The orange is the fruit of the citrus species Citrus × sinensis in the family Rutaceae. It is called orange, to distinguish it from the related Citrus × aurantium. The sweet orange reproduces asexually, varieties of sweet orange arise through mutations, the orange is a hybrid between pomelo and mandarin. It has genes that are ~25% pomelo and ~75% mandarin, however, it is not a simple backcrossed BC1 hybrid, the chloroplast genes, and therefore the maternal line, seem to be pomelo. The sweet orange has had its genome sequenced. Earlier estimates of the percentage of pomelo genes varying from ~50% to 6% have been reported, sweet oranges were mentioned in Chinese literature in 314 BC. As of 1987, orange trees were found to be the most cultivated fruit tree in the world, orange trees are widely grown in tropical and subtropical climates for their sweet fruit. The fruit of the tree can be eaten fresh, or processed for its juice or fragrant peel. As of 2012, sweet oranges accounted for approximately 70% of citrus production, in 2014,70.9 million tonnes of oranges were grown worldwide, with Brazil producing 24% of the world total followed by China and India.
All citrus trees belong to the single genus Citrus and remain almost entirely interfertile and this includes grapefruits, limes and various other types and hybrids. The fruit of any citrus tree is considered a hesperidium, a kind of modified berry, different names have been given to the many varieties of the genus. Orange applies primarily to the sweet orange – Citrus sinensis Osbeck, the orange tree is an evergreen, flowering tree, with an average height of 9 to 10 m, although some very old specimens can reach 15 m. Its oval leaves, alternately arranged, are 4 to 10 cm long and have crenulate margins, when unripe, the fruit is green. The grainy irregular rind of the fruit can range from bright orange to yellow-orange. Like all other fruits, the sweet orange is non-climacteric. The Citrus sinensis group is subdivided into four classes with distinct characteristics, common oranges, blood or pigmented oranges, navel oranges, other citrus groups known as oranges are, Bitter orange, known as Seville orange, sour orange, bigarade orange and marmalade orange.
Like the sweet orange, it is a pomelo x mandarin hybrid, bergamot orange, grown mainly in Italy for its peel, producing a primary essence for perfumes, used to flavor Earl Grey tea. It is a hybrid, probably bitter orange x limetta, trifoliate orange, sometimes included in the genus
Bradenton /ˈbreɪdəntən/ BRAY-den-ton is a city in Manatee County, United States. The U. S. Census Bureau estimated the citys 2016 population to be 54,437, Bradenton is a principal city of the Bradenton-Sarasota-Venice, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area, which had a 2007 estimated population of 682,833. The area that would become Bradenton was explored in 1539 by the Spanish during the expedition led by Hernando De Soto. The original town of Bradentown was incorporated in 1903, the city took the name of Dr. Joseph Braden, whose nearby fort-like house was a refuge for early settlers during Seminole Indian attacks. Bradenton is located on US41 between Tampa and Sarasota, the area is surrounded by waterways, both fresh and saltwater. Along the Gulf of Mexico and into Tampa Bay are over 20 miles of Florida beaches, bordered on the north by the Manatee River, Bradenton is located on the mainland and is separated from the outer barrier islands of Anna Maria Island and Longboat Key by the Intracoastal Waterway.
Downtown Bradenton is located in the northwest area of the city, home to many of Bradentons offices and government buildings, the tallest is the Bradenton Financial Center,12 stories high, with its blue-green windows. The next tallest is the brand new Manatee County Judicial Center with nine floors, other major downtown buildings include the Manatee County Government building and the headquarters of the School Board of Manatee County. The eastern side of Bradenton is growing at a rapid rate, starting as the popular subdivision Lakewood Ranch, it is now becoming a heavily populated part of town. Most of the communities are newer than in West Bradenton, as of the census of 2000, there were 49,504 people,21,379 households, and 12,720 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,088.5 inhabitants per square mile, there were 24,887 housing units at an average density of 2,055.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 78. 14% White,15. 11% African American,0. 79% Asian,0. 29% Native American,0.
05% Pacific Islander,3. 91% from other races, and 1. 71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11. 26% of the population,34. 1% of all households were made up of individuals and 17. 8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the family size was 2.85. In the city, the population was out with 21. 6% under the age of 18,7. 7% from 18 to 24,25. 3% from 25 to 44,19. 9% from 45 to 64. The median age was 42 years, for every 100 females there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.9 males, the median income for a household in the city was $34,902, and the median income for a family was $42,366. Males had an income of $28,262 versus $23,292 for females
Sarasota County, Florida
Sarasota County is a county located in the U. S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 379,448 and its county seat is Sarasota, and its largest city is North Port. A majority of Sarasota Countys residents live in unincorporated areas outside of its four municipalities, Sarasota County is included in the North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area. Sarasota County was created in 1921, Manatee County was carved up to allow the creation of three more counties as well. Although the name was associated with the area from the beginning of European contacts the origin of the name, some believe a fanciful story created for a popular early twentieth-century pageant held in Sarasota, that it was named after the daughter of famous explorer Hernando de Sotos daughter Sara. According to the Florida League of Cities, the name first appeared in print as Zarazote on a 1763 land grant map, Joseph Daniel Anderson was one of the pioneers of the Sarasota area. He established his homestead in the Forked Creek area in 1886, the following is a transcript from a Sarasota County historical marker that was erected in a park dedicated to Anderson on Manasota Key.
After the Civil War, many Georgians moved their families to Southern Florida, Joseph Daniel Jody Anderson, born in Georgia in 1867, was a child when his father moved to the Tampa/Sara Sota area. In 1884, Joseph became the head of the Anderson family, two years later, he moved his family to Southern Manatee County. He homesteaded the land in the Mystic River Valley, in 1890 he married Helen Alice Johnson of Sarasota. With only hand tools, Anderson converted the Florida wilderness into an agricultural industry and this fertile land produced vegetables, sugar cane and citrus. In the vast Myakka/Pinedale area, he raised his cattle and swine and he and brother Moses Lee prospered in ranching until the Range Law Act curtailed the right to use this land for grazing. Sleds were used to move the farm produce and cattle to Lemon Bay where they were transferred to draft boats, some of the wagons were rafted across the bay to Manasota Beach where the produce was ferried to Cuban smacks and to American schooners.
Anderson pioneered commercial fishing in North Lemon Bay which teemed with schools of mullet, the Andersons fished with nets made of cotton and flax twine over which they poured a heavy lime solution to prevent rot. Their base of operation included land storage facilities on the shore and on the beach to salt, upon the arrival of run boats with ice from Tampa, the Andersons could ship fresh fish and produce. Joseph Daniel Jody Anderson was a family man who never sought publicity. However, before Sarasota County was organized, he served as deputy sheriff, the Anderson family built the areas first school of which Jody was trustee. He organized the first church in the area, Anderson actively supported the creation of Sarasota County from Manatee County and in 1922, became the first elected county commissioner from District 4
DeSoto County, Florida
DeSoto County is a county located in the U. S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 34,862 and its county seat is Arcadia, Florida. DeSoto County comprises the Arcadia, FL Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the North Port-Sarasota, DeSoto County was created in 1887 from Manatee County. It was named for Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto, whose name was honored in Hernando County. DeSoto County originally included several other present-day counties until 1921, when the Florida legislature created the new counties, Glades, Hardee. During World War II, DeSoto County operated the Carlstrom Field Air Base, twenty-three British pilots were killed while training at the base and are honored at DeSoto Countys Oak Ridge Cemetery, which is located in the town of Arcadia. In 1945, the turned out its last cadets and was decommissioned. The base was sold to the State of Florida for one dollar. The hospital has since converted into a facility for juvenile offenders. The facility was closed and is now up for sale, on August 13,2004, Hurricane Charley passed directly through DeSoto County.
Hurricane-force winds persisted for an hour, damaging most of the structures in the county and causing some to be completely destroyed. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 639 square miles. The population density was 50 people per square mile, there were 13,608 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile. 24. 90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race,2005 estimates showed the population as being 56. 3% non-Hispanic white,31. 4% Latino,11. 8% African-American and 2. 9% Native American. 21. 00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11. 40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.00. In the county, the population was out with 22. 70% under the age of 18,11. 20% from 18 to 24,26. 70% from 25 to 44,20. 50% from 45 to 64. The median age was 36 years, for every 100 females there were 128.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 134.70 males, the median income for a household in the county was $30,714, and the median income for a family was $34,726
Punta Gorda Airport (Florida)
Punta Gorda Airport is a public airport three miles southeast of Punta Gorda, in Charlotte County, Florida. It is owned by the Charlotte County Airport Authority and was formerly called Charlotte County Airport, the airport has mainly been used by single engine and small jet aircraft, but has recently seen more scheduled airline service. S. Air Force Thunderbirds, and the United States Armys Sky Soldiers Cobra helicopter team, by 1944, the base reached its peak in housing 1,000 personnel, including two squadrons of student pilots. The base initially had forty Curtis P-40 Warhawks assigned, transitioning to the North American P-51 Mustang, Punta Gorda Army Airfield was a subordinate command of 3rd Air Force, 3rd Fighter Command at Drew Field, and had C-45 Expeditor and C-47 Skytrain transports assigned for support. The 27th Service Group, a unit, was moved from MacDill Field in Tampa to provide training for support services to the air combat units. All base officers and some senior non-commissioned officers lived in Punta Gorda, while all student officers, semi-permanent buildings included an operations headquarters, supply building, fire station, dispensary and the control tower.
The base had nose dock hangars, where just the nose of the aircraft was under shelter for repairs, following the war, the U. S. Government issued a Deed of Release transferring all of the fixtures and improvements situated on the property to Charlotte County. The airport saw no large airlines after the early 1980s in the aftermath of the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978, Airline flights resumed in 2007 when both Skybus Airlines and DayJet began flights at the airport. It didnt last, Skybus ceased operations on April 5,2008, Airline service resumed on November 22,2008 when low-cost carrier Direct Air began twice weekly service to 10 cities in the eastern U. S. A third airline, Vision Airlines commenced weekly flights to Northwest Florida Regional Airport, collocated with Eglin Air Force Base in Fort Walton Beach, on March 25,2011. Vision offered through ticketing for flights from Punta Gorda to Atlanta, Vision no longer has a hub at Destin/Fort Walton Beach. The National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015 categorized it as a commercial service airport since it has over 10,000 passenger boardings per year.
Federal Aviation Administration records say the airport had 147,698 enplanements in calendar year 2011, Vision Airlines and Direct Air ended all service to PGD in 2012. Shortly after the collapse of Direct Air, Allegiant grew their PGD presence from three to seven cities and started basing aircraft full-time at the airport, Allegiant continues to grow at PGD, by the end of 2015, Allegiant served 29 destinations from PGD. The airport has been home to the Florida International Air Show for over 35 years, the Air Show is a 5014 Florida non profit operated wholly by several hundred volunteers that include airport staff. Each year, the Air Show donates proceeds to local charities that provide their volunteers for the set up, operations. As of November 2016, the Air Show has donated $2.9 Million to these local, Punta Gorda Airport covers 1,934 acres at an elevation of 26 feet. It has three runways, 4/22 is 7,193 by 150 feet, 15/33 is 5,688 by 150 feet
Tampa Bay Area
Petersburg–Clearwater Metropolitan Statistical Area defined by the United States Census Bureau is Hernando, Hillsborough and Pinellas counties. The largest cities in the Tampa Bay Area are Tampa in Hillsborough County, the Tampa Bay area may refer to the Tampa Bay media market which includes Citrus, Manatee and Polk counties. The population of the Tampa Bay Area is estimated at 3,030,953 people as of January 2017, for 2014 to 2015 the U. S. Census data estimated an annual growth of 2.0 percent or 54,412 people. The following is a list of important cities and unincorporated communities located in both the core Tampa–St, each of these cities has a population in excess of 100,000 inhabitants. Tampa St. Petersburg Clearwater Brandon Spring Hill More than 10,000 inhabitants Ref,2010 Census According to the 2000 U. S. Census, the Tampa–St. Hispanic or Latino by Origin From 2000 to 2004, total net migration for the Tampa Bay region was 262,961 or an average of 65,740 per year, during this time Tampa Bay accounted for nearly 20% of Floridas total net migration.
The annual migration totals grew steadily since 2000 until 200 people a day moved to Tampa Bay in 2004, two Tampa Bay region counties are among the top counties in the country for net in-migration. Pasco County ranks 8th in the nation for net migration and Hillsborough County ranks 13th out of more than 3,000 counties, the Tampa Bay area is located along Tampa Bay which it is named for. Pinellas County and St. Petersburg, Florida lies on a peninsula between Tampa Bay and the Gulf of Mexico, and much of the city of Tampa, Florida lies on a smaller peninsula jutting out into Tampa Bay. The Tampa Bay area has a subtropical climate, with hot, humid summers, with daily thunderstorms. On average, two days experience frost per year in the Tampa Bay area, hard freezes are very rare, occurring only a few times in the last 75 years. The area is listed by the United States Department of Agriculture as being in hardiness zone 9b, highs usually range between 65 and 95 °F year-round. This proximity to bodies of water both moderates local temperatures and introduces large amounts of humidity into the atmosphere.
In general, the communities farthest from the coast have more extreme temperature differences, nearly one in four of the states business and information services firms resides in Tampa Bay. These firms range from financial firms to information technology providers to professional services organizations such as law firms, accounting firms, engineering firms, consulting. As a gateway to the Florida High Tech Corridor, Tampa Bay is home to information technology firms along with many business services providers. The region has a wealth of well-trained medical professionals—nearly 53,000 nurses and more than 9,200 physicians —provide care to Tampa Bay residents, Tampa Bay ranks in the top 20 nationwide for medical device manufacturing clusters. Tampa Bay serves as the gateway to the Florida High Tech Corridor which spans 23 counties, academic research is a key component of high-tech growth and a powerful economic engine
Lake Okeechobee, locally referred to as The Lake, Floridas Inland Sea, or The Big O, is the largest freshwater lake in the state of Florida. It is the seventh largest freshwater lake in the United States, however, it is the largest freshwater lake completely within a single one of the lower 48 states. Okeechobee covers 730 square miles, approximately half the size of the state of Rhode Island, the lake is divided between Glades, Martin, Palm Beach, and Hendry counties. All five counties meet at one point near the center of the lake, the name Okeechobee comes from the Hitchiti words oki and chubi. The oldest known name for the lake was Mayaimi, reported by Hernando de Escalante Fontaneda in the 16th century, slightly in the 16th century René Goulaine de Laudonnière reported hearing about a large freshwater lake in southern Florida called Serrope. By the 18th century the largely mythical lake was known to British mapmakers and chroniclers by the Spanish name Laguna de Espiritu Santo, the modern Port Mayaca on the east side of the lake preserves that name.
The lake was called Lake Macaco in the early 19th century, on the southern rim of Lake Okeechobee, three islands—Kreamer and Torey—were once settled by early pioneers. These settlements had a store, post office, school. The fertile land was challenging to farm because of the muddy muck, over the first half of the twentieth century, farmers used agricultural tools—including tractors—to farm in the muck. By the 1960s, all of these settlements were abandoned, in 1926 the Great Miami Hurricane hit the Lake Okeechobee area, killing approximately 300 people. Two years in 1928, the Okeechobee Hurricane crossed over the lake, the Red Cross reported 1,836 deaths which the National Weather Service initially accepted, but in 2003, the number was revised to at least 2,500. In both cases the catastrophe was caused by flooding from a storm surge when strong winds drove water over the 6. 6-foot mud dike that circled the lake at the time, after the two hurricanes, the Florida State Legislature created the Okeechobee Flood Control District.
The organization was authorized to cooperate with the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers in actions to prevent similar disasters. U. S. President Herbert Hoover visited the area personally, and afterward the Corps designed a plan incorporating the construction of channels and levees. The Okeechobee Waterway was officially opened on 23 March 1937 by a procession of boats which left Fort Myers, Florida on 22 March and arrived at Stuart, the dike was named the Herbert Hoover Dike in honor of the president. The 1947 Fort Lauderdale Hurricane sent a larger storm surge to the crest of the new dike. Three recent hurricanes - Frances and Wilma – had no adverse effects on communities surrounding Lake Okeechobee. Tropical Storm Ernesto increased water levels by 1 foot in 2006, the lakes level began dropping soon after and by July 2007, it had dropped more than 4 feet to its all-time low of 8.82 feet
Lee County, Florida
Lee County is a county in the State of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 618,754, the county seat is Fort Myers, and the largest city is Cape Coral. Lee County comprises the Cape Coral–Fort Myers, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area, Lee County was created in 1887 from Monroe County. It was named for Robert E. Lee, Confederate general in the American Civil War, incorporated in 1886, Fort Myers is the center of a popular tourist area in Southwest Florida and the seat of Lee County. It is about 120 miles south of Tampa at the point of the Gulf of Mexico. Fort Myers was the frequent winter home of Thomas Edison, as well as Henry Ford, Lee County has been the host to several Major League Baseball teams for Spring Training, over the past several decades. Currently, it is the home of the Boston Red Sox. Fort Myers, built in 1850 as a fort to fend off Seminole Indians, was named after Col. Abraham C. Myers, who was stationed in Florida for seven years and was the son-in-law of the fort’s establisher and commander, in 1858, after years of elusive battle, chief Billy Bowlegs and his warriors were persuaded to surrender and move west, and the fort was abandoned.
Billy’s Creek, which flows into the Caloosahatchee River, was named after a camp where Billy Bowlegs. In 1863, the fort was reoccupied by Federal troops during the Civil War, in 1865 the fort was attacked unsuccessfully by a small group of Confederates. After the war, the fort was again deserted, the first settlers arrived in 1866, but it was not until 1882 when the city experienced a significant influx of settlers. Fort Myers first became a nationally known winter resort with the building of The Royal Palm Hotel in 1898, but what really sparked the city’s growth was the construction of the Tamiami Trail Bridge built across the Caloosahatchee River in 1924. After the bridge’s construction, the city experienced its first real estate boom and his ships often made port at Cayo Costa at the entrance to the harbor. Enchanted by the island, he eventually decided to settle there. Padilla prospered until the outbreak of the Spanish–American War when his fleet was burned and scuttled and he turned to another means of livelihood – fishing.
When the government claimed his land he was disinclined to set up another ranch so moved with his wife further down the island and as before, simply homesteaded. The Padilla family is one of the first pioneer families of Lee County, in 1923, Collier and Hendry Counties were created by splitting these areas from Lee County
The tomato is the edible fruit of Solanum lycopersicum, commonly known as a tomato plant, which belongs to the nightshade family, Solanaceae. The species originated in Central and South America, the Nahuatl word tomatl gave rise to the Spanish word tomate, from which the English word tomato originates. Numerous varieties of tomato are widely grown in temperate climates across the world, with greenhouses allowing its production throughout the year, the plants typically grow to 1–3 meters in height and have a weak stem that often sprawls over the ground and vines over other plants. It is a perennial in its habitat, and grown as an annual in temperate climates. An average common tomato weighs approximately 100 grams and its use as a food originated in Mexico, and spread throughout the world following the Spanish colonization of the Americas. Tomato is consumed in diverse ways, including raw, as an ingredient in dishes, salads. While tomatoes are botanically fruits, they are considered culinary vegetables.
The word tomato comes from the Spanish tomate, which in turn comes from the Nahuatl word tomatl and it first appeared in print in 1595. The native Mexican tomatillo is tomate, meaning fat water or fat thing), when Aztecs started to cultivate the Andean fruit and red, they called the new species xitomatl. It first appeared in print in 1595, the scientific species epithet lycopersicum means wolf peach, and comes from German werewolf myths. The Italian word, pomodoro was borrowed into Polish, and via Russian, the usual pronunciations of tomato are /təˈmeɪtoʊ/ and /təˈmɑːtoʊ/. The words dual pronunciations were immortalized in Ira and George Gershwins 1937 song Lets Call the Whole Thing Off and have become a symbol for nitpicking pronunciation disputes. In this capacity, it has become an American and British slang term. Or Its all the same to me, botanically, a tomato is a fruit, a berry, consisting of the ovary, together with its seeds, of a flowering plant. However, the tomato has a lower sugar content than other edible fruits.
Typically served as part of a salad or main course of a meal, rather than at dessert, it is, in the US, considered a culinary vegetable. One exception is that tomatoes are treated as a fruit in home canning practices, they are acidic enough to process in a water bath rather than a pressure cooker as vegetables require. Tomatoes are not the food source with this ambiguity, bell peppers, green beans, avocados
Naples is a city in Collier County, United States. As of 2015, the population was about 20,600. Naples is a city of the Naples-Marco Island, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area. Naples is one of the wealthiest cities in the United States, with the sixth highest per capita income in America, real estate is among the most expensive in the country, with houses for sale in excess of $40 million. The city of Naples was founded during the late 1880s by former Confederate general, senator John Stuart Williams and his partner, Louisville businessman Walter N. Haldeman, the publisher of the Louisville Courier-Journal. Throughout the 1870s and 80s, magazine and newspaper stories telling of the mild climate and abundant fish. The name Naples caught on when promoters described the bay as surpassing the bay in Naples, during the war the U. S. Army Air Forces built a small airfield and used it for training purposes, it is now the Naples Municipal Airport. Fill was required to damage from a 1945 hurricane. A local dredging company, Forrest Walker & Sons, created a north of 16th Avenue S.
In 1949, Forrest Walker asked Mr. Rust to sell him the 296 acres from Jamaica Channel to todays 14th Avenue S. The Jamaica Channel was widened, one canal was dredged, and 14th Avenue S was created by March 1950, additional channels were eventually added to the south of 14th Avenue S and are named alphabetically for local water birds. From the channels there are coves named Flamingo, Gull and these initial channels and coves were dredged and bulldozed from the mangrove swamps. Where shallow rock precluded digging, land was filled to create lots with navigable water, the Aqualane Shores Association was incorporated as a non-profit corporation on February 3,1966. The numerous canals and waterfront homes add a feature to the south portion of Naples. As of the census of 2010, there were 19,537 people,9,710 households, the population density was 1,744.3 per square mile. There were 16,957 housing units at a density of 1,410.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 94. 1% White,4. 5% Black,0.
12% Native American,0. 33% Asian,0. 02% Pacific Islander,0. 30% from other races, and 1. 0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4. 5% of the population,34. 0% of all households were made up of individuals and 20. 1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older
Collier County, Florida
Collier County is a county located in the U. S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 321,520 and its county seat is East Naples, where the county offices were moved from Everglades in 1962. Collier County comprises the Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area, Collier County was created in 1923 from Lee County. It was named for Barron Collier, a New York City advertising mogul and real estate developer who had moved to southwest Florida and established himself as a prominent land owner. He agreed to build the Tamiami Trail for what was Lee County in exchange for consideration with the state legislature to have a county named for him. But I really didnt expect to have a county named after me. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 2,305 square miles. It is the largest county in Florida by land area and fourth-largest by total area, virtually the entire southeastern portion of the county lies within the Big Cypress National Preserve.
The northernmost portion of Everglades National Park extends into the coastal part of the county. S. Route 41 State Road 29 State Road 84 State Road 951 As of the census of 2000, there were 251,377 people,102,973 households, the population density was 124 people per square mile. There were 144,536 housing units at a density of 71 per square mile. Hispanic or Latino individuals accounted for 19. 61%, languages spoken,75. 3% spoke English,17. 8% Spanish,2. 3% French Creole and 1. 2% German as their first language. 24. 50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11. 90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.79. The median age was 44.1 years, for every 100 females there were 100.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.20 males, the median income for a household in the county was $48,289, and the median income for a family was $54,816. Males had an income of $32,639 versus $26,371 for females.
The per capita income for the county was $31,195, about 6. 60% of families and 10. 30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16. 20% of those under age 18 and 4. 30% of those age 65 or over. The county continues to experience significant growth and is becoming increasingly diverse, as of the 2010 census, the countys population had increased to 321,520, an increase of 27. 9% over the 2000 census
It has stout, fibrous stalks that are rich in the sugar sucrose, which accumulates in the stalk internodes. The plant is two to six meters tall, all sugar cane species interbreed and the major commercial cultivars are complex hybrids. Sugarcane belongs to the grass family Poaceae, an important seed plant family that includes maize, wheat and sorghum. Sucrose and purified in specialized factories, is used as raw material in the food industry or is fermented to produce ethanol. Ethanol is produced on a large scale by the Brazilian sugarcane industry, sugarcane is the worlds largest crop by production quantity. In 2012, The Food and Agriculture Organization estimates it was cultivated on about 26×106 hectares, in more than 90 countries, Brazil was the largest producer of sugar cane in the world. The next five major producers, in decreasing amounts of production, were India, Thailand, the world demand for sugar is the primary driver of sugarcane agriculture. Cane accounts for 80% of sugar produced, most of the rest is made from sugar beets, sugarcane predominantly grows in the tropical and subtropical regions.
Other than sugar, products derived from sugarcane include falernum, rum, cachaça, bagasse, in some regions, people use sugarcane reeds to make pens, mats and thatch. The young, unexpanded inflorescence of tebu telor is eaten raw, steamed, or toasted, the Persians, followed by the Greeks, discovered the famous reeds that produce honey without bees in India between the 6th and 4th centuries BC. They adopted and spread sugarcane agriculture, merchants began to trade in sugar from India, which was considered a luxury and an expensive spice. Sugarcane is a tropical, perennial grass that forms lateral shoots at the base to produce multiple stems, the stems grow into cane stalk, which when mature constitutes around 75% of the entire plant. A mature stalk is composed of 11–16% fiber, 12–16% soluble sugars, 2–3% nonsugars. A sugarcane crop is sensitive to the climate, soil type, fertilizers, disease control, the average yield of cane stalk is 60–70 tonnes per hectare per year. However, this figure can vary between 30 and 180 tonnes per hectare depending on knowledge and crop management approach used in sugarcane cultivation, sugarcane is a cash crop, but it is used as livestock fodder.
Sugarcane is indigenous to tropical South and Southeast Asia, different species likely originated in different locations, with Saccharum barberi originating in India and S. edule and S. officinarum in New Guinea. It is theorized that sugarcane was first domesticated as a crop in New Guinea around 6000 BC, New Guinean farmers and other early cultivators of sugarcane chewed the plant for its sweet juice. The exact date of the first cane sugar production is unclear, the earliest evidence of sugar production comes from ancient Sanskrit and Pali texts