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SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Special Branch

Special Branch is a label customarily used to identify units responsible for matters of national security and intelligence in British and Commonwealth police forces, as well as in Ireland. A Special Branch unit acquires and develops intelligence of a political or sensitive nature, conducts investigations to protect the State from perceived threats of subversion terrorism and other extremist political activity; the first Special Branch, or Special Irish Branch, as it was known, was a unit of London's Metropolitan Police formed in March 1883 to combat the Irish Republican Brotherhood. The name became Special Branch as the unit's remit widened to include more than just IRA-related counterespionage. Most state police forces and the federal police had a Special Branch, they were tasked with monitoring the Communist Party of Australia and related political groups regarded as extremist or subversive. They focused on German and Japanese activity during World War II; the Commonwealth Police Force was formed in 1917 as "a form of federal special branch" under the War Precautions Act 1914.

It was disbanded in 1919. The Commonwealth Police Special Branch was established in 1957, it was absorbed into the Australian Federal Police in 1979. The Australian Federal Police Special Branch was renamed the Special Intelligence Branch in 1985 and merged into the Security Intelligence & Diplomatic Liaison Branch in 1995; the New South Wales Police Force Subversive Organisations Branch was formed in 1933. It was combined with the Commonwealth Police, Royal Australian Navy Police and Australian Army Police at the outbreak of World War II to form the Military/Police Intelligence Branch; the civilian component was formed back into the Police Subversive Organisations Branch in 1946, renamed Special Branch in 1948. The Royal Commission into the New South Wales Police Service found Special Branch was gathering information on people who posed no threat of politically motivated violence, as a result it was disbanded in 1997; the Queensland Police Special Bureau was formed on 30 July 1940 and renamed Special Branch on 7 April 1948.

It was criticised for being used for political purposes by the Bjelke-Petersen government in the 1970s and 1980s, such as enforcing laws against protests and investigating and harassing political opponents. It was disbanded in 1989 following a recommendation by the Fitzgerald Inquiry into police corruption; the Special Branch destroyed its records. South Australia Police formed an Intelligence Branch at the outbreak of World War II in 1939, disbanded in 1945. A Subversive Section was established in 1947 and renamed Special Branch in 1949, it amassed files on Australian Labor Party politicians, church leaders, trade unionists and so-called "pink files" on gay community activists at a time when homosexuality was still illegal. The South Australia Police was deliberately vague about the existence of Special Branch. In 1970, Commissioner Harold Salisbury told Premier Don Dunstan. A 1977 inquiry by Justice White of the Supreme Court of South Australia confirmed the existence and found the files were "scandalously inaccurate, irrelevant to security purposes and outrageously unfair to hundreds thousands, of loyal and worthy citizens".

Dunstan sacked Salisbury for misleading Parliament about the existence of the "pink files". Special Branch was disbanded in 1984; the Victoria Police Special Branch was formed in 1931 and disbanded in 1983. Similar work in monitoring terrorism is conducted by the Security Intelligence Group, established in 2000; the Security and Intelligence Branch known as Special Branch, is the main domestic intelligence and security service in the Commonwealth of the Bahamas. It is mandated to perform intelligence operations inside the Bahamas to ensure the safety of Bahamian citizens and foreigners; the branch is mandated to perform background checks on persons who have been recruited for jobs such as police officers and defence force officers and to check persons up for promotions. The Director of the Security Intelligence Branch holds the title "Assistant Commissioner"; the Bangladeshi Special Branch is the prime intelligence agency of Bangladesh. The Special Branch has twelve different sections through which it carries out the directives of the Government and around 64 district based offices, called District Special Branch and has offices in many Upazila/Thana areas.

All the members are recruited from the Bangladesh Police. The chief of the Special Branch has the rank of Additional Inspector General and reports directly to the Prime Minister of Bangladesh; this is the only intelligence agency of Bangladesh which works in all strategic and tactical levels. The organisation has the capability to work within and outside the country, it is responsible for internal affairs of the country and to collect intelligence on behalf of the security services. The RCMP Security Service was a counterintelligence unit or "Special Branch" from 1950 to 1984, it was replaced by the Canadian Security Intelligence Service. The Special Branch unit of the Fiji Police Force is classed as one of the best intelligence units in the Asia Pacific region. Similar to their Commonwealth counterparts, the Fijian Special Branch deals with matters of national security, they facilitate Interpol, counter terrorism, anti-espionage and VIP protection units. Entry into Special Branch is by recruitment.

Though it is a police unit, Special Branch recruits from the Republic of Fiji Military Forces. The unit's name was changed to the Fiji Police Intelligence Bureau in 2009. According

Blade (magazine)

Blade is a long-running consumer magazine about knife collecting. The magazine is based in Wisconsin. First published in 1973 under the title American Blade by Southern House Publishing Co. with Blackie Collins as the editor, the magazine's title was changed to Blade in 1982 after its purchase by Jim Parker and Bruce Voyles. In the 1980s, the magazine served as the launching point for an annual convention for knife collectors, the Blade Show. In 1994, Voyles the sole owner, sold the publication and its properties to Krause Publications, which increased its frequency to monthly. F+W Publications Inc. purchased Krause Publications and Blade in 2002 and published it under its brand beginning in October 2004. In 2018, Gun Digest Media LLC acquired Blade Show and all related properties. Coverage in the magazine ranges across the knife hobby, including military knives, kitchen cutlery, manufacturing and legislation issues. However, Blade is much MORE than just a magazine about knives: it's a window into the entire Knife Making Community: the artisans who craft from raw materials, incredible tools of functional beauty from simple and elegant to stunningly elaborate.

It's about those same artisans sharing the Passion that lives in them and bestowing their knowledge to those who follow in their footsteps. It's about that same Community coming together to aid others in need. And, it's a chronological account of the evolution of our First Tool, how our Human History is linked to some of those tools; the magazine publishes several identification values for collectible knives. Blade sponsors two annual knife shows every year; the Blade Show, held in Atlanta, Georgia every Spring and the Usual Suspect Gathering held in Las Vegas, Nevada in September. Every year, Blade enters a new person into the "Cutlery Hall of Fame"; the Cutlery Hall of Fame is composed of knifemakers and persons who promote knife making and Knife collecting. Each year, the living members of the Cutlery Hall Of Fame nominate and vote on the latest inductee to join their ranks. Henry D. Baer - Knifemaker, President of Schrade Knives and namesake of the "Uncle Henry" brand of pocketknives. Dewey Ferguson - Author Bo Randall - Knifemaker James B.

Lile - Knifemaker M. H. Cole - Knifemaker and Author Al Buck - Founder of Buck Knives William R. Williamson - Scholar and collector of Bowie knives Pete Gerber - Founder of Gerber Legendary Blades Bob Loveless - Knifemaker William F. Moran - Bladesmith Jim Parker - Knifemaker George Herron - Knifemaker 1932-2007 Frank Buster - Knifemaker Frank Forsyth A. G. Russell - Knifemaker Ken Warner - Author Jim Bowie - Father of the Bowie knife Maury Shavin Hubert Lawell William Scagel - Knifemaker Gil Hibben - Knifemaker Harry McEvoy - Author Buster Warenski - Knifemaker Albert M. Baer - Founder of Schrade Knives Col. Rex Applegate - Knife designer, author B. R. Hughes - Author Bruce Voyles - Author Bernard Levine - Author Houston Price - Author Bill Adams - Author Jim Weyer - Author and photographer Chuck Buck - Knifemaker - Buck Knives Blackie Collins - Knifemaker Frank Centofante - Knifemaker Ron Lake - Knifemaker Sal Glesser - Designer, Founder of Spyderco Joe Drouin - Knife Collector Bob Schrimsher - Knifemaking Supply Rudy Ruana - Knifemaker D¹Alton Holder - Knifemaker Michael Walker - Knifemaker, Inventor of the Walker linerlock George "Butch" Winter - Author Tim Leatherman - Inventor of the multi-tool knife and founder of Leatherman Tools Dan Dennehy - Knifemaker, Founding Member of the Knifemakers' Guild Ken Onion - Knifemaker and inventor of the SpeedSafe Mechanism Al Mar - Knifemaker, founder of Al Mar Knives Paul Bos - Master heat treater - Buck Knives Kit Carson - Knifemaker Wayne Goddard - Knifemaker Chris Reeve - Knifemaker Official site

Annan Athletic F.C.

Annan Athletic Football Club is a Scottish association football club based in the town of Annan and Galloway. The club was founded in 1942 and competes in Scottish League Two as a member of the Scottish Professional Football League; the club competed in Scottish junior football and English regional leagues before becoming a member of the Scottish Football Association in 1978 which made the club eligible to compete in the Scottish Cup for the first time. Annan Athletic won the South of Scotland League twice and the East of Scotland League four times before applying to join the Scottish Football League in 2008. Annan Athletic's best finish in the SPFL was second in League Two in 2013–14 whilst its best result in the Scottish Cup was reaching the third round on three occasions, most in 2011–12; the club plays its home games at Galabank in the north of Annan. Upon their formation in 1942, Annan entered the Dumfries and District Youth League, but this competition lasted only throughout the war years, in 1945 they joined the Dumfries and District Junior League instead.

They had a successful time as a junior club, reaching the fifth round of the Scottish Junior Cup on one occasion. In 1950–51 the Dumfries and District Junior League had to be wound up due to lack of officials, the following season the club had to go into abeyance as the Junior Association would not release them from their membership. For the following season Annan Athletic joined the Carlisle and District League and the Cumberland Football Association; this proved an astute move when Annan Athletic won every competition they entered bar one in their first season in membership. Annan remained members of the Carlisle and District League until they moved back to Scottish football in the 1977–78 season when they joined the South of Scotland Football League; this switch, along with some upgrade work to their Galabank ground allowed the club to compete in the qualifying stages of the Scottish Cup as well. The club proved successful in the South League, winning every competition, available to them.

In an attempt to get more competitive football, they joined the East of Scotland Football League in season 1987–88, although they maintained their commitment to the South League by running a reserve side. They won promotion in their first season in the East League, two years won the Premier Division, they became one of the league's top sides and qualified for the Scottish Cup's early rounds on various occasions. Annan applied to join the Scottish Football League in 2000, when two new clubs were admitted, but lost out to Peterhead and Elgin City. Following the demise of local rivals Gretna in 2008, Annan applied along with four other clubs to replace them in the Third Division, they were the successful candidate, being chosen due to the standard of their facilities, ahead of Cove Rangers, Preston Athletic and Edinburgh City. Their first league match as a professional team ended in a 4–1 win over Cowdenbeath in the 2008/09 season, they finished 7th that season and 8th in the next season. They were challenging for promotion to the Second Division in the 2010/11 season, their 3rd season in Scottish senior football.

They finished 4th and qualified for the play-off final after a win over Alloa Athletic in play-off semi-finals. They played Albion Rovers in the two-legged final, they lost the tie 4–3 on aggregate, meaning that they missed out on promotion to the Second Division. After the first quarter of the 2011–12 season, Annan sat top of the league, three points clear. For the second time since becoming SFL members in 2008, they reached the semi-finals of the 2011–12 Scottish Challenge Cup; as the season progressed Annan dropped points and fell into mid table. A 3–0 defeat to First Division Falkirk ended their hopes of a first Challenge Cup Final. During the 2012–13 season, Annan secured a 0–0 draw at home to Rangers on 15 September 2012, in what was the first-ever league meeting between the two sides. In the same season, on 9 March, Annan beat Rangers 2–1 at Ibrox. Annan played at Mafeking Park from 1946 to 1953, when they moved to their present ground at Galabank; the ground has a capacity including 500 seats.

As of 31 January 2020Note: Flags indicate national team. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Manager: Peter Murphy Assistant Manager: Darren Barr Coach/Kitman: Alan Casey Goalkeeping Coach: Robert Glen Physio: Craig Bourner Fitness Coach: Karen RobertsonSource: Annan Athletic appointed their first manager in 1975. East of Scotland Football League Winners: 1989–90, 1999–00, 2000–01, 2006–07 Runners up: 1992–93, 2002–03, 2004–05 East of Scotland Football League First Division Winners: 1987–88 East of Scotland League Cup Winners: 1999–00 Runners up: 2006–07 South of Scotland League Winners: 1983–84, 1986–87 Runners up: 1982–83, 1984–85 South of Scotland League Cup Winners: 1984–85, 1992–93, 2004–05, 2007–08 SFA South Region Challenge Cup Winners: 2007–08 Scottish Qualifying Cup South Winners: 2006–07 Official website Annan Athletic on BBC Sport: Club news – Recent results and fixtures

Flag of Sioux Falls, South Dakota

The flag of Sioux Falls, South Dakota, consists of a zigzag pattern of thin white and blue lines, which divides an upper blue portion and a lower pinkish-red portion, a yellow sun in the upper left corner. The zigzag represents; the blue color and the sun allude to the flag of South Dakota. The pinkish-red portion represents the Sioux Quartzite nearby; the upward direction of the design represents the growth of Sioux Falls. The red and blue colors included in the flag are a reference to the flag of the United States while maintaining city and state pride. In 2004, the North American Vexillological Association rated the design of flags from the 100 largest cities in the U. S. all 50 state capitals and at least two cities per state. Sioux Falls did not have an entry in the rating; the flag of Sioux Falls was designed in 2014 by Max Rabkin. It was chosen as the winner of a design competition for both the "Best in Show" by a panel of experts and the "People's Choice" award; the city adopted the flag in 2018.

The flag of Sioux Falls, South Dakota, has a 3:5 ratio and consists of: a zigzag pattern of thin white and blue lines. This pattern represents; the falls run in an ascending direction. An upper blue portion that alludes to the blue field on the flag of South Dakota. A yellow sun in the upper left corner; this sun is a symbol from the flag of South Dakota because the state was nicknamed "The Sunshine State". A lower pinkish-red portion over which the falls run; this represents the Sioux Quartzite used to build early Sioux Falls buildings. This quartzite is recognized as part of the city's heritage and was used in the construction of all of the important early buildings including the Federal Building and U. S. Courthouse, Old Minnehaha County Courthouse and the Carnegie Free Public Library; the local quarries were used in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and the stone was not used for building after the quarries closed in the 1920s. The red and blue colors included in the flag are a reference to the flag of the United States while maintaining city and state pride.

In 2004, the North American Vexillological Association rated the design of flags from the 100 largest cities in the U. S. all 50 state capitals and at least two cities per state. Sioux Falls was not included in the rating because it did not have a flag, but the mayor, Dave Munson, did not know why it did not. In 2014, a design conference hosted by OTA, an organization that connects creative communities in the "-ota" states, was held at the Washington Pavilion in Sioux Falls; the invited speaker Roman Mars noted that Sioux Falls was one of only three major U. S. cities not to have an official flag. OTA combined with the Sioux Falls Design Center and the American Institute of Graphic Arts to form The Committee to Establish a Suitable Flying Banner for the City of Sioux Falls to design a flag for the city; the CESFBCSF held 91 entries were submitted. One flag won both the "Best in Show" by a panel of experts and the "People's Choice" award from over 3000 community votes; the designer, Max Rabkin, released the flag to the public domain.

Ted Kaye, a vexillological expert and president of NAVA, stated that the design would be considered one of the best city flags in the U. S; the CESFBCSF tried multiple times to go to the city council and wrote them a letter to adopt the flag, but the city council had little interest. In 2016 the flag was introduced to the city council and former mayor, Mike Huether, but the council was busy with other issues; the CESFBCSF thought that the cost would be a potential issue and offered to pay for flags, but there was still no interest. Despite a lack of interest from the city council and mayor, there was a grassroots support-building effort to build community interest, which led local media to call it "The People's Flag". Local media identified the flag as a symbol of the community and it was displayed at homes, businesses and a local march. Downtown businesses contributed to the grassroots effort through flag-related sales. There was a renewed push to get the flag approved in 2018 after the election of a new mayor, Paul Ten Haken.

The council had concerns the flag would not have copyright protection, but it was argued that a flag in the public domain would be for all people. The city adopted the flag when it was approved unanimously by the Sioux Falls City Council on July 10, 2018. By November 2018, the flag was being flown inside the mayor's office. Local businesses and organizations have embraced the flag by creating flag merchandise; the flag has appeared on t-shirts of local businesses, on the jersey of the Sioux Falls Skyforce professional basketball team, on a Metallica concert graphic. Sioux Falls at Flags of the World

RXNO Ontology

The RXNO Ontology is a formal ontology of chemical named reactions. It was developed at the Royal Society of Chemistry and is associated with the Open Biomedical Ontologies Foundry; the RXNO ontology unifies several previous attempts to systematize chemical reactions including the Merck Index and the hierarchy of Carey, Laffan and Williams. The twelve top-level reaction categories proposed by Carey, Laffan and Williams are given in the table below, together with their RXNO ontology identifiers and the equivalent wikipedia categories where applicable; the following table lists the RXNO identifiers for some example name reactions. RXNO:0000003 Perkin reaction RNXO:0000006 Diels–Alder reaction RXNO:0000014 Grignard reaction RXNO:0000015 Wittig reaction RXNO:0000021 Sandmeyer reaction RXNO:0000024 Heck reaction RXNO:0000026 Beckmann rearrangement RXNO:0000028 Cope rearrangement RXNO:0000031 Baeyer–Villiger oxidation RXNO:0000042 Birch reduction RXNO:0000043 Claisen condensation RXNO:0000056 Horner–Wadsworth–Emmons reaction RXNO:0000062 Skraup reaction RXNO:0000064 Fischer indole synthesis RXNO:0000074 Wurtz reaction RXNO:0000081 Ullmann condensation RXNO:0000084 Barbier reaction RXNO:0000088 Negishi coupling RXNO:0000090 Williamson ether synthesis RXNO:0000098 Glaser coupling RXNO:0000103 Gabriel synthesis RXNO:0000106 Hunsdiecker reaction RXNO:0000140 Suzuki reaction RXNO:0000147 Emde degradation RXNO:0000148 Claisen rearrangement RXNO:0000156 Lossen rearrangement RXNO:0000157 Nef reaction RXNO:0000183 Perkow reaction RXNO:0000193 Hiyama coupling RXNO:0000210 Fleming–Tamao oxidation RXNO:0000218 Cannizzaro reaction RXNO:0000288 Rosenmund–von Braun reaction RXNO:0000369 Friedel–Crafts reaction RXNO:0000444 Fries rearrangement RXNO:0000550 Collins oxidation List of organic reactions RXNO trunk on github RXNO at the RSC

Gold Skool

Gold Skool is the sixteenth studio album of Japanese singer Toshinobu Kubota, released on August 3, 2011. The album charted at number 3 on the Oricon Albums chart and remained on the charts for total of 18 weeks; the album sold over 78,124 units in Japan. In collaboration with Sony Music Entertainment Japan and Mastersix Foundation, Gold Skool was first released in Japan on August 3, 2011. On the same day of its release, a limited edition of the album was released, which featured an exclusive DVD; the album debuted at number 3 on the Oricon Weekly Albums chart and remained on the chart for total of eighteen weeks. Gold Skool charted at number 7 on the Oricon Monthly Albums chart and at number 79 on the Oricon Yearly Albums chart, selling over 33,000 copies in its first week of release. Nagareboshi to Koi no Ame was released July 13, 2011; the song commemorate Kubota's twenty-five years in the music industry. The single charted at number 15 on the Oricon Daily Singles chart, selling 2,727 copies in its first week.

The song charted at number 7 on the Billboard Japan Hot 100 Songs chart. The second single "Koe ni Dekinai" was released on September 28, 2011; the song opened up on the Oricon Daily Singles at number 13. The song moved back to the number 20 position, selling 3,287 copies in Japan; the song charted at number 20 on the Oricon Weekly Singles chart, number 25 on the RIAJ Digital Tracks chart, number 23 on the Billboard Japan Hot 100 chart. Although unreleased as an official single, the song "Golden Smile", featuring Exile group member Atsushi, chart at number 1 on the RIAJ Digital Tracks chart. In October 2011, Kubota began the Gold Skool Tour; the tour schedule twenty-eight performance dates. The tour began on October 2011, at Misato City Culture Hall in Saitama, Japan; the tour concluded on December 25, 2011, where Kubota performed at Fukuoka City Hall for the second time during the tour. After the tour ended, Kubota began the "Party Ain't A Party Tour" in January 2012. A special performance was recorded at National Yoyogi Stadium in Tokyo on January 21 and 22.

The performance was released on DVD and Blu-ray under the title "Party Ain't A Party" on May 30, 2012. The concert DVD charted at number 5 on the Oricon DVD charts. Standard edition "Gold Skool: Foreplay" "Jungle Love" "Wednesday Lounge" "Winds" "Prisoner" "Golden Smile" "Gold Skool: The Play" "Still In My Mind" "Tick Tock" "Rn'B Healing" "Umi e Kinasai" "Nagareboshi to Koi no Ame" "Koe ni Dekinai" DVD track list "Kubota Toshinobu no Yukai na Gold Days" "Jacket Shooting" "Golden Smile"