A synthesizer or synthesiser is an electronic musical instrument that generates audio signals that may be converted to sound. Synthesizers may imitate traditional musical instruments such as piano, vocals, or natural sounds such as ocean waves, they are played with a musical keyboard, but they can be controlled via a variety of other devices, including music sequencers, instrument controllers, guitar synthesizers, wind controllers, electronic drums. Synthesizers without built-in controllers are called sound modules, are controlled via USB, MIDI or CV/gate using a controller device a MIDI keyboard or other controller. Synthesizers use various methods to generate electronic signals. Among the most popular waveform synthesis techniques are subtractive synthesis, additive synthesis, wavetable synthesis, frequency modulation synthesis, phase distortion synthesis, physical modeling synthesis and sample-based synthesis. Synthesizers were first used in pop music in the 1960s. In the late 1970s, synths were used in progressive rock and disco.
In the 1980s, the invention of the inexpensive Yamaha DX7 synth made digital synthesizers available. 1980s pop and dance music made heavy use of synthesizers. In the 2010s, synthesizers are used in many genres, such as pop, hip hop, metal and dance. Contemporary classical music composers from the 20th and 21st century write compositions for synthesizer; the beginnings of the synthesizer are difficult to trace, as it is difficult to draw a distinction between synthesizers and some early electric or electronic musical instruments. One of the earliest electric musical instruments, the Musical Telegraph, was invented in 1876 by American electrical engineer Elisha Gray, he accidentally discovered the sound generation from a self-vibrating electromechanical circuit, invented a basic single-note oscillator. This instrument used steel reeds with oscillations created by electromagnets transmitted over a telegraph line. Gray built a simple loudspeaker device into models, consisting of a vibrating diaphragm in a magnetic field, to make the oscillator audible.
This instrument was a remote electromechanical musical instrument that used telegraphy and electric buzzers that generated fixed timbre sound. Though it lacked an arbitrary sound-synthesis function, some have erroneously called it the first synthesizer. In 1897 Thaddeus Cahill was granted his first patent for an electronic musical instrument, which by 1901 he had developed into the Telharmonium capable of additive synthesis. Cahill's business was unsuccessful for various reasons, but similar and more compact instruments were subsequently developed, such as electronic and tonewheel organs including the Hammond organ, invented in 1935. In 1906, American engineer Lee de Forest invented the first amplifying vacuum tube, the Audion whose amplification of weak audio signals contributed to advances in sound recording and film, the invention of early electronic musical instruments including the theremin, the ondes martenot, the trautonium. Most of these early instruments used heterodyne circuits to produce audio frequencies, were limited in their synthesis capabilities.
The ondes martenot and trautonium were continuously developed for several decades developing qualities similar to synthesizers. In the 1920s, Arseny Avraamov developed various systems of graphic sonic art, similar graphical sound and tonewheel systems were developed around the world. In 1938, USSR engineer Yevgeny Murzin designed a compositional tool called ANS, one of the earliest real-time additive synthesizers using optoelectronics. Although his idea of reconstructing a sound from its visible image was simple, the instrument was not realized until 20 years in 1958, as Murzin was, "an engineer who worked in areas unrelated to music". In the 1930s and 1940s, the basic elements required for the modern analog subtractive synthesizers — electronic oscillators, audio filters, envelope controllers, various effects units — had appeared and were utilized in several electronic instruments; the earliest polyphonic synthesizers were developed in the United States. The Warbo Formant Orgel developed by Harald Bode in Germany in 1937, was a four-voice key-assignment keyboard with two formant filters and a dynamic envelope controller.
The Hammond Novachord released in 1939, was an electronic keyboard that used twelve sets of top-octave oscillators with octave dividers to generate sound, with vibrato, a resonator filter bank and a dynamic envelope controller. During the three years that Hammond manufactured this model, 1,069 units were shipped, but production was discontinued at the start of World War II. Both instruments were the forerunners of the electronic organs and polyphonic synthesizers. In the 1940s and 1950s, before the popularization of electronic organs and the introductions of combo organs, manufacturers developed various portable monophonic electronic instruments with small keyboards; these small instruments consisted of an electronic oscillator, vibrato effect, passive filters. Most were designed for conventional ensembles, rather than as experimental instruments for electronic music studios, but contributed to the evolution of modern synthesizers; these instruments include the Solovox, Multimonica and Clavioline.
In the late 1940s, Canadian inventor and composer, Hugh Le Caine invented the Electronic Sackbut, a voltage-controlled electronic musical instrument that provided the earliest real-time control of three aspects of sound —corresponding to today's touch-sensitive keyboard and modulation controllers. The controllers were impl
Mr. Magoo, sometimes given his first name Quincy, is a fictional cartoon character created at the UPA animation studio in 1949. Voiced by Jim Backus, Mr. Magoo is a wealthy, short-statured retiree who gets into a series of comical situations as a result of his extreme near-sightedness, compounded by his stubborn refusal to admit the problem. However, through uncanny streaks of luck, the situation always seems to work itself out for him, leaving him no worse than before. Affected people tend to think that he is a lunatic, rather than just being nearsighted. In cartoons, he is an actor, a competent one, except for his visual impairment. Magoo episodes were nominated for the Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film four times, received the award twice, for When Magoo Flew and Magoo's Puddle Jumper. In 2002, TV Guide ranked Mr. Magoo number 29 on its "50 Greatest Cartoon Characters of All Time" list. Mr. Magoo's first appearance was in the theatrical short cartoon The Ragtime Bear, scripted by Millard Kaufman.
His creation was a collaborative effort. Fields was another source of inspiration. In a legend circulating among medievalists, Harvard University professor Francis P. Magoun is said to have been the model for the character. However, there is no evidence. Columbia did so, only because it included a bear. However, audiences realized that the real star was Magoo, one of the few "human" cartoon characters produced in Hollywood at the time; the short became a box-office success. Cartoon creators try to find a name that would match the character. For the simple fact that he squinted all the time, the best they could come up with was Quincy for a first name; the Magoo character was conceived as a mean-spirited McCarthy-like reactionary whose mumbling would include as much outrageous misanthropic ranting as the animators could get away with. Kaufman had been blacklisted, Magoo was a form of protest. Hubley was an ex-communist who had participated in the Disney animators' strike in 1941. Both he and Kaufman had participated in the blacklist front and due to the risk of coming under more scrutiny with a successful character, who had created Magoo, handed the series over to creative director Pete Burness.
However, it was Production Manager Sherm Glas. Under Burness, Magoo would win two Academy Awards for the studio with When Magoo Flew and Magoo's Puddle Jumper. Burness scrubbed Magoo of his politicized meanness and left only a few strange unempathic comments that made him appear senile or somewhat mad. Magoo was accompanied in his on-screen escapades with his nephew Waldo, voiced at various times by Jerry Hausner or Daws Butler. On talk shows, Backus told the tale of how he discovered Magoo's voice when he put on a fake rubber nose that pinched his nose giving it the nasal sound, he was only able to perform the voice with the help of the rubber nose for some time, but learned how to re-create it without its assistance. He would pull out the nose and put it on and break into the familiar voice. In 1957, the record album Magoo in Hi-Fi was released. Side 1 consisted of a dialog between Magoo and Waldo taking place while Magoo was attempting to set up his new sound system. Music on the album was conducted by Dennis Farnon and his orchestra.
Side 2, "The Mother Magoo Suite", was a series of musical pieces which included two solos by Marni Nixon. In 1959, Mr. Magoo starred in 1001 Arabian Nights, directed by Jack Kinney, UPA's first feature-length production. In 1997, the live-action comedy film Mr. Magoo was produced by Walt Disney Pictures on December 25, 1997 and starred Leslie Nielsen as the title character; the film received negative reviews from criticsIn 2010, a direct-to-video action-comedy film based on the character, Kung Fu Magoo, was released on DVD on May 11, 2010. It features the voices of Jim Conroy, Chris Parnell and Cole Sprouse, Alyson Stoner; the film is a Mexican–American co-production, produced by Classic Media, Ánima Estudios, Santo Domingo Films. The film was directed by Andrés Couturier, his most recent appearance was in DreamWorks Animation's The Boss Baby, where he appears on the cover of a comic book. In the 1960s, UPA turned its attention to television, began producing the series Mister Magoo for the character.
Because UPA had shut down its animation studio in 1959, the animation for these cartoons was done by Jack Kinney Productions and Larry Harmon Pictures. The cartoons suffered from varying character designs and choppier animation, due to rushed production schedules. Magoo's nephew Waldo was seen with his uncle, now appearing in his own episodes, introduced by a brief phone conversation from Magoo's point of view, which acted as a teaser; the Waldo episodes featured a slick-talking con man named Presley, always ended with a return to Magoo saying, "Oh, that Waldo and Presley. What'll they be up to next? Hee hee hee!" Magoo's houseboy Cholly took up a lot of Waldo's slack. Cholly was an Asian stereotype with comically fractured English pronunciation. Despite his stereotyped appearance and voice, he nonetheless plays straight man to Magoo's shenanigans, rather than being a source of humor on his own, he is the "sane" one of the pair. His resourcefulness saves Magoo from danger
Mister Magoo's Christmas Carol
Mister Magoo's Christmas Carol is a 1962 animated musical holiday television special produced by UPA. It is an adaptation of A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens, featuring UPA's character Mr. Magoo as Ebenezer Scrooge; the special first aired on December 18, 1962 on NBC. Jim Backus provides the voice of Magoo, with additional voices provided by Paul Frees, Morey Amsterdam, Joan Gardner, Jack Cassidy; the special is directed by Abe Levitow and features songs composed by Jule Styne, with lyrics by Bob Merrill. It is the first animated holiday program produced by two years. Mr. Magoo is heading to a theater on Broadway, where he is starring as Ebenezer Scrooge in a musical production based on A Christmas Carol. Due to Magoo's nearsightedness, he arrives thirty minutes late and accidentally injures the director. Scrooge is a miserly money lender in Victorian London on Christmas Eve, counting money while his clerk Bob Cratchit is underpaid and has no coal for his fire. After rudely refusing two men who ask him for a donation to charity, Scrooge reluctantly allows Cratchit to take the holiday off.
Scrooge goes home and gets ready for bed, but is visited by the ghost of his business partner Jacob Marley, dead for seven years. Marley is bound in heavy chains due to his misdeeds in life, warns Scrooge that he risks the same fate unless he heeds the advice of three spirits who will visit him over the course of the night; the Ghost of Christmas Present visits Scrooge and takes him to observe Cratchit and his family, who are counting their blessings despite their poor situation. The Ghost warns Scrooge that Cratchit's young son Tiny Tim, sickly, will not survive until next Christmas if things do not change; the Ghost of Christmas Past visits Scrooge next and takes him back to his boyhood, where Scrooge was a lonely schoolboy. The Ghost shows him Belle, a woman he had a relationship with before she left him due to his desire for money. Scrooge encounters the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come and is shown a vision of the future, where an unloved man has died. Scrooge sees his belongings being sold to the local rag-and-bone man.
Scrooge discovers that Tiny Tim has died. The Ghost takes Scrooge to a cemetery and shows him his own grave, revealing that this deceased man is him. Scrooge realizes in anguish that he has spent his life poorly, repents. Scrooge awakens on Christmas morning with a renewed purpose, he meets the two men from the previous day and makes a generous donation anonymously sends Cratchit a Christmas turkey. He visits Cratchit to give him a raise in pay and help nurse Tiny Tim back to health, shares Christmas together with them; the musical concludes and the audience applauds. Magoo nearsightedly thinks he is bringing the director out on stage, but he is bringing him backstage as the stage's props fall on him. Magoo proudly exclaims, "Ah, you've done it again, by George, I've brought down the house!" and wishes both his audience and the television audience a merry Christmas. Jim Backus as Mr. Magoo/Ebenezer Scrooge Marie Matthews as young Ebenezer Scrooge Morey Amsterdam as Brady, James Jack Cassidy as Bob Cratchit, Dick Wilkins Royal Dano as Jacob Marley Paul Frees as Charity Man, Old Joe, the Undertaker, Stage Director Joan Gardner as Tiny Tim, Ghost of Christmas Past John Hart as Billings, Stage Manager, Milkman Jane Kean as Belle Laura Olsher as Mrs. Cratchit Les Tremayne as Ghost of Christmas Present "It's Great to Be Back on Broadway" "It's Great to Be Back on Broadway" "Ringle, Ringle" "The Lord's Bright Blessing" "Alone in the World" "Winter Was Warm" "We're Despicable" "Alone in the World" "Ringle, Ringle" "The Lord's Bright Blessing" "Winter Was Warm" Mister Magoo's Christmas Carol was produced by UPA in its last days as an animation studio, following its acquisition by Henry G. Saperstein.
UPA produced a television series titled The Famous Adventures of Mr. Magoo, in which Magoo portrayed other literary characters; the series ended soon. The film presents the visits of the ghosts in a different order than the book, with Present arriving before Past; the character models were from the UPA repertory: Tiny Tim resembled Gerald McBoing-Boing, while the thieving butler was Worcestershire, butler of Magoo's wealthy uncle Tycoon Magoo in the Mr. Magoo TV series; the special was rerun on NBC throughout the Christmas season until 1969. NBC aired the special again in 2012, with scenes depicting Magoo in the framing device cut in order to make room for commercials; the CW subsequently acquired the broadcast rights to the special. Distribution rights to the special are held by NBCUniversal Television Distribution following parent company Comcast's acquisition of DreamWorks Classics known as ClassicMedia, it has been released on DVD by DreamWorks and Sony Wonder. Clips from the special were seen on television monitors in Scrooged.
Animal Collective's debut album Spirit They're Gone, Spirit They've Vanished is named for one of Scrooge's lines in the special. The special was parodied as "Mr. McGrew's Christmas Carol" in The Simpsons episode "'Tis the Fifteenth Season". List of American films of 1962 List of A Christmas Carol adaptations List of ghost films List of animated feature films Mister Magoo's Christmas Carol on Internet M
Rolling Stone is an American monthly magazine that focuses on popular culture. It was founded in San Francisco, California in 1967 by Jann Wenner, still the magazine's publisher, the music critic Ralph J. Gleason, it was first known for political reporting by Hunter S. Thompson. In the 1990s, the magazine shifted focus to a younger readership interested in youth-oriented television shows, film actors, popular music. In recent years, it has resumed its traditional mix of content. Rolling Stone Press is the magazine's associated book publishing imprint. Straight Arrow Press was the magazine's associated book publishing imprint, Straight Arrow Publishing Co. Inc. was the publishing company that published Rolling Stone. Rolling Stone magazine was founded in San Francisco in 1967 by Ralph Gleason. To get it off the ground, Wenner borrowed $7,500 from his own family and from the parents of his soon-to-be wife, Jane Schindelheim; the first issue carried a cover date of November 9, 1967, was in newspaper format with a lead article on the Monterey Pop Festival.
The cover price was 25¢. In the first issue, Wenner explained that the title of the magazine referred to the 1950 blues song "Rollin' Stone", recorded by Muddy Waters, Bob Dylan's hit single "Like a Rolling Stone": You're wondering what we're trying to do. It's hard to say: sort of a sort of a newspaper; the name of it is Rolling Stone which comes from an old saying, "A rolling stone gathers no moss." Muddy Waters used the name for a song. The Rolling Stones took their name from Muddy's song. "Like a Rolling Stone" was the title of Bob Dylan's first rock and roll record. We have begun a new publication reflecting what we see are the changes in rock and roll and the changes related to rock and roll."—Jann Wenner, Rolling Stone, November 9, 1967, p. 2 Some authors have attributed the name to Dylan's hit single: "At Gleason's suggestion, Wenner named his magazine after a Bob Dylan song." Rolling Stone identified with and reported the hippie counterculture of the era. However, it distanced itself from the underground newspapers of the time, such as Berkeley Barb, embracing more traditional journalistic standards and avoiding the radical politics of the underground press.
In the first edition, Wenner wrote that Rolling Stone "is not just about the music, but about the things and attitudes that music embraces". In the 1970s, Rolling Stone began to make a mark with its political coverage, with the likes of gonzo journalist Hunter S. Thompson writing for the magazine's political section. Thompson first published his most famous work Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas within the pages of Rolling Stone, where he remained a contributing editor until his death in 2005. In the 1970s, the magazine helped launch the careers of many prominent authors, including Cameron Crowe, Lester Bangs, Joe Klein, Joe Eszterhas, Ben Fong-Torres, Patti Smith and P. J. O'Rourke, it was at this point that the magazine ran some of its most famous stories, including that of the Patty Hearst abduction odyssey. One interviewer, speaking for a large number of his peers, said that he bought his first copy of the magazine upon initial arrival on his college campus, describing it as a "rite of passage".
In 1977, the magazine moved its headquarters from San Francisco to New York City. Editor Jann Wenner said San Francisco had become "a cultural backwater". During the 1980s, the magazine began to shift towards being a general "entertainment" magazine. Music was still a dominant topic, but there was increasing coverage of celebrities in television and the pop culture of the day; the magazine initiated its annual "Hot Issue" during this time. Rolling Stone was known for its musical coverage and for Thompson's political reporting. In the 1990s, the magazine changed its format to appeal to a younger readership interested in youth-oriented television shows, film actors and popular music; this led to criticism. In recent years, the magazine has resumed its traditional mix of content, including in-depth political stories, it has expanded content to include coverage of financial and banking issues. As a result, the magazine has seen its circulation increase and its reporters invited as experts to network television programs of note.
The printed format has gone through several changes. The first publications, in 1967–72, were in folded tabloid newspaper format, with no staples, black ink text, a single color highlight that changed each edition. From 1973 onwards, editions were produced on a four-color press with a different newsprint paper size. In 1979, the bar code appeared. In 1980, it became a large format magazine; as of edition of October 30, 2008, Rolling Stone has had a smaller, standard-format magazine size. After years of declining readership, the magazine experienced a major resurgence of interest and relevance with the work of two young journalists in the late 2000s, Michael Hastings and Matt Taibbi. In 2005, Dana Leslie Fields, former publisher of Rolling Stone, who had worked at the magazine for 17 years, was an inaugural inductee into the Magazine Hall of Fame. In 2009, Taibbi unleashed an acclaimed series of scathing reports on the financial meltdown of the time, he famously described Goldman Sachs as "a great vampire squid".
Bigger headlines came at the end of June 2010. Rolling Stone caused a controversy in the White House by publishing in the July issue an article by journalist Michael Hastings entitled, "The Runaway General", quoting criticism by General Stanley A. McChrystal, commander of the International Security Assistance Force and U. S. Forces-Afghanistan commander, about Vice President Joe Biden and oth
Panda Bear (album)
Panda Bear is the self-titled debut solo album by the Baltimore musician Noah Lennox who became a founding member of Animal Collective. The album was the first use of the Panda Bear moniker which he continued to use while performing with group, it was released on June 1999 shortly before his 21st birthday on the label Soccer Star Records. The label was formed by himself and fellow future Animal Collective member and childhood friend Deakin and was founded only to release this album; however the label morphed into Animal and the existing label Paw Tracks. This album marks the first Animal Collective related release, apart from the EP, "Paddington Band", a recording by the Animal Collective precursor, Automine which featured all other members of the future group except for Lennox himself; the exact number of compact discs produced is unknown, but can be assumed to be small because the label had no distribution network at the time. It was paid out of pocket by Lennox and Dibb themselves; the aforementioned factors as well as lack of awareness and interest led to the album becoming out of print.
Lennox commented on the possibility of a reissue in 2004. Lennox became interested in electronic music and other forms of experimental music as a teenager. Feeling inspired, he began recording compositions of his own to tape under the name "Panda Bear", he chose the name because he began drawing pictures of pandas, on the tapes. These recordings became the structure of the eventual album. Lennox commented on his approach to making the record in 2004. "Inside a Great Stadium and a Running Race" "Mich mit einer Mond" "On the Farm" "Ohne Titel" "Fire!" "O Please Bring Her Back" "Ain't Got No Troubles" "Winter in St. Moritz" "Liebe auf den Ersten Blick" "A Musician and a Filmmaker" "We Built a Robot" "Sometimes When It Hurts Bad Enough It Feels Like This" "A Lover Once Can No Longer Now Be a Friend" "Ohne Titel"
Beatboxing is a form of vocal percussion involving the art of mimicking drum machines, using one's mouth, lips and voice. It may involve vocal imitation of turntablism, other musical instruments. Beatboxing today is connected with hip-hop culture referred to as "the fifth element" of hip-hop, although it is not limited to hip-hop music; the term "beatboxing" is sometimes used to refer to vocal percussion in general. Techniques similar to beatboxing have been present in many American musical genres since the 19th century, such as early rural music, both black and white, religious songs, ragtime and hokum. Examples include the Appalachian technique of eefing and the blues song Bye bye bird by Sonny Boy Williamson II. Additional influences may include forms of African traditional music, in which performers utilize their bodies as percussion instruments and produce sounds with their mouths by breathing loudly in and out, a technique used in beatboxing today. Vocal percussion, "the imitation or approximation of percussion instruments," and beatboxing is a form of vocal percussion but can be described as, "music with your mouth... beatboxing is making and being the music, not just rhythm."...
Beatboxing is both the rhythm — predominantely through the bass and snare drums as well as hi-hat — while incorporating various sound effects such as DJ scratching and bass lines. Using the mouth, lips and voice to make music is thus the beatboxer's equivalent to a pianist's fingers and arms. Many well-known performers used vocal percussion even though this was not directly connected to the cultural tradition that came to be known as beatboxing. Paul McCartney's. Pink Floyd's "Pow R. Toc H." includes vocal percussion performed by the group's lead vocalist, Syd Barrett. Jazz singers Bobby McFerrin and Al Jarreau were well known for their vocal styles and techniques, which have had great impact on techniques beatboxers use today. Michael Jackson was known to record himself beatboxing on a dictation tape recorder as a demo and scratch recording to compose several of his songs, including "Billie Jean", "The Girl Is Mine", others. Gert Fröbe, a German actor most known for playing Auric Goldfinger in the James Bond film Goldfinger, "beatboxes" as Colonel Manfred von Holstein in Those Magnificent Men in their Flying Machines, a 1965 British comedy film.
The term "beatboxing" is derived from the mimicry of early drum machines known as beatboxes the Roland TR-808. The term "beatbox" was used to refer to earlier Roland drum machines such as the TR-55 and CR-78 in the 1970s, they were followed by the TR-808, released in 1980, which became central to hip hop music and electronic dance music. It is the TR-808 that human beatboxing is modeled after."Human beatboxing" in hip-hop originated in the 1980s. Its early pioneers include Doug E. Fresh, the self-proclaimed first "human beatbox". Wise inspired an entire new fan base of human beatboxers with his human turntable technique. Other pioneers of beatboxing include Rahzel well known for his realistic robotic sounds and for his ability to sing and beatbox Scratch a beatboxer and musician well known for further revolutionizing the use of vocal scratching in beatboxing, Kenny Muhammad The Human Orchestra, a beatboxer known for his technicality and outstanding rhythmic precision, who pioneered the inward k snare, a beatbox technique that imitates a snare drum by breathing inward.
The Internet has played a large part in the popularity of modern beatboxing. Alex Tew started the first online community of beatboxers in 2000 under the banner of HUMANBEATBOX. COM. An early example of modern beatboxing was seen in the 2001 South Korean romantic comedy film My Sassy Girl. In 2001, Gavin Tyte, a member of this community created the world's first tutorials and video tutorials on beatboxing. In 2003, the community held the world's first Human Beatbox Convention in London featuring beatbox artists from all over the world. Beatboxing's current popularity is due in part to releases from artists such as Rahzel, RoxorLoops, Reeps One, Alem. Sometimes, modern beatboxers will use their hand or another part of their body to extend the spectrum of sound effects and rhythm; some have developed a technique that involves blowing and sucking air around their fingers to produce a realistic record scratching noise, known as the "crab scratch." Another hand technique includes the "throat tap," which involves beatboxers tapping their fingers against their throats as they throat sing or hum.
Beat boxers these days can produce upto 8 different sounds at the same time. Today there is an increase in the variety. People have gone as far as adding beatboxing in with different instruments to create a different sound unlike any other. Artist Greg Patillo goes as far as adding in beatboxing while playing the flute to iconic songs. Beatbox has become modernized and has been seen in popular movies such as Pitch Perfect and Pitch Perfect 2. Both of these movies showcase classical songs performed with a cappella covers in which all of the beats to the songs are done using the idea and technique of beatboxing to complete the sound capable to imitate the original song; as with other musical disciplines, some form of musical not
David Michael Portner known by his moniker Avey Tare, is a musician and songwriter who co-founded the American experimental pop band Animal Collective. He has released three solo albums, as well as three collaborative albums with Panda Bear which were retroactively classified under Animal Collective's discography. Portner met Animal Collective's Deakin, Panda Bear, Geologist in high school. For years, the four of them swapped homemade recordings, shared musical ideas and performed in different group configurations. Portner recorded the Spirit They're Gone, Spirit They've Vanished album with Lennox, released the recording on the band's own Animal label in 1999; the album is referred to as the first official Animal Collective release, with Tare writing the music and Lennox providing the'perfect percussion'. After high school and Weitz moved to New York City to attend New York University and Columbia University, respectively. Lennox and Dibb moved to New York City, the band became more collaborative in nature.
They settled on the name "Animal Collective". Although the band's output is, as their name suggests, a collaborative effort, with no typical'frontman,' Portner has been cited by the other members as being the'primary songwriter' and de facto leader of the group. For the band's Centipede Hz, Tare confirmed. Portner's other projects and releases include Terrestrial Tones with Eric Copeland of Black Dice, a split 12" with David Grubbs, an LP with his then-wife Kristín Anna Valtýsdóttir called Pullhair Rubeye, he released his debut solo album "Down There" on October 26, 2010. In April, 2013, it was announced that Portner had formed the group Avey Tare's Slasher Flicks along with Angel Deradoorian, former member of Dirty Projectors, ex-Ponytail drummer, Jeremy Hyman. Portner describes the band as " group of three hippies on a road trip through the backwaters of 2013s rural music scene fall prey to a murderous cannibalistic band making..." Their debut album Enter the Slasher House came out internationally on April 7, 2014, a supporting west-coast tour was announced soon after the album's release.
Ahead of the album they released a video for ‘Little Fang’ directed by Portner's sister and featuring a puppet created by Jim Henson’s Creature Shop. David's sister is Abby Portner, Los Angeles artist and experimental musician, who creates some of Animal Collective's artwork and stage design. From 2006 to 2008, Portner was married to musician Kría Brekkan. Afterwards he moved to Los Angeles with her. In an interview with Brightest Young Things, he implied that he has synesthesia and associates sound with visuals, he clarified that although he has talked about it a lot in interviews he in fact does not have synesthesia. Essence of Eucalyptus "Lucky 1" Split Series #16 "Judy Biworker" on the sampler Esopus CD #4: Imaginary Friends "I'm Your Eagle Kisser" on the compilation Living Bridge "Call Home" on the cassette tape Keep + Animal Collective With Mickey HartRAMU With Terrestrial TonesBlasted Oboroed/Circus Lives Dead Drunk