Jay & the Techniques

Jay & the Techniques was an American pop group formed in Allentown, Pennsylvania during the mid-1960s. Their song "Apples, Pumpkin Pie", released in 1967 on the Smash label, reached the Top 10 on the R&B chart; the band was best known for its Top 10 debut single, "Apples, Pumpkin Pie", released in 1967 and reached No. 6 in the Billboard Hot 100 chart. The track was arranged by Joe Renzetti, written by Maurice Irby, Jr, it sold over one million copies, was awarded a gold disc. Although this song served as the band's primary hit, the group captured various chart positions with "Keep the Ball Rollin'" and "Strawberry Shortcake". "Keep the Ball Rollin'" notched up sales in excess of a million copies, to secure a second gold disc for this group. However, its position on the 1960s pop charts declined after "Baby Make Your Own Sweet Music" was released, they made their final effort with the R&B hit, "Number Onderful", but after that, the group disbanded. "Apples, Pumpkin Pie" and "Baby Make Your Own Sweet Music" were both released in the UK by Mercury Records and, whilst neither song charted in the UK, in the early 1970s both songs became dance favourites of the British Northern Soul music scene.

In 1996, Mercury Records released a compilation album of the band's hits entitled The Best of Jay & The Techniques. Jay Proctor: Lead vocalist and primary founder of the group George "Lucky" Lloyd: Second vocalist Dante Dancho: Lead guitar Chuck Crowl: Bass guitar Karl Landis: Drums Ronnie Goosley: Saxophone Jon Walsh: Trumpet Nick Ashford, Valerie Simpson and Melba Moore served as backing vocalists; the band was multiracial and George Lloyd being the only African-Americans in the group. List of Mercury Records artists Jay Proctor interview

Cyprien Ntaryamira

Cyprien Ntaryamira was the Hutu President of Burundi from 5 February 1994 until his death two months when the aircraft he was travelling in, together with Rwandan president Juvénal Habyarimana, was shot down near Kigali, Rwanda. Ntaryamira was born in the Mageyo zone's commune of Mubimbi, Bujumbura Rural Province, in what was the Belgian-administered United Nations Trust Territory of Ruanda-Urundi, he entered school in Bujumbura, but after an abortive Hutu rebellion in 1972, he and thousands of other ethnic Hutus fled the country. Ntaryamira received a degree in agriculture from the National University of Rwanda in Butare in 1982. During this time, he became politically active in socialist movements, he returned to his native country in 1983 to work as an agricultural official. He was a political prisoner of the regime of Colonel Jean-Baptiste Bagaza in 1985. In August 1986, he became a founding member and economic policy director of the Hutu-dominated Front for Democracy in Burundi party, his party gained power after Burundi's first democratic elections in 1993, ending a long history of rule by the Tutsi minority and the Union for National Progress.

The new president, Melchior Ndadaye, appointed Ntaryamira Minister of Agriculture. In October 1993, however and his two top officials were assassinated, sparking parliamentary deadlock and civil war. Ntaryamira was selected as president on 5 February 1994 as a compromise: He was Hutu but considered a moderate in Ndadaye's tradition; the respite was brief, as the plane carrying Ntaryamira and Rwandan president Juvénal Habyarimana, a fellow Hutu, was shot down on April 6, 1994, by unidentified men while landing at the Rwandan capital of Kigali, killing both. The deaths set off the Rwandan genocide. Two days on 8 April, power was passed to Ntaryamira's longtime associate, Sylvestre Ntibantunganya, the president of the National Assembly. À la Mémoire de Cyprien Ntaryamira