A sportbike, or sports bike, is a motorcycle optimized for speed, acceleration and cornering on paved roads at the expense of comfort and fuel economy by comparison with other motorcycles. Soichiro Honda wrote in the owner's manual of the 1959 Honda CB92 Benly Super Sport that, "Primarily, essentials of the motorcycle consists in the speed and the thrill," while Cycle World's Kevin Cameron says that, "A sportbike is a motorcycle whose enjoyment consists from its ability to perform on all types of paved highway – its cornering ability, its handling, its thrilling acceleration and braking power its speed." Motorcycles may be put to many uses as the rider sees fit. In the past there were few if any specialized types of motorcycles, but the number of types and sub-types has proliferated in the period since the 1950s; the introduction of the Honda CB750 in 1969 marked a dramatic increase in the power and speed of practical and affordable sport bikes available to the general public. This was followed in the 1970s by improvements in suspension and braking commensurate with the power of the large inline fours that had begun to dominate the sport bike world.
In the 1980s sport bikes again took a leap ahead, becoming indistinguishable from racing motorcycles. Since the 1990s sport bikes have become more diverse, adding new variations like the naked bike and streetfighter to the more familiar road racing style of sport bike. With the emphasis of a sport bike being on speed, acceleration and maneuverability, there are certain design elements that most motorcycles of this type will share. Rider ergonomics favor function; this means higher foot pegs that move the legs closer to the body and more of a reach to a lower set of hand controls, such as clip on handlebars, which positions the body and weight forward and over the tank. Sport bikes have comparatively high-performance engines resting inside a lightweight frame. High tech and expensive materials are used on sport bikes to reduce weight. Braking systems combine higher performance brake pads and disc brakes with multi-piston calipers that clamp onto oversized vented rotors. Suspension systems are advanced in terms of adjustments and materials for increased stability and durability.
Front and rear tires are larger and wider than tires found on other types of motorcycles to allow higher cornering speeds and greater lean angles. Fairings may not be used on a sport bike; the combination of rider position, location of the engine and other heavy components, the motorcycle's geometry help maintain structural integrity and chassis rigidity, determine how it will behave under acceleration and cornering. Correct front-to-rear weight distribution is of particular importance to the handling of sport bikes, the changing position of the rider's body dynamically changes the handling of the motorcycle; because of the complexity of modeling all the possible movements of different sized riders, to approach perfect tuning of a motorcycle's weight distribution and suspension is only possible by having a bike customized or at least adjusted to fit a specific rider. Road racing style sport bikes have shorter wheelbases than those intended for more comfortable touring, the current trend in sport bike design is towards shorter wheelbases, giving quicker turning at the expense of a greater tendency for unintentional wheelies and stoppies under hard acceleration and braking, respectively.
There is no universal authority defining the terminology of sport bikes or any other motorcycle classes. Legal definitions are limited by local jurisdiction, race sanctioning bodies like the American Motorcyclist Association and the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme set rules that only apply to those who choose to participate in their competitions. Nonetheless, by present day standards in Europe, North America and the rest of the developed world, sport bikes are divided into three, four, or five rough categories, reflecting vaguely similar engine displacement, horsepower and intended use, with a good measure of subjective opinion and simplification. Marketing messages about a model from the manufacturer can diverge from the consensus of the motorcycling media and the public. Sometimes the classes used in motorcycle racing are approximated in production models but not always in connection with homologation; the sport bike classes in common usage are: Lightweight called entry level, small or beginner bikes.
Some two strokes in this class have higher performance than the four strokes, being likened to miniature superbikes. Sport bikes with engine displacements of up to about 500 cc are in this class. Middleweight, mid-sized, mid-level, or supersport; some of the models in this range qualify for racing in the classes AMA Supersport Championship, British Supersport Championship and the Supersport World Championship, but many middleweights do not have a significant presence in racing. Displacements of 600–750 cc are typical. Superbike, liter-class, or literbike, i.e. 1,000 cc. As with supersport, many of the models in this class compete in superbike racing. Open class, hypersport or hyperbike, are terms sometimes used in lieu of superbike as a catch-all for everything larger than middleweight. Alternatively, these terms mark a class above the superbikes for the largest displacement sport bikes with the highest top speeds, with weights somewhat greater than the superbike class. Hyperbike was in use by 1979.
The terms supersport and superbike are sometimes applied indiscriminately to all high-performance motor
Ranjitsinhrao Gaekwad was an Indian politician and the titular Maharaja of Baroda from 1988 until his death in 2012. Born 8 May 1938 at Ootacamund, Ranjitsinhrao Gaekwad was the second son of Maharaja Pratap Singh Rao Gaekwad, Maharani Shantadevi Gaekwad, daughter of Sardar Hausrkar Mansinhrao Subbarao of Hasur in Kolhapur, her daughter, Mrunalini Devi Puar was the Chancellor of The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda. He obtained post graduate degree in fine arts from Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, he was the younger brother of Fatehsinghrao Gaekwad, the titular Maharaja of Baroda from 1951 to 1971. In the 26th amendment to the Constitution of India promulgated in 1971, the Government of India abolished all official symbols of princely India, including titles and remuneration. Ranjitsinh Gaekwad died at 12:15 a.m. 10 May 2012 at Baroda, India. Gaekwad was a member of the Lok Sabha and served two terms as an MP, from 1980-89, he became the Maharaja of Baroda on the death of his elder brother on 1 September 1988.
The Center for the Study of Political Graphics is a United States non-profit and research archive that collects, preserves and circulates domestic and international political posters relating to historical and contemporary movements for social change. From its base in Los Angeles, California, CSPG organizes travelling exhibitions and workshops, publishes educational material, their website hosts virtual exhibitions. CSPG was founded in 1989 by Carol Wells. Wells has been involved in social justice since high school when she discovered the power of political graphics "when a UCLA professor hired her to travel to Nicaragua in 1981 to collect posters for him after the Sandinistas had come to power, she has said, "I had that dismissive attitude toward a poster that, once I realized how important posters are, I resented in other people." She holds a B. A. in History and M. A. in Art History from UCLA. She taught history of art and architecture for thirteen years at California State University, Fullerton.
She has served as a mentor for the Creative Action program at Otis College of Art and Design teaching students about the power of art to make change. Since 1981, Wells has been collecting posters internationally, she is an expert on political graphics and has published scores of articles and essays about political poster art. She has organized over 100 poster exhibitions; the CSPG archive contains more than 85,000 posters and has the largest collection of post-World War II social justice posters in the United States and the second largest in the world. Media and techniques represented include offset, linocut, silkscreen and photocopy. All prints are catalogued to aid researchers. CSPG loans out prints to other institutions for exhibit. Portions of the collection are available through the Online Archives of California, an initiative of the California Digital Library. A major article in the LA Weekly in 2015 said: "Protest posters of every kind are preserved in the center's archives, along with thousands of bumper stickers and political buttons.
Online, at politicalgraphics.org, the center features a poster of the week, such as one recognizing the 50th anniversary of the assassination of Malcolm X." CSPG founder Carol Wells was interviewed on NPR's Morning Edition on Mar 13, 1996 about the "Decade of Protest" exhibition exhibit at Los Angeles Contemporary Exhibitions. CSPG depends upon the donation of posters to make this resource as representative as possible of the many historical and ongoing struggles. CSPG has received grants from the Getty Trust, Los Angeles County Arts Commission, Department of Cultural Affairs (City of Los Angeles, David Geffen Foundation, The James Irvine Foundation, among many others. A fundraiser is held annually called "Celebrating the Art of Resistance." Three honors are awarded each year-- Aris & Carolyn Anagnos Culture of Liberation Award, The Art as a Hammer Award, The Historian of the Lions. In the wake of the 2006 Great American Boycott, CSPG organized a labor-themed exhibition. In the last seventeen years, CSPG exhibitions has created toured exhibitions to more than 280 venues worldwide.
They are mounted at various galleries institutions, are accompanied by translations. Exhibition Guides are published and contain excellent scholarly writing on the subjects. CSPG’s traveling exhibitions are presented from a multi-issue and multicultural perspective, tend to focus on current issues. For example, upon the death of Ronald Reagan, CSPG mounted an exhibition of anti-Reagan posters. "Art Against Empire: Graphic Responses to U. S. Interventions Since World War II" was exhibited at Los Angeles Contemporary Exhibitions in 2010. In 1994, "All Power to the People," showcased protest posters and graphics produced during the height of the Black Panther Party the Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research. Other examples include "Too Hot To Handle Graphics on Global Pollution & Climate Justice, it was funded in part by the City of Los Angeles Cultural Affairs Department and the California Arts Council.. International Graphics of Resistance!" Exhibition Guides contain excellent scholarly writing on the subjects.
Graphics Editorial cartoon Official site "Carol Wells Speaks as Part of KaleidoLA Series"
Newtownards Priory was a medieval Dominican priory founded by the Savage family around 1244 in the village of Newtownards, County Down, Northern Ireland. Only the lower parts of the nave and two blocked doors in the south wall leading to a demolished cloister, survive from the period of the priory's foundation; the upper parts of the nave date from a 14th-century rebuilding and the western extension and the north aisle arcade were undertaken by the de Burgh family. The priory was dissolved in 1541, was sacked and burned, it was granted to Hugh Montgomery who built a house within the ruins, rebuilding the north aisle and adding a tower at the entrance. The church contains the double grave of Frederick Stewart, 4th Marquess of Londonderry and his wife Elizabeth née Jocelyn, Marchioness of Londonderry. Http://www.goireland.com/down/newtownards-priory-attraction-priory-id14120.htm "Newtownards Priory - Historic Buildings Details". Department for Communities. Retrieved 1 March 2019. Http://www.stonedatabase.com/buildings.cfm?bk=2375 http://irishantiquities.bravehost.com/down/newtownards/newtownardspriory.html "Newtownards Priory".
Retrieved 1 March 2019
Sunchaser is a 1996 film directed by Michael Cimino and starring Woody Harrelson, Jon Seda and Anne Bancroft. It was director Cimino's last feature-length film. "Blue" Monroe is a 16-year-old juvenile offender, dying of abdominal cancer. Dr. Michael Reynolds is Blue's self-absorbed oncologist. During a medical visit, half Navajo, discovers that he has only 1-2 months to live and decides to escape, he kidnaps Dr. Reynolds and forces him to drive to Arizona, to visit a mountain lake sacred to the Navajo people; the trip forces both to confront their life choices. Woody Harrelson - Michael Reynolds Jon Seda - Brandon "Blue" Monroe Anne Bancroft - Renata Baumbauer Alexandra Tydings - Victoria Reynolds Matt Mulhern -Chip Byrnes Talisa Soto - Navajo Woman Richard Bauer - Dr. Bradford Victor Aaron - Webster Skyhorse Lawrence Pressman - Agent in Charge Collier Michael O'Neill - Agent Moreland Harry Carey Jr. - Cashier Carmen Dell'Orefice - Arabella Brooke Ashley - Calantha Reynolds Andrea Roth - Head Nurse Bob Minor - Deputy Lynch Brett Harrelson - Younger Highway Patrol Officer Andy Berman - Person in Oncology Mickey Rourke, a collaborator and friend of Cimino's, believes the director “snapped” sometime during the making of The Sunchaser.
“Michael is the sort of person that if you take away his money he short-circuits,” Rourke says. “He is a man of honor.” Rourke did not say how or why Cimino “snapped.”Joe D’Augustine, the film's editor, recalls his first meeting with Cimino: “It was kind of eerie, freaky. I was led into this dark editing room with black velvet curtains and there was this guy hunched over, they bring me into, his chamber, as if he was the Pope. Everyone was speaking in hushed tones, he had something covering a handkerchief. He kept, and nobody was allowed to take his picture Welcome to Ciminoville.” A theatrical release was intended, but the film fared poorly enough with test audiences to go straight to video in the United States. The film was entered into competition at the 1996 Cannes Film Festival where it was nominated for the Palme D'Or; the film received negative reviews. Todd McCarthy of Variety wrote, "Michael Cimino's return to filmmaking after a six-year layoff is a conceptually bold tale marked, in its execution, both by visceral intensity and dramatic sloppiness."
Jo-Ann Pittman wrote in Film Directors that Sunchaser had "a predictable and laughable script. Not good considering it is a drama; the characters are stereotypical and the story again lacks direction. It attempts to handle too many stories at one time; the New Age mystical healing waters are cliche as is the kidnapper/victim story." Leonard Maltin gave the film one and a half stars: "Misbegotten mess tries to touch all trendy bases, scrambling American Indian mysticism,'New Age' theories and buddy-movie clichés into the format of a road movie."Kevin Thomas of Los Angeles Times gave Sunchaser one of its few positive notices. While noting the predictability of the script, Thomas added, "Yet all that's so familiar in Charles Leavitt's script has been given a fresh, brisk spin by the sheer audacity and force of Cimino's style and by an incisive, wide-ranging performance by Harrelson..." Camy, Gerard. "Sunchaser." Jeune cinéma n238 Summer Troubiana, Serge. "Loin d'Hollywood." Cahiers du cinéma n503 Jun Saada and Serge Troubiana.
"Entretien avec Michael Cimino." Cahiers du cinéma n503 Jun Cieutat, Michel. "Sunchaser." Positif n425/426 Jul/Aug Ciment and Laurent Vachaud. "Un film optimiste et plein d'espoir." Positif n425/426 Jul/Aug Feeney, F. X. "Between Heaven and Hell." People 46.20 Kemp, Philip. "The Sunchaser." Sight & Sound 7 Jan Sunchaser on IMDb Sunchaser at Rotten Tomatoes Sunchaser at AllMovie The Sunchaser at Unofficial French website Monument Valley
HMS Onslow was an Admiralty M-class destroyer built for the Royal Navy during the First World War. She took part in the Battle of Jutland in 1916 and was sold for scrap in 1921; the Admiralty M class were improved and faster versions of the preceding Laforey-class destroyer. They displaced 971 long tons; the ships had an overall length of 273 feet 4 inches, a beam of 26 feet 8 inches and a draught of 9 feet 8 inches. They were powered by three Parsons direct-drive steam turbines, each driving one propeller shaft, using steam provided by four Yarrow boilers; the turbines gave a maximum speed of 34 knots. The ships carried a maximum of 237 long tons of fuel oil that gave them a range of 2,100 nautical miles at 15 knots; the ships' complement was 76 ratings. The ships were armed with three single QF 4-inch Mark IV guns and two QF 1.5-pounder anti-aircraft guns. These latter guns were replaced by a pair of QF 2-pounder "pom-pom" anti-aircraft guns; the ships were fitted with two above water twin mounts for 21-inch torpedoes.
Onslow was ordered under the Third War Programme in November 1914 and built by Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Company at Govan. The ship was launched on 15 February 1916 and completed in April 1916, her first commander was John Tovey. On 24 April 1916, the Easter Rising against British rule broke out in Ireland. Two infantry brigades were ordered from Liverpool to Dublin to reinforce the British forces, with Onslow escorting the transports carrying these troops, she was badly damaged, with her speed reduced to 10 knots. Tovey pressed home the attack against first a cruiser and a line of battlecruisers. Onslow was brought back to Aberdeen despite the damage, having been towed out of action by the destroyer HMS Defender, under heavy fire; the report on the battle by Admiral Beatty stated that: Defender, whose speed had been reduced to 10 knots, while on the disengaged side of the battle cruisers, was struck by a shell which damaged her foremost boiler, but closed Onslow and took her in tow.
Shells were falling all round them during this operation, however, was accomplished. During the heavy weather of the ensuing night the tow was resecured; the two struggled on together until 1 pm 1st June. I consider the performances of these two destroyers to be gallant in the extreme, I am recommending Lieutenant-Commander J. C. Tovey of Onslow, Lieutenant Commander Palmer of Defender, for special recognition... Both officers were awarded DSOs. Onslow was sold for breaking up on 26 October 1921. Colledge, J. J.. Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy. London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. Dittmar, F. J. & Colledge, J. J.. British Warships 1914–1919. Shepperton, UK: Ian Allan. ISBN 0-7110-0380-7. Friedman, Norman. British Destroyers: From Earliest Days to the Second World War. Barnsley, UK: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84832-049-9. Gardiner, Robert & Gray, Randal. Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-245-5.
Monograph No. 31: Home Waters—Part VI.: From October 1915 to May 1916. Naval Staff Monographs. XV; the Naval Staff and Staff Duties Division. 1926. Battle of Jutland Crew Lists Project - HMS Onslow Crew List