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Spirited Away

Spirited Away is a 2001 Japanese animated coming-of-age fantasy film written and directed by Hayao Miyazaki, animated by Studio Ghibli for Tokuma Shoten, Nippon Television Network, Buena Vista Home Entertainment, Tohokushinsha Film and Mitsubishi, distributed by Toho. The film stars Rumi Hiiragi, Miyu Irino, Mari Natsuki, Takeshi Naito, Yasuko Sawaguchi, Tsunehiko Kamijō, Takehiko Ono, Bunta Sugawara. Spirited Away tells the story of Chihiro Ogino, a 10-year-old girl who, while moving to a new neighbourhood, enters the world of Kami of Japanese Shinto folklore. After her parents are turned into pigs by the witch Yubaba, Chihiro takes a job working in Yubaba's bathhouse to find a way to free herself and her parents and return to the human world. Miyazaki wrote the script after he decided the film would be based on the 10-year-old daughter of his friend Seiji Okuda, the movie's associate producer, who came to visit his house each summer. At the time, Miyazaki was developing two personal projects.

With a budget of 19 million US dollars, production of Spirited Away began in 2000. Pixar animator John Lasseter, a fan and friend of Miyazaki, convinced Walt Disney Pictures to buy the film's North American distribution rights and served as executive producer of its English-dubbed version. Lasseter hired Kirk Wise as director and Donald W. Ernst as producer of the version while screenwriters Cindy Davis Hewitt and Donald H. Hewitt wrote the English-language dialogue in order to match the characters' original Japanese-language lip movements; the film was released in Japan on 20 July 2001 by distributor Toho. It became the most successful film in Japanese history, grossing over $347 million worldwide; the film overtook Titanic in the Japanese box office to become the highest-grossing film in Japanese history with a total of ¥30.8 billion. Spirited Away received universal acclaim and is ranked among the greatest animated films made, it won the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature at the 75th Academy Awards, making it the first hand-drawn and non-English-language animated film to win that award.

It was the co-recipient of the Golden Bear at the 2002 Berlin International Film Festival and is in the top 10 on the British Film Institute's list of "Top 50 films for children up to the age of 14". In 2016, it was voted the fourth-best film of the 21st century as picked by 177 film critics from around the world, making it the highest-ranking animated film on the list, it was named the second "Best Film of the 21st Century So Far" in 2017 by the New York Times. Young ten-year-old Chihiro Ogino and her parents are traveling to their new home when her father decides to take a shortcut after running late with their house movers; the family's car stops in front of a tunnel leading to what appears to be an abandoned amusement park which Chihiro's father insists on exploring, despite his daughter's protest. They find a empty restaurant still stocked with food, which Chihiro's parents begin to eat. While exploring further, Chihiro finds an exquisite bathhouse and meets a boy named Haku, who warns her to return across the riverbed before sunset.

However, Chihiro discovers too late that her parents have metamorphosed into pigs, she is unable to cross the now-flooded river. Haku finds Chihiro and has her ask for a job from the bathhouse's boiler-man, Kamaji, a yōkai commanding the susuwatari. Kamaji refuses to hire her and asks worker Lin to send Chihiro to Yubaba, the witch who runs the bathhouse. Yubaba tries to frighten Chihiro away, but she persists, so Yubaba gives Chihiro a contract to work for her. Yubaba takes away her name and renames her Sen. While visiting her parents' pigpen, Haku gives Sen a goodbye card she had with her, Sen realizes that she had forgotten her real name. Haku warns her that Yubaba controls people by taking their names, that if she forgets hers like he has forgotten his, she will not be able to leave the spirit world. Sen faces discrimination from the other workers because she is still a human and not a spirit. While working, she invites a silent creature named No-Face inside. A "stink spirit" arrives as Sen's first customer, she discovers he is the spirit of a polluted river.

In gratitude for cleaning him, he gives Sen a magic emetic dumpling. Meanwhile, No-Face imitates the gold left behind by the stink spirit and tempts a worker with gold swallows him, he begins tipping extensively. He swallows two more workers when they interfere with his conversation with Sen. Sen sees paper Shikigami attacking a Japanese dragon and recognizes the dragon as Haku metamorphosed; when a grievously injured Haku crashes into Yubaba's penthouse, Sen follows him upstairs. A shikigami that stowed away on her back shapeshifts into Yubaba's twin sister, she mutates Yubaba's son, into a mouse, creates a decoy Boh, mutates Yubaba's harpy into a tiny, flylike bird. Zeniba tells Sen that Haku has stolen a magic golden seal from her, warns Sen that it carries a deadly curse. Haku attacks the shikigami, he falls into the boiler room with Sen and the harpy on his back, where Sen feeds him part of the dumpling she had intended to give her parents, causing him to vomit both the seal and a black slug, which Sen crushes with her foot.

With Haku unconscious, Sen resolves to apologize to Zeniba. Sen confronts No-Face, now massive, feeds him the rest of the dumpling. No-Face follows Sen o

First Parish Church in Plymouth

First Parish Church in Plymouth is a historic Unitarian Universalist church at the base of Burial Hill on the town square off Leyden Street in Plymouth, Massachusetts. The congregation was founded in 1620 by the Pilgrims in Plymouth; the current building was constructed in 1899. The congregation was founded in the English community of Scrooby in 1606 by the Pilgrims, a group of Protestant Christians. After they emigrated to North America in 1620, the Separatist congregation established a church in Plymouth which became a parish church of Massachusetts' Congregationalist state church. A schism developed in 1801, when much of the congregation adopted Unitarianism along with many of the other state churches in Massachusetts. All state churches were disaffiliated with the government by 1834; the congregation is affiliated with the Unitarian Universalist Association and has 64 members as of 2016. The congregation held Christian services on the Mayflower and at a fort on Burial Hill from 1621 until 1648.

The fort was used for other colony events including meetings of the Plymouth General Court. In 1648 the first of four church buildings on the town square was constructed. Churches were built in 1684, 1744, 1831. Hartwell, Richardson & Driver designed the current Romanesque-style building, completed 1899, which replaced the 1831 wooden Gothic structure; the 1899 building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2014. It has Tiffany stained glass windows illustrating the Pilgrim story; the sanctuary features carved quarter-sawn oak and is one of the finest examples of hammer beam construction in the United States. First Parish Church Oldest churches in the United States National Register of Historic Places listings in Plymouth County, Massachusetts First Parish website The historical records for the First Parish Church in Plymouth are in the Andover-Harvard Theological Library at Harvard Divinity School in Cambridge, Massachusetts

1934 Isle of Man TT

For the 1934 Isle of Man TT Races despite the winning of four TT Races in 2 years, Stanley Woods parted with Norton motor-cycles over the issue of prize money and race tactics and joined Husqvarna alongside Ernie Nott. The 1934 Junior TT Race was won by Jimmie Guthrie riding for Norton at an average race speed of 79.16 mph from Jimmie Simpson and Ernie Nott a distant third riding for the Swedish Husqvarna marque. During the first lap of the 1934 Lightweight Race, Syd Crabtree, the winner of the 1929 Lightweight Race crashed at the Stonebreakers Hut on the Mountain Section and was killed; the 1934 Lightweight TT Race was won by Jimmie Simpson riding a Rudge motor-cycle in 3 hours, 23 minutes and 10 seconds at an average race speed of 70.81 mph. The 1934 Lightweight TT Race provided Rudge with another 1-2-3 win since the 1930 Junior TT Race and Jimmie Simpson's only TT Race victory winning from team-mates Ernie Nott and Graham Walker taking 2nd and 3rd places; the 1934 Senior TT Race was led by Stanley Woods riding for Husqvarna but retired on the Mountain Section on the last lap after running-out of fuel.

This handed a Junior/Senior double win to Jimmie Guthrie riding the works Norton at an average speed of 78.01 mph from Jimmie Simpson riding a Norton in his last TT Race and Walter Rusk with a Velocette. 7 laps Mountain Course. 7 laps Mountain Course. 7 laps Mountain Course. Major alterations to the Snaefell mountain course are carried out for the 1934 TT Races; this includes the removal of the East Mountain sheep-gate. Detailed race results Isle of Man TT winners Mountain Course map

JAPO Records

JAPO Records was a German record label founded in 1970 that specialized in jazz. It was a division of ECM Records. JAPO stands for Jazz by Post; the label existed from 1970 until 1985 and produced over 40 jazz fusion and free jazz records from musicians all over the world, the majority of them European. It was based in Germany. JAPO's catalogue includes Dollar Brand, Mal Waldron, Elton Dean, George Gruntz, Barry Guy, Alfred Harth, Ken Hyder, Herbert Joos, Bobby Naughton, Manfred Schoof, Barre Phillips, Jiří Stivín & Rudolf Dašek, Stephan Micus, Enrico Rava, Lennart Åberg, Edward Vesala, the Globe Unity Orchestra. Production for the label was overseen by musicians and established producers, included work by Jack DeJohnette, Manfred Eicher, Håken Elmquist. Many of the records were produced by Thomas Stöwsand; the engineering for the recording sessions was carried out by established recording engineers from Germany and Norway. Some of them, like Martin Wieland and Jan Erik Kongshaug had worked with Manfred Eicher at ECM Records, one of Germany's most progressive jazz record labels at the time and had musicians like Jan Garbarek, Dave Holland, Chick Corea, Keith Jarrett on its roster.

Most of the JAPO catalogue was released on LP and many of the titles have yet to be re-issued on CD or any other format, although reissues have been seen as as 2006. JAPO Records discography

Zephaniah Williams

Zephaniah Williams was a Welsh coal miner and Chartist campaigner, one of the leaders of the Newport Rising of 1839. Found guilty of high treason, he was condemned to death, but his sentence was commuted to life imprisonment in Tasmania, he was pardoned, his discovery of coal on that island earned him a fortune. Williams was born near Argoed, Sirhowy Valley, Wales, with much of his childhood spent near the village of Blackwood living for some periods in Caerphilly and Nantyglo, he was fortunate enough not only to have a fair amount of schooling, becoming literate in both English and Welsh, but having the character to be self-educated studying geology. At the age of 25 he married Joan living for some time in Machen and had a son Llewellyn. Daughters Jane and Rhoda were born in 1827 respectively. At the age of 33 he came to Sirhowy, as a free thinking rationalist, with strong radical views, rather than one of religious conviction. Williams believed. Stories said that Williams spat every time the name of Christ was mentioned.

In 1830 Williams launched a Political Union in Tredegar and the following year, in 1831, is thought to have been instrumental in forming the Humanists/Dynolwyr of Nantyglo. He became a coal miner or collier and a Master Collier at Blaina and innkeeper, keeping the Royal Oak at Nantyglo, from where he used to pay his colliers, he was a free thinking man in religious matters and the local Working Men's Association met at his home. On the wall in The Royal Oak was'a picture of the Crucifixion with the enigmatic caption:'This is the man who stole the ass'. At the Coach and Horses in Blackwood, Zephaniah Williams met John Frost - a magistrate and supporter of the cause, it was at this time only natural that such a man would emerge as a natural leader during the Chartist movement in south east Wales. He was subsequently prosecuted for his part in the Chartist Newport Rising at Newport, Monmouthshire on 4 November 1839. Along with John Frost and William Jones, he led a large column of men from the Nantyglo area to march south reaching the outskirts of the town at about 9am.

Thirty soldiers were at the Westgate Hotel. This site is sometimes regarded as the greatest armed rebellion in 19th century Britain; the men assembled at the Royal Oak before marching as one into Newport. Known as the "Blackwood Infidel", he had a reputation as a political Radical, as an individual prepared to settle disputes in less conventional ways; some histories refer to his having been prosecuted at Usk in 1833 for blowing up a coal mine in a dispute with the mineowner. Other histories refer to him having been an atheist who vigorously promoted his views - controversial at the time. For his part in the Chartist Rising on Newport he was sentenced by The Special Commission held at Shire Hall, Monmouth on 16 January 1840 with the verdict of'guilty of high treason' - sentencing to death by hanging and quartering, but his sentence was commuted and he was transported for life to Van Diemen's Land, arriving at the colony on the last day of June 1840. In 1848 he described the terrible treatment handed out in the colony, ‘Many have I known, though guilty of the offence for which they suffered, commit murder in order to expire on the gallows rather than endure the punishment’.

Once there he remained. He was given a conditional pardon in 1854 allowing him to live anywhere outside of the UK, he decided to remain in Tasmania, brought his wife and family out from Wales to Australia. He discovered coal on the island and made a considerable fortune from it, so founding the Tasmanian coal tradeHe died a prosperous man at Launceston, Tasmania on 8 May 1874; this letter to Rev. Benjamin Williams, a nonconformist minister, written in Sirhowy in 1831, expresses his view on a number of subjects; the extracts are as follows: On Rationalism I would advise all men to take nothing upon trust but all on trial, whether in politics, ethics, or anything else: to sit down with a determined resolution: to examine closely: and to be directed by that which reason most approves. On Prejudice When prejudice has shut the eye of the mind the brightest rays of truth shine in vain; when men are thus incapacitated for the reception of truth they become liable to become guilty of injustice, ill-nature, ill manners to others.

On Friendship We know that man is a social being and that he has a capacity for friendship. Friendship is as old as the first formation of society and in its own nature so necessary that I know not how a social being could exist without it. On The Doctrine of Pre-destination Your conduct and your doctrine are at variance. According to your tenets I could not be but fulfilling what I was ordained to fulfil, the act, in itself, is right. On Inconsistency in the Use of Reason Those who distrust reason in matters of faith

Arecibo message

The Arecibo message is a 1974 interstellar radio message carrying basic information about humanity and Earth sent to globular star cluster M13. It was meant as a demonstration of human technological achievement, rather than a real attempt to enter into a conversation with extraterrestrials; the message was broadcast into space a single time via frequency modulated radio waves at a ceremony to mark the remodeling of the Arecibo radio telescope in Puerto Rico on 16 November 1974. The message was aimed at the current location of M13 some 25,000 light years away because M13 was a large and close collection of stars, available in the sky at the time and place of the ceremony; the message forms the image shown here when translated into graphics and spaces. Frank Drake at Cornell University and creator of the Drake equation, wrote the message with help from Carl Sagan and others; the Arecibo message was meant as a demonstration of human technological achievement, rather than a real attempt to enter into a conversation with extraterrestrials.

In fact, the core of M13, to which the message was aimed, will no longer be in that location when the message arrives. However, as the proper motion of M13 is small, the message will still arrive near the center of the cluster; the message consists of seven parts that encode the following: The numbers one to ten The atomic numbers of the elements hydrogen, nitrogen and phosphorus, which make up deoxyribonucleic acid The formulas for the sugars and bases in the nucleotides of DNA The number of nucleotides in DNA, a graphic of the double helix structure of DNA A graphic figure of a human, the dimension of an average man, the human population of Earth A graphic of the Solar System indicating which of the planets the message is coming from A graphic of the Arecibo radio telescope and the dimension of the transmitting antenna dish The message consisted of 1,679 binary digits 210 bytes, transmitted at a frequency of 2,380 MHz and modulated by shifting the frequency by 10 Hz, with a power of 450 kW.

The "ones" and "zeros" were transmitted by frequency shifting at the rate of 10 bits per second. The total broadcast was less than three minutes; the number 1,679 was chosen because it is a semiprime, to be arranged rectangularly as 73 rows by 23 columns. The alternative arrangement, 23 rows by 73 columns, produces an unintelligible set of characters. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ---------------------- 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 00 00 00 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 00 00 10 1 0 1 0 1 0 1 01 11 01 X X X X X X X X X X <-least-significant-digit marker The numbers from 1 to 10 appear in binary format. Assuming that recipients would recognize binary, the encoding of the numbers may not be obvious because of the way they have been written. To read the first seven digits, ignore the bottom row, read them as three binary digits from top to bottom, with the top digit being the most significant; the readings for 8, 9 and 10 are a little different, as they have been given an additional column next to the first. This is intended to show that numbers too large to fit in a single column can be written in several contiguous ones, where the additional columns do not have the least-significant-digit marker.

H C N O P 1 6 7 8 15 ---------- 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 X X X X X The numbers 1, 6, 7, 8, 15 appear. These are the atomic numbers of hydrogen, nitrogen and phosphorus, the components of DNA; the nucleotides are described as sequences of the five atoms. Each sequence represents the molecular formula of the nucleotide as incorporated into DNA. For example, the nucleotide in the top left in the image, is read as: 11000 10000 11010 XXXXX ----- 75010 i.e. 7 atoms of hydrogen, 5 atoms of carbon, 0 atoms of nitrogen, 1 atom of oxygen, 0 atoms of phosphorus. 11 11 11 11 11 01 11 11 01 11 01 11 10 11 11 01 X 11111111 11110111 11111011 01011110 = 4,294,441,822 DNA double helix. The value depicted is around 4.3 billion, believed to be the case in 1974 when the message was transmitted. There are 3.2 billion base pairs in the human genome. The element in the center represents a human; the element on the left indicates the average height of an adult male in the US: 1.764 m. This corresponds to the horizontally-written binary 14 multiplied by the wavelength of the message.

The element on the right depicts the size of human population in 1974 4.3 billion. In this case, the number is oriented in the data horizontally rather than vertically; the least-significant-digit marker is in the upper left in the image, with bits going to the right and more significant digits below. Earth Sun Mercury Venus Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Pluto The Solar System, showing the Sun and the planets in the order of their position from the Sun: Mercury, Earth, Jupiter, Uranus and Pluto; the Earth is the third planet from the Sun.