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Spelljammer is a campaign setting for the Advanced Dungeons & Dragons role-playing game, which features a fantastic outer space environment. Spelljammer introduced into the AD&D universe a comprehensive system of fantasy astrophysics, including the Ptolemaic concept of crystal spheres. Crystal spheres may contain multiple worlds and are navigable using ships equipped with "spelljamming helms". Ships powered by spelljamming helms are capable of flying into space. With their own fields of gravity and atmosphere, the ships have open decks and tend not to resemble the spaceships of science fiction, but instead look more like galleons, birds, fish or more wildly fantastic shapes; the Spelljammer setting is designed to allow the usual sword and sorcery adventures of Dungeons & Dragons to take place within the framework of outer space tropes. Flying ships travel through the vast expanses of interplanetary space, visiting moons and planets and other stellar objects. Like the Planescape setting, Spelljammer unifies most of the other AD&D settings and provides a canonical method for allowing characters from one setting to travel to another.

However, unlike Planescape it keeps all of the action on the Prime Material Plane and uses the crystal spheres, the "phlogiston" between them, to form natural barriers between otherwise incompatible settings. Though the cosmology is derived from the Ptolemaic system of astronomy, many of the ideas owe much to the works of Jules Verne and his contemporaries, to related games and fiction with a steampunk or planetary romance flavor. A strong Age of Sail flavor is present. Spelljamming helms are the central setting concept which allow interplanetary and interstellar space travel for vessels which would otherwise not be spaceworthy, in the form of a helm. Any spellcaster may sit on a spelljammer helm to move the ship; the mysterious race known as the Arcane is the sole manufacturer and distributor of spelljamming helms. Within the Dungeons & Dragons universe, they are a method of converting magical energy into motive power. All bodies of a sufficiently large size have gravity; this gravity exerts a force equal to the standard gravitational attraction on the surface of an Earth-sized planetary body.

Gravity in the Spelljammer universe is an exceptionally convenient force, always works such that "down" orients itself in a manner most humanoids would find sensible. All bodies of any size carry with them an envelope of air whenever they leave the surface of a planet or other stellar object. Unlike real-world astrophysics, this air envelope is not dispersed by the vacuum of space; these bubbles of air provide breathable atmosphere for varying lengths of time, but 3 months is considered "standard". A crystal sphere is a gigantic spherical shell; each sphere varies in size but they are twice the diameter of the orbit of the planet, farthest from the sun or planet at the center of the sphere. The surface of the sphere is called the "sphere wall" and separates the void of "wildspace" from the "phlogiston"; the sphere wall has no gravity and appears to be impossible to damage by any normal or magical means. Openings in the sphere wall called "portals" allow spelljamming ships or wildspace creatures to pass through and enter or exit from a crystal sphere.

Portals can spontaneously close anywhere on the sphere wall. Magical spells can allow a portal to be located. Other magic can collapse an existing one. Ships or creatures passing through a portal when it closes may be cut in two. Note that unlike the Ptolemaic system, the crystal spheres are not nested within each other. Wildspace is similar to the outer space of science fiction, with planets and stars, but with different physics. Gravity is either none or the same as that of Earth, is directed towards the center of planet-sized bodies; the phlogiston is a big ocean of a unique element, neither air, water, or earth. The phlogiston is a bright combustible gas-like medium that exists between the Crystal Spheres. A signature property of the substance is that it does not exist within the boundaries of a crystal sphere, to the degree that it cannot be brought into a crystal sphere by any known means up to and including the direct will of deities; every crystal sphere floats in the phlogiston slowly bobbing up and down over time.

Travel between Crystal Spheres is facilitated by the formation of "Flow rivers" — sections of the phlogiston which have a current and reduce travel time. Travel through the "slow flow" is possible, but dangerous; the Spelljammer is a legendary ship which looks like a gigantic manta ray, houses an entire city on its back. All spacefarers have heard of the Spelljammer but few have seen it themselves, it is this ship that gives its name to "spelljamming", "spelljamming helms" and anything else connected with spelljamming. The ship has been reported to have been seen in countless spheres for as long; some groundlings have legends about it. There are hundreds of conflicting l

Kentucky State Treasurer

The Kentucky State Treasurer is elected every four years along with the governor and other statewide officials. The treasurer, who can serve two terms, acts; the salary is $110,000 a year. The current treasurer, Allison Ball of Prestonsburg, Kentucky, is the first Republican elected to the post since 1944, she succeeded the term-limited Democrat Todd Hollenbach of Louisville, who instead became the 30th District Court judge. The treasurer's duties include: Act as head of the treasury KRS 041.020 Create and manage the state's depository KRS 041-070 Make record of all monies due and payable to the state KRS 041-100 Process warrants from the Finance and Administration Cabinet KRS 041-150 Make payments on behalf of the state KRS 041-160 Make an annual report KRS 041-340 Kentucky State Treasurer website

Romanos Kourkouas

Romanos Kourkouas was a Byzantine aristocrat and senior military leader of the mid-10th century. Romanos was a scion of the Kourkouas family, a clan of Armenian origin that had established itself as one of the chief families among the Anatolian military aristocracy by the early 10th century, he was the son, along with his sister Euphrosyne, the only known child of the great general John Kourkouas, who held the post of Domestic of the Schools for 22 years and led the Byzantine armies against the Muslim border emirates in the period 926–944. As an infant, he was saved from a heavy fever by the intervention of the Virgin Mary, at the Church of Pege, as a result he served in the church as a depotatos until his coming of age. Like most male members of his family, Romanos pursued a military career, about which little is known; the Byzantine historians Theophanes Continuatus and John Skylitzes mention that he held command in the East against the Muslims, conquered many fortresses, was named patrikios and governed several themes.

On the basis of sigillographic evidence, he may have served as governor of the theme of Mesopotamia, a post, held by his uncle Theophilos Kourkouas and his nephew John Tzimiskes. By the time of the death of Emperor Romanos II in 963, he was a magistros and stratelates of the East; the emperor's death caused a power vacuum, in which the Domestic of the Schools, Nikephoros Phokas, vied with the powerful chief minister Joseph Bringas for the governance of the state. Bringas attempted to gain the support of Romanos and Tzimiskes against Phokas, promising them the Domesticates of the West and East respectively. Instead of turning against Phokas, the two informed Phokas of the offer and led the troops to acclaim him emperor instead; as a reward, it appears that Phokas appointed him to the office promised by Bringas, as a seal belonging to "Romanos and Domestic of the Schools" and dating to Phokas' reign has been found. Romans had one known son named John, who became a senior general and fell in the Siege of Dorostolon in 971 against the Rus'.

Andriollo, Lisa. "Les Kourkouas". In Cheynet, Jean-Claude. Studies in Byzantine Sigillography. 11. Berlin: De Gruyter. Pp. 57–88. ISBN 978-3-11-026668-9. Guilland, Rodolphe. Recherches sur les institutions byzantines, Tome II. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag. Kazhdan, Alexander. "Kourkouas". In Kazhdan, Alexander; the Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. Pp. 1156–1157. ISBN 0-19-504652-8. Whittow, Mark; the Making of Byzantium, 600–1025. Berkeley and Los Angeles, California: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-20496-4


AdForum Maydream Inc. is a company founded in 1999 to provide information on the advertising industry to marketers, industry professionals and the trade press. By liaising with industry awards shows and advertising agencies, it has built up a database of Advertising Agency profiles and advertisements. According to information on the site, it offers access to profiles of over 20,000 agencies as well as a searchable library of more than 90,000 different ads from 110 countries around the world. An article on the website of the French newspaper Le Figaro in 2010 cited 20,000 agencies and 100,000 campaigns. AdForum was founded by Hervé de Clerck, a French former adman who held posts including Managing Director International of Havas Intermediation, Vice President of DMB&B Inc, CEO of DMB&B France and COO of Lesieur. In 2001, de Clerck used AdForum as a springboard for launching ACT Responsible, an association that aims to recognise excellence in cause-related advertising. Apart from its website, its main platform is an annual exhibition and awards ceremony at the Cannes Lions International Festival of Creativity.

In June 2009, Kofi Annan, former Secretary General of the United Nations, President of the Global Humanitarian Forum, David Jones, Global CEO of Havas Worldwide and co-founder of One Young World, joined a debate on climate change hosted by ACT Responsible and AdForum founder Hervé de Clerck at the 56th Cannes International Advertising Festival. In 2000, AdForum unveiled a searchable library of advertising creative work, it was described by US trade magazine Adweek as "a brainstorming tool for creative people, a new-business generator for ad agencies and a scouting mechanism for brand managers." offers services such as a job board and a weekly "best ads" newsletter. Membership is free and members are entitled to receive the newsletter as well as news alerts relating to their specific areas of interest, such as agencies, brands or industry awards. However, access to the creative library requires a paid subscription; the site offers a number of packages, for example US$49 for one month, $299 for one year and $1799 a year for up to ten users.

AdForum earns income from paid advertising on its site. Since 2005, AdForum has held regular summits in cities such as Paris, New York and Shanghai; as noted by the French advertising trade journal Stratégies, the invitation-only event is designed to bring agency search consultants together with agency CEOs. At its worldwide summit in New York at the end of 2011, AdForum helped create a Code of Conduct for agency search consultants, who match advertisers with agencies. According to a report by themediaonline, consultants organised their code of conduct around seven key principles that they will follow during the agency selection process: excellence, responsibility, absence of conflict of interest and confidentiality. Official website ACT Responsible

Sean Roberge

Sean Brené Roberge was a Canadian actor with a long list of credits in Canadian and American television. He was born in Toronto, Ontario on November 1, 1972, his parents were Brenda. He began his career as a young Canadian actor, his career was guesting roles, although he played Joe Casper in the second season of T. and T. and Roger Taft for three years in the syndicated Tarzan series. He appeared in such TV and films as John Carpenter's In the Mouth of Madness, Maniac Mansion, Danger Bay, The Campbells, Street Legal, My Secret Identity, Neon Rider, Forever Knight, Tek War, Straight Line, Going to War, Road to Avonlea and Dog and Lena: My 100 Children, he provided numerous voices for children's cartoons including Garbage Pail Kids, Hello Kitty's Furry Tale Theater, Beverly Hills Teens, The New Archies, WildC. A. T. S; the Care Bears, Sylvanian Families and Babar. At the 6th Annual Gemini Awards, his portrayal of Ralph in C. B. C.'s Magic Hour episode "The Prom" earned him a nomination for Best Actor in a Dramatic Program or Miniseries.

He was killed in a car accident on July 29, 1996 at the age of 23. He played electric guitar with the bands Willy Phosphorus, Days of Raunch. Among the talented people he admired were actors Christopher Walken and Eric Roberts, musicians Jimi Hendrix and Eric Clapton, his hobbies included driving. Sean Roberge on IMDb Tarzan on IMDb Sean Roberge at Find a Grave


Slimbridge is a village near Dursley in Gloucestershire, England. It is best known as the home of the Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust's Slimbridge Reserve, started by Sir Peter Scott; the Gloucester and Sharpness Canal runs through the village, under Patch Bridge which must be crossed to reach the Wildfowl Trust. Damage to the decking of Patch Bridge in October 2007 resulted in a temporary repair being made using steel plates; this had the effect of unbalancing the bridge, which warped and jammed on 23 October 2007. The swing bridge was replaced in early 2009. Nearby there is pub; the name of the bridge is echoed by the locals abandoning the "Tudor Arms" name and referring to the pub as "The Patch." On the canal towpath, next the bridge, is the Slimbridge Boat Station, a cafe, general store and boating resource centre. The village church of St John the Evangelist dates from the early 13th century and is a grade I listed building. Slimbridge is home to one primary school that takes pupils from Slimbridge and the surrounding village of Cambridge, Gloucestershire.

The school is small consisting of only 4 classes and around 100 pupils. There is a recreational field in Slimbridge that the Playing Field Committee raised money through the aid of National Lottery funding to build a brand new pavilion; the 2,480-acre Slimbridge Estate is owned by the Ernest Cook Trust based on an original purchase in 1945 by Ernest Cook of 1,109 acres in the parishes of Slimbridge and Gossington out of the sale of outlying portions of the Berkeley Castle Estate. The Berkeley Estate had for years been a famous sporting estate although the last Earl of Berkeley, who died young, was more interested in the sciences. Ernest Cook extended the estate further by purchasing Breadstone Farm and Wanswell Court from the Berkeley family; the village's football club, Slimbridge Football Club play in the Southern Football League South & West Division as well as competing in the FA Cup and FA Trophy. "The Swans" or "The Bridge" play their home matches at their ground located in Wisloe Road, just across the A38 from Slimbridge village.

In the Summer of 2016, the club's Wisloe Road Ground was renamed'Thornhill Park' in memory of former Chairman Evi Thornhill, who donated the field that the club has built on in his will when he died in 1960. The village has a cricket club which operates in the Stroud District Cricket League. Slimbridge Local History Society holds regular meetings featuring presentations of local history and maintains on line archives for members' use. Details of events and membership can be found on the Society web site Slimbridge is twinned with the 14 communes of the former canton of Saint-Georges-du-Vièvre, the most populated of, Lieurey. "Slimbridge Parish Council". "Slimbridge AFC". "The Slimbridge Estate and the Ernest Cook Trust". Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. "Slimbridge Local History Society"