Southern Africa is the southernmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics, including several countries. The term southern Africa or Southern Africa includes Angola, Eswatini, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe, though Angola may be included in Central Africa and Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe in East Africa. From a political perspective the region is said to be unipolar with South Africa as a first regional power. Another geographic delineation for the region is the portion of Africa south of the Cunene and Zambezi Rivers – that is: South Africa, Eswatini, Botswana and the part of Mozambique which lies south of the Zambezi River; this definition is most used in South Africa for natural sciences and in guide books such as Roberts' Birds of Southern Africa, the Southern African Bird Atlas Project and Mammals of the Southern African Subregion. It is not used in political, economic or human geography contexts because this definition cuts Mozambique in two.
In the United Nations scheme of geographic regions, five states constitute Southern Africa: Botswana Eswatini Lesotho Namibia South AfricaThe Southern African Customs Union, created in 1969 comprises the five states in the UN subregion of Southern Africa. The Southern African Development Community was established in 1980 to facilitate co-operation in the region, it includes: Angola Botswana Comoros Democratic Republic of the Congo Eswatini Lesotho Madagascar Malawi Mauritius Mozambique Namibia Seychelles South Africa Tanzania Zambia Zimbabwe The region is sometimes reckoned to include other territories: Angola – part of Central Africa in the UN scheme. Comoros, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Réunion, Zambia, Zimbabwe – part of Eastern Africa in the UN scheme; the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Tanzania, though more reckoned in Central and Eastern Africa are included in Southern Africa as they are SADC members. The terrain of Southern Africa is varied; the region has both low-lying coastal areas, mountains.
In terms of natural resources, the region has the world's largest resources of platinum and the platinum group elements, chromium and cobalt, as well as uranium, copper, iron, silver and diamonds. East and southern Africa are among the earliest regions where modern humans and their predecessors are believed to have lived. In September 2019, scientists reported the computerized determination, based on 260 CT scans, of a virtual skull shape of the last common human ancestor to modern humans/H. Sapiens, representative of the earliest modern humans, suggested that modern humans arose between 350,000 and 260,000 years ago through a merging of populations in East and South Africa. Mwene mutapa The region is distinct from the rest of Africa, with some of its main exports including platinum, gold, copper and uranium, but it is similar in that it shares some of the problems of the rest of the continent. While colonialism has left its mark on the development over the course of history, today poverty, HIV/AIDS are some of the biggest factors impeding economic growth.
The pursuit of economic and political stability is an important part of the region's goals, as demonstrated by the SADC. In terms of economic strength, South Africa is by far the dominant power of the region. South Africa's GDP alone is many times greater than the GDP's of all other countries in the region. Mining and tourism sectors dominate the economies of Southern African countries, apart from South Africa which has a mature and flourishing financial sector, retail sector, construction sector. Most global banks have their regional offices for Southern Africa based in Johannesburg, South Africa. Over the years, some the other Southern African nations have invested in economic diversification, invested public funds into rail and air transportation as part of a concerted effort through SADC to boost regional trade and improve communication and transportation; the countries in this region belong to the Southern Africa Power Pool, which facilitates the development of a competitive electricity market within the SADC region and ensures sustainable energy developments through sound economic and social practices.
The main objective of the power pool is to develop a world class and safe interconnected electrical system across the Southern African Region. According to a report by Southern Africa Power Pool, the three largest producers of electricity in Southern Africa as at 2017, include Eskom in South Africa with an estimated 46,963MW, Zesco in Zambia with 2,877MW and SNL of Angola with 2,442MW. Southern Africa has a wide diversity of ecoregions including grassland, karoo and riparian zones. Though considerable disturbance has occurred in some regions from habitat loss due to human overpopulation or export-focused development, there remain significant numbers of various wildlife species, including white rhino, African leopard, kudu, blue wildebeest, vervet monkey and elephant, it has complex Plateaus. There are numerous environmental issues in Southern Africa, including air pollution and desertification. Southern Africa is home to many people, it was populated by indigenous or native Africans San and Pygmies in dispersed concentrations.
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Hamilton City Soccer Club is a Canadian soccer team founded in 2016. The team is a member of the Canadian Soccer League, play their home games at Cardinal Newman Secondary School multi-sport athletic field in the community of Stoney Creek, Hamilton. In May, 2016, Andrew Crowe, the owner of London City, sold his share to his partner Zoran Kliseric, relocated the club to Hamilton, Ontario marking the return of professional soccer to the city since Hamilton Croatia competed in the Canadian Soccer League in 2010; the organizations territory was located at Stoney Creek with Cardinal Newman Secondary School multi-sport athletic field as their home venue. Former London City manager Josip Dzale assumed the responsibilities of head coach, assembled a roster of players with European and CSL experience. Dzale brought in Drazen Vukovic, Nikola Stanojević, Josip Keran, Miroslav Čabrilo, Igor Krmar, Haris Fazlagić, Zdenko Jurcevic. Hamilton City made its league debut on May 27, 2016 against Milton SC, where Santiago Pestrepo scored the club's first historic goal in a 2-1 defeat.
Hamilton secured a postseason berth by finishing sixth in the standings. In the first round of the playoffs they faced Scarborough SC, where Hamilton advanced to the next round by a score of 3-0 with goals coming from Timotej Zakrajsek and Frane Grbesa. Hamilton faced the regular league champions York Region Shooters and reached the CSL Championship final after a 4-1 victory in a penalty shootout, their opponents in the final were the Serbian White Eagles, where Domagoj Zubac recorded the first goal with Serbia tying the match and scoring the final goal at the last minutes of the match to win the championship. On February 20, 2017 it was announced that the owners of Hamilton SC decided not to field a team for the 2017 season. After a one year hiatus Hamilton returned for the 2018 season; as of August 16, 2019Note: Flags indicate national team. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality; as of August 16, 2019Note: Flags indicate national team. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Jocelyn Alice is a Canadian singer and songwriter. One half of Canadian indie soul pop duo Jocelyn & Lisa from Calgary, Alice began performing as a solo artist in 2015, her debut single, the 2015 summer hit "Jackpot", was certified Platinum in Canada in September 2016 and reached the top 15 on multiple Canadian commercial radio charts. Alice's second single, "Feels Right", was certified Gold in Canada in February 2018. In December of 2018, Jocelyn Alice received official Gold certification for "Bound To You". Alice received Canadian Radio Music Awards nominations in 2016 for Best New Group or Solo Artist: AC and Best New Group or Solo Artist: CHR, she received Canadian Music Week Indie Awards nominations in 2016 for Pop Artist of the Year and Single of the Year. Alice began her singing career at age 16 as a runner-up in Canada's Popstars, her performances were inspired by her role models Amy Lauryn Hill. She went on to work with producers Stacy Jones, Russell Broom, Mitch Lee. Jocelyn has co-written music featured in the TV shows One Tree Hill and Pretty Little Liars, the movie Dear Santa, a television commercial in Canada for Shaw TV.
In addition, she was the vocalist in a USA nationwide television commercial for Target, which featured a cover of the song "Reach Out of the Darkness". Alice suggested they write a song together. In early 2012, the pair decided birthing jocelyn & lisa; the pair charted #2 and #5 with their debut EP Weary Warrior, were featured in numerous videos. In 2014, Alice co-wrote "Jackpot" with Hello Moth, it was released on YouTube on December 25, 2014. The song reached #43 on the Billboard Canadian Hot 100 chart the week of July 25, 2015, climbed to #38 the following week. Jackpot was #9 on Spotify's 10 most viral tracks in the United States that same week. In December 2015, Alice signed a record deal with Sony affiliate Disruptor Records, where she has teamed up with producer Ryan Guldemond. Alice released her debut EP Little Devil in 2018. During her rendition of "O Canada" prior to the MLB All-Star game in Miami on July 11, 2017, Alice giggled after singing the line “God keep our Land,” prompting a startled response from some players and fans in attendance.
Alice received severe backlash from news outlets and online commenters, with several observing that she had disrespected and "butchered" the anthem, dubbing the rendition an "absolute disaster" and "one of the worst attempts in recent memory" and criticizing her singing in general. Alice tweeted that the reason she had giggled was because she had seen some fellow Canadians on the big screen and was "overcome with excitement."Alice's bungled rendition came one year after another controversy regarding the anthem, when Remigio Pereira of The Tenors sang "We’re all brothers and sisters. All lives matter to the brave," instead of the proper rise; the True North strong and free", prompting his split with the group. Notes Alice was nominated for two 2016 Canadian Radio Music Awards, Best New Group or Solo Artist: AC, she was nominated for Pop Artist of the Year and Single of the Year at CMW's 2016 Indie Awards. Alice received a Pop/Rock Award for "Jackpot" at the 2016 SOCAN Awards. Alice received a No.1 Song Award from SOCAN for co-writing the chart-topping song "The Drugs" by Mother Mother.
Alice received official Platinum certification for "Jackpot" in September 2016. Alice received official Gold certification for "Feels Right" in February 2018. Alice received official Gold certification for "Bound To You" in December 2018