SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Southern Russia

Southern Russia or the South of Russia is a colloquial term for the southernmost geographic portion of European Russia covering the Southern Federal District and the North Caucasian Federal District. The term does not conform to any official areas of the Russian Federation as designated by the Russian Classification on Objects of Administrative Division. Southern Russia played an important role in the influence of Byzantine culture on Russia. Persian culture has left its traces on southern Russia. Eastern Slavic tribes, the Antes, inhabited Southern Russia at least from 3rd century. During the Russian Civil War, a territory called South Russia existed from 1919–1920, which spanned the southern parts of the Russian Empire, including portions of Ukraine. In Soviet historiography, it was referred to as "White South" in reference to the White Army that fought the Bolsheviks there along with the Armed Forces of South Russia and the Volunteer Army. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the area of Southern Russia spans two of the nine federal districts of Russia, which contain a combined 13 federal subjects: In relation to the official economic regions of Russia, most of Southern Russia is included in the North Caucasus economic region, with the exception of the Astrakhan Oblast, the Republic of Kalmykia and the Volgograd Oblast, which are part of the Volga economic region.

References to "Southern Russia" can be found in media or news portals devoted to the area. Newspapers and websites like Rossiyskaya Gazeta and Vedomosti have tags for the area. Southern Russian dialects Federal districts of Russia Subdivisions of Russia ЯСНО, news portal Southru.ino, news portal

Franz von Lenbach

Franz Seraph Lenbach, after 1882, Ritter von Lenbach was a German painter known for his portraits of prominent personalities from the nobility, the arts, industry. Because of his standing in society, he was referred to as the "Malerfürst", his father, who came from South Tyrol where the family name was spelled "Lempach", was a Master Mason for Schrobenhausen, where Lenbach was born. Lenbach completed his primary education at Landsberg in 1848 attended a business school in Landshut. From 1851 to 1852, he was apprenticed to the sculptor Anselm Sickinger in Munich. At that time, his father died and he went home to help in the family business, he was only there a short time before beginning studies at the Augsburg University of Applied Sciences. While there, he drew and painted in his spare time, befriended Johann Baptist Hofner, the animal painter, decided to become an artist. In 1854, he obtained his family's reluctant permission to study at the Academy of Fine Arts and took private lessons from Hermann Anschütz.

Lenbach was an accomplished artist when he became the pupil of Karl von Piloty. In 1858, he was able to stage an exhibition at the Glaspalast and won a travel scholarship, which enabled him to accompany Piloty to Rome. A few works remain as the outcome of this first journey: A Peasant seeking Shelter from Bad Weather, The Goatherd and The Arch of Titus, he travelled to Paris and Brussels. It was about that he started receiving his first portrait commissions. On returning to Munich, he was at once called to Weimar to take the appointment of professor at the newly established Weimar Saxon Grand Ducal Art School, where he became known for taking his students on painting expeditions en plein aire, he remained for only two years, when he felt the need for more studies and decided to take another trip to Italy. During this time, he found an important patron. Through his support, Lenbach was able to leave for Italy in 1863 with a guaranteed annual income, he returned to Munich in 1866. The following year, he won a gold medal at the Exposition Universelle and went to Spain for one year, accompanied by his student, Ernst Friedrich von Liphart, to make more copies of the Old Masters for Schack.

Upon returning, his career as a portrait painter began in earnest. His breakthrough came in 1869, when he won a gold medal at the Glaspalast, despite being up against many fashionable French painters. After 1870, he began making visits to Vienna to develop a market for his paintings there, which survived the Panic of 1873, it is said that he travelled there because he had a passion for Maria Beccadelli di Bologna, never returned. From 1875 to 1876 he, Hans Makart, other associates made a trip to Egypt, which left a deep impression in his style. In 1882, he was awarded the Order of Merit of the Bavarian Crown, which entitled him to become "Von Lenbach"; the following year, he was back in Rome. In 1885, he was commissioned to do a portrait of Pope Leo XIII; as the Pope did not have time to sit for the portrait, a new technique was used to create a photographic template. He began building a villa in Munich; that year, he married Countess Magdalena Moltke. By the 1890s, he was painting entirely from photographs, a common practice at the time, but he began working too fast, in an effort to create sufficient income.

In 1895, a major scandal erupted when one of his assistants took unfinished paintings and sketches, had students fill in the details, passed them off as Lenbach's work. In 1896, he and Magdalena were divorced, over suspicions of infidelity with her doctor, Ernst Schweninger whom she did in fact marry. Lenbach remarried, to Charlotte von Hornstein, daughter of the composer Robert von Hornstein, he refused to join the Munich Secession and was critical of the new Bavarian National Museum. He began to paint women exclusively, whereas before he had concentrated on men. Around 1900, he started to produce trading card designs for the Stollwerck chocolate company of Cologne. In 1902, he became an honorary Knight in the Legion of Honour; that same year, he suffered a stroke while returning from a trip to his home town and never recovered. He died at his Munich villa two years later, he was buried at the Westfriedhof and many prominent figures spoke at his funeral. Most of Lenbach's paintings are now in national collections in the United Kingdom, with others in the Frye Art Museum in Seattle, Washington.

The British collections include portraits by Lenbach of Bismarck and Gladstone in the National Galleries of Scotland and another of Gladstone in the Palace of Westminster. Lenbachhaus Sonja von Baranow: Franz von Lenbach. Leben und Werk. DuMont, Cologne 1986, ISBN 3-7701-1827-8. Reinhold Baumstark: Lenbach. Sonnenbilder und Porträts. Pinakothek/DuMont, Munich 2004, ISBN 3-8321-7409-5. Dieter Distl, Klaus Englert, Reinhard Horn: Franz von Lenbach – Unbekanntes und Unveröffentlichtes. Ludwig, Pfaffenhofen 1986, ISBN 3-7787-2080-5. Brigitte Gedon: Franz von Lenbach. Die Suche nach dem Spiegel. Nymphenburger, Munich 1999, ISBN 978-3-485-00825-9. Neuausg. DuMont, Köln 2011, ISBN 3-8321-9410-X. Winfried Ranke: Franz von Lenbach. Der Münchner Malerfürst. Kiepenheuer & Witsch, Cologne 1986, ISBN 3-462-01783-7. Literature by and about Franz von Lenbach in the German National Library catalogue "Works by Franz von Lenbach". Zeno.org. Lenbachhaus Lenbachmuseum German masters of the nineteenth century: paintings and drawings from the Federal Republic o

All India Students Association

All India Students' Association is a left-wing student organisation of India. It is the student wing of the Communist Party of India Liberation. AISA was founded in Allahabad on 9 August 1990 with the merger of several left wing student organisations operating in different states. N. Sai Balaji is the national president of AISA and Sandeep Saurav is its National General Secretary. AISA has organisational presence in Delhi, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal. AISA achieved sustained electoral success in Jawaharlal Nehru University Students Union elections till 2017. AISA has won in JNU Students Union elections since 2006. AISA has emerged as the main left wing force in Delhi University since 2013 elections. In 2016, senior AISA leader Anmol Ratan was accused of rape and subsequently was arrested by Delhi Police. Official website DU Times