The Spanish Steps are a set of steps in Rome, climbing a steep slope between the Piazza di Spagna at the base and Piazza Trinità dei Monti, dominated by the Trinità dei Monti church at the top. The monumental stairway of 135 steps was built with French diplomat Étienne Gueffier's bequeathed funds of 20,000 scudi, in 1723–1725, linking the Trinità dei Monti church, under the patronage of the Bourbon kings of France – located above – and the Bourbon Spanish Embassy to the Holy See – located below – in Palazzo Monaldeschi; the stairway was designed by architects Francesco de Sanctis and Alessandro Specchi. Following a competition in 1717, the steps were designed by the obsure Francesco de Sanctis, though Alessandro Specchi was long thought to have produced the winning entry. Generations of heated debate over how the steep slope to the church on a shoulder of the Pincio should be urbanized preceded the final execution. Archival drawings from the 1580s show that Pope Gregory XIII was interested in constructing a stair to the completed façade of the French church.
Gaspar van Wittel's view of the wooded slope in 1683, before the Scalinata was built, is conserved in the Galleria Nazionale, Rome. The Roman-educated Cardinal Mazarin took a personal interest in the project, stipulated in Gueffier's will and entrusted it to his agent in Rome, whose plan included an equestrian monument of Louis XIV, an ambitious intrusion that created a furore in papal Rome. Mazarin died in 1661, the pope in 1667, Gueffier's will was contested by a nephew who claimed half; the Bourbon fleur-de-lys and Innocent XIII's eagle and crown are balanced in the sculptural details. The solution is a gigantic inflation of some conventions of terraced garden stairs; the Spanish Steps, which Joseph de Lalande and Charles de Brosses noted were in poor condition, have been restored several times, most in 1995. A new renovation commenced on October 8, 2015 and the steps reopened on September 21, 2016. In the Piazza di Spagna at the base is the Early Baroque fountain called Fontana della Barcaccia, built in 1627–29 and credited to Pietro Bernini, father of a more famous son, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, said to have collaborated on the decoration.
The elder Bernini had been the pope's architect for the Acqua Vergine, since 1623. According to a legend, Pope Urban VIII had the fountain installed after he had been impressed by a boat brought here by a flood of the Tiber. In the piazza, at the corner on the right as one begins to climb the steps, is the house where English poet John Keats lived and died in 1821. On the same right side stands the 15th-century former cardinal Lorenzo Cybo de Mari's palace, now Ferrari di Valbona, a building altered in 1936 to designs by Marcello Piacentini, the main city planner during Fascism, with modern terraces in harmony with the surrounding baroque context. At the top, the stairway ramp up the Pincio, the Pincian Hill. From the top of the steps the Villa Medici can be reached. During Christmas time a 19th-century criba manger is displayed on the first landing of the staircase. During Springtime, just before the anniversary of the foundation of Rome, April 21, part of the steps are covered by pots of azaleas, up until early May.
In modern times the Spanish Steps have included a small cut-flower market. The steps are not a place for eating lunch, being forbidden by Roman urban regulations, but they are crowded with people; the Steps are featured in numerous scenes in Alfred Bester's novel The Stars My Destination. The Steps are featured in F. Scott Fitzgerald's novel, Tender Is the Night; the Steps are featured in Abba Abba. The Steps are featured in Tom Clancy's novel, "The Teeth of the Tiger"; the film Roman Holiday, starring Audrey Hepburn and Gregory Peck, made the Spanish Steps famous to an American audience. The apartment, the setting for The Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone is halfway up on the right. Bernardo Bertolucci's Besieged is set in a house next to the Steps; the Steps were featured prominently in the film version of The Talented Mr. Ripley, starring Matt Damon in the title role. In an episode of Everybody Loves Raymond which aired on October 2, 2000, Debra and Marie climb the Spanish Steps during a family vacation in Rome.
An episode of the anime series Gunslinger Girl, entitled "Gelato," which first aired in 2003, features the protagonist by the Spanish Steps having her "reward" of ice cream after having completed a successful raid. In the film To Rome with Love and Michelangelo Santoli met on the Spanish Steps; the Spanish Steps were the setting of a'Roadblock' task during The Amazing Race 24 in which contestants had to count the steps. The Spanish Steps are featured in a scene in the film The Man From U. N. C. L. E. in which Ilya, posing as a Russian architect, attempts to explain to Gabby that the Steps were made by a Russian architect. Midway through the animated film Love Live! The School Idol Movie: Over the Rainbow, the Steps were featured prominently as the site where the main idol group Aqours performed the main musical number of the film, "Hop? Stop? Nonstop!," during their overseas trip from Numazu, Japan to Rome. The progressive rock group Refugee recorded the song "Credo" in 1974, which contains the lyric: "I belie
Marcus Antonius Corpuz Adoro is a Filipino musician, the lead guitarist of the Eraserheads, a Filipino alternative rock band in the 1990s. He is known by the stage name or band name Markus Highway. During his days as lead guitarist for the Eraserheads, Adoro only had a few contributions when it came to songwriting, he would compose one song per album, which were album fillers, like "Punk Zappa" in the album, "Southsuperhiway" in the album, Natin99. The most contributions he had given to the band was in the album Carbon Stereoxide, in which he wrote the songs "Pula", "Wala", "Escalator Alligator". Adoro's style of lead guitar was a significant piece to the Eraserheads' sound, to a greater extent, using takamine and Yamaha the sound that came to define Pinoy alternative rock, his minimalist approach contrasted with the "flashier" style of most local guitarists of the time. Instead of long, epic solos, Adoro preferred "pretty little ditties" that complement the tone of the song, his "less is more" method resembles that of many guitarists from Manila's'80s underground punk scene Bobby Balingit and Resty Cornejo.
During the band's years, Adoro began to acquire a fascination with electric guitar noises and environmental sounds which he would incorporate to his style as the band's music progressed and became more experimental. Adoro explains in an interview with Philmusic.com that Kamonkamon was "meant as a hype." According to him, around 2002, BMG records had bought the whole work, consisting of a comicbook, the comicbook soundtrack and a video documentary CD. The album, was not to be released until 2005. In addition, BMG would only publish the work if the comicbook is shortened, which according to Adoro, defeats the purpose of the comicbook soundtrack and the idea of the whole work, he says that Kamonkamon "is a philosophical work," so he declined with the condition. "The eventual release of Kamonkamon would be just the tip of the iceberg so to speak," says Adoro. Adoro was not the first Eraserhead to produce his own solo project. In 2000, lead vocalist Ely Buendia released Wanted: Bedspacer. In the same year Kamonkamon was released, Eraserheads vocalist, Ely Buendia, left the band to form The Mongols.
Adoro also decided to quit. He would move to La Union and was unheard from until the April 2005. An e-mail from him was sent to PhilMusic.com about a new project he was working on, called "Surfernando: The Adventures of Belma and Luis," with a poster art of a pencil stuck in a person's nose. The EP turned up once again at Sarabia Optical, it is available in different album covers and titles: Urfer Magazine, American Gurl, Submarine In the interview with Philmusic.com, Adoro explains that "Belma en Luis" is half of all the songs for a "pinoy surfing album." Surfernando is a character. He wrote the songs in 2003 after three years of surfing, he recorded and released his work on major labels, has now shopped for a deal with Warner Music. The Surfernando songs were recorded in his new band Markus Highway's debut album called Behold, Rejoice! Surfernando Is Hear Nah.. The sound of Markus Highway ranges from just him and a guitar "to a big full band with horns section and all." Adoro's current band name is "Markus Highway.
Adoro explains that "Markus Highway" is just a rock and roll name that he likes and he wants to keep at the moment. He says, he reveals. "I like changing names. All the old travelling bluesmen used my favorite cool bands do it. I like Markus Highway for the Surfernando song," says Adoro. Adoro had changed his stage name or band name quite since 2001, his different band names since 2001 include Surfernando, The Gumamela Band, The Flaming Katols, Markus Regime, The Mamones and Talampunay Band. He settled to Markus Highway since 2007. Adoro along with former bandmates, Buddy Zabala and Raimund Marasigan performed for an event at the Millennia Club called "Marooned", a production of UP bands from past and present. Buendia was not able to attend. "Batch 88", from Belma en Luis, was one of the songs, jammed by the trio. When asked about his career plans in the Philmusic.com interview, Adoro said that he plans to get session musicians to play in the recording of the Surfernando album, get a band ready for gig tours, work with other willing back-up bands as well.
He said that he had been backed by artists such as Sunflower Day Camp. He just finished a low-key bar tour with the band and Sunflower Day Camp. Adoro unexpectedly appeared in "LivELY: A Fundraising Concert for the Benefit of Ely Buendia" on January 28, 2007. Though not in the list of performers, Adoro walked on stage before Rivermaya had finished performing, he borrowed Mike Elgar's guitar and played a reggae rendition of the Eraserheads song, "Huwag Mo Nang Itanong", a song from his new album. Marcus Adoro has a new band named Markus Highway under Warner Music Philippines, their first album "Behold, Rejoice! Surfernando Is Hear Nah." was released on February 2008. Adoro was interviewed by GMA-7 newscaster Jessica Soho on her show, "Kapuso Mo, Jessica Soho." The topic is all about La Union, now popular for beach surfers in the Philippines. He is now based in La Union and he enjoys his new life as a local surfer. In the Philmusic.com interview, Ad
Marilyn Lane is an American politician and business woman from Michigan. Lane is a former Democratic member of Michigan House of Representatives from District 31. On February 10, 1959, Lane was born Michigan. Lane's father was an entrepreneur. Lane's mother was an office manager. Lane attended Macomb Community College in Michigan. In 1985, Lane became the President of Lane Development, until 2006. In 2003, Lane became the mayor of Fraser, until 2007. In 2008, Lane became the Vice chairwoman of Macomb County Charter Commission. Lane was a Business Development Representative and Chairperson of Alternative Energy Division of Roncelli Inc. On November 2, 2010, Lane won the election and became a Democratic member of Michigan House of Representatives for District 31. Lane defeated Dan Tollis, James Miller, Dan Elles with 50.92% of the votes. On November 6, 2012, as an incumbent, Lane won the election and continued serving District 31. Lane defeated James Miller with 61.74 % of the votes. On November 4, 2014, as an incumbent, Lane won the election and continued serving District 31.
Lane defeated Phil Rode with 61.07% of the votes. In 2016, due to term limits, Lane did not seek for election; the seat for District 31 was succeeded by William Sowerby. In 2013, Lane served on a Michigan House Democrat task force created to help better address the needs of Michigan veterans. In October 2017, she announced plans to run for the Michigan Senate in the 9th district. Lane's husband is James, they have a child. Lane and her family live in Michigan. 2010 Michigan House of Representatives election 2012 Michigan House of Representatives election 2014 Michigan House of Representatives election Profile at Vote Smart Legislative website