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Soviet invasion of Manchuria

The Soviet invasion of Manchuria, formally known as the Manchurian Strategic Offensive Operation or the Manchurian Operation, began on 9 August 1945 with the Soviet invasion of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo. It was the last campaign of the Second World War, the largest of the 1945 Soviet–Japanese War, which resumed hostilities between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the Empire of Japan after six years of peace. Soviet gains on the continent were Manchukuo and northern Korea; the Soviet entry into the war and the defeat of the Kwantung Army was a significant factor in the Japanese government's decision to surrender unconditionally, as it made apparent the Soviet Union had no intention of acting as a third party in negotiating an end to hostilities on conditional terms. Since 1983, the operation has sometimes been called Operation August Storm after U. S. Army historian David Glantz used this title for a paper on the subject; as agreed with the Allies at the Tehran Conference in November 1943 and the Yalta Conference in February 1945, the Soviet Union entered World War II's Pacific Theater within three months of the end of the war in Europe.

The invasion began on 9 August 1945 three months after the German surrender on May 8. Although the commencement of the invasion fell between the American atomic bombing of Hiroshima, on 6 August, only hours before the Nagasaki bombing on 9 August, the timing of the invasion had been planned well in advance and was determined by the timing of the agreements at Tehran and Yalta, the long-term buildup of Soviet forces in the Far East since Tehran, the date of the German surrender some three months earlier. At 11pm Trans-Baikal time on 8 August 1945, Soviet foreign minister Vyacheslav Molotov informed Japanese ambassador Naotake Satō that the Soviet Union had declared war on Japan, that from 9 August the Soviet government would consider itself to be at war with Japan. At one minute past midnight Trans-Baikal time on 9 August 1945, the Soviets commenced their invasion on three fronts to the east and north of Manchuria: the Khingan–Mukden Offensive Operation. Though the battle extended beyond the borders traditionally known as Manchuria—that is, the traditional lands of the Manchus—the coordinated and integrated invasions of Japan's northern territories has been called the Battle of Manchuria.

It has been referred to as the Manchurian Strategic Offensive Operation. The Russo-Japanese War of the early 20th century resulted in a Japanese victory and the Treaty of Portsmouth by which, in conjunction with other events including the Mukden Incident and Japanese invasion of Manchuria in September 1931, Japan gained control of Korea and South Sakhalin. In the late 1930s there were a number of Soviet-Japanese border incidents, the most significant being the Battle of Lake Khasan and the Battle of Khalkhin Gol, which led to the Soviet–Japanese Neutrality Pact of April 1941; the Neutrality Pact freed up forces from the border incidents and enabled the Soviets to concentrate on their war with Germany, the Japanese to concentrate on their southern expansion into Asia and the Pacific Ocean. With success at Stalingrad, the eventual defeat of Germany becoming certain, the Soviet attitude to Japan changed, both publicly, with Stalin making speeches denouncing Japan, "privately", with the Soviets building up forces and supplies in the Far East.

At the Tehran Conference, amongst other things, Winston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt agreed that the Soviet Union would enter the war against Japan once Germany was defeated. Stalin faced a dilemma – he wanted to avoid a two-front war at any cost yet the Soviet leader wanted to extract gains in the Far East as well as Europe; the only way Stalin could make Far Eastern gains without a two-front war would be for Germany to capitulate before Japan. Due to the Soviet–Japanese Neutrality Pact, the Soviets made it policy to intern Allied aircrews who landed in Soviet territory following operations against Japan, although airmen held in the Soviet Union under such circumstances were allowed to "escape" after some period of time. Before the defeat of Germany the Soviet buildup in the Far East accelerated. By early 1945 it had become apparent to the Japanese that the Soviets were preparing to invade Manchuria, though they were unlikely to attack prior to Germany's defeat. In addition to their problems in the Pacific, the Japanese realised they needed to determine when and where a Soviet invasion would occur.

At the Yalta Conference, amongst other things, Stalin secured from Roosevelt the promise of Stalin's Far Eastern territorial desires, in return for agreeing to enter the Pacific War within two or three months of the defeat of Germany. By the middle of March 1945, things were not going well in the Pacific for the Japanese, they withdrew their elite troops from Manchuria to support actions in the Pacific. Meanwhile, the Soviets continued their Far Eastern buildup; the Soviets had decided. The terms of the Neutrality Pact requ

Danny Don't You Know

"Danny Don't You Know" is a song by American musical comedy duo Ninja Sex Party. It was released as a single along with a music video on June 25, 2018, was featured on their sixth studio album Cool Patrol, released on August 17, 2018. Written by band members Dan Avidan and Brian Wecht as well as producer Jim Roach, the song is a power ballad based on Avidan's life, tells the story of a young, troubled Danny Sexbang being visited by his older self, who convinces him of his worth and tells him of all the good things awaiting him in the future; the music video, which became the #1 trending video on YouTube when released, features Finn Wolfhard as the young Danny. The band called "Danny Don't You Know" their "favorite-ever song", both musically and as a video; the music video was released on YouTube on June 25, 2018. Finn Wolfhard, a friend of Avidan since he had appeared on Avidan's web show Game Grumps in January 2017 and a fan of the band, was featured as a younger Danny Sexbang, with small appearances by Arin Hanson, Nathan Sharp, Pamela Horton, Tupper Ware Remix Party, Mica Burton and former Game Grumps editor Kevin Abernathy.

The video was produced by Shawn Wallace, with Bret Rea serving as on-set producer, Gordon Youlg as cinematographer, Traci Hays as production designer, Nicole Case as art director. After its release, the music video became the #1 trending video on YouTube, peaked at #24 on Billboard's Rock Digital Song Sales. Classic Rock praised the song and video, calling it a "power ballad life lesson triumph" and stating "Ninja Sex Party instruct all the nerds of the world to rock on... and it's the message we all need in 2018". The A. V. Club stated about the song "Is it gimmicky? Certainly—as much as Ninja Sex Party’s knowingly jokey music, whose glammed-up-but-smoothed-out bombast comes off like The Darkness if it were aping Starship instead of Queen, but it’s a self-aware sort of gimmickry, one that takes digs at the band members’ own distant and current lack of cool, maybe that shamelessness is enough to ameliorate its naked desperation."Pop Buzz stated about the video "The visual of Finn being encouraged by the older version of himself is pretty sweet once you get past all the spandex.

Finn's character goes from being bullied in a classroom to rocking out on stage with his older self and it's all inspiring, if we're being honest." Official music video on YouTube

Kyoto 2nd district (1947–93)

Kyōto 2nd district was a multi-member constituency of the House of Representatives in the Diet of Japan. Between 1947 and 1993 it elected five Representatives by single non-transferable vote, it was located in Kyōto and, as of 1993, consisted of Kyōto city's Ukyō, Fushimi and Nishikyō wards and all other cities and villages in the prefecture. Representatives for Kyōto 2nd district included Democratic Party president and prime minister Hitoshi Ashida, LDP faction leader, secretary general and justice minister Shigesaburō Maeo, education minister Sen'ichi Tanigaki and his son Sadakazu and home affairs minister Hiromu Nonaka. Since Kyoto was thea stronghold of the Communist Party, Kyoto's two electoral districts were among the few districts in the country where the JCP nominated more than one candidate – in its last such attempt in the 2nd district in the 1983 general election, both Communist candidates lost due to vote splitting