Spencer Tracy

Spencer Bonaventure Tracy was an American actor, noted for his natural performing style and versatility. One of the major stars of Hollywood's Golden Age, Tracy won two Academy Awards for Best Actor from nine nominations, sharing the record for nominations in the category with Laurence Olivier. Tracy first discovered his talent for acting while attending Ripon College, he received a scholarship for the American Academy of Dramatic Arts, he spent seven years in the theatre, working in a succession of stock companies and intermittently on Broadway. Tracy's breakthrough came in 1930, when his lead performance in The Last Mile caught the attention of Hollywood. After a successful film debut in John Ford's Up the River starring Tracy and Humphrey Bogart, he was signed to a contract with Fox Film Corporation, his five years with Fox featured one acting tour de force after another that were ignored at the box office, he remained unknown to audiences after 25 films all of them starring Tracy as the leading man.

None of them were hits although The Power and the Glory features arguably his most acclaimed performance in retrospect. In 1935, Tracy joined Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, at the time Hollywood's most prestigious studio, his career flourished with a series of hit films, in 1937 and 1938 he won consecutive Oscars for Captains Courageous and Boys Town. He made three smash hit films supporting Clark Gable, the studio's principal leading man fixing the notion of Gable and Tracy as a team in the public imagination. By the 1940s, Tracy was one of the studio's top stars. In 1942, he appeared with Katharine Hepburn in Woman of the Year, beginning another popular partnership that produced nine movies over 25 years. Tracy left MGM in 1955, continued to work as a freelance star, despite an increasing weariness as he aged, his personal life was troubled, with a lifelong struggle against severe alcoholism and guilt over his son's deafness. Tracy became estranged from his wife in the 1930s, but never divorced, conducting a long-term relationship with Katharine Hepburn in private.

Towards the end of his life, Tracy worked exclusively for director Stanley Kramer. It was for Kramer that he made his last film, Guess Who's Coming to Dinner in 1967, completed just 17 days before his death. During his career, Tracy appeared in 75 films and developed a reputation among his peers as one of the screen's greatest actors. In 1999, the American Film Institute ranked Tracy as the 9th greatest male star of Classic Hollywood Cinema. Tracy was born on April 1900, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, he was John Edward Tracy, a truck salesman. His mother was a Presbyterian from a wealthy Midwestern family, his father was of Irish Catholic background, his one brother, was four years older. Spencer was a hyperactive child with poor school attendance. Raised as a Catholic, at nine years old he was placed in the care of Dominican nuns in the hope of transforming his behavior. In life he remarked, "I never would have gone back to school if there had been any other way of learning to read the subtitles in the movies."

He became fascinated with motion pictures, watching the same ones and re-enacting scenes to his friends and neighbors. Tracy attended several Jesuit academies in his teenage years, which he claimed took the "badness" out of him and helped him improve his grades. At Marquette Academy he and lifelong friend, actor Pat O'Brien, began attending plays together, awakening Tracy's interest in the theatre. With little care for his studies and "itching for a chance to go and see some excitement", Tracy and O'Brien enlisted in the United States Navy together, when Tracy turned 18, they were sent to the Naval Training Station in North Chicago, where they were still students when World War I came to an end. Tracy achieved the rank of seaman second class, but never went to sea, was discharged in February 1919. John Tracy's desire to see one of his sons gain a college degree drove Tracy back to high school to finish his diploma. Studies at two more institutions, plus the additional allowance of "war credits", won Tracy a place at Ripon College.

He entered Ripon in February 1921. Tracy was a popular student at Ripon, where he served as president of his hall and was involved in a number of college activities, he made his stage debut in June 1921. Tracy was well received in this role and he developed a passion for the stage, he formed an acting company with friends, which they took on tour. As a member of the college debate team, Tracy excelled in public speaking, it was during a tour with his debate team that Tracy auditioned for the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in New York City. He was offered a scholarship to attend the school after performing a scene from one of his earlier roles. Tracy left Ripon, began classes at AADA in April 1922. Pat O'Brien was enrolled there and the two shared a small studio apartment. Money was scarce and they subsisted on meals of rice and pretzels and shared one decent suit between them. Tracy was deemed fit to progress to the senior class, allowing him to join the academy stock company. Tracy made his New York debut in October 1922, in a play called The Wedding Guests.

He made his debut Broadway appearance three months playing a wordless robot in R. U. R, he graduated from AADA in March, 1923. Following graduation, Tracy joined a new stock company based in White Plains, New York where he was given peripheral roles. Unhappy there, he failed to make an impact. In November 1


Debenham Thouard Zadelhoff, known as DTZ, was a European joint venture originated from UK, France and the Netherlands, operating as a commercial real estate services firm. On September 1, 2015, Cushman & Wakefield and DTZ merged; the firm now has a new visual identity and logo. The new Cushman & Wakefield is majority owned by an investor group led by TPG, PAG, OTPP. 1784 DTZ founding predecessor firm, Chesshire Gibson, established in Birmingham, UK.1853 Beginnings in London with second predecessor Debenham and Tewson.1987 Listed on the London stock exchange as Debenham, Tewson & Chinnocks.1993 A European joint venture and creation on a new entity with Jean Thouard of France, the Zadelhoff Group in Germany and the Netherlands, creates the DTZ brand.1999 The DTZ brand extends into Asia with partners CY Leung & Co and Edmund Tie & Co in Singapore. DTZ’s French subsidiary acquired a majority shareholding in DTZ Asset Management, France.2004 - 2008 DTZ opened of offices in India and Bahrain and its continued expansion into China.

These years saw global growth across India, the Middle East, the United Kingdom and the US.2011 In December 2011, the parent company DTZ Holdings was placed into administration and its business entities were sold to UGL in order to repay GB£77.5m of an outstanding GB£106m debt owed to Royal Bank of Scotland and its shareholders equity was wiped out after a deal with its majority shareholder Saint George Participations and BNP Paribas Real Estate fell through. The company was worth GB£500m around 2006; the company was in financial difficulty after a spending spree prior to financial crisis buying Rockwood in the US and retail agent Donaldsons. Australia engineering firm UGL Limited acquires the trading operations of DTZ and combines its property services firms: Singapore facilities management firm UGL-Premas, US corporate real estate firm UGL-Equis, Americas facilities services firm UGL-Unicco, New Zealand and Middle East facilities management and real estate companies UGL Services.2012 UGL’s property services companies were integrated and rebranded to DTZ.

Moves global headquarters from London to US.2014 UGL sold DTZ to a private equity consortium comprising TPG Capital, PAG Asia Capital and Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan. On December 31, 2014, the TPG Consortium purchases US commercial real estate firm Cassidy Turley, adding 4,000 employees and 900 brokers; the new DTZ now has more than 28,000 employees in more than 260 offices in 50 countries.2015 On May 11, 2015, DTZ announced the purchase of Cushman and Wakefield. When the deal closes, the expected combined employee count will be 43,000. On September 1, 2015, DTZ merged with Wakefield. Cushman & Wakefield is among the largest commercial real estate services firms with revenue of $5 billion; the firm operates in more than 60 countries and has 43,000+ employees


Dalswinton is a small village in the historical county of Dumfriesshire in Dumfries and Galloway in the south of Scotland. It is located about 6 miles north-west of Dumfries. To the east of the village a wind farm has been built with a capacity of 30MW. Patrick Miller the entrepreneur built Dalswinton House and more or less what you still see now: the stable block situated below the main house and the walled garden, it was this for which he is most renowned, as it was on here that the first steamboat in Britain made its maiden voyage. The name Dalswinton contains the Old English place-name swīn-tūn'pig farm', to which Gaelic dál'haugh or water meadow' has been added. An exceptionally large beech tree was situated at the front of the nearby corrugated iron constructed Church of Scotland Dalswinton Barony church, with the Giant Polypore bracket fungus growing from its roots; the tree was felled in early 2014. Video footage of Dalswinton Loch Video footage of the first steam powered vessel