Spain national football team
|Association||Real Federación Española de Fútbol (RFEF)|
|Head coach||Luis Enrique|
|Most caps||Iker Casillas (167)|
|Top scorer||David Villa (59)|
|Current||9 (20 September 2018)|
|Highest||1 (July 2008 – June 2009, October 2009 – March 2010, July 2010 – July 2011, October 2011 – July 2014)|
|Lowest||25 (March 1998)|
|Current||4 1 (9 July 2018)|
|Highest||1 (September 1920 – May 1924, September – December 1925, June 2008 – June 2009, July 2010 – June 2013)|
|Lowest||19 (June–October 1969, November 1991)|
Spain 1–0 Denmark |
(Brussels, Belgium; 28 August 1920)
Spain 13–0 Bulgaria |
(Madrid, Spain; 21 May 1933)
Spain 1–7 Italy |
(Amsterdam, Netherlands; 4 June 1928)
England 7–1 Spain
(London, England; 9 December 1931)
|Appearances||15 (first in 1934)|
|Best result||Champions (2010)|
|Appearances||10 (first in 1964)|
|Best result||Champions (1964, 2008, 2012)|
|Appearances||2 (first in 2009)|
|Best result||Runners-up, 2013|
The Spain national football team (Spanish: Selección Española de Fútbol)[a] represents Spain in international men's association football and is controlled by the Royal Spanish Football Federation, the governing body for football in Spain. Spain has been a member of FIFA since its foundation in 1904, even though the Spanish Football Federation was first established in 1909. Spain's national team debuted in 1920. Since then, the Spanish national team has participated in a total of 15 of 21 FIFA World Cups and they have qualified consistently since 1978, the only UEFA team aside from Germany to do this. They have also appeared at 10 of 15 UEFA European Championships, having won a shared record with Germany, of three continental titles.
Spain are one of eight national teams to have been crowned FIFA World Cup champions, having won the 2010 tournament in South Africa, defeating the Netherlands 1–0 to become the first European team to win the title outside Europe as well as having won back-to-back European titles in Euro 2008 and Euro 2012, defeating Germany and Italy in the respective finals. These three successive titles make them the only national team so far with three consecutive wins of either the applicable continental championship or the World Cup. From 2008 to 2013, a six-year span, the national team won FIFA Team of the Year, the second-most of any nation, behind only Brazil. Between November 2006 and June 2009, Spain went undefeated for a record-equalling 35 consecutive matches, a record shared with Brazil. The team's achievements have led many commentators, experts and former players to consider the 2010 and 2012 Spanish sides among the best ever international sides in world football.
- 1 History
- 2 Team image
- 3 Coaching staff
- 4 Players
- 5 Records
- 6 Results and fixtures
- 7 Competitive record
- 8 Honours
- 9 See also
- 10 Notes
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The first Spain national football team was constituted in 1920, with the main objective of finding a team that would represent Spain at the Summer Olympics held in Belgium in that same year. Spain made their debut at the tournament on 28 August 1920 against Denmark, silver medalists at the last two Olympic tournaments. The Spanish managed to win that match by a scoreline of 1–0, eventually finishing with the silver medal. Spain qualified for their first FIFA World Cup in 1934, defeating Brazil in their first game and losing in a replay to the hosts and eventual champions Italy in the quarter-finals. The Spanish Civil War and World War II prevented Spain from playing any competitive matches between the 1934 World Cup and the 1950 edition's qualifiers. At the 1950 finals in Brazil, they topped their group to progress to the final round, then finished in fourth place. Until 2010, this had been Spain's highest finish in a FIFA World Cup finals, which had given them the name of the "underachievers".
Spain won its first major international title when hosting the 1964 European Championship held in Spain, defeating the Soviet Union 2–1 in the final at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium. The victory would stand as Spain's lone major title for 44 years. Spain was selected as host of the 1982 FIFA World Cup, reaching the second round, and four years later they reached the quarter-finals before a penalty shootout defeat to Belgium.
Javier Clemente was appointed as Spain's coach in 1992, leading them to the quarter-finals of the 1994 World Cup. The match became controversial when Italian defender Mauro Tassotti struck Luis Enrique with his elbow inside Spain's penalty area, causing Luis Enrique to bleed profusely from his nose and mouth, but the foul was not noticed nor sanctioned by referee Sándor Puhl. Had the official acknowledged the foul, Spain would have merited a penalty kick. In the 2002 World Cup, Spain won its three group play matches, then defeated the Republic of Ireland on penalties in the second round. They faced co-hosts South Korea in the quarter-finals, losing in a shootout after having two goals controversially called back for alleged infractions during regular and extra time.
At UEFA Euro 2008, Spain won all their games in Group D. Italy were the opponents in the quarter-final match, which Spain won 4–2 on penalties. They then met Russia again in the semi-final, beating them 3–0. In the final, Spain defeated Germany 1–0, with Fernando Torres scoring the only goal of the game. This was Spain's first major title since the 1964 European Championship. Xavi was awarded the player of the tournament. In the 2010 World Cup, Spain advanced to the final for the first time ever by defeating Germany 1–0. In the decisive match against the Netherlands, Andrés Iniesta scored the match's only goal, coming in extra time. Spain became the third team to win a World Cup outside their own continent, and the first European team to do so. Goalkeeper Iker Casillas won the golden glove for only conceding two goals during the tournament, while David Villa won the bronze ball and silver boot, tied for top scorer of the tournament. Spain qualified top of Group I in qualification for UEFA Euro 2012 with a perfect 100% record. They became the first team to retain the European Championship, winning the final 4–0 against Italy, while Fernando Torres won the Golden Boot for top scorer of the tournament.
Two years later, however, they were eliminated from the group stage of the 2014 World Cup. Their Euro 2016 campaign was also a disappointing one as they were eliminated in the Round of 16 2–0 by Italy. Spain qualified to the 2018 FIFA World Cup, and topped the group which contained Portugal, Morocco and Iran, however Spain was stunned by losing to Russia at the penalty shootout, having drawn 1–1 after 120 minutes.
Style of play
During Spain's most successful period between 2008 and 2012, the team played a style of football dubbed 'tiki-taka', a systems approach to football founded upon the ideal of team unity and a comprehensive understanding in the geometry of space on a football field.
Tiki-taka has been variously described as "a style of play based on making your way to the back of the net through short passing and movement", a "short passing style in which the ball is worked carefully through various channels", and a "nonsensical phrase that has come to mean short passing, patience and possession above all else". The style involves roaming movement and positional interchange amongst midfielders, moving the ball in intricate patterns, and sharp, one or two-touch passing. Tiki-taka is "both defensive and offensive in equal measure" – the team is always in possession, so doesn't need to switch between defending and attacking. Commentators have contrasted tiki-taka with "Route One physicality" and with the higher-tempo passing of Barcelona and Arsène Wenger's 2007–08 Arsenal side, which employed Cesc Fàbregas as the only channel between defence and attack. Tiki-taka is associated with flair, creativity, and touch, but can also be taken to a "slow, directionless extreme" that sacrifices effectiveness for aesthetics.
Tiki-taka was successfully employed by the Spanish national team to win UEFA Euro 2008, 2010 FIFA World Cup and UEFA Euro 2012. The team of this era is regarded as being among the greatest international teams in history.
Sid Lowe identifies Luis Aragonés' tempering of tiki-taka with pragmatism as a key factor in Spain's success in Euro 2008. Aragonés used tiki-taka to "protect a defense that appeared suspect [...], maintain possession and dominate games" without taking the style to "evangelical extremes". None of Spain's first six goals in the tournament came from tiki-taka: five came from direct breaks and one from a set play. For Lowe, Spain's success in the 2010 World Cup was evidence of the meeting of two traditions in Spanish football: the "powerful, aggressive, direct" style that earned the silver medal-winning 1920 Antwerp Olympics team the nickname La Furia Roja ("The Red Fury") and the tiki-taka style of the contemporary Spanish team, which focused on a collective, short-passing, technical and possession-based game.
Analyzing Spain's semi-final victory over Germany at the 2010 World Cup, Honigstein described the Spanish team's tiki-taka style as "the most difficult version of football possible: an uncompromising passing game, coupled with intense, high pressing". For Honigstein, tiki-taka is "a significant upgrade" of Total Football because it relies on ball movement rather than players switching position. Tiki-taka allowed Spain to "control both the ball and the opponent".
We have the same idea as each other. Keep the ball, create movement around and off the ball, get in the spaces to cause danger.
Kits and crest
Spain's traditional kit is a red jersey with yellow trim, dark blue shorts and black socks, whilst their current away kit is all predominantly white. The colour of the socks altered throughout the 1990s from black to the same blue colour as the shorts, matching either the blue of the shorts or the red of the shirt until the mid-2010s when they returned to their traditional black. Spain's kits have been produced by manufacturers including Adidas (from 1981 until 1983), Le Coq Sportif (from 1983 until 1991) and Adidas once again (since 1991). Rather than displaying the logo of the Spanish football federation, Spain's jersey traditionally features the coat of arms of Spain over the left breast. After winning the 2010 World Cup, the World Cup winners badge was added to the right breast of the jersey and a golden star at the top of the Spanish coat of arms.
Spain does not have a designated national stadium, and as such, major qualifying matches are usually played at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium in Madrid. The capital city Madrid (Bernabéu and Metropolitano), Seville (Pizjuán and Villamarín), Valencia (Mestalla) and Barcelona (Camp Nou and Montjuïc), are the four Spanish cities that have hosted more than 15 national team matches, while also being home to the largest stadiums in the country.
Other friendly matches, as well as qualifying fixtures against smaller opponents, are played in provincial stadia. The 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification campaign included matches at the Reino de León in León, Los Cármenes in Granada, El Molinón in Gijón, and the Rico Pérez in Alicante.
Media coverage in Spain
Spain's UEFA Nations League 2019, UEFA Euro 2020 qualifying and 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification matches, and all friendly games from 2018 until 2022, will be televised nationwide by La 1, flagship television channel of the public broadcaster TVE.
|Head coach||Luis Enrique|
|Assistant coach||Roberto Moreno|
|Assistant coach||Jesús Casas|
|Goalkeeping coach||José Manuel Ochotorena|
|Fitness coach||Rafael Pol|
The following players were called up for the friendly against Wales on 11 October 2018 and Nations League against England on 15 October 2018.
Caps and goals correct as of: 11 October 2018, after the match against Wales.
|No.||Pos.||Player||Date of birth (age)||Caps||Goals||Club|
|1||GK||David de Gea||7 November 1990||36||0||Manchester United|
|13||GK||Kepa Arrizabalaga||3 October 1994||2||0||Chelsea|
|23||GK||Pau López||13 December 1994||0||0||Real Betis|
|2||DF||Jonny||3 March 1994||1||0||Wolverhampton Wanderers|
|3||DF||Raúl Albiol||4 September 1985||52||0||Napoli|
|4||DF||Nacho||18 January 1990||21||1||Real Madrid|
|12||DF||Marcos Alonso||28 December 1990||2||0||Chelsea|
|14||DF||César Azpilicueta||28 August 1989||24||0||Chelsea|
|15||DF||Sergio Ramos (Captain)||30 March 1986||159||15||Real Madrid|
|18||DF||José Luis Gayà||25 May 1995||2||0||Valencia|
|21||DF||Marc Bartra||15 January 1991||14||1||Real Betis|
|5||MF||Sergio Busquets||16 July 1988||109||2||Barcelona|
|6||MF||Saúl||21 November 1994||13||2||Atlético Madrid|
|8||MF||Koke||8 January 1992||44||0||Atlético Madrid|
|10||MF||Thiago||11 April 1991||33||2||Bayern Munich|
|11||MF||Suso||19 November 1993||2||0||Milan|
|16||MF||Rodri||22 June 1996||3||0||Atlético Madrid|
|20||MF||Marco Asensio||21 January 1996||17||1||Real Madrid|
|22||MF||Dani Ceballos||7 August 1996||2||0||Real Madrid|
|7||FW||Álvaro Morata||23 October 1992||24||13||Chelsea|
|9||FW||Paco Alcácer||30 August 1993||14||8||Borussia Dortmund|
|17||FW||Iago Aspas||1 August 1987||15||6||Celta Vigo|
|19||FW||Rodrigo||6 March 1991||12||4||Valencia|
The following players have been called up for the team in the last twelve months.
|Pos.||Player||Date of birth (age)||Caps||Goals||Club||Latest call-up|
|GK||Pepe Reina RET||31 August 1982||36||0||Milan||2018 FIFA World Cup|
|DF||Dani Carvajal||11 January 1992||20||0||Real Madrid||v. Croatia, 11 September 2018|
|DF||Iñigo Martínez||17 May 1991||7||0||Athletic Bilbao||v. Croatia, 11 September 2018|
|DF||Diego Llorente||16 August 1993||1||0||Real Sociedad||v. England, 8 September 2018|
|DF||Gerard Piqué RET||2 February 1987||102||5||Barcelona||2018 FIFA World Cup|
|DF||Jordi Alba||21 March 1989||66||8||Barcelona||2018 FIFA World Cup|
|DF||Nacho Monreal||26 February 1986||22||1||Arsenal||2018 FIFA World Cup|
|DF||Álvaro Odriozola||14 December 1995||4||1||Real Madrid||2018 FIFA World Cup|
|DF||Unai Núñez||30 January 1997||0||0||Athletic Bilbao||2018 FIFA World Cup PRE|
|DF||Jesús Vallejo||5 January 1997||0||0||Real Madrid||2018 FIFA World Cup PRE|
|DF||Yeray Álvarez||24 January 1995||0||0||Athletic Bilbao||2018 FIFA World Cup PRE|
|DF||Alberto Moreno||5 July 1992||4||0||Liverpool||v. Russia, 14 November 2017|
|MF||Isco||21 April 1992||34||12||Real Madrid||v. Croatia, 11 September 2018 INJ|
|MF||Sergi Roberto||7 February 1992||4||1||Barcelona||v. Croatia, 11 September 2018|
|MF||Andrés Iniesta RET||11 May 1984||131||13||Vissel Kobe||2018 FIFA World Cup|
|MF||David Silva RET||8 January 1986||125||35||Manchester City||2018 FIFA World Cup|
|MF||Mikel Oyarzabal||21 April 1997||1||0||Real Sociedad||2018 FIFA World Cup PRE|
|MF||Carlos Soler||2 January 1997||0||0||Valencia||2018 FIFA World Cup PRE|
|MF||Dani Parejo||16 April 1989||1||0||Valencia||v. Argentina, 27 March 2018|
|MF||Asier Illarramendi||8 March 1990||3||1||Real Sociedad||v. Russia, 14 November 2017|
|MF||Luis Alberto||28 September 1992||1||0||Lazio||v. Russia, 14 November 2017|
|FW||Diego Costa||7 October 1988||24||10||Atlético Madrid||v. England, 8 September 2018 WD|
|FW||Lucas Vázquez||1 July 1991||9||0||Real Madrid||2018 FIFA World Cup|
|FW||Iñaki Williams||15 June 1994||1||0||Athletic Bilbao||2018 FIFA World Cup PRE|
|FW||Vitolo||2 November 1989||12||4||Atlético Madrid||v. Russia, 14 November 2017|
|FW||José Callejón||11 February 1987||5||0||Napoli||v. Russia, 14 November 2017|
INJ Player withdrew from the squad due to an injury.
Iker Casillas holds the record for most appearances for the Spanish team with 167 since 2000. He is one of thirteen Spanish players to have reached 100 caps. Sergio Ramos has played for Spain 158 times since his debut in 2005 and is the second most capped player. Xavi is third, having played 133 times between 2000 and 2014.
David Villa holds the title of Spain's highest goalscorer, scoring 59 goals since 2005, during which time he played for Spain on 98 occasions. Raúl González is the second highest goalscorer, scoring 44 goals in 102 appearances between 1996 and 2006. Fernando Torres is the third highest goalscorer with 38 goals in 110 appearances since 2003.
Between November 2006 and June 2009, Spain went undefeated for a record-equaling 35 consecutive matches before their loss to the United States in the Confederations Cup, a record shared with Brazil, and included a record 15-game winning streak. In the 2010 FIFA World Cup, Spain became the first European national team to lift the World Cup trophy outside Europe; along with Brazil, Germany and Argentina, Spain is one of the four national teams to have won the FIFA World Cup outside its home continent.
Most capped players
|8||Alfredo Di Stefano||1957–1961||23||31||0.74|
Results and fixtures
- For all past match results of the national team, see single-season articles and the team's results page
The following matches were played or are scheduled to be played by the national team in the current or upcoming seasons.
|28 March Friendly||France||0–2||Spain||Stade de France, Paris|
|Report (UEFA)||Silva 68' (pen.)
Referee: Felix Zwayer (Germany)
|2 September 2018 FIFA WCQ||Spain||3–0||Italy||Santiago Bernabéu Stadium, Madrid|
|Isco 13', 40'
Referee: Björn Kuipers (Netherlands)
|5 September 2018 FIFA WCQ||Liechtenstein||0–8||Spain||Rheinpark Stadion, Vaduz|
Morata 15', 54'
Aspas 51', 63'
Göppel 89' (o.g.)
Referee: Ivaylo Stoyanov (Bulgaria)
|6 October 2018 FIFA WCQ||Spain||3–0||Albania||Rico Pérez, Alicante|
|Referee: Aleksei Eskov (Russia)
|9 October 2018 FIFA WCQ||Israel||0–1||Spain||Teddy Stadium, Jerusalem|
|Illarramendi 76'||Attendance: 28,700
Referee: Craig Thomson (Scotland)
|11 November Friendly||Spain||5–0||Costa Rica||La Rosaleda Stadium, Málaga|
Silva 51', 55'
|14 November Friendly||Russia||3–3||Spain||Krestovsky Stadium, Saint Petersburg|
|Smolov 41', 70'
Ramos 35' (pen.), 54' (pen.)
|23 March Friendly||Germany||1–1||Spain||Esprit Arena, Düsseldorf|
|Müller 35'||Report||Rodrigo 6'||Attendance: 50,653
Referee: Willie Collum (Scotland)
|27 March Friendly||Spain||6–1||Argentina||Wanda Metropolitano, Madrid|
Isco 27', 52', 74'
|Report||Otamendi, 39'||Attendance: 65,541
Referee: Anthony Taylor (England)
|3 June Friendly||Spain||1–1||Switzerland||Estadio de la Cerámica, Villarreal|
|Odriozola 29'||Report||Rodríguez 62'||Attendance: 18,350
Referee: István Kovács (Romania)
|9 June Friendly||Tunisia||0–1||Spain||Krasnodar Stadium, Krasnodar|
|Report||Aspas 84'||Attendance: 33,116
Referee: Bas Nijhuis (Netherlands)
|15 June 2018 FIFA World Cup GS||Portugal||3–3||Spain||Fisht Olympic Stadium, Sochi|
Referee: Gianluca Rocchi (Italy)
|20 June 2018 FIFA World Cup GS||Iran||0–1||Spain||Kazan Arena, Kazan|
|Report||Costa 54'||Attendance: 42,718
Referee: Andrés Cunha (Uruguay)
|25 June 2018 FIFA World Cup GS||Spain||2–2||Morocco||Kaliningrad Stadium, Kaliningrad|
Referee: Ravshan Irmatov (Uzbekistan)
|1 July 2018 FIFA World Cup R16||Spain||1–1 (a.e.t.)
|Russia||Luzhniki Stadium, Moscow|
Referee: Björn Kuipers (Netherlands)
|8 September 2018–19 UEFA Nations League||England||1–2||Spain||Wembley Stadium, London|
Referee: Danny Makkelie (Netherlands)
|11 September 2018–19 UEFA Nations League||Spain||6–0||Croatia||Estadio Manuel Martínez Valero, Elche|
|Report||Referee: Benoît Bastien (France)
|11 October Friendly||Wales||1–4||Spain||Millennium Stadium, Cardiff|
Referee: Anthony Taylor (England)
|15 October 2018–19 UEFA Nations League||Spain||v||England||Estadio Benito Villamarín, Seville|
|15 November 2018–19 UEFA Nations League||Croatia||v||Spain||Stadion Maksimir, Zagreb|
|18 November Friendly||Spain||v||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Estadio Gran Canaria, Las Palmas|
- For the all-time record of the national team against opposing nations, see the team's all-time record page.
FIFA World Cup
Champions Runners-up Third place Fourth place
|FIFA World Cup finals record||FIFA World Cup qualification record|
|1930||Did not enter||Did not enter|
|1954||Did not qualify||3||1||1||1||6||3|
|1970||Did not qualify||6||2||2||2||10||6|
|1982||Round 2||12th||5||1||2||2||4||5||Qualified as host|
|1990||Round of 16||10th||4||2||1||1||6||4||8||6||1||1||20||3|
|2006||Round of 16||9th||4||3||0||1||9||4||12||6||6||0||25||5|
|2018||Round of 16||10th||4||1||3||0||7||6||10||9||1||0||36||3|
|2022||To be determined||To be determined|
- *Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
- **Gold background colour indicates that the tournament was won.
- ***Red border colour indicates tournament was held on home soil.
|Spain's World Cup record|
|First Match|| Spain 3–1 Brazil |
(27 May 1934; Genoa, Italy)
|Biggest Win|| Spain 6–1 Bulgaria |
(24 June 1998; Lens, France)
|Biggest Defeat|| Brazil 6–1 Spain |
(13 July 1950; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
|Best Result||Champions at the 2010 FIFA World Cup|
|Worst Result||Group stage in 1962, 1966, 1978, 1998 and 2014|
FIFA Confederations Cup
|FIFA Confederations Cup record|
|1992||UEFA did not participate|
|1995||Did not qualify|
|2017||Did not qualify|
|2021||To be determined|
|Spain's Confederations Cup record|
|First Match|| Spain 5–0 New Zealand |
(Rustenburg, South Africa; 14 June 2009)
|Biggest Win|| Spain 10–0 Tahiti |
(Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 20 June 2013)
|Biggest Defeat|| Brazil 3–0 Spain |
(Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 30 June 2013)
|Best Result||Runners-up in 2013|
|Worst Result||Third place in 2009|
UEFA European Championship
|UEFA European Championship record||Qualification record|
|1960||Did not qualify [b]||2||2||0||0||7||2|
|1968||Did not qualify||8||3||2||3||7||5|
|1992||Did not qualify||7||3||0||4||17||12|
|2016||Round of 16||10th||4||2||0||2||5||4||10||9||0||1||23||3|
|2020||To be determined||To be determined|
|2024||To be determined||To be determined|
|Spain's European Championship record|
|First Match|| Spain 2–1 Hungary |
(Madrid, Spain; 17 June 1964)
|Biggest Win|| Spain 4–0 Republic of Ireland |
(Gdańsk, Poland; 14 June 2012)
Spain 4–0 Italy
(Kiev, Ukraine; 1 July 2012)
|Biggest Defeat|| France 2–0 Spain |
(Paris, France; 27 June 1984)
West Germany 2–0 Spain
(Munich, West Germany; 17 June 1988)
Italy 2–0 Spain
(Saint-Denis, France; 27 June 2016)
|Best Result||Champions in 1964, 2008, and 2012|
|Worst Result||Group stage in 1980, 1988 and 2004|
UEFA Nations League
|UEFA Nations League record|
|Spain's Nations League record|
|First Match|| England 1–2 Spain |
(London, England; 8 September 2018)
|Biggest Win|| Spain 6–0 Croatia |
(Elche, Spain; 11 September 2018)
|Summer Olympics record|
|1948||Did not qualify|
|1972||Did not qualify|
|1984||Did not qualify|
|2004||Did not qualify|
|2016||Did not qualify|
|Total||1 Gold Medal||10/21||37||19||7||10||56||39|
- Denotes draws including knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
From 1991 Youth teams , spain compete for B team from 1955 to 1967.
|Mediterranean Games record|
|1951||Did not qualify|
|1959||Did not qualify|
|1971||Did not enter|
|2001||Did not qualify|
|2013||Did not enter|
- This is a list of honours for the senior Spain national team
- Spain women's national football team
- Spain national under-23 football team
- Spain national under-21 football team
- Spain national under-20 football team
- Spain national under-19 football team
- Spain national under-18 football team
- Spain national under-17 football team
- Spain national under-16 football team
- Spain national under-15 football team
- Spain national youth football team
- Spain national football team head to head
- International Double
- ""La Roja" from Miguel, Spain". 17 June 2010. Retrieved 30 June 2010.
- "La Roja lean to the left". FIFA. 16 June 2009. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- "Statistics – Most-capped players". European football database. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
- Since 1992, squads for Football at the Summer Olympics have been restricted to three players over the age of 23, which Javier will play in 2016. The achievements of such teams are not usually included in the statistics of the international team.
- http://www.rsssf.com/miscellaneous/fifa-awards.html#team Archived 12 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Spain win again to extend unbeaten streak". CNN. 20 June 2009.
- Pitt-Brooke, Jack (3 July 2012). "The greatest team of all time: Brazil 1970 v Spain 2012". The Independent. London: The Independent. Retrieved 1 July 2013.
- "Euro 2012: Are Spain the best team of all time?". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 14 July 2012.
- Klinsmann, Jurgen. "Klinsmann: Spain win over Italy would make them team of century". BBC. Retrieved 14 July 2012.
- Carlisle, Jeff. "Why this Spain side is all-time best". ESPN. Archived from the original on 6 July 2012. Retrieved 14 July 2012.
- "Spain vs. Italy: Euro 2012 Final Not Enough to Crown Spain Best Ever". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
- "Antwerp, 1920". FIFA. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- "Delight for the Azzurri as home advantage tells". FIFA. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- "Uruguay triumph brings heartbreak for Brazil". FIFA. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- Bull, JJ. "Xavi: The greatest midfielder of a generation". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- "Now you're gonna believe us: Spain are no longer the great under-achievers, says Casillas". Daily Mail. 30 June 2008. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- Sanghera, Mandeep (12 May 2012). "Euro 1964: A forgotten Spanish triumph". BBC Sport. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- Estepa, Javier. "Los penaltis cerraron las puertas de las 'semis' a La Roja" [Penalties close the doors to the semis for La Roja]. Marca (in Spanish). Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- Jurado, J. Carlos. "El perdón de Luis Enrique a Tassotti que nunca llegó" [The pardon from Tassotti to Luis Enrique which never arrived]. Marca (in Spanish). Retrieved 7 September 2015.
- Hayward, Paul (23 June 2002). "Korean miracle spoilt by refereeing farce". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
- "Euro 2008 Final Preview: Germany vs Spain". 29 June 2008. Archived from the original on 29 December 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
- McNulty, Phil (29 June 2008). "Germany 0–1 Spain". BBC Sport. London. Retrieved 20 August 2009.
- Spanish players named in the team of the tournament were: goalkeeper and captain Iker Casillas; defenders Carles Puyol and Carlos Marchena; midfielders Xavi, Cesc Fàbregas, Andrés Iniesta and Marcos Senna; and strikers David Villa and Fernando Torres.
- Krishnan, Joe (18 June 2014). "World Cup 2014: Spain and the World Cup holders who crashed out at the group stage". The Independent. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
- Davies, Jed C. (16 July 2012). "Systems Football: The Basics – Tiki-Taka / Totaal-Voetball. This system is highly influenced by Fc Barcelona passing game (already based on Dutch 70s football principles)". EPLindex. London. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
- Marcotti, Gabriele (14 April 2008). "New coaching breed gives heart to Spain". The Times. London. Retrieved 18 October 2010.
- Hynter, David (10 June 2008). "Fábregas takes positive view, from the bench". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 13 July 2010.
- Lowe, Sid (2 July 2008). "The definitive story of how Aragonés led Spain to Euro 2008 glory". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 13 July 2010.
- Pearce, Jonathan (29 June 2008). "If Spain can reign it will be so good for the old game". Sunday Mirror. Retrieved 13 July 2010.
- Ladyman, Ian (8 July 2010). "Beat Spain? It's hard enough to get the ball back, say defeated Germany". London: Mail Online. Retrieved 13 July 2010.
- Honigstein, Raphael (8 July 2010). "Why Spain were anything but boring". CBC.ca. Archived from the original on 1 January 2012. Retrieved 13 July 2010.
- Clegg, Jonathan; Espinoza, Javier (31 March 2010). "Fantasy football comes alive". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 13 July 2010.
- Lowe, Sid (9 July 2010). "Spain's "Tiki-taka" style dominates". SI.com. Retrieved 13 July 2010.
- Spanish Football Federation (RFEF) and adidas Announce Partnership Extension Until 2026
- "Cuatro razones por las que la selección no tenga sede fija" (in Spanish). elespanol.com. 7 September 2017.
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