The Special Warfare Combatant-craft Crewmen is a United States Naval Special Warfare Command team that operates and maintains an inventory of small craft used to conduct special operations missions those of the U. S. Navy SEALs. Individually, SEALs and SWCC go through similar but separate specialized training programs both based in Naval Amphibious Base Coronado. SWCC training emphasizes special operations in the maritime environment. SWCC are trained extensively in crafts and weapons tactics and procedures. Focusing on clandestine infiltration and exfiltration of SEALs and other special operations forces, SWCC provide dedicated, rapid mobility in shallow water areas where large ships cannot operate, their capabilities include Direct Action through coastline or rivers, Special Reconnaissance, Coastal Patrol and Interdiction of suspect ships and surface craft. SWCC specialize in swift mobility. They've conducted many missions alongside SEALs from providing reconnaissance to clandestine infiltration and hot extractions.
Special boat teams can trace their history back to World War II. Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron Three rescued General Douglas MacArthur from the Philippines after the Japanese invasion and participated in guerilla actions until American resistance ended with the fall of Corregidor. PT boats subsequently participated in most of the campaigns in the Southwest Pacific by conducting and supporting joint/combined reconnaissance, blockade and raiding missions as well as attacking Japanese shore facilities and combatants. PT boats were used in the European Theater beginning in April 1944 to support the Office of Strategic Services in the insertion of espionage and French Resistance personnel and for amphibious landing deception; the development of a robust riverine warfare capability during the Vietnam War produced the forerunner of the modern special warfare combatant-craft crewman. In 1966 River Patrol Force operated River Patrol Boats conducting counterinsurgency operations in the Mekong Delta region of Vietnam.
A SEAL Platoon was assigned to each of the five River Squadrons inserted and extracted from their patrol area by PBRs. In July 1968 Light SEAL Support Craft began replacing PBRs as their primary support craft. Mobile Support Teams provided combat craft support for SEAL operations, as did patrol boat and patrol craft, fast sailors. In February 1964. Boat Support Unit One was established under Naval Operations Support Group, Pacific to operate the newly reinstated patrol torpedo fast program and to operate high-speed craft in support of NSW forces. In late 1964 the first PTFs arrived in Vietnam. In 1965, Boat Support Squadron One began training patrol craft fast crews for Vietnamese coastal patrol and interdiction operations; as the Vietnam mission expanded into the riverine environment, additional craft and training evolved for riverine patrol and SEAL support. SWCC detachments have participated in nearly every major conflict since particularly in the Persian Gulf theatre during the 1987–1988 period of conflict, the Invasion of Panama Operation Just Cause 1989-90 and the 1991 Gulf War to the more recent War on Terrorism along with counter narcotics operations in South and Central America.
In August 1996 while attached to USS Sides during counter drug operations in Colombia, a SWCC team came under attack in the Antioquia Valley region by members of FARC, Colombia's revolutionary movement, while conducting field operations. Six team members held off a force of 150 rebels; the battle lasted for three days and nights and members of the team found themselves surrounded and cut off from each other on several occasions. Short of ammunition and water, The team held on until first light on day three and counter-attacked, punching a hole in the FARC defense line and linking up with Colombian special forces sent there to assist them. An estimated 43 FARC rebels were killed during the battle and four were captured with only one team member being wounded. Members of the team were cited for bravery; the Global War on Terrorism was the impetus for several important changes in the NSW community. One of these many changes was the creation of a new SB rating system for SWCCs, which allows them to focus on their unique skill sets, to avoid limitations and constraints imposed by the old regime of "source ratings", to reach consensus and unity within the profession, to allow them to enjoy advancement opportunities on par with the rest of the Navy.
Another important development was the recognition of the knowledge and training of SWCC crewmen as a warfare specialty, represented by the NEC 5352 and denoted by the award of a military device or service badge. For a brief period qualified sailors were awarded no device. Still earlier than this, the small craft pin was worn by those with the 9533 NEC. Many other units within the Navy awarded the small craft badge, there was controversy regarding the original intent associated with its creation; the matter has been somewhat settled as the small craft badge has been awarded only to conventional riverine units under the NECC and SWCC boat captains, who wear it in addition to the SWCC device. To become a special warfare combatant-craft crewman, a service member must apply and be accepted to special programs, complete a special programs specific boot camp (called 800 divisions
Mufid bej Libohova was an Albanian economist and politician and one of the delegates at the Assembly of Vlora where the Albanian Declaration of Independence took place. He served as the first Minister of Interior of Albania, during the Provisional Government of Albania and since has held different government positions on nine occasions between 1913–1927, holding the positions of Justice Minister, Minister of the Interior, Minister of Finance, Minister of Culture. Mufid Libohova, son of Maliq Pashë Libohova, was scion of a wealthy landowning family with the same name. In 1898, he was appointed in the Ottoman Embassy in Brussels, he served in the Ottoman administration and represented Gjirokastër as a deputy in the 1908 parliament of the Young Turks. As an Ottoman parliamentarian Libohova was outspoken on Albanian issues and an example of this was a verbal exchange triggered when he mentioned the word Arnavutlar; the Ottoman speaker Ahmed Riza responded "There are no Albanians. During his time in Ottoman politics, Libohova was a close ally of fellow Albanian parliamentarian Ismail Qemali.
Like some educated Albanians with nationalist sentiments of the time, Libohova supported the unity of Albanians from different religions under the banner of Skanderbeg and was in favour of government reforms that benefited Albanians. At the eve of the First World War, he was member of the International Control Commission that governed Albania from 22 January – 7 March 1914. Mufid Bey was among the chief promoters of the Congress of Durrës that led, on 25 December 1918, to the creation of a new provisional government headed by former Prime Minister Turhan Pasha. Mufid Bey took over the ministry of the interior and justice, became minister of foreign affairs. In April 1919 he left Albania to take part the Paris Peace Conference and to attend to Albanian interests there. In August 1919, on his return from Paris, he stopped over in Rome. During negotiations with the Italian government, he secured Italian recognition for Albanian independence and a promise that the Italian occupation of Vlora would be temporary.
It is this turbulent period of Albanian history that Mufid Bey Libohova describes in his memoirs, Politika ime ndë Shqiperi, 1916-1920. Libohova would be an opponent of the Congress of Lushnje event of 1920, as part of the old-case government of Durrës together with Mustafa Merlika-Kruja, Fejzi Alizoti, Sami Vrioni. According to Sejfi Vllamasi's memories they would try to prohibit the delegates from reaching Lushnje, sometimes convincing them not to and sometimes forcefully preventing them; the opposition would culminate with the assassination of the Prefect of Durrës Abdyl Ypi by Sul Mërlika, himself cousin of Mustafa Mërlika-Kruja. In addition, he was an Albanian government member on nine occasions from 1912 until his death in 1927, holding the positions of Justice Minister, Minister of the Interior, Minister of Finance, Minister of Foreign Affairs. A strong pro-Zog supporter, he returned to Albania from exile in Greece with his followers and financial support by the Greek government, helped overthrow the government of Fan Noli a few months after the June Revolution.
Libohova is considered the father of the Albanian Lek, since he proposed the name and was the minister of Finance when the Lek was put into force. Libohova has been member of International Control Commission, a provisional institution since the resignation of Ismail Qemali until the coronation of William, Prince of Albania, the first ambassador of Albania to Italy. Mufid Libohova was born in 1876, Ottoman Empire and died in February 1927 in Sarandë, Albania, his first wife was a Turkish woman. His second wife Olga, of Danish origin, remained in Albania after his death. Libohova had Malik bey from the first marriage and Elmaz bey from the second one. Delegates of the Albanian Declaration of Independence Provisional Government of Albania List of Foreign Ministers of Albania "History of Albanian People" Albanian Academy of Science. ISBN 99927-1-623-1 O. S. Pearson and King Zog, I. B. Tauris. 2005
Monsignor Farrell High School is a Catholic high school located in the Oakwood section of Staten Island, New York. Opened in 1961, the school was named in honor of Monsignor Joseph Farrell, a prominent Catholic priest, as well as a religious and community leader on Staten Island. Bill Britton former PGA Tour player Christopher Celenza and Dean of Georgetown College at Georgetown University Kevin Coyle, defensive coordinator for the Miami Dolphins Michael Cusick, New York State Assemblyman Dan Donovan, U. S. Congressman from New York Vito Fossella, former U. S. Congressman from New York Andrew Lanza, politician who won the New York State Senate seat, held for 50 years by John J. Marchi John Lavelle, actor Michael McMahon, U. S. Congressman District Attorney of Richmond County from New York Kevin O'Connor, former General Manager of the Utah Jazz James Oddo, New York City Councilman Theo Rossi, actor Ryan Rossiter, basketball player Joe Gambardella, center for the Edmonton Oilers of the NHL William J. Taverner, sex educator and editor of the American Journal of Sexuality Education Louis Tobacco, former New York State Assemblyman John Wolyniec, former Major League Soccer player Monsignor Farrell High School official website
Goodland Municipal Airport is two miles north of Goodland, in Sherman County, Kansas. The airport covers 372 acres at an elevation of 3,656 feet, it has three runways: 12/30 is 5,499 by 100 feet concrete. In the year ending July 16, 2007 the airport had 43,000 aircraft operations, average 117 per day: 98% general aviation, 1% air taxi and 1% military. 22 were aircraft based at the airport: 77% single-engine and 23% multi-engine. Provided contract glider training to the United States Army Air Forces, 1942-1943. Training provided by William A. Ong under AAFTC 22d Glider Training Detachment. Used C-47 Skytrains and Waco CG-4 unpowered Gliders. Training began on 8 June 1942; the mission of the school was to train glider pilot students in proficiency in operation of gliders in various types of towed and soaring flight, both day and night, in servicing of gliders in the field. During wartime the airport had four compacted soil runways. Former NW/SE runway now used as main, others still visible in aerial photography.
Training ended on 29 August 1943 due to shortage of equipment. Glider training mission was taken over by I Troop Carrier Command, the airport was used as an axillary airfield until the end of the war. Was returned to civil control in September 1945. Goodland Municipal had scheduled airline service on Air Midwest to Denver, Colorado's Stapleton International Airport in the 1980s. Kansas World War II Army Airfields 31st Flying Training Wing Aerial photo as of 28 August 1991 from USGS The National Map FAA Airport Diagram, effective February 27, 2020 FAA Terminal Procedures for GLD, effective February 27, 2020 Resources for this airport: FAA airport information for GLD AirNav airport information for GLD FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker SkyVector aeronautical chart for GLD
Saghar Siddiqui is a pen name of Muhammad Akhtar, an Urdu poet from Pakistan. In spite of his ruined and homeless alone life, he remained famous and successful till and after his death. Saghar is known as a saint and when he died, he left nothing but a pet, his dog, who died on the same foot path where Saghar died a year earlier. Siddiqui was born in 1928 in Ambala to a well-to-do middle-class family. There are few historic records of Saghar's personal life, he spoke to any one in this regard and most of what is known of him tends to be from witness accounts. Siddiqui was the only child of his parents and spent the early years of his life in Ambala and Saharanpur, he was home received his early education from Habib Hassan حبیب حسن, a family friend. Young Muhammad Akhtar was much impressed by Habib Hassan, he got interested in Urdu poetry because of him. Siddiqui started writing poetry as a child, he used to make wooden combs while writing Urdu poetry. For some time, he used Nasir Hijazi as his pen name, but he switched to Saghar Siddiqui.
When 15 years old, he started attending mushairas in Jalandhar and Gurdaspur. In 1947, when he was 19, he settled in Lahore. In those days with his slim appearance, wearing pants and boski shirts, with curly hair, reciting beautiful ghazals in a melodious voice, he became a huge success, he had some tragic turns in his life. Siddiqui continued to write poetry for the film industry and moved on to publish a literary magazine; the magazine was a critical success but a commercial flop. Disappointed, Saghar shut down the magazine. In his life, he fell into depression, financially ruined and addicted to drugs. Siddiqui chose to stay in cheap hotels, rather than settle into a house given by the government to refugees, he would pay the rent with meager amounts earnt by selling his poems to magazines. Sometimes he would have to sell his poetry to other poets for a few rupees, he would use the waste paper spread around to light fires to stay warm during winter nights. Some of these poems were re-sold by these people as their own work.
Within a decade of coming to Pakistan, he became disillusioned as he saw corruption and nepotism being rewarded at the expense of genuine talent. In despair, he turned buying it from janitors of hospitals in Lahore; as friends and strangers continued to exploit him, Siddiqui fell further into despair and was soon turned out of hotels and had to live on the streets. He was seen along Circular Road of Lahore, in Anarkali Bazar, Akhbaar Market, Aibak Road, Shah Alami, around the Data Darbar area, he would hold mushairas on the footpaths, in candle light. He continued to write poems, though most of them are unpublished. In July 1974, Siddiqui was found dead on a street corner of Lahore at age 46, he was buried at the Miani Sahib graveyard. His dog died a year reportedly at the same spot, his mausoleum at Miani Sahib graveyard in Lahore is marked with a commemorative shrine, built later. Julien Columeau, a French writer in Pakistan, wrote a semi-fictional Urdu novel Saghar based on Saghar Siddiqui's life
Phytochemicals are chemical compounds produced by plants to help them thrive or thwart competitors, predators, or pathogens. The name comes from Greek φυτόν, meaning'plant'; some phytochemicals have been used as others as traditional medicine. As a term, phytochemicals is used to describe plant compounds that are under research with unestablished effects on health and are not scientifically defined as essential nutrients. Regulatory agencies governing food labeling in Europe and the United States have provided guidance for industry limiting or preventing health claims about phytochemicals on food product or nutrition labels. Phytochemicals are chemicals of plant origin. Phytochemicals are chemicals produced by plants through secondary metabolism, they have biological activity in the plant host and play a role in plant growth or defense against competitors, pathogens, or predators. Phytochemicals are regarded as research compounds rather than essential nutrients because proof of their possible health effects has not been established yet.
Phytochemicals under research can be classified into major categories, such as carotenoids and polyphenols, which include phenolic acids and stilbenes/lignans. Flavonoids can be further divided into groups based on their similar chemical structure, such as anthocyanins, flavones and isoflavones, flavanols. Flavanols further are classified as catechins and proanthocyanidins. Phytochemists study phytochemicals by first extracting and isolating compounds from the origin plant, followed by defining their structure or testing in laboratory model systems, such as cell cultures, in vitro experiments, or in vivo studies using laboratory animals. Challenges in that field include isolating specific compounds and determining their structures, which are complex, identifying what specific phytochemical is responsible for any given biological activity. Without specific knowledge of their cellular actions or mechanisms, phytochemicals have been used as poison and in traditional medicine. For example, having anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties, was extracted from the bark of the white willow tree and synthetically produced to become the common, over-the-counter drug, aspirin.
The tropane alkaloids of A. belladonna were used as poisons, early humans made poisonous arrows from the plant. In Ancient Rome, it was used as a poison by Agrippina the Younger, wife of Emperor Claudius on advice of Locusta, a lady specialized in poisons, Livia, rumored to have used it to kill her husband Emperor Augustus; the English yew tree was long known to be and toxic to animals that grazed on its leaves or children who ate its berries. As of 2017, the biological activities for most phytochemicals are unknown or poorly understood, in isolation or as part of foods. Phytochemicals with established roles in the body are classified as essential nutrients; the phytochemical category includes compounds recognized as essential nutrients, which are contained in plants and are required for normal physiological functions, so must be obtained from the diet in humans. Some phytochemicals are known phytotoxins; some phytochemicals are antinutrients. Others, such as some polyphenols and flavonoids, may be pro-oxidants in high ingested amounts.
Non-digestible dietary fibers from plant foods considered as a phytochemical, are now regarded as a nutrient group having approved health claims for reducing the risk of some types of cancer and coronary heart disease. Eating a diet high in fruits, grains and plant-based beverages has long-term health benefits, but there is no evidence that taking dietary supplements of non-nutrient phytochemicals extracted from plants benefits health. Phytochemical supplements are neither recommended by health authorities for improving health nor approved by regulatory agencies for health claims on product labels. While health authorities encourage consumers to eat diets rich in fruit, whole grains and nuts to improve and maintain health, evidence that such effects result from specific, non-nutrient phytochemicals is limited or absent. For example, systematic reviews and/or meta-analyses indicate weak or no evidence for phytochemicals from plant food consumption having an effect on breast, lung, or bladder cancers.
Further, in the United States, regulations exist to limit the language on product labels for how plant food consumption may affect cancers, excluding mention of any phytochemical except for those with established health benefits against cancer, such as dietary fiber, vitamin A, vitamin C. Phytochemicals, such as polyphenols, have been discouraged from food labeling in Europe and the United States because there is no evidence for a cause-and-effect relationship between dietary polyphenols and inhibition or prevention of any disease. Among carotenoids such as the tomato phytochemical, the US Food and Drug Administration found insufficient evidence for its effects on any of several cancer types, resulting in limited language for how products containing lycopene can be described on labels. Phytochemicals in freshly harvested plant foods may be degraded by processing techniques, including cooking; the main cause of phytochemical loss from cooking is thermal decomposition. A converse exists in the case of carotenoids, such as lycopene present in tomatoes, which may remain stable or increase in content from co