click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Philipp Ludwig I, Count of Hanau-Münzenberg

Philipp Ludwig I, Count of Hanau-Münzenberg succeeded his father in the government of the County of Hanau-Münzenberg in 1561. Philipp Ludwig I, was the son of Count Philipp III of Hanau-Münzenberg and Countess Palatine Helena of Simmern, his godparents were: Duchess Palatinate Maria of Simmern, daughter of the Margrave Casimir of Brandenburg-Kulmbach, married to Elector Friedrich III Count Philipp of Solms-Braunfels Count Ludwig of Stolberg-KönigsteinHis hobby was collecting coins and medals. Nothing is known about his early years. In 1560, when he was seven years old, his father appointed him as bailiff of the district of Steinau; this was a sinecure. Just one year his father died and he inherited the county of Hanau-Münzenberg. A committee of regents was appointed to rule on his behalf; the regency was established by the Reichskammergericht at the request of his mother. Three regents were appointed, as requested: Count Johann VI of Nassau-Dillenburg, a step-great-uncle of the ward, related directly to his ward Count Philipp IV of Hanau-Lichtenberg, the reigning Count of Hanau in the other line, thus—very distantly—related to his ward.

Elector Palatine Friedrich III is mentioned in the literature as the chief regent. There is, however. Count Reinhard I of Solms, who had acted as a guardian for Philipp Ludwig's father and, more related to Philipp Ludwig, was ignored when the regency was established, he had expected to be regent and had accepted the homage of the subjects, whom he now had to release. The reason may have been that Reinhard was a Catholic and Hanau-Münzenberg had joined to Reformation religiously as well as politically. On the other hand, the contrast between Calvinism and Lutheranism was not as pronounced at this time as it was a generation when again the Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg acted as regent for Hanau-Münzenberg and the difference it caused violent clashes within the regency. Under the regency for Philipp Ludwig I this was limited to discussions which education he should receive. In the end, the guardians reached an agreement; the young Count Philipp Ludwig I was described by his teachers as intelligent and eager to learn.

From 1563 onwards, his guardians looked into the possibility of him being educated abroad. As this led to nothing, he stayed for three years at the court of his guardian in Dillenburg, where he was educated together with his guardian's youngest brother, Henry of Nassau-Dillenburg. From 1567 to 1569, they studied together at the University of Strasbourg and after 1569 at the University of Tübingen. Here, count Philipp Ludwig I came into contact with the fiercely unfolding theological controversy within the Protestant movement. After a stay in Tübingen, the education continued in France. Count Philipp Ludwig I arrived in Paris in 1572. Here, he came into contact with the leader of Huguenots, he narrowly escaped the Saint Bartholomew's Day massacre and returned to Buchsweiler, the capital of the county of Hanau-Lichtenberg. He continued his studies at the University of Basel, from where he took excursions further into Switzerland. In 1573, he travelled to Italy and visited in the numerous places in northern Italy before reaching his destination, the University of Padua.

He continued to study in Rome. The return journey took him to Vienna in 1574; this educational program was quite extraordinary for a count. Count Philipp Ludwig. Sources differ on 5 February or 6 February, his guardian opposed the marriage, because Magdalena was of lower rank than the Counts of Hanau, her family held lands in Hesse and Cologne. He would have preferred a bride from a family closer to Hanau, he may have married her out of true love, or to counter the political dominance of Nassau over Hanau. Philipp and Magdalena had four children together: Philipp Ludwig II. Juliane, buried in the choir of the St. Mary's Church in Hanau. William buried in the choir of St. Mary's Church in Hanau. Albert of Hanau-Münzenberg-Schwarzenfels. On 13 November 1562 Emperor Ferdinand I passed the residence of Hanau on his way to the coronation of his son Maximilian II on 24 November 1562 in Frankfurt. Ferdinand was welcomed at court and Philipp Ludwig and Ferdinand went hunting together. In 1563, a consistory was founded in Hanau, so that the Reformation was institutionalized administratively.

The consistory was a department of the count's Chancery. Under his son, count Philipp Ludwig II, the authority of the church was separated as an independent institution in 1612. In 1571, the Statutes of Solms were published; this work had been commissioned by the Counts of Solms. Since the law in neighbouring territories was similar, the work spread in the area of the Wetterau Association of Imperial Counts. Local differences from the Solms statute were published as local notices. In the county of Hanau-Münzenberg this law code collection was used from 1581 until the introduction of the Civil Code on 1 January 1900. Count Philipp Ludwig I ruled the county autonomously from 1575, his government is characterized by careful maneuvering among the various confessions and the imperial territories in pursuit of consolidation and the web of political relations in the Empire and in the Wetterau regio

Uthrapathiswaraswamy Temple

Uthrapathiswaraswamy Temple is a Hindu temple in Tiruchenkattankudi in Nagapattinam district in the Tamil Nadu state of India. Though it is dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva, it is more famous for its Ganesha icons; the main Ganesha shrine depicts him with a human head, instead of the elephant head he is depicted with. Vatapi Ganapati, the other Ganesha icon, was installed in a smaller shrine at a date; the Shiva temple was known as Siruthonda Ganapatishvara, named over Siruthondar. The name "Ganapatishvara", which gives the town his alternate name "Ganapatishvaram", denotes Shiva as "Lord of Ganesha" and alludes to the legend that Ganesha killed a demon called Gajamukhasura and worshipped his father Shiva here. According to another legend, A king ruling Rameswaram region prayed to Lord Shiva for child boon and performed a yajna. Through His voice, Lord assured the king; when the king set out on hunting, he found four female children, brought up them as his own daughters. When they attained age, king got married them to Lord Shiva.

These are the Ambicas in four places – Sarivar Kuzhali in Rameswaram temple, Vaaitha Tirukuzshal Nayaki in Tiruchengattangudi, Karundhar Kuzhali in Tirupugalur and Vandar Kuzhali in Tirumarugal. They bear the common name Shoolikambal, the ones who help women through pregnancy and delivery. In all these four places Shrines of Ambika are hosted in separate shrines; the icon of Vatapi Ganapati is enshrined in a secondary shrine in the temple complex of Uthrapathiswaraswamy Temple. As per oral tradition, the icon of Vatapi Ganapati was brought booty from the Chalukyan capital of Vatapi by Paranjothi, the commander-in-chief of the Pallava king Narasimhavarman I, following the conquest of Pallavas over the Chalukyas; the icon was placed in Paranjothi's birthplace Tiruchenkattankudi. Paranjothi renounced his violent ways and became a Shaiva monk known as Siruthondar, is venerated as a Nayanar saint today. However, no written records substantiate the oral tradition; the famous Vatapi Ganapatim hymn is dedicated to this icon.

Brown, Robert L.. Ganesh: studies of an Asian god. New York: State University of New York Press. Pp. 143–162. ISBN 978-0-7914-0656-4. Retrieved 2 August 2009. Ayyar, P. V. Jagadisa. South Indian Shrines. New Delhi: Asian Educational Services. Pp. 402–404. ISBN 978-81-206-0151-2. Retrieved 2 August 2009. Tourist Guide to South India. Chennai: Sura Books. 2006. Pp. 58–59. ISBN 978-81-7478-175-8. Retrieved 2 August 2009

Jack Armand Cunningham

Lieutenant-Colonel Jack Armand Cunningham, was an English World War I flying ace credited with 10 aerial victories. His victory record was remarkable for being scored over a four-year stretch, using four different types of aircraft. Cunningham continued his lengthy military career until the end of World War II. Cunningham first served as a second lieutenant in the Royal Field Artillery, he was granted the Royal Aero Club Aviator's Certificate No. 623 at the Bristol School, Brooklands, on 12 September 1913. He was promoted to lieutenant on 23 December 1913. Soon after the outbreak of World War I he was seconded to the Royal Flying Corps, was appointed a flying officer on 12 September 1914. On 16 May 1915 Cunningham was appointed a flight commander with the rank of temporary captain, he served in 5 Squadron from 7 July to 18 October 1915 in England. After a transfer to 18 Squadron in France, on 28 November 1915 Cunningham and his observer used a Vickers Gunbus to drive down an LVG reconnaissance machine down over La Bassée.

On 29 December 1915, Cunningham had switched to a single-seat Bristol Scout to drive down an Aviatik recon plane over Provin. On 5 February 1916, he used an Airco DH.2 to force an Albatros recon machine to land at Carvin. Effective 15 July 1916, Cunningham was appointed a squadron commander, with the concomitant rank of temporary major, he would not score his next victories until 18 December 1917, when he was commanding 65 Squadron. He became an ace flying a Sopwith Camel fighter to destroy one German Albatros D. V fighter and drive another down out of control. Cunningham scored again on 5 February 1918, when he destroyed an Albatros D. V over Beythem. On 12 March, he destroyed an Albatros over Belgium. Five days he destroyed another over Zuidhoek, he destroyed another one east of Demuin, France on 3 April 1918. On 2 June 1918, Cunningham was promoted to temporary lieutenant colonel while he was assigned as such; the following day, he was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross in the King's birthday honours.

Cunningham would win one final victory, when he destroyed a German reconnaissance two-seater over the English Channel off the Belgian coast on 3 August 1918 for his tenth win. He was flying with 65 Wing at the time. On 1 January 1919, Cunningham was awarded the Distinguished Service Order; this honour was followed by others. On 23 April 1919, he gave up both his commission as captain in Royal Regiment of Artillery and as temporary lieutenant colonel in RAF; the same day he was assigned to the General Reserve of Officers with the rank of captain, with seniority from 8 August 1916. He was transferred to the unemployed list of the Royal Air Force on 26 April 1919, retaining the honorary rank of lieutenant colonel, his activities over the new few years are unrecorded. The record lapses for a decade. On 1 September 1933, Cunningham married Ellaline Lydia Joan Macfie at Knutsford, he would not come to notice again until World War II. On 13 August 1939, he was commissioned as a captain in the British Regular Army Reserve.

The following day he was appointed a temporary General Staff Officer attached to the Territorial Army. On 9 April 1945, Major Cunningham was released from the Reserves on account of age. On 3 April 1956, Jack Armand Cunningham died at Dunloch, Cheshire, England

Church of St. Stephen Harding in Apátistvánfalva

The Church of St. Stephen Harding in Apátistvánfalva or Apátistvánfalvian Church is a Baroque Roman Catholic Church in the village of Apátistvánfalva, Hungary, it is in the Vendvidék region. Its patron saint Stephen Harding was the founder of the Cistercian Order; because this area is traditionally ethnically Slovenian, in the past mass was offered only in Prekmurje Slovenian. Today mass is offered in the local Prekmurje Slovenian dialect; the church was built in 1785. The bishop of Vas, János Szily, aided in the construction and supported building a school in the village; the first priest was János Marits. The new parish included Permise, Börgölin/Újbalázsfalva, Orfalu, Rábatótfalu and sometimes Markovci, now in Slovenia. By the 12th century, Apátistvánfalva was a Cistercian lordship. In 1183 Béla III of Hungary founded a Cistercian abbey in Szentgotthárd; the monks arrived from the Trois-Fontaines Abbey, France. For many years, the Hungarian Slovenes had attended church in Rábakethely, Felsőszölnök, or Great Dolenci.

In Alsószölnök where German and Hungarian people lived, the believers went to Sankt Martin an der Raab in Austria. Bishop Szily supported masses being offered in the local language, therefore he appointed Marits. In 2005 Jožef Smej, the bishop of Maribor, few Hungarian and Slovenian priests blessed a memorial tablet in the church listing the names of Apátistvánfalvian priests and chaplains; the walls of the church are 2 metres thick and it can hold 2,000 people. The baroque murals were created by an unknown painter; the High Altar shows the Legend of St. Stephen Harding; the Trinity is depicted above the mural. There is an organ in the choir; the organ was made in 1894 and restored in 2007. Prior to the restoration a small organ was used; the steeple has two bells. Near the church are a school and parish office, war memorial, statue of the Virgin Mary. János Marits was of Slovenian descent was born in Sveti Jurij, Rogašovci in around 1757 or 1767, he learned theology in Győr. His consecration was September 20, 1783.

He was a clerk in Dolenci. He was a chaplain in Rábakethely. Marits hired the teacher György Marits. Marits was the first priest in Apátistvánfalva. In the future, he worked in Felsőszölnök. János Marits died April 24, 1800, he spoke German. István Hüll P. was born Dolnji Slaveči. József Teklics was of Croatian descent, was born in Szentpéterfa on April 26, 1770, his parents, Sándor Teklits and Katalin, were petty noblemen. His consecration was on September 14, 1793, he was chaplain priest in Apátistvánfalva, Turnišče, chaplain and clerk in Oberwart, chaplain in Szepetnek, priest in Szőce. After 1805 he was a chaplain in Gaas. In 1806 he lived in Győr, he died sometime after 1824. György Küzmics was of Slovenian descent and was born in Dolnji Slaveči on December 14, 1752, he learned theology in Buda. He was consecrated in Grad, Slovenia on September 13, 1779, he was chaplain in Rábakethely, priest in Gornji Petrovci, in Dolenci. He worked in Apátistvánfalva by September 26, 1795 until February 27, 1810. Küzmics was dean of Őrség.

He spoke German. Mátyás Ivanóczy was a Slovenian petty nobleman, not Hungarian; the old name of Ivanóczys is Kobila. The Ivanóczy name alluded to the family provenance Ivanóc, he was born in Ivanovci on February 2, 1781. His parents were Katalin, his consecration was in 1804. He was chaplain in Turnišče, a priest in Apátistvánfalva by May 8, 1810, he died on April 18, 1834. He spoke German. Imre Károly Árendás was the first Hungarian priest in Apátistvánfalva, he was born in Tardos on October 22, 1798. His parents were János Árendás and Katalin Gálitz. In Vienna he learned theology spent 3 years in Szombathely, his consecration was on October 28, 1821. He was an educator by 1821, spent 1822 in Nagycsákány in the Batthyány-castle, he was a chaplain in Rábakethely, Vasszentmihály, Nyőgér, clerk in Kőszegszerdahely, priest in Alsószölnök Apátistvánfalva. In 1851he was a superannuate, he died in Pásztorháza on December 30, 1857. He spoke Croatian and German. János Szerényi's real name was János Czvörnyek, he was of Slovenian descent.

He was born in Grad, Slovenia, on March 9, 1815. His parents were György Éva Szlámár villeins, he was consecrated on July 20, 1842. He was a chaplain in Murska Sobota, Črenšovci, Križevci, Sveti Jurij, Rogašovci, Beltinci, he was a priest in Apátistvánfalva by February 1852. He died on March 31, 1869, he spoke Slovene. József Ivanóczy was born in Ivanovci on March 17, 1842, his parents were Rozália Borovnyák. His consecration was on March 9, 1868, he was a chaplain in Beltinci, Felsőszölnök, priest in Apátistvánfalva, some time again chaplain in Črenšovci, Tišina, Lendvavásárhely

Jackie Jormp-Jomp

"Jackie Jormp-Jomp" is the eighteenth episode of the third season of the American television series 30 Rock. It was directed by series producer Don Scardino, written by executive story editor Kay Cannon and script co-coordinator Tracey Wigfield; the episode aired on the National Broadcasting Company in the United States on April 16, 2009. Guest stars in the episode include Todd Buonopane, Kerry Butler, Danielle Flora, Mary Catherine Garrison, Christina Gausas, Elizabeth Marvel. In the episode, Liz Lemon meets a new group of friends while on suspension from work. Meanwhile, Jack Donaghy is worried that Jenna Maroney's Janis Joplin biographical film will not get released and tries to promote the movie at the Kids' Choice Awards. However, following a mix-up, the world believes Jenna is dead and Jack tries to use her death to further hype the film. "Jackie Jormp-Jomp" received positive reception from television critics. According to the Nielsen ratings system, the episode was watched by 7.324 million households during its original broadcast, received a 3.5 rating/9 share among viewers in the 18–49 demographic.

A sexual harassment lawsuit was filed against Liz Lemon in the previous episode, she must take a sexual harassment training as a result. In addition, she can not return to work. Liz, cannot handle life without work, as she needs the stress, her attitude changes when she meets one of Emily. She understands how Liz feels because she was just like Liz and tells her there are better ways to live. Liz hangs out with Emily and her friends, who spend majority of their time getting spa treatments and going shopping. Liz gets so caught up in their lifestyle that she forgets to watch her show, The Girlie Show with Tracy Jordan. Not wanting to come back to work—as she is intrigued by her new friends' lifestyle—Liz sexually harasses her counselor, Jeffrey Weinerslav, she goes back to hanging out with Emily and her friends, but soon discovers that they are a Girl Fight Club, which disappoints Liz. In order for her to get out, Liz needs to fight them. Meanwhile, Jack Donaghy informs Jenna Maroney that her unlicensed Janis Joplin biopic is hard to sell due to test audiences not liking it.

They decide to up the PR by going to the Kids Choice Awards. She is accidentally put in the memorial montage at the show, which Jack decides to use as an advantage for the film, he tells her. At the same time, all employees from the 30 Rock building need to disclose any inter-office relationships. NBC page Kenneth Parcell discloses that he fantasizes about marrying a TGS dancer, named Daphne, but discovers that "Dot Com" Slattery is dating her. A minor conflict ends when Tracy Jordan decides to mediate this; as a result, Tracy fires Daphne. This prompts Tracy to solve this problem by hiring new dancers. Jack tells Pete Hornberger, to do an on-air tribute of Jenna on the show. On the TGS set, a huge poster of Jenna is hung with her real death date; when Jenna sees that her real birth date is displayed, she comes out of hiding and appears on stage to cover the poster. After witnessing this, Liz confronts Jenna and Tracy for their behavior, but is glad to be back at work. "Jackie Jormp-Jomp" was directed by series producer Don Scardino, written by executive story editor Kay Cannon and script co-coordinator Tracey Wigfield.

This was Cannon's fourth writing credit, having written the episodes "Black Tie", "Somebody to Love", "Christmas Special", was Wigfield's first writing credit. This was Scardino's nineteenth directed episode. "Jackie Jormp-Jomp" aired on April 16, 2009, on NBC in the United States as the eighteenth episode of the show's third season."Jackie Jormp-Jomp" was filmed on February 11, 2009. This was the last time the show referenced Jenna trying to play singer Janis Joplin in a feature film; this plot first began in the January 8, 2009, episode "Señor Macho Solo" in which Jenna auditions to play the singer in a biographical movie. This was actor Todd Buonopane's third appearance as the character Jeffrey Weinerslav, an NBC Human Resource mediator. Buonopane appeared in the season three episodes "Believe in the Stars" and "Cutbacks". In this episode, Today show co-host Meredith Vieira is referenced, in which Kenneth reveals that Vieira made him eat an unripe banana in front of her, which Kenneth believes was sexual harassment.

Vieira has played herself in the series numerous times. During the on air tribute for Jenna in "Jackie Jormp-Jomp", a 1980s Cling Free commercial featuring Jane Krakowski aired as part of Jenna's youth as a child star. In its original American broadcast, "Jackie Jormp-Jomp" was watched by 7.324 million households, according to the Nielsen ratings system. It achieved a 3.5 rating/9 share in the key 18- to 49-year-old demographic. This means that it was seen by 3.5 percent of all 18- to 49-year-olds, 9 percent of all 18- to 49-year-olds watching television at the time of the broadcast. This episode went up 7 percent from the previous episode, "Cutbacks", was the sixth highest-rated show on the NBC network that week."Jackie Jormp-Jomp" was well received among television critics. Entertainment Weekly's Aly Semingran thought that the episode "had the most laughs-per-minute than any other episode this season". Television co