click links in text for more info


Spacelab was a reusable laboratory developed by ESA and used on certain spaceflights flown by the Space Shuttle. The laboratory comprised multiple components, including a pressurized module, an unpressurized carrier and other related hardware housed in the Shuttle's cargo bay; the components were arranged in various configurations to meet the needs of each spaceflight. Spacelab components flew on a total of about 32 Shuttle missions, depending on how such hardware and mission are tabulated. Spacelab allowed scientists to perform experiments in microgravity in Earth orbit. There was a variety of Spacelab-associated hardware, so a distinction can be made between the major Spacelab program missions with European scientists running missions in the Spacelab habitable module, missions running other Spacelab hardware experiments, other STS missions that used some component of Spacelab hardware. There is some variation in counts of Spacelab missions, in part because there were different types of Spacelab missions with a large range in the amount of Spacelab hardware flown and the nature of each mission.

There were at least 22 major Spacelab missions between 1983 and 1998, Spacelab hardware was used on a number other missions, with some of the Spacelab pallets being flown as late as 2008. In August 1973, NASA and ESRO signed a memorandum of understanding to build a science laboratory for use on Space Shuttle flights. Construction of Spacelab was started in 1974 by ERNO; the first lab module, LM1, was donated to NASA in exchange for flight opportunities for European astronauts. A second module, LM2, was bought by NASA for its own use from ERNO. Construction on the Spacelab modules began in 1974 by what was the company ERNO-VFW-Fokker. Spacelab is important to all of us for at least four good reasons, it expanded. It provided a marvelous opportunity and example of a large international joint venture involving government and science with our European allies; the European effort provided the free world with a versatile laboratory system several years before it would have been possible if the United States had had to fund it on its own.

And it provided Europe with the systems development and management experience they needed to move into the exclusive manned space flight arena. In the early 1970s NASA shifted its focus from the Lunar missions to the Space Shuttle, space research; the NASA Administrator at the time moved the focus from a new space station to space laboratory for planned Space Shuttle. This would allow technologies for future space stations to be researched and harness the capabilities of the Space Shuttle for research. Spacelab was produced by ESRO, a consortium of ten European countries including: Austria Belgium Denmark France West Germany Italy Netherlands Spain Switzerland United Kingdom In addition to the laboratory module, the complete set included five external pallets for experiments in vacuum built by British Aerospace and a pressurized Igloo containing the subsystems needed for the pallet-only flight configuration operation. Eight flight configurations were qualified; the system had some unique features including an intended two-week turn-around time and the roll-on-roll-off for loading in aircraft.

Spacelab consisted of a variety of interchangeable components, with the major one being a crewed laboratory that could be flown in Space Shuttle orbiter's bay and returned to Earth. However, the habitable module did not have to be flown to conduct a Spacelab-type mission and there was a variety of pallets and other hardware supporting space research; the Habitable module expanded the volume for astronauts to work in a shirt sleeve environment and had space for equipment racks and related support equipment. When the habitable module was not used, some of the support equipment for the pallets could be housed in the smaller Igloo, a pressurized cylinder connected to the Space Shuttle orbiter crew area. Spacelab mission supported multiple experiments, the Spacelab 1 mission had experiments in the fields of space plasma physics, solar physics, atmosphere physics and Earth observation; the selection of appropriate modules was part of mission planning for Spacelab Shuttle missions, for example, a mission might need less habitable space and more pallets, or vice versa.

The Spacelab Module comprises a cylindrical main laboratory configurable as Short or Long Module flown in the rear of the Space Shuttle cargo bay, connected to the crew compartment by a tunnel. The laboratory had an outer diameter of 4.12 meters, each segment a length of 2.7 meters. Most of the time two segments were used in forming the Long Module configuration. A pressurized tunnel connected the Space Shuttle orbiter main cabin to Spacelab Habitable Module, with a connection point at the mid-deck. There was two different length tunnels depending on the location of the HM in the payload bay; when the Habitable Module was not used, but additional space was needed for support equipment another structure called the Igloo could be used. The larger configuration of the Habitation module consisted of the Core module and Experiment module, it was possible to operate Spacelab experiments from the Space Shuttle orbiter aft flight deck. Two habitable modules were built, named LM1 and LM2. LM1 is on display at the Udvar-Hazy Center at the Smithsonian Air and Space Museum behind the Space Shuttle Discovery.

LM2 was on display in the Bremenhalle exhibition in the Bremen A

A Is for Accident

A Is for Accident is the debut live album by American dark cabaret duo The Dresden Dolls, a collection of live and studio recordings from 2001–2003, released on May 27, 2003 by Important Records. Future pressings were handled by 8 ft. Records and didn't include the bootleg recording of the band covering "Stand by Your Man" by Tammy Wynette. On October 20, 2009, the band released the album at, with two unlisted bonus tracks available to those who purchase the entire album. Most of the tracks were recorded at live shows around the Boston area: T. T; the Bear's Place, the Lizard Lounge, Sanders Theater in Cambridge, MA. Several of them have local references: Christopher Lydon is a well-known radio interviewer at WBUR in Boston. Amanda Palmer stated at their 31 October 2010 reunion show that the band owns the rights to this album and receives all proceeds from its distribution. Amanda Palmer – piano, lyricist, songwriter Brian Viglionedrums, guitar Meredith Yayanosviolin on "Will" Greg Disterhost – guitar on "Stand By Your Man" Jim Smithbass guitar on "Stand By Your Man"

Thomas and Mary Poynton

Thomas Poynton and Mary Poynton and their children were among the first Catholic families to settle in New Zealand. They were instrumental in bringing Bishop Jean Baptiste Pompallier to New Zealand and were involved in the growth of Catholicism and Catholic missions in the Hokianga and on in the North Shore of Auckland. Thomas Poynton was born in County Meath, Ireland. In his earlier life he was educated in France and convicted of "Whiteboyism", he was transported to Sydney in 1822. He met Mary Kennedy, born in Sydney, was from an Irish Catholic background, they married. In 1828, they moved to New Zealand, they were lived in Papakawau. They still resided there at the time of the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, they had three children, Mary Margaret and Catherine. There was no Catholic parish in New Zealand at the time so they travelled to Sydney to have their first two children baptised. In 1835 Thomas Poynton travelled to Sydney to ask for a Catholic priest to serve the Catholic community in New Zealand.

In Rome the wheels had been turning and in 1833 a decision had been made to appoint a Bishop to serve New Zealand and the surrounding Pacific Islands. Bishop Jean Baptiste Pompallier arrived 10 January 1838 and stayed at the home of Thomas and Mary Poynton until his own house was established in Kororareka. With the Poynton family in the congregation, Pompallier celebrated the first Mass in New Zealand on 13 January 1838 at Totara Point, Hokianga. Thomas Poynton had made a good income from the timber industry as a sawmill owner in the Hokianga. On Thomas and Mary Poynton owned a large amount of land in Takapuna and donated some of it to Bishop Pompallier in 1867. In 1899 a large Lot was purchased by the Sisters of Mercy from Catherine Shea, the youngest of the Poynton children; the land owned by the Sisters of Mercy would be used to build two Catholic schools, St Joseph's Takapuna and Carmel College Catholic girls school which sits on the edge of Lake Pupuke in Milford. Thomas and Mary Poynton are both buried in O'Neill's Point Cemetery on Auckland's North Shore.

On the North Shore there is a Crescent named after Mary Poynton and there is a large retirement facility on Shakespeare Road named "The Poynton" after the family who had owned the land it is built on. Thomas Poynton on the Catholic Mission in New Zealand, 1838

J. Michel Fournier

Joseph Michel Fournier was a Canadian politician. Born in the village of Pointe-Verte, New Brunswick, Michel Fournier was educated at the Academy in Tracadie and graduated in 1927 with a BA degree from University of St. Joseph's College in Memramcook. A farmer, active in his industry, Michel Fournier was a director of the Green Point Co-Op. Involved in local politics, he served as a Gloucester County cousellor from 1935 to 1939. Fournier was elected to the 40th New Brunswick Legislative Assembly as a Liberal candidate in the Gloucester riding in the 1944 Provincial election, he was reelected in 1948, 1952, 1956 and 1960. Following his party taking power in the 1960 New Brunswick general election, new Premier Louis Robichaud appointed Fournier to the Cabinet as Minister of Industry and Development on July 12, 1960, he served in that position until April 22, 1963. On December 9, 1971, Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau appointed Michel Fournier to the Senate of Canada where he was active on several committees including the Special Committee on Retirement Age Policies and the Standing Committee on Agriculture.

He served in the Senate until his mandatory retirement at age seventy-five on September 29, 1980. J. Michel Fournier – Parliament of Canada biography Government of New Brunswick, list of Department ministers 1944–2003


NiceHash is a Slovenian cryptocurrency hash power broker with integrated marketplace that connects sellers of hashing power with buyers of hashing power using the sharing economy approach. The company was founded by Marko Kobal and Matjaž Škorjanc in 2014. USD$64 million were stolen from the company's customers in December 2017. In the aftermath the company decided to return the stolen funds through the Repayment program. 82% of the old funds was reimbursed by January 2020. Their headquarters are based in Slovenia. Buyers rent computing power through NiceHash's online platform. Sellers provide hashing power by connecting to the NiceHash marketplace with NiceHash's own mining software. Buyers select the crypto-currency that they want to mine, a pool on which they want to mine, set the price that they are willing to pay for it, place the order. Once the order is fulfilled by miners who are running NiceHash Miner on their machines, buyer gets the crypto-currency from the pool; this means that buyers aren't required to run complex mining operations themselves, there is no capital investment in mining hardware required.

Sellers or miners have to run NiceHash Miner software and connect their mining hardware or just regular PCs to NiceHash stratum servers and to the buyer's order. Their hashing power is forwarded to the pool. For each valid share they submit, they get paid in bitcoins for the price, determined by the current weighted average and refreshed each minute; this is all done automatically and the process does not require complex technical skills. In return for providing this service, NiceHash takes a fee from each group. On December 6, 2017 4,700 Bitcoins were stolen from NiceHash by a spear phishing attack. Due to the open and transparent nature of the blockchain, the security breach received an influx of attention as the stolen sum and movement of bitcoins were visible to anyone on the internet. On December 21, 2017, Marko Kobal resigned as the CEO of NiceHash. On that day, the company re-opened their marketplace after the December 6th hack. NiceHash has decided to reimburse the affected users through the Repayment program.

82% of the old funds were reimbursed by January 2020. NiceHash's founder Matjaž Škorjanc is a creator of malware Mariposa botnet, which infected over 1 million computers with Butterfly Bot; the goal of Butterfly Bot was to install itself on an uninfected PC, monitoring activity for passwords, bank credentials and credit cards. Slovenian police arrested Matjaž on charges of distributing the malware in 2010. Matjaž had served four years and ten months in a Slovenian prison. On June 5, 2019, US law enforcement opened a case in the operations of the Mariposa malware gang. FBI has moved forward with new charges and arrest warrants against four suspects including Matjaž Škorjanc. Official website nicehash on Linh. "NiceHash CEO speaks out after $60m cryptocurrency hack". WikiTribune. Retrieved June 5, 2018. Licensed CC-BY-SA

Swing Ya Rag

"Swing Ya Rag" is a song by American hip hop recording artist T. I. released August 26, 2008 as the third single from his acclaimed sixth studio album Paper Trail. The song features vocals and instrumental production from American music producer Swizz Beatz, who raps the chorus. T. I. performed the song at the 2008 BET Hip Hop Awards and at the 2009 New Year's Eve Special on NBC. The song is featured in the 2009 video game expansion pack, Grand Theft Auto IV: The Lost and Damned. On August 5, 2008, a behind the scenes video of the music video was released online. In the footage, T. I. is wearing black leather jacket and swinging a red rag in the air, while he wears a black rag around his face. The music video for the song was shot the day after T. I. shot the music video for "What Up, What's Haapnin'". According to T. I. and MTV, the music video will never be released. On December 15, MTV did another interview asking T. I. if he'll shoot a different video for the song, he responded saying Digital single Swing Ya Rag - Clipse Feat.

Swizz Beatz It's The New - Royce Da 5'9" Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics