Sports in the San Francisco Bay Area

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The San Francisco Bay Area, which includes the major cities of San Francisco, Oakland, San Jose, hosts seven major league sports franchises, as well as several other professional and college sports teams, and hosts other sports events.

The Raiders against the 49ers at McAfee Coliseum in 2008

Major league teams[edit]

Club Sport Bay Area
Since
League Venue Average
Attendance
San Francisco 49ers Football 1946 National Football League Levi's Stadium 70,799
Oakland Raiders Football 1960* National Football League Oakland Alameda Coliseum 54,613
San Francisco Giants Baseball 1958 Major League Baseball AT&T Park 41,677
Oakland Athletics Baseball 1968 Major League Baseball Oakland Alameda Coliseum 21,829
San Jose Earthquakes Soccer 1996 Major League Soccer Avaya Stadium 20,979
Golden State Warriors Basketball 1962 National Basketball Association Oracle Arena 19,596
San Jose Sharks Hockey 1991 National Hockey League SAP Center 16,747

Notes:

  • The Raiders played in Los Angeles from 1982–1994.

American football[edit]

The Bay Area is home to two National Football League teams, the San Francisco 49ers and Oakland Raiders, who play at Levi's Stadium[1] and Oakland Alameda Coliseum.[2]

The 49ers have won five Super Bowls (XVI,[3] XIX,[4] XXIII,[5] XXIV,[6] XXIX[7]) and lost one (XLVII[8]). The Raiders have won three Super Bowls (XI,[9] XV,[10] XVIII[11]), and lost two (II,[12] XXXVII[13]).

Baseball[edit]

San Francisco is home to two major league baseball teams, the San Francisco Giants play at AT&T Park and have won eight World Series titles.[14] The Oakland Athletics share the Oakland Coliseum with the Raiders,[15] and the A's have won nine World Series. The A's considered relocating to San Jose but were blocked by the Giants.[16][17] Currently plans call for them to build a 35,000 seat stadium currently referred to as Oakland Ballpark on a site near Laney College.[18]

The 1989 World Series was known as the "Earthquake Series", "Bay Bridge Series", and "Battle of the Bay", as both teams played against each other, and Oakland swept the Giants in a 4-game series.[19] However, the series is probably best known for the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake which struck on the day of Game 3.[20][21]

San Francisco was ranked #1 in 2012 among America's Best Baseball cities, the study examined which U.S. metro areas have produced the most Major Leaguers since 1920.[22]

Basketball[edit]

Oakland is home of the Golden State Warriors, who currently play at the Oracle Arena,[23] the Warriors originally played in Philadelphia, but relocated to San Francisco in 1962 and then to Oakland in 1971. The Warriors are slated to return to San Francisco, where a new arena in the Mission Bay district is in the planning stages, in time for the 2018–19 NBA season. The Warriors have won three NBA Finals since their relocation (1975,[24] 2015, 2017).

Ice hockey[edit]

San Jose currently hosts the San Jose Sharks of the National Hockey League, the Sharks currently play at the SAP Center at San Jose.[25] The Sharks began play in 1991, playing their first two seasons at the Cow Palace before moving to their current home in 1993, the Sharks have not won a Stanley Cup in their 25-year existence. In the 2015-16 Stanley Cup Playoffs the Sharks made their first appearance in the Stanley Cup Finals against the Pittsburgh Penguins

Soccer[edit]

Beginning in 1996, the San Jose Earthquakes, then known as the San Jose Clash, competed in Major League Soccer, and became the Earthquakes in 1999, the Quakes won MLS Cup 2001 against the Los Angeles Galaxy 2–1,[26] as well as MLS Cup 2003 against the Chicago Fire 4–2. The Quakes then moved to Houston in 2005, and became the Houston Dynamo,[27] but in a fashion similar to the Cleveland Browns move,[28] the Earthquakes name and history stayed in San Jose for a future team. In 2008, the current incarnation of the Earthquakes made its return[29] and subsequently played seven seasons at Buck Shaw Stadium in Santa Clara; in March 2015, the Earthquakes opened Avaya Stadium across from San Jose International Airport.[30]

Minor league professional teams[edit]

Minor league professional teams
Team Sport League Venue
San Francisco Deltas Soccer North American Soccer League Kezar Stadium
San Jose Barracuda Ice hockey American Hockey League SAP Center
San Rafael Pacifics Baseball Pacific Association Albert Park
Sonoma Stompers Baseball Pacific Association Arnold Field
Pittsburg Diamonds Baseball Pacific Association City (Pittsburg) Park Field #1
Vallejo Admirals Baseball Pacific Association Wilson Park

Baseball[edit]

San Rafael is home to the San Rafael Pacifics, an independent minor league baseball team that play in the Pacific Association of Professional Baseball Clubs. The Pacifics play in 1,200 seat Albert Park.

Sonoma is the home to the Sonoma Stompers, an independent minor league baseball team, that plays in the Pacific Association of Professional Baseball Clubs, the Stompers play a short season schedule from June through August every summer, with 39 home games at Arnold Field in Sonoma. The Stompers were a part of Professional Baseball History in the summer of 2015 when Sean Conroy, a Stompers pitcher, became the first openly gay professional baseball player.[citation needed] The scorecard and other memorabilia from that game went on display in the National Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, New York in November 2015. Additionally, the team helped set another record, when Bill "Spaceman" Lee, pitched 5 2/3 innings on Aug. 9, 2014, while yielding six hits and three earned runs in posting Sonoma's victory and breaking his own record as the oldest player to ever win a professional baseball game.[citation needed] In June 2015, the team signed acclaimed slugger Jose Canseco, the 1988 American League MVP recorded a single and a homer and helped spark to victories in his weekend stint.

Palo Alto is home to the Palo Alto Oaks, the oldest continuously-operated, wood-bat, baseball team in the Bay Area, the Oaks played their inaugural season in 1950, making 2017 their 68th consecutive season of baseball.

Soccer[edit]

In 2016, it was announced that the San Francisco Deltas will join the North American Soccer League in 2017.[citation needed] The Deltas are expected to play at the Kezar Stadium.

Amateur men's soccer has been played in San Francisco since 1902 through the San Francisco Soccer Football League.[31] Over 40 teams in 4 divisions play throughout the city between March and November. Premier Division games are played at the 3,500 seat Boxer Stadium. Amateur women's soccer is played on over 30 teams in the Golden Gate Women's Soccer League.[32]

Supporter-owned San Francisco City FC, founded in 2001 as part of the SFSFL, has played in the PDL since 2016.

Other sports[edit]

In 2015, the Sharks American Hockey League affiliate team, the Worcester Sharks, became the San Jose Barracuda and share the SAP Center at San Jose.

San Francisco Pro-Am Basketball League is an important summer league venue for aspiring players to be discovered by talent scouts.[citation needed] Games are held at the 4,000 seat Kezar Pavilion. Players from all levels participate, with regular appearances by off season NBA professionals.[33]

San Francisco Rush played in the inaugural 2016 PRO Rugby season at Boxer Stadium.[34] The club folded after one season, the San Francisco Golden Gate Rugby team competes in the Pacific Rugby Premiership. In rugby sevens, the Bay Area will host the 2018 Rugby World Cup Sevens at Avaya Stadium and AT&T Park.[35]

College sports[edit]

The Bay Area is also well represented in college sports. Six area universities are members of NCAA Division I, the highest level of college sports in the country. Three have football teams and three do not. Bay Area Deportes is the only media outlet in San Francisco Bay Area to fully cover NCAA college sports in Spanish.

All three football-playing schools in the Bay Area are in the Football Bowl Subdivision, the highest level of NCAA college football, the California Golden Bears and Stanford Cardinal compete in the Pac-12 Conference, and the San Jose State Spartans compete in the Mountain West Conference.[36] The Cardinal and Golden Bears are intense rivals, with their football teams competing annually in the Big Game for the Stanford Axe.[37] One of the most famous games in the rivalry is the 1982 edition, when the Golden Bears defeated the Cardinal on a last-second return kickoff known as "The Play".[38]

The three non-football Division I programs in the Bay Area are the San Francisco Dons, located in the city of San Francisco; the Saint Mary's Gaels, from Moraga in the East Bay; and the Santa Clara Broncos, located in Santa Clara. All three are charter members of the West Coast Conference, and consider each other major rivals.

The following table shows the college teams in the Bay Area that average more than 2,000 attendance:

Team Location Venue Average
Attendance
California Golden Bears football Berkeley Memorial Stadium 47,675
Stanford Cardinal football Stanford Stanford Stadium 47,862
San Jose State Spartans football San Jose CEFCU Stadium 15,068
California Golden Bears men's basketball Berkeley Haas Pavilion 8,099
Stanford Cardinal men's basketball Stanford Maples Pavilion 4,439
Saint Mary's Gaels men's basketball Moraga McKeon Pavilion 2,788

Other sports[edit]

The Bay Area was the host for the 2013 America's Cup, the Bay Area has a leading and innovative alternative, outdoor and action sports culture. Examples include mountain biking, Alcatraz triathlon, Team Handball (Olympic Handball),[39] skate boarding/Thrasher Magazine, CrossFit (Santa Cruz) and surfing at well known breaks such as Steamer Lane, Mavericks, Ocean Beach and Bodega Bay.

TPC Stonebrae is a private golf club that hosts the TPC Stonebrae Championship, part of the Web.com Tour since 2009.

Recreation[edit]

The 18th hole at the Olympic Club.

With an ideal climate for outdoor activities, San Francisco has ample resources and opportunities for amateur and participatory sports and recreation. There are more than 200 miles (320 km) of bicycle paths, lanes and bike routes in the city,[40] and the Embarcadero and Marina Green are favored sites for skateboarding. Extensive public tennis facilities are available in Golden Gate Park and Dolores Park, as well as at smaller neighborhood courts throughout the city. San Francisco residents have often ranked among the fittest in the U.S.[41] Golden Gate Park has miles of paved and unpaved running trails as well as a golf course and disc golf course.

Boating, sailing, windsurfing and kitesurfing are among the popular activities on San Francisco Bay, and the city maintains a yacht harbor in the Marina District. The St. Francis Yacht Club and Golden Gate Yacht Club are located in the Marina Harbor.[42][43] The South Beach Yacht Club is located next to AT&T Park and Pier 39 has an extensive marina.[44][45]

Historic Aquatic Park located along the northern San Francisco shore hosts two swimming and rowing clubs,[46][47] the South End Rowing Club, established in 1873, and the Dolphin Club maintain a friendly rivalry between members. Swimmers can be seen daily braving the typically cold bay waters.[citation needed]

Defunct or relocated teams[edit]

San Jose had a women's basketball team from 2005–2006 in the National Women's Basketball League called the San Jose Spiders.[48]

American football[edit]

From 1995–2008, as well as between 2011–2015, the Bay had the San Jose SaberCats of the Arena Football League, who played at the SAP Center at San Jose,[25] the SaberCats won 3 ArenaBowls (XVI,[49] XVIII,[50] XXI[51]), and lost in another (XXII[52]).

The Bay Area had a United Football League team in 2009 named the California Redwoods, who played at AT&T Park[14] and Spartan Stadium, though the Redwoods moved to Sacramento in 2010.[53]

Hockey[edit]

Before the Sharks, the Bay Area had the California Golden Seals, who had been previously named the California Seals and the Oakland Seals, the Seals came into existence in the 1967 NHL expansion.[54] The Seals played at the Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum Arena (now Oracle Arena). The Seals later became the Cleveland Barons in 1976 and then merged with the Minnesota North Stars in 1978 (who in turn later became the Dallas Stars).[55] The Golden Seals/Barons franchise is notable as the last franchise in North America's four major leagues to permanently cease operations.

The Sharks can be viewed as an effective successor of the Golden Seals/Barons; in the late 1980s, North Stars majority owners Gordon and George Gund tried to move the team to the Bay Area, but were rebuffed by the NHL. In the meantime, a group led by former Hartford Whalers owner Howard Baldwin sought to bring an expansion team to the Bay Area, the league then brokered a deal which effectively unwound the Barons–North Stars merger. The Gunds sold their share of the North Stars to Baldwin's group in exchange for an expansion team in the Bay Area, the Gunds would be allowed to take half of the North Stars' roster with them, and both the North Stars and the future Sharks would participate as equals in an expansion draft.

For one season (1995–96), it was home to the San Francisco Spiders of the International Hockey League.[56]

On September 20, 2011, the San Francisco Bulls were founded as an expansion team in the ECHL. Beginning play in 2012, the team (based at the Cow Palace) was the farm team of the NHL's San Jose Sharks before folding mid-season on January 27, 2014.[57]

Soccer[edit]

Before the existence of the current San Jose Earthquakes of MLS, a separate San Jose Earthquakes played for the original North American Soccer League, Major Indoor Soccer League, and the Western Soccer Alliance.[58] After they folded, the San Francisco Bay Blackhawks played for the WSA. Eventually, the Blawkhawks became the San Jose Hawks, and folded in 1993.

San Jose Grizzlies were a professional indoor soccer team based in San Jose, California. The team was founded in 1993 as a member of the Continental Indoor Soccer League, after playing in the 1994 and 1995 CISL seasons, the Grizzlies folded following the 1995 season. The team played at San Jose Arena.[59]

FC Gold Pride was a charter member of Women's Professional Soccer, playing alongside the Earthquakes in the league's inaugural 2009 season before moving to Hayward for 2010. Led by Brazilian star Marta, the team had a championship season in 2010, but folded after the season.[60] WPS itself played only one more season before folding, the Bay Area has yet to have a franchise in WPS' effective successor, the current National Women's Soccer League.

Stadiums and arenas[edit]

Current[edit]

Stadium City Capacity Type Tenants Opened
Levi's Stadium Santa Clara 68,500 Football San Francisco 49ers, San Jose Earthquakes, Foster Farms Bowl 2014
Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum Oakland 63,026 Multi-purpose Oakland Raiders, Oakland Athletics 1966
California Memorial Stadium Berkeley 62,717 Football California Golden Bears 1923
Stanford Stadium Stanford 50,000 Football Stanford Cardinal 1921; 2006
AT&T Park San Francisco 41,503 Baseball San Francisco Giants; formerly Fight Hunger Bowl 2000
CEFCU Stadium San Jose 30,456 Football San Jose State Spartans 1933
Hornet Stadium Sacramento 21,650 Football Sacramento State Hornets 1969
Hughes Stadium Sacramento 20,311 Multi-purpose 1928
Oracle Arena Oakland 19,596 Arena Golden State Warriors 1966
SAP Center at San Jose San Jose 18,543 Arena San Jose Sharks
San Jose Barracuda
San Jose SaberCats
1993
Avaya Stadium San Jose 18,000 Soccer San Jose Earthquakes 2015
Chase Center San Francisco 18,000 Arena Golden State Warriors 2019
(planned)
Golden 1 Center Sacramento 17,500 Arena Sacramento Kings 2016
Raley Field West Sacramento 14,011 Baseball Sacramento River Cats 2000
Cow Palace Daly City 12,953 Arena 1941
Stockton Arena Stockton 11,100 Arena Stockton Heat 2005

Defunct[edit]

Stadium City Capacity Type Tenants Opened Closed Fate
Candlestick Park San Francisco 70,207 Multi-purpose San Francisco Giants, San Francisco 49ers 1960 2013 Demolished
Sleep Train Arena Sacramento 17,317 Arena Sacramento Kings 1988 2016 TBD

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About Levi's Stadium". levisstadium.com. Retrieved 2014-01-30. 
  2. ^ "Oakland Raiders". Coliseum.com. Retrieved 2012-08-20. 
  3. ^ "Super Bowl XVI Game Recap". Nfl.com. 1982-01-25. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  4. ^ "Super Bowl XIX Game Recap". Nfl.com. 1985-01-21. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  5. ^ "Super Bowl 46 at NFL.com – Official Site of the National Football League". Nfl.com. 1989-01-23. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  6. ^ "Super Bowl XXIV Game Recap". Nfl.com. 1990-01-29. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  7. ^ "Super Bowl XXIX Game Recap". Nfl.com. 1995-01-30. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  8. ^ "Super Bowl XLVII Game Recap". Nfl.com. Retrieved 2017-07-02. 
  9. ^ "Super Bowl XI Game Recap". Nfl.com. 1977-01-10. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  10. ^ "Super Bowl XV Game Recap". Nfl.com. 1981-01-26. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  11. ^ "Super Bowl XVIII Game Recap". Nfl.com. 1984-01-23. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  12. ^ "Super Bowl II Game Recap". Nfl.com. 1968-01-15. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  13. ^ "Super Bowl XXXVII Game Recap". Nfl.com. 2003-01-27. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  14. ^ a b "AT&T Park | SFGiants.com: Ballpark". Sanfrancisco.giants.mlb.com. 2012-06-19. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  15. ^ "Oakland Athletics". Coliseum.com. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  16. ^ "MLB trying to speed up decision on Oakland Athletics' potential move to San Jose, sources say – MLB News | FOX Sports on MSN". Msn.foxsports.com. 2011-11-19. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  17. ^ "Future Home of the Oakland A's in San Jose?". Cisco Field Stadium. 2011-05-10. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  18. ^ http://www.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/A-s-want-to-build-new-ballpark-next-to-Laney-12193239.php
  19. ^ "1989 World Series – Oakland Athletics over San Francisco Giants (4-0)". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  20. ^ "SportsCenter Archive 1989: Earthquake Stops the World Series – ESPN Video – ESPN". Espn.go.com. 2008-08-08. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  21. ^ "BBC ON THIS DAY | 17 | 1989: Earthquake hits San Francisco". BBC News. 1989-10-17. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  22. ^ Sperling, Bert. "Best Baseball Cities". Retrieved 29 October 2012. 
  23. ^ "Golden State Warriors". Coliseum.com. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  24. ^ "1975 NBA Finals Composite Box Score". Basketball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2012-08-22. 
  25. ^ a b "HP Pavilion". Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  26. ^ "October 21, 2001 | Sports Update | News | Yankees | Chris Osgood | MLS Cup". Kidzworld.com. Retrieved 2012-08-22. 
  27. ^ "San Jose's MLS team moving to Houston". Usatoday.Com. 2005-12-15. Retrieved 2012-08-22. 
  28. ^ Simers, T.J. (1995-11-07). "Browns Abandon Cleveland : Pro football: Art Modell signs a 30-year lease with Baltimore and expects his fellow NFL owners to approve team's move. - Los Angeles Times". Articles.latimes.com. Retrieved 2012-08-22. 
  29. ^ Dure, Beau (2008-04-01). "Notes: Expansion 'Quakes have winning past". Usatoday.Com. Retrieved 2012-08-22. 
  30. ^ "San Jose Earthquakes eyeing new stadium in 2012 | MLS News". tribalfootball.com. Retrieved 2012-08-22. 
  31. ^ "San Francisco Soccer Football League". Retrieved March 11, 2013. 
  32. ^ "Golden Gate Women's Soccer League". Retrieved March 11, 2013. 
  33. ^ "SF Bay Area Pro-Am About the league". Retrieved March 26, 2013. 
  34. ^ http://www.americasrugbynews.com/2015/11/20/4875/
  35. ^ http://www.worldrugby.org/news/70795
  36. ^ "San José State, Utah State to Join Mountain West – Mountain West Conference Official Athletic Site". Themwc.com. Retrieved 2012-08-22. 
  37. ^ "Cal, Stanford get pumped up for The Big Game | abc7news.com". Abclocal.go.com. 2011-11-15. Retrieved 2012-08-22. 
  38. ^ "Scout.com: The Big Game: Cal vs. Stanford". California.scout.com. 2008-11-22. Retrieved 2012-08-22. 
  39. ^ "SF CALHEAT". SF CALHEAT. Retrieved 2016-12-22. 
  40. ^ "Bicycle Network Facilities". Commuting and Resources. SF Municipal Transportation Authority. May 12, 2008. Archived from the original on October 22, 2007. Retrieved June 15, 2008. 
  41. ^ Hübler, Eric (2008). "The Fittest and Fattest Cities in America". Men's Fitness. American Media, Inc. Archived from the original on October 11, 2008. Retrieved June 15, 2008. 
  42. ^ "St Francis Yacht Club". Retrieved March 26, 2013. 
  43. ^ "Golden Gate Yacht Club". Retrieved March 26, 2013. 
  44. ^ "About South Beach Yacht Club". Retrieved March 26, 2013. 
  45. ^ "Pier 39 Marina". Retrieved March 26, 2013. 
  46. ^ "South End Rowing Club". Retrieved March 26, 2013. 
  47. ^ "The Dolphin Club of SF About us". Archived from the original on December 5, 2013. Retrieved March 26, 2013. 
  48. ^ http://www.oursportscentral.com/sports/?t_id=894
  49. ^ Mckeon, Ross (2002-08-19). "ARENABOWL XVI / SaberCats leave no doubt in rout / WR Hundon calls it 'most fun I've ever had'". SFGate. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  50. ^ "AFL Box Score: ArenaBowl XVIII – San Jose SaberCats @ Arizona Rattlers (Jun 27, 2004)". ArenaFan.com. 2004-06-27. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  51. ^ "AFL Box Score: ArenaBowl XXI – Columbus Destroyers @ San Jose SaberCats (Jul 29, 2007)". ArenaFan.com. 2007-07-29. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  52. ^ "ESPN.com – AFL – Recap". Sports.espn.go.com. 2008-07-27. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  53. ^ "The California Redwoods are now the Sacramento Mountain Lions!". Mountainlionsfootball.com. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  54. ^ "NHL Hockey History NHL the Early Years 1967 NHL Expansion Livingstone". Hockeyhistorynews.com. 1974-05-19. Retrieved 2012-08-22. 
  55. ^ rjk. "California Golden Seals". Thelongestlistofthelongeststuffatthelongestdomainnameatlonglast.com. Retrieved 2012-08-22. 
  56. ^ "San Francisco Spiders hockey team statistics and history at". Hockeydb.com. Retrieved 2012-08-22. 
  57. ^ Lerseth, Mike (January 27, 2014). "San Francisco Bulls hockey team ceases operations". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved January 28, 2014. 
  58. ^ "NASL San Jose Earthquakes Rosters". Nasljerseys.com. Retrieved 2012-08-22. 
  59. ^ San Jose Grizzlies
  60. ^ Fitzgerald, Tom (2010-11-13). The San Francisco Chronicle http://www.sfgate.com/sports/article/FC-Gold-Pride-to-fold-3166073.php.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links[edit]