click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Spectres (album)

Spectres is the fifth studio album by U. S. hard-rock band Blue Öyster Cult, released in October 1977. The album, which features one of the band's biggest hits, concert staple "Godzilla," was certified gold in January 1978; the cover art features Blue Öyster Cult's use of lasers in their live show at that time. A remastered version was released on February 13, 2007, which included four unreleased outtakes from the Spectres sessions as bonus tracks. Stoner/desert rock band Fu Manchu released a cover of "Godzilla" on their 1997 EP of the same name, on Eatin' Dust. Skid Row frontman Sebastian Bach released a cover of "Godzilla" on his 1998 live album Bring'Em Bach Alive! Thunderpuss 2000 has remixed "Godzilla" in several different ways, including a Radio Mix, an Extended Mix, an Atomic Funky Dub and a Thunderpuss 2000 Club Mix A cover of "Godzilla" was featured in Guitar Hero; the master track is featured in Guitar Hero: Smash Hits and as downloadable content for the Rock Band series. Akira Yamaoka, featuring vocals by Mary Elizabeth McGlynn, covered "Godzilla" for the closing credits of Julia X 3D, released in 2011.

American jam band moe. has covered "Godzilla" in concert numerous times. Welsh singer Bonnie Tyler covered "Goin' Through the Motions" on her 1983 album Faster Than the Speed of Night. Blue Öyster CultEric Bloom – stun guitar, vocals Donald "Buck Dharma" Roeser – lead guitar, vocals Allen Lanierkeyboards, rhythm guitar, vocals Joe Bouchardbass, vocals Albert Boucharddrums, percussion, vocalsAdditional musiciansNewark Boys Chorus – vocals on "Golden Age of Leather"ProductionMurray Krugman, Sandy Pearlman, David Lucas – producers Shelly Yakus – engineer, mixing John Jansen, Corky Stasiak, Thom Panunzio, Andy Abrams – engineers Gray Russell, Dave Thoener, Jay Krugman, Rod O’Brien, Sam Ginsberg – assistant engineers Joe Brescio – mastering Roni Hoffman – design Eric Meola – photos David Infante – laser effects and photo assistance

The Sims 3: Showtime

The Sims 3: Showtime is the sixth expansion pack for The Sims 3 on OS X and Windows. It was released on March 2012. A limited collector's edition includes exclusive in-game content such as a stage and two costumes along with a poster based on American singer Katy Perry. SimPort allows players to send Star performers on tour to perform special shows in their friends' towns if you have internet connection and friends who play the game, they can invite your friends to send their Sims to perform for you and customize the stage in venues with special themed backgrounds, props and special effects. Players can throw objects at performers – ranging from flowers to lettuce. Choosing not to use SimPort will not change gameplay with any interactions that do not require SimPort. A player can unlock backgrounds and costumes for their Sim if they choose to use SimPort. Sims who visit a player's town via SimPort will default to the traits and objects that they have locally in their game. Players can message other players.

Note, there are 3 versions: the regular, the Limited Edition, the Katy Perry edition. These versions do not have much difference other than special venues and clothing. Starlight Shores is a new world, included in Showtime, it is loosely based on a Californian-type urban area. It has a coffee house and show venues in which Sims can perform. There is a beach with houses along the coastline. SimFests are held in Starlight Shores; these allow singers and magicians to compete in front of an audience. Players will be able to set up their own stage when their magicians and singers perform at a venue; the set up stage option appears up to 2 hours prior to a live show and will prompt buy mode's "Props" section. Players will have a variety of items to choose from and are be able to choose a "Previously Saved" prop default, or create a brand new one. There is the option to use the venue's pre set prop stage. Props serve as home furniture as well. Lighting effects, flames and other effects are available as props.

When a sim has finished performing, they will get reviews on their performances. Sims can have anywhere from awesome to terrible shows. Moodlets reflect their performances. Rise to Stardom—Venture into a new world and live the dream as a singer, magician, or DJ. Watch your Sims rise to fame—or go down in flames as they perform for other Sims; the expansion pack includes pool tables, karaoke machines, DJ booths, new guitars, microphones, speaker systems, pull up bars, jukeboxes, an electro-dance sphere, domino table, skeeball game, photo booth, a golf driving range, portable MP3 players and new lighting. As with all previous expansion packs, Showtime hairstyles. Includes new stage props and statues to use on your stages. A special Katy Perry edition entitled The Sims 3 Showtime: Katy Perry Collector's Edition included Katy Perry themed objects, hair styles, venue based on her concept for her album Teenage Dream; the Collector's Edition includes a downloadable venue, plus a Katy Perry themed hairstyle, exclusive poster, 2 fruit costumes, 3 fruit-themed stage props that include banana and watermelon statues.

Abigail Holden of Lazygamer.net gave it 8.5 praising its new additions and careers but criticizing the game for some bugs. Official website

Willershausen (Herleshausen)

Willershausen is a village and castle in the Gemeinde of Herleshausen in Werra-Meißner-Kreis, Hesse. In 1383, the Treusch von Buttlar were lords of adjacent areas. At the end of the 13th Century, the residential tower and the defensive tower of the present castle were built; the Treusch von Buttlar were the owners until the 1757. The castle came to the von Kutzleben family and the Schwebheim branch of the von Bibra family in 1757; the estate was divided between the two families on 27 September 1817. Ernst von Bibra sold their portion in 1850 to Landgrave Carl August of Hesse. From 1889 to 1992 the Landgraves of Hesse were owner of the property. Today, a golf course is maintained; the church in Willershausen is worth seeing. The relationship to Friedrich Schiller and the history of his play The Robbers is interesting: family ambiguities in the family of Treusch von Buttlar at Willershausen, around 1730/40, served as an inspiration and background to his drama. Http://www.gut-willershausen.de WILHELM FRHR.

VON BIBRA, Beiträge zur Familien Geschichte der Reichsfreiherrn von Bibra, Dritter Band, 1888.

Zdeněk Fierlinger

Zdeněk Fierlinger was a Czech diplomat and politician. He served as the Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia from 1944 to 1946, first in the London-based exiled government and in liberated Czechoslovakia, his name is associated with the merger of his Social Democratic Party with the Czechoslovak Communist Party after the communist coup in 1948. He was the uncle of the famous animator for numerous PBS cartoons. Zdeněk Fierlinger came from an upper-class family, he graduated from business school in 1910 and worked as a sales representative in Russia. During World War I he joined the Czechoslovak Legion. For his bravery on battlefield Fierlinger was four times awarded by Order of St. George. Among other fights, he participated in the Battle of Zborov. After the war, Fierlinger joined the diplomatic service, he was successively ambassador to the Netherlands, the United States and Austria. During this period he was a close friend and collaborator of Edvard Beneš. In 1924 he joined the Czech Social Democratic Party.

Between 1937 and 1945 Fierlinger held the post of envoy to the USSR. During his period in Moscow Fierlinger was close to the leadership of the Czechoslovak Communist Party led by Klement Gottwald; this is evident, for example, when in 1943 when the Communists in conjunction with Fierlinger facilitated the signing of the Soviet-Czech peace treaty in Moscow on 12 December 1943 by Joseph Stalin and Edvard Beneš. Just before the end of World War II in April 1945 Fierlinger became the exile chairman of the Czechoslovak government and remained such until the 1946 elections, he became a leading figure in the "left-wing" social democracy movement which sought the closest possible ties with the Czechoslovak Communist Party. Between 1946 and 1948 Fierlinger was chairman of the Czech Social Democratic Party. After the communist coup in February 1948, Fierlinger acted as the chief proponent of the "unification" of the Social Democrats and the Communists. Through the unification of the party, he became a member of the Central Committee of the Czechoslovak Communist Party in 1948.

According to American journalist John Gunther, Fierlinger was subsequently nicknamed "Dr. Quislinger."Zdeněk Fierlinger subsequently served as Deputy Prime Minister from 1948 to 1953, Minister of the State Office for religious affairs from 1951 to 1953, Chairman of the National Assembly from 15 October 1953 to 23 June 1964 and Minister in charge of the State. He remained a member of the Central Committee until 1966. In 1968, among other things, one of his last public acts was to lead a delegation in protest outside the Soviet Embassy

X-ray tube

An X-ray tube is a vacuum tube that converts electrical input power into X-rays. The availability of this controllable source of X-rays created the field of radiography, the imaging of opaque objects with penetrating radiation. In contrast to other sources of ionizing radiation, X-rays are only produced as long as the X-ray tube is energized. X-ray tubes are used in CT scanners, airport luggage scanners, X-ray crystallography and structure analysis, for industrial inspection. Increasing demand for high-performance Computed tomography scanning and angiography systems has driven development of high performance medical X-ray tubes. X-ray tubes evolved from experimental Crookes tubes with which X-rays were first discovered on November 8, 1895, by the German physicist Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen; these first generation cold cathode or Crookes X-ray tubes were used until the 1920s. The Crookes tube was improved by William Coolidge in 1913; the Coolidge tube called hot cathode tube, is the most used. It works with a good quality vacuum.

Until the late 1980s, X-ray generators were high-voltage, AC to DC variable power supplies. In the late 1980s a different method of control was emerging, called high speed switching; this followed the electronics technology of switching power supplies, allowed for more accurate control of the X-ray unit, higher quality results, reduced X-ray exposures. As with any vacuum tube, there is a cathode, which emits electrons into the vacuum and an anode to collect the electrons, thus establishing a flow of electrical current, known as the beam, through the tube. A high voltage power source, for example 30 to 150 kilovolts, called the tube voltage, is connected across cathode and anode to accelerate the electrons; the X-ray spectrum depends on the accelerating voltage. Electrons from the cathode collide with the anode material tungsten, molybdenum or copper, accelerate other electrons and nuclei within the anode material. About 1% of the energy generated is emitted/radiated perpendicular to the path of the electron beam, as X-rays.

The rest of the energy is released as heat. Over time, tungsten will be deposited from the target onto the interior surface of the tube, including the glass surface; this will darken the tube and was thought to degrade the quality of the X-ray beam. Vaporized tungsten condenses on the inside of the envelope over the "window" and thus acts as an additional filter and decreases the tubes ability to radiate heat; the tungsten deposit may become sufficiently conductive that at high enough voltages, arcing occurs. The arc will jump from the cathode to the tungsten deposit, to the anode; this arcing causes. As time goes on, the tube becomes unstable at lower voltages, must be replaced. At this point, the tube assembly is removed from the X-ray system, replaced with a new tube assembly; the old tube assembly is shipped to a company. The X-ray photon-generating effect is called the bremsstrahlung effect, a contraction of the German bremsen meaning to brake, Strahlung meaning radiation; the range of photonic energies emitted by the system can be adjusted by changing the applied voltage, installing aluminum filters of varying thicknesses.

Aluminum filters are installed in the path of the X-ray beam to remove "soft" radiation. The number of emitted X-ray photons, or dose, are adjusted by controlling the current flow and exposure time. Heat is produced in the focal spot of the anode. Since a small fraction of electron energy is converted to X-rays, it can be ignored in heat calculations; the quantity of heat produced in the focal spot is given by: E h e a t = w V p I t w being the waveform factor V p = peak AC voltage I = tube current t = exposure time Heat Unit was used in the past as an alternative to Joule. It is a convenient unit. With a full-wave rectification of a sine wave, w = 1 2 ≈ 0.707, thus the heat unit: 1 HU = 0.707 J 1.4 HU = 1 J Crookes tubes generated the electrons needed to create X-rays by ionization of the residual air in the tube, instead of a heated filament, so they were but not evacuated. They consisted of a glass bulb with around 10−6 to 5×10−8 atmospheric pressure of air. An aluminum cathode plate at one end of the tube, a platinum anode target.

The anode surface was angled. The cathode was concave so that the electrons were focused on a small spot on the anode, approximating a point source of X-rays, which resulted in sharper images; the tube had an anticathode connected to the anode. It improved the X-ray output. A more common arrangement used a copper plate anticathode in line with the anode such that the anode was betwee

Thomas Kirk (botanist)

Thomas Kirk was an English-born botanist, public servant and churchman who moved to New Zealand with his wife and four children in late 1862. The New Zealand government commissioned him in 1884 to compile a report on the indigenous forests of the country and appointed him as chief conservator of forests the following year, he published 130 papers in botany and plants including The Durability of New Zealand Timbers, The Forest Flora of New Zealand and Students' Flora of New Zealand. Thomas was the son of a Coventry nurseryman, George Kirk, Sarah West, a florist; as a consequence of his parents' involvement in nursery work, he displayed a keen interest in botany, worked at a timber mill in Coventry. In 1850 he married Sarah Jane Mattocks. Poor health and financial problems led to his emigrating to Auckland, arriving with his family on 9 February 1863. Soon after his arrival Kirk started on a collection of botanical specimens, he prepared a set of ferns and other plants for the New Zealand Exhibition, held in Dunedin in January 1865.

In the following year he worked as surveyor, in 1868 became a meteorological observer in Auckland. In the same year he was appointed secretary of the Auckland Institute and took on the position of museum curator, an office he filled for the next five years. Kirk took part in a number of botanical expeditions and publishing reports on the results; these included Great Barrier and Little Barrier Islands in 1867, the east coast of Northland in 1868, the Thames goldfields in 1869, the Waikato district in 1870, Rotorua and Taupo in 1872. Between 1869 and 1873 he found time to serve as secretary and treasurer of the Auckland Acclimatisation Society, teaching botany at the Auckland College and Grammar School and became an elected fellow of the Linnean Society of London in 1871. In early 1874 he moved to Wellington and until 1880 lectured there in natural sciences at Wellington College, affiliated to the University of New Zealand. Kirk proved enjoying the respect of staff and students. In 1874 he became a member of the Wellington Philosophical Society, serving as president in 1878 and 1879.

He was appointed lecturer in natural science at Lincoln School of Agriculture, in Canterbury in 1881, stayed until 1882, returning in 1883 and 1884. During this period he botanised in Banks Peninsula, Lake Wakatipu and Stewart Island; the New Zealand government commissioned him in 1884 to compile a report on the indigenous forests of the country and appointed him as chief conservator of forests the following year. Although not trained as a forester, he was in favour of sound forest conservation, he founded the forest and agriculture branch of the Crown Lands Department, implemented regulations to curb the misuse of forests, was instrumental in setting aside some 800 000 acres as forest reserves by 1888. Kirk was recalled in 1889 from retrenchment to work on the Forest flora of New Zealand, but died in the midst of this great work. At the time it was hoped that the work could be published under the supervision of his son, H. B. Kirk. Retrenchment did not dampen Kirk's botanical enthusiasm, he explored The Snares, Auckland Island, Campbell Island and Antipodes Islands and Stewart Island in 1890, in years the headwaters of the Turakina and Rangitikei Rivers.

Kirk died in straitened circumstances and was buried in an unmarked grave in Karori Cemetery in Wellington. He was survived by his wife and five of his nine children, his daughter Cybele Ethel Kirk worked with unmarried and abandoned women whist another daughter Lily May Atkinson, was a well-known suffragette and temperance campaigner. Despite appeals, his widow was denied any compassionate grant from the Government. Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker wrote of Kirk's death: “This is a great loss to Botany, for indeed except the late Baron von Mueller there was no other cultivator of Botany in the Southern Hemisphere who could compare with him and I have been looking for years for the Forest Flora of New Zealand by him as to a work of great scientific importance". Kirk wrote some 130 papers on botany and plants, published in British journals. In 1875 his report on The Durability of New Zealand Timbers appeared The Forest Flora of New Zealand in 1889, followed by Students' Flora of New Zealand, published after his death in 1898.

The Forest Flora of New Zealand was described by printer and journalist Robert Coupland Harding as: From the Government Printer we have received a copy of one of the most interesting as well as the most valuable works yet issued by the Government of this colony—the Forest Flora of New Zealand. The book is foolscap folio, like all Mr Didsbury's productions, is well and printed. All our varied forest trees and shrubs are minutely illustrated; the plates number one hundred and forty-two, are chiefly executed by the draftsmen of the Survey Department. Most of them are signed by Mr Hugh Boscawen, reflect great credit on his skill as a botanical artist. We notice other names of the survey staff, as well as those of Mr A. Hamilton of Napier, Mr D. Blair; the work is written and compiled by Mr T. Kirk, f.l.s. and is creditable to the author. The contents might have been more systematically arranged, as we find allied species separated, altogether alien forms coming in between; the illustrations as a rule are excellent, but being by different hands exhibit a want of uniformity.

Some are shaded. In an appendix the plants are systematically classified, to have followed this arrang