting hall with designated gates leading to individual buses. Floor 1: main entrance, walkway to South Station Rail Terminal Floor 2: MBTA Transit Police Floor 3: bus platforms and boarding gates, concourse and concessions, pay phones Floor 4: offices, conference room Floor 5: 15-minute free parking Unless otherwise indicated, all destinations are in Massachusetts.

BoltBusNew York City Philadelphia Boston ExpressSalem, Manchester and Nashua C&J Bus LinesLogan Airport, Newburyport and Dover Concord Coach LinesConcord Portland, Colby College and Orono DATTCOTaunton and New BedfordGreyhound LinesPortsmouth, Brunswick, Augusta, Bangor White River Junction, Montreal Framingham and New York City Worcester and New York City Worcester, Albany NY, Schenectady NY, Utica NY, Syracuse NY, Rochester NY, Buffalo NY, Erie PA, Cleveland, OH Worcester MA, Cobleskill and Binghamton Providence, Foxwoods Casino, Mohegan Sun Casino, New London, New Haven, Stamford, White Plains, New York Port Authority Atlantic City Lucky StarNew York City MegabusNew York City Philadelphia Washington, D. C. Burlington Peter Pan Bus LinesNew York City Providence Foxwoods Casino Springfield Plymouth & BrocktonRockland, Sagamore and Hyannis Rockland, Sagamore, Hyannis, Orleans, Wellfleet and Provincetown Rockland and Duxbury Logan Airport Park Square South Station South Station Dewey Square

Learning from Shenzhen

Learning from Shenzhen: China's Post-Mao Experiment from Special Zone to Model City is a 2017 collection of essays, co-edited by Mary Ann O'Donnell, Winnie Wong, Jonathan Bach, published by the University of Chicago Press. It discusses the development of Shenzhen, Guangdong and how it influenced the development of other places in China; the title is a reference to the previous Chinese revolutionary slogan "Learning from Dazhai". The book has three sections for its essays, with each section being a different stage of development, with essays exploring various aspects of Shenzhen; the first section is about the years 1979-1992, with the first experiments in capitalism initiated under Deng Xiaoping and the distinctions in ideology between capitalism and communism. Chapter 2 "Heroes of the Special Zone: Modeling Reform and Its Limits" by Mary Ann O'Donnell discussed the politicians who built Shenzhen. "The Tripartite Origins of Shenzhen: Beijing, Hong Kong, Bao’an" by Weiwen Huang, Chapter 3, explores aspects of urban planning of Shenzhen.

Chapter 4 "How to Be a Shenzhener: Representations of Migrant Labor in Shenzhen’s Second Decade" by Eric Florence discusses how migrant workers are discussed in media sources. The second section is about the years 1992-2004 in regards to making exceptions for certain aspects and urban-rural divides. Chapter 5 "Laying Siege to the Villages: The Vernacular Geography of Shenzhen" by Mary Ann O'Donnell discusses the inteplay between rural areas and urban areas. Emma Xin Ma and Adrian Blackwell wrote the chapter "The Political Architecture of the First and Second Lines", Chapter 6, where they discuss how the Frontier Closed Area, the border between Mainland China and Hong Kong, promotes the movement of goods and people while preserving the characteristics of the respective areas, resulting in what June Wang, of the City University of Hong Kong, calls a "paradoxical character". Jonathan Bach's essay "“They Come in Peasants and Leave Citizens”: Urban Villages and the Making of Shenzhen", Chapter 7, discusses how urban villages provided a workforce and residential area to the people building Shenzhen.

Bach states that, in the words of June Wang "urban villages or villages-in-the-city are the most intriguing striates". "Sex Work and Mental Health in Shenzhen" by Willa Dong and Yu Chen, Chapter 8, discuss women who work as prostitutes in Shenzhen. The third section is 2004 to the date of publishing, which discusses how the development patterns of Shenzhen were used as a model for developing cities elsewhere in Mainland China. Chapter 9 "Shenzhen’s Model Bohemia and the Creative China Dream" by Winnie Wong discusses artists in the city who migrated from other Chinese cities. Chapter 10 "Preparedness and the Shenzhen Model of Public Health" by Katherine A. Mason discusses public health models used in the city. Max Hirsch's essay "Simulating Global Mobility at Shenzhen “International” Airport", Chapter 11, discusses Shenzhen International Airport as well as the conflicts between Mainland and Hong Kong jurisdiction in the Shenzhen Bay Bridge of the Hong Kong–Shenzhen Western Corridor, used by airport passengers.

A version of the book has a foreword by Ezra Vogel about how he walked on the Lo Wu Bridge while traveling from Hong Kong to Shenzhen. Hai Ren of the University of Arizona wrote that the chapters were "well researched and well written". Ren, Hai. "Learning from Shenzhen: China's Post-Mao Experiment from Special Zone to Model City". The China Quarterly. 234: 568–569. - Available at Learning from Shenzhen China’s Post-Mao Experiment from Special Zone to Model City - University of Chicago Press Contents of the book available at University Press Scholarship Online

Christ Church, Over Wyresdale

Christ Church, Over Wyresdale, stands in an isolated position to the west of the village of Abbeystead, England. The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building, it is an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Blackburn, the archdeaconry of Lancaster, the deanery of Lancaster. Its benefice is combined with those of St Mark, St Peter, Quernmore; the church dates from 1733, replacing a chapel dating back to the 15th century, it was restored in 1894 by the Chester architect John Douglas who added a spire to the tower, buttresses for the tower, a new south porch, a new vestry, built a new sanctuary. It is built in sandstone rubble with slate roofs and consists of a west tower, a nave with a chancel, a south porch, a north vestry; the pulpit is dated 1684. Listed buildings in Over Wyresdale List of church restorations and furniture by John Douglas Photograph from Genuki British History Online

Milecastle 19

Milecastle 19 was a milecastle of the Roman Hadrian's Wall. Sited just to the east of the hamlet of Matfen Piers, the milecastle is today covered by the B6318 Military Road; the milecastle is notable for the discovery of an altar by Eric Birley in the 1930s. An inscription on the altar is one of the few dedications to a mother goddess found in Roman Britain, was made by members of the First Cohort of Varduli from northern Spain; the presence of the Vardulians at this milecastle has led to debate amongst archaeologists over the origins of troops used to garrison the wall. A smaller altar was found at one of the two associated turrets. Milecastle 19 was a long-axis milecastle with Type III gateways; such milecastles were thought to have been constructed by the legio VI Victrix who were based in Eboracum. The milecastle lies 150 metres east of the hamlet of Matfen Piers on a section of the narrow wall and, though part of it lies beneath the modern Military Road, is visible as a substantial rise in the hedgerow and as a 0.15m high platform in a cereal field to the south of the road.

The milecastle measures 16.25 metres east to 17.2 metres north to south. It is known to be situated on an outcrop of degraded sandstone, either occurring or placed for this purpose. 1858 – The low platform marking the milecastle is noted by Henry MacLauchlan in his survey of the wall. 1867 – John Collingwood Bruce notes the presence of a platform in his book The Roman Wall. 1931–32 – Excavated by Eric Birley and the North of England Excavation Committee during work on the Carlisle to Newcastle road. The north gate was found to have vanished, though its foundations remained, a hearth discovered at the western side of the southern end of the passage suggested that this gate was blocked during the Roman era; the only side wall to remain was part of the western passage wall, though footings indicated that this milecastle had type III gates, a 2.38 metres south wall suggested a narrow wall construction. A Roman altar was discovered outside the south gate of the milecastle. 1935 – Excavated by Frank G. Simpson.

1980s – The wall of an internal building within the milecastle was exposed by ploughing. 14 July 1997 – The milecastle was scheduled as an ancient monument. 1999 – An excavation is undertaken by English Heritage consisting of two trenches, one through the eastern wall and interior and one through the southern wall. The eastern wall was found to be of stone, bonded by clay, with a rubble core; the excavation discovered that the floor was made of sandy clay or else this formed the basis for a earthen floor, that it was cobbled in the western portion of the interior. Finds recovered included some ironwork, modern glass, an animal bone, one Roman Sestertius of Emperor Hadrian dating from AD 125–138 and pottery; the archaeologists were able to confirm. The milecastle was noted to have been damaged by ploughing; the altar discovered, in a 2nd-century AD context, in the 1930s led Birley to suggest that there was a shrine located nearby or that the milecastle had been converted to religious use. The size of the altar suggests that the temple would have been small.

Though altars are not uncommon on Hadrian's Wall, there are 13 other altars or tombs located near to milecastles, it is an inscription on the altar at Milecastle 19 that makes it important to Roman historians. The inscription reads "MATRIB TEMPL CVM ARA VEX COH I VARD INSTANTE P D V VSLM" which translates as "to the Mother Goddesses, this temple with its altarstone a detachment of the First Cohort of Varduli, under P D V, willingly and deservedly fulfilling their vow"; the dedication to the Matres, or mother goddesses is one of only 60 known from Roman Britain. The First Cohort of Varduli are mentioned in inscriptions at the Antonine Wall, Longovicium in Durham and Corstopitum in Northumberland and on the Dere Street in Cappuck in the Scottish Borders; the Vardullians are known to have been present at Corbridge in the AD 160s. The inscription has led to debate amongst archaeologists as to whether Hadrian's Wall was manned by Roman legionaries or men of the non-citizen auxilia or numeri. Birley suggested that those soldiers who were tasked with manning the wall were drawn from separate units from those who manned the supporting forts.

The altar itself is recorded as a separate monument to the milecastle by English Heritage and is now in the collection of the Durham University Museum of Archaeology. The wall at Milecastle 19 was less than 2.44 metres wide, with a noticeable stepped reduction in wall thickness just 27.5 metres east of the milecastle. This step occurred between the second and third courses and is thought to indicate a repair of the wall. A causeway used to be visible across the vallum to the south of the milecastle. An English Heritage report in the late 1990s found that MC19 was one of only two milecastles being damaged by agriculture and that it had totally been destroyed through farming; each milecastle on Hadrian's Wall had two associated turret structures. These turrets were positioned one-third and two-thirds of a Roman mile to the west of the Milecastle, would have been manned by part of the milecastle's garrison; the turrets associated with Milecastle 19 are known as Turret 19A and Turret 19B. Turret 19A lies beneath the modern Military Road, though 5 metres of rough stone walling, 0.8 metres high, remains visible within a hedge.

The door was thought to lie at the western end of th

Highlanders (rugby union)

The Highlanders is a New Zealander professional rugby union team based in Dunedin that compete in Super Rugby. The team was formed in 1996 to represent the lower South Island in the newly formed Super 12 competition, includes the Otago, North Otago and Southland unions; the Highlanders take their name from the Scottish immigrants that helped found the Otago, North Otago, Southland regions in the 1840s and 1850s. Their main ground through the 2011 Super Rugby season was Carisbrook in Dunedin, with home games being played in Invercargill and Queenstown; the Highlanders moved into Carisbrook's replacement, Forsyth Barr Stadium at University Plaza, for the 2012 season. They finished the inaugural season eighth, the following season finished last after winning only three of eleven matches. However, in the 1998, 1999 and 2000 seasons they qualified for semi-finals, they lost the match 24–19, the following year were again knocked out by the Crusaders—this time in their semi-final. In the following fifteen seasons they would only finish in the top four once more, in 2002.

But in 2015, they were crowned Super Rugby champions after beating the Hurricanes at Westpac Stadium. Current Highlander, Ben Smith has played a record 129 games for the Highlanders, thirteen other players have played over 50 games for the team; the Highlanders' highest career points scorer is Lima Sopoaga with 866 points, highest career try scorer is Jeff Wilson with 35. They are coached by Aaron Mauger and are co-captained by Ben Smith and Luke Whitelock; the Highlanders' franchise was created as one of five New Zealand teams in the Super 12. Named the Otago Highlanders, the Highlanders' franchise area encompassed the lower South Island of New Zealand, was formed from the North Otago and Southland provincial rugby unions; the 1996 team was coached by Gordon Hunter. Their first Super 12 match was against the Queensland Reds at Carisbrook on 3 March 1996, whom they defeated 57–17. After three matches the Highlanders were leading the competition; however the following week at Loftus Versfeld Stadium in South Africa they were defeated 59–29 by Northern Transvaal.

They only won two more games that season, against Natal at Carisbrook and against the Canterbury Crusaders at Lancaster Park, they finished the season eighth on the table.1997 was the least successful season for the Highlanders. They finished last in the competition, managed only three wins, they were now captained by Taine Randell. Their eight defeats that season included a 75–43 loss to Natal in Durban; the points scored by Natal included 50 points by Gavin Lawless – a competition record. Following their last place in the 1997 season, Tony Gilbert was appointed as coach, their first game under his guidance was an upset 26–19 win over the Queensland Reds. The Highlanders became the first New Zealand side to defeat all four South African teams in one season. After defeating the Bulls at Loftus Versfeld they needed the Queensland Reds not to defeat the Brumbies by a large margin. Queensland were defeated by the Brumbies 23–16 and the Highlanders finished fourth, thus qualifying for the semi-finals.

In the semi-final, they faced defending champions the Auckland Blues at Eden Park. The Blues were leading 20–16 at halftime, were leading 30–26 before a controversial try to Adrian Cashmore pushed the Blues to a 37–26 lead. Joeli Vidiri had illegally taken out Highlander Stanley off the ball; the following season in 1999 the Highlanders improved on their 1997 season record by reaching and hosting the tournament final. They opened their season with a 19–13 victory over the Auckland Blues at Carisbrook; this was followed by a victory over the Northern Bulls, the Stormers at Carisbrook, the Cats, before their first loss of the season to the Sharks. They returned to New Zealand to defeat the Waikato Chiefs and the Crusaders. After defeating the Reds, the Highlanders lost to the New South Wales Waratahs at Carisbrook; the next week they defeated the Brumbies at the same venue. In their next match, despite leading the Wellington Hurricanes 14–3 at half time, the Highlanders lost when Hurricanes half back Jason Spice scored in the corner to give the Hurricanes a 21–19 victory.

Had the Highlanders won they would have finished top of the table and hosted a semi-final at Carisbrook. Instead they had to travel to South Africa where they defeated the Stormers 33–18; the Highlanders travelled back to Dunedin for the 1999 Super 12 Final, against South Island rivals the Canterbury Crusaders, was billed as "the party at Tony Brown's house" after Highlanders first five-eighth Tony Brown. The Highlanders scored first, led 14–9 at half time; however the decisive try was to Crusaders wing Afato So'oalo, who chipped the ball out-sprinted All Blacks winger Jeff Wilson to collect the ball and score. Although the Highlanders scored a try to Isitolo Maka with three minutes remaining, the Crusaders won 24–19; the Highlanders opened their 2000 season with a 50–13 victory over the Queensland Reds at Carisbrook. They won their next three matches, against the Sharks and Cats; however they lost their following three. They played the Crusaders at Jade Stadium in their semi-final, were defeated 37–15 after Marika Vunibaka scored two tries for the Crusaders in the last 20 minutes.

The next season opened with a 23–8 victory over the Blues. Their 39–20 defeat of the Wara

Mark Greaves

Mark Andrew Greaves is an English former professional footballer who played as a defender. During his career he played for Brigg Town, Hull City, Boston United, Burton Albion, York City, Gainsborough Trinity and North Ferriby United. Born in Kingston upon Hull, Greaves started his career at Brigg Town, where he won an FA Vase winners medal before joining hometown club Hull City on 17 June 1996, he was named Hull's Player of the Year in the 1999–2000 season. He spent his whole Hull career playing in the Third Division and made 204 appearances and scored 12 goals in all competitions before being released in 2002, he was signed by Boston United caretaker manager Neil Thompson in August 2002. He signed a new two-year contract with the club in April 2004 and after this expired he agreed to a one-year deal in May 2006, he made 175 appearances and scored five goals in all competitions for the side before moving to Burton Albion in the Conference Premier in July 2007 after finishing the 2006–07 season as Boston's Player of the Year, which saw the team face two relegations.

He made 46 appearances and scored five goals in the 2007–08 season but missed the play-offs due to a broken jaw. He was released after a season at Burton and joined fellow Conference Premier side York City on 14 May 2008, he was appointed as club captain for the 2008–09 season. His debut came in a 1–0 victory against Crawley Town and scored the only goal in the subsequent game against Wrexham. Greaves suffered from foodborne illness in September, which resulted in him losing 9 pounds, missing York's match against Kidderminster Harriers, he scored a 94th-minute equaliser against Mansfield in the Conference League Cup third round on 4 November, which York won 4–2 on a penalty shoot-out following a 1–1 draw after extra time. He started in the 2009 FA Trophy Final at Wembley Stadium on 9 May 2009, which York lost 2–0 to Stevenage Borough. Following the end of the season, during which he made 46 appearances and scored four goals, he entered negotiations with York over a new contract. Greaves was released by York in June and signed for Conference North team Gainsborough Trinity on 7 July.

He made 37 appearances and scored one goal in the 2009–10 season and he signed a new contract with the club in June 2010. Greaves was among a number of players released by Gainsborough at the end of the 2010–11 season and on 28 June 2011 he signed for Northern Premier League Premier Division side North Ferriby United. In October, having made 11 appearances in all competitions for North Ferriby, Greaves announced his retirement as a footballer. On 30 January 2015, he returned to the game. Brigg Town FA Vase: 1995–96Individual Hull City Player of the Year: 1999–2000 Boton United Player of the Year: 2006–07 Mark Greaves at Soccerbase