Road speed limits are used in most countries to set the legal maximum or minimum speed at which road vehicles may travel on a given stretch of road. Speed limits are indicated on a traffic sign reflecting the maximum or minimum permitted expressed as kilometres per hour and/or miles per hour. Speed limits are set by the legislative bodies of national or provincial governments and enforced by national or regional police and judicial authorities. Speed limits may be variable, or in some places unlimited, such as on most of the Autobahn in Germany; the first numeric speed limit for automobiles was the 10 mph limit introduced in the United Kingdom in 1861. The highest posted speed limit in the world is 160 km/h, which applies to two motorways in the UAE. Although speed limit and safety distance are poorly enforced in this country on the Abu Dhabi to Dubai motorway resulting in dangerous traffic according to a French government travel advisory, while "drivers drive at high speeds. Unsafe driving practices are common on inter-city highways.
On highways, unmarked speed bumps and drifting sand create additional hazards" according to an American government travel advisory. There are several reasons to regulate speed on roads, it is done in an attempt to improve road traffic safety and reduce the number of casualties from traffic collisions. In the "World report on road traffic injury prevention", the World Health Organization identified speed control as one of a number of steps that can be taken to reduce road casualties; this followed a report in which the WHO estimated that some 1.2 million people were killed and 50 million injured on the roads around the world in 2004. Speed limits may be set to reduce the environmental impact of road traffic and as a political response to local community concerns for the safety of pedestrians. For example, a draft proposal from Germany's National Platform on the Future of Mobility task force recommended a blanket 130 km/h speed limit across the Autobahn to curb fuel consumption and carbon emissions.
Some cities have reduced limits to as little as 30 km/h for both efficiency reasons. However, some research indicates that changes in the speed limit may not always alter average vehicle speed. In western cultures, speed limits predate the use of motorized vehicles. In 1652, the American colony of New Amsterdam passed a law stating, "No wagons, carts or sleighs shall be run, rode or driven at a gallop." The punishment for breaking the law was "two pounds Flemish," the equivalent of US $50 in 2019. The 1832 Stage Carriage Act introduced the offense of endangering the safety of a passenger or person by "furious driving" in the United Kingdom. A series of Locomotive Acts created the first numeric speed limits for mechanically propelled vehicles in the UK; the Locomotives on Highways Act 1896, which raised the speed limit to 14 mph is celebrated by the annual London to Brighton Veteran Car Run. On 28 January 1896, the first person to be convicted of speeding is believed to be Walter Arnold of East Peckham, Kent, UK, fined 1 shilling plus costs for speeding at 8 mph.
In 1901, Connecticut was the first state in the United States to impose a numerical speed limit for motor vehicles, setting the maximum legal speed to 12 mph in cities and 15 mph on rural roads. Speed limits propagated across the United States. In 1903, in the UK, the national speed limit was raised to 20 mph. In 1934, a new limit of 30 mph was imposed in urban centers, in July 1967, a 70 mph national speed limit was introduced. In Australia, during the early 20th century, there were people reported for "furious driving" offenses. One conviction in 1905 cited a vehicle furiously driving 20 mph when passing a tram traveling at half that speed. In May 1934, the Nazi-era "Road Traffic Act" imposed the first nationwide speed limit in Germany. In the 1960s, in continental Europe, some speed limits were established based on the V85 speed. In 1974, Australian speed limits underwent metrication: the urban speed limit of 35 mph was converted to 60 km/h. In 2010, Sweden defined the Vision Zero program. Most jurisdictions use the metric speed unit of kilometers per hour, while others, such as the United States and the United Kingdom, use speed limits given in miles per hour.
Although there have been discussions about a switch to using metric units in countries' other systems, there are no proposals to change these laws. In countries bound by the Vienna Conventions on Road Traffic, Article 13 defines a basic rule for speed and distance between vehicles: Every driver of a vehicle shall in all circumstances have his vehicle under control to be able to exercise due and proper care and to be at all times in a position to perform all manœuvres required of him, he shall, when adjusting the speed of his vehicle, pay constant regard to the circumstances, in particular the lie of the land, the state of the road, the condition and load of his vehicle, the weather conditions and the density of traffic, so as to be able to stop his
Saltillo is a town in Brown Township, Washington County, in the U. S. state of Indiana. The population was 92 at the 2010 census. Saltillo was laid out and platted in 1849, it was named in commemoration of Saltillo, the location of a battle in the Mexican–American War. A post office was established at Saltillo in 1854, remained in operation until it was discontinued in 1957. Saltillo is located at 38°39′51″N 86°17′23″W. According to the 2010 census, Saltillo has a total area of 1.152 square miles, of which 1.15 square miles is land and 0.002 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 92 people, 42 households, 29 families living in the town; the population density was 80.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 50 housing units at an average density of 43.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 1.1 % from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population. There were 42 households of which 19.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, 31.0% were non-families.
28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.66. The median age in the town was 48.3 years. 15.2% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the town was 50.0 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 107 people, 47 households, 33 families living in the town; the population density was 92.0 people per square mile. There were 56 housing units at an average density of 48.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 100.00% White. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.93% of the population. There were 47 households out of which 25.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.0% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.7% were non-families. 25.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.74.
In the town, the population was spread out with 19.6% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, 22.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.0 males. The median income for a household in the town was $22,500, the median income for a family was $51,250. Males had a median income of $38,125 versus $21,042 for females; the per capita income for the town was $16,253. There were 9.1% of families and 12.1% of the population living below the poverty line, including 16.7% of under eighteens and 20.8% of those over 64
Three Day Road is the first novel from Canadian writer Joseph Boyden. Joseph’s maternal grandfather, as well as an uncle on his father’s side, served as soldiers during the First World War, Boyden draws upon a wealth of family narratives; this novel follows the journey of two young Cree men and Elijah, who volunteer for that war and become snipers during the conflict. The book was critically well received. Set in 1919, following the end of World War I, the novel takes place in the wilderness of Northern Ontario and on the battlefields of France and Belgium. Niska, an Oji-Cree medicine woman, is the remnant of her native relatives who refused to assimilate in the 19th century, she rejected European beliefs and culture and continues to thrive in the bush in a manner befitting her and her traditions. Niska's voice is one of two narratives. After getting word that her closest thing to living family, Elijah, is coming back from the war, she paddles the three-day journey to meet him in town, she finds, that it is not Elijah but her nephew Xavier who has returned from battle.
In an attempt to heal her only relative, sucked dry of his soul and has hardened with nightmares from the war and turned hollow by morphine, she begins to recount the stories of her past. She believes that this will revive Xavier and the Three Day Road will not be one to his demise. Xavier attempts to stumble over his story for his aunt and unearths ghosts of his bullet-riddled past; the novel was inspired in part by real-life aboriginal World War I heroes Francis Pegahmagabow and John Shiwak. In addition it seems relevant that Boyden's father Raymond Wilfrid Boyden was a medical officer renowned for his bravery, awarded the Distinguished Service Order and was the most decorated medical officer of World War II; as Xavier, one of the protagonists reflects in the novel, the number three is relevant not only to Native culture but Europeans alike. It would appear to Xavier. There is the front line, the support line, the reserve line, for example. There is the infantry, the cavalry, the artillery. In moments off battle, there is food rest women.
In church, the Father and Holy Ghost. There is superstition about lighting three cigarettes with one match. Xavier remembers though, about what his aunt Niska told him about those ready for death having to walk the Three Day Road. In the novel, we accompany Xavier on. Among other ideas the book explores the cultural gulf between European settlers in Canada and the native peoples. Nominee for the 2005 Governor General's Awards. Winner of the McNally Robinson Aboriginal Book of the Year Award. Winner of the Rogers Writers' Trust Fiction Prize for 2005. Selected for inclusion in Canada Reads 2006, where it was championed by filmmaker Nelofer Pazira. Winner, 2006 Amazon/Books in Canada First Novel Award http://www.quillandquire.com/reviews/review.cfm?review_id=4321 http://www.penguin.ca/nf/Book/BookDisplay/0,9780670063628,00.html http://www.goodreports.net/reviews/threedayroad.htm Minnesota Public Radio: Joseph Boyden reading from Three Day Road Joseph Boyden's Three Day Road wins 1st aboriginal book of the year award McNally Robinson Aboriginal Book of the Year
WGCL-TV, virtual channel 46, is a CBS-affiliated television station licensed to Atlanta, United States. The station is owned by the Meredith Local Media subsidiary of Des Moines, Iowa-based Meredith Corporation, as part of a duopoly with independent station WPCH-TV; the two stations share studios on 14th Street Northwest in Atlanta's Atlantic Station district. On cable, the station is available in standard definition on Comcast Xfinity channel 9 and Charter Spectrum channel 4, in high definition on Xfinity channel 809 and Spectrum channel 704. WGCL-TV is the third-largest CBS-affiliated station by market size, not owned and operated by the network. Channel 46 first went on the air on June 6, 1971 as WHAE-TV owned by the Continental Broadcasting Network arm of evangelist Pat Robertson's Christian Broadcasting Network; the station broadcast for six hours each day, offered a low-budget lineup consisting of one to two hours of general entertainment programs, mixed with religious programming. In 1972, the station expanded to an eight-hour-a-day schedule, with an additional two hours of entertainment shows daily programs that higher-rated stations and Ted Turner's WTCG passed on.
By 1976, the station had expanded to a 20-hour daily schedule, airing secular syndicated shows and religious programming. In the fall of 1977, the station changed its call letters to WANX-TV. While it began offering more secular programming around this time, its programming policies were more conservative than the other two major Atlanta independents, WTCG/WTBS and WATL; because of Robertson's beliefs, it did not air any programming that would offend the sensibilities of its fundamentalist and Pentecostal audiences. This policy would guide programming choices for CBN during the 1980s and 1990s. Chicago-based Tribune Broadcasting acquired Channel 46 in late 1983, after which its call letters were changed once again on March 15, 1984, this time to WGNX. Airings of The 700 Club on the station were reduced to once per day, before the show was dropped altogether—until channel 46 acquired the local rights to the program again in 2007. Under Tribune ownership, the new WGNX upgraded its programming, picking up more racier programs than those allowed to air on the station under CBN ownership.
The station formed a news department on January 16, 1989, airing a 10 p.m. newscast on weeknights, alongside the Tribune-distributed syndicated newscast Independent Network News. On November 2, 1993, the Warner Bros. Television division of Time Warner and the Tribune Company announced the formation of The WB Television Network. Among those stations was WGNX, slated to join The WB upon that network's launch in January 1995. Concurring with The WB's planned launch, Chris-Craft Industries and its programming partner in the venture, Paramount/Viacom, had announced plans to launch the United Paramount Network; that network's choice for its Atlanta affiliate was less clear as WTBS was automatically not an option as UPN's programming would have encountered scheduling conflicts with its sports programming as well as because of its national superstation status, while WATL was aligned with the Fox network and independent station WVEU had the weakest signal and viewership among Atlanta's full-power television stations.
The station's plans to join The WB were altered on May 23, 1994, when New World Communications signed a long-term agreement to affiliate its nine CBS-, ABC- or NBC-affiliated television stations with Fox, which sought to strengthen its affiliate portfolio after the National Football League accepted the network's $1.58 billion bid for the television rights to the National Football Conference – a four-year contract that began with the 1994 NFL season – on December 18, 1993. Fox parent News Corporation acquired a 20% equity interest in New World. At the time, Fox's owned-and-operated and affiliate stations were UHF outlets that had limited to no prior history as major network affiliates, among them its existing Atlanta outlet WATL. One of the stations involved in the agreement was Atlanta's WAGA-TV, affiliated with CBS since it signed on in March 1949, it was slated to switch to Fox along with four of its existing CBS-affiliated sister stations — WITI-TV in Milwaukee, WJBK-TV in Detroit, WJW-TV in Cleveland and WTVT in Tampa — and four additional stations — CBS affiliate KSAZ-TV in Phoenix, ABC affiliates WBRC-TV in Birmingham and WGHP in Greensboro–Winston-Salem–High Point, North Carolina, NBC affiliate WDAF-TV in Kansas City — that were part of New World's concurrent $360-million acquisition of Great Amer
Daniel Seagrave is a British artist, who created many record covers for death metal bands in the early 1990s. He lives in Toronto, Canada, he grew up near Nottingham. Seagrave's works are highly detailed. Seagrave is a self-taught painter, he works on mural designs and sells his art as posters. Becoming the Archetype - Terminate Damnation Becoming the Archetype - Celestial Completion Becoming the Archetype - I Am Benediction - Transcend the Rubicon Carnage - Dark Recollections Conspiracy - Reincarnated Conspiracy - Concordat Decrepit Birth -... And Time Begins Decrepit Birth - Diminishing Between Worlds Decrepit Birth - Polarity Demon Hunter - The Triptych Demon Hunter - The World Is a Thorn The Devil Wears Prada - With Roots Above and Branches Below The Devil Wears Prada - Dead Throne Dismember - Like an Ever Flowing Stream Dismember - Where Ironcrosses Grow Dismember - The God That Never Was Edge of Sanity - The Spectral Sorrows Entombed - Left Hand Path Entombed - Clandestine Evocation - Tales from the Tomb Funebrarum - Dormant Hallucination Gorguts - Considered Dead Gorguts - The Erosion of Sanity Hypocrisy - Penetralia Landmine Marathon - Sovereign Descent Lawnmower Deth / Metal Duck - Mower Liberation Front / Quack'Em All Lawnmower Deth - Oh Crickey, It's Lawnmower Deth - The Return of the Fabulous Metal Bozo Clowns Malevolent Creation - The Ten Commandments Malevolent Creation - Retribution Malevolent Creation - Stillborn Monstrosity - Imperial Doom Morbid Angel - Altars of Madness Morbid Angel - Gateways to Annihilation Nocturnus - The Key Pestilence - Testimony of the Ancients Pestilence - Spheres Pestilence - Mind Reflections Rivers of Nihil - The Conscious Seed of Light Rivers of Nihil - Monarchy Rivers of Nihil - Where Owls Know My Name Seance - Fornever Laid to Rest Suffocation - Effigy of the Forgotten Suffocation - Breeding the Spawn Suffocation - Souls to Deny Vader - The Ultimate Incantation Various Artists - At Death's Door Various Artists - Death is just the Beginning II Various Artists - Masters of Misery: An Earache Tribute to Black Sabbath The Vision Bleak - The Unknown Warbringer - Waking into Nightmares Warbringer - Worlds Torn Asunder Xibalba - Hasta La Muerte source: Official website
Secunda Commando was a light infantry regiment of the South African Army. It formed part of the South African Army Infantry Formation as well as the South African Territorial Reserve. During this era the unit was involved in area force protection and cordones as well as stock theft control assistance to the local police; the unit resorted under the command of Group 12. This unit, along with all other Commando units was disbanded after a decision by South African President Thabo Mbeki to disband all Commando Units; the Commando system was phased out between 2003 and 2008 "because of the role it played in the apartheid era", according to the Minister of Safety and Security Charles Nqakula. South African Commando System