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Spring Lake, New Jersey

Spring Lake is a borough situated on the Jersey Shore in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 2,993, reflecting a decline of 574 from the 3,567 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 68 from the 3,499 counted in the 1990 Census. New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Spring Lake as the 240th best place to live in New Jersey in its 2010 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey. Spring Lake was formed as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 14, 1892, from portions of Wall Township, based on the results of a referendum held on March 8, 1892. On February 24, 1903, the borough of North Spring Lake was annexed to Spring Lake; the borough was named for a clear spring-fed lake. During the "Gilded Age" of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Spring Lake developed into a coastal resort for members of New York City and Philadelphia high society, in similar fashion to the settlements of Newport, Rhode Island and Bar Harbor, Maine.

A surviving example of architecture constructed during this era is the Martin Maloney Cottage on Morris Avenue next to the tycoon's former and no longer existent Ballingarry Estate. Another fine example of period architecture listed on the National Register of Historic Places is the Audenried Cottage on Tuttle Avenue; the owner of the Ballingarry Estate, Marquis Martin Maloney, built St. Catharine Roman Catholic Church on a knoll overlooking the eponymous Spring Lake; the cornerstone of the church was laid on St. Patrick's Day in 1901; the second of the five victims of the Jersey Shore shark attacks of 1916, Charles Bruder, 27, a Swiss bellhop for the Essex and Sussex Hotel, was killed on July 6, 1916, while swimming 130 yards from shore in Spring Lake. The wave of attacks took place between July 1 and July 12, 1916, along 80 miles of Atlantic Ocean coastline and is attributed as having inspired the novel Jaws by Peter Benchley and the corresponding film by Steven Spielberg, though Benchley has explicitly denied the claim.

The borough and its environs are known as the "Irish Riviera" because of the large Irish-American population in the area, with Spring Lake having the highest percentage of any municipality in the United States. The Spring Lake 5 Mile Run, a race, first run in 1977, circles the borough and ending at the beachfront; the 2014 race had 10,360 finishers, out of 12,500 registered. In 2015, the race was listed as one of the top 100 races in America by Runner's World magazine. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 1.728 square miles, including 1.330 square miles of land and 0.398 square miles of water. Wreck Pond is a tidal pond located on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by Wall Township and the boroughs of Spring Lake, Spring Lake Heights, Sea Girt, covering an area of 28 acres; the Wreck Pond watershed covers about 12 square miles in eastern Monmouth County. The borough borders the Monmouth County municipalities of Belmar, Lake Como, Sea Girt, Spring Lake Heights and Wall Township.

North Spring Lake was an independent borough established in 1884 which comprised the northern portion of Spring Lake. The borough was disestablished and its territory was annexed by Spring Lake in 1903; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,993 people, 1,253 households, 829.486 families living in the borough. The population density was 2,250.8 per square mile. There were 2,048 housing units at an average density of 1,540.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 97.63% White, 0.27% Black or African American, 0.03% Native American, 1.00% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.50% from other races, 0.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.90% of the population. There were 1,253 households out of which 22.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.8% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.8% were non-families. 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals, 19.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.01. In the borough, the population was spread out with 21.6% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 12.2% from 25 to 44, 33.2% from 45 to 64, 27.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 51.9 years. For every 100 females there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 83.9 males. The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that median household income was $97,885 and the median family income was $150,156. Males had a median income of $106,853 versus $68,750 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $71,661. About 2.2% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.0% of those under age 18 and 2.0% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2000 United States Census there were 3,567 people, 1,463 households, 983 families residing in the borough; the population density was 2,723.8 people per square mile. There were 1,930 housing units at an average density of 1,473.7 per square mile.

The racial makeup of the borough was 98.77% White, 0.34% African American, 0.28% Asian, 0.11% from other races, 0.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.73% of the population. There were 1,463 households out of which 23.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.8% were married

Comenius Foundation for Child Development

The Comenius Foundation for Child Development, or Comenius Foundation for short, is a children's welfare non-governmental organisation based in Warsaw, established in September 2003. The Foundation's goal is to provide equal educational opportunities to children aged 3–5 years in rural areas of high unemployment, in response to a dramatic decline in preschool education services in Poland. Only 38% of children aged 3–5 attended pre-school, which means that some 750,000 children in this age group is left out of pre-school care. In rural areas the attendance figure is below 10%; this is the lowest result in the whole European Union. The Foundation organises and conducts training for teachers and kindergarten headmasters and local educational authorities; the Foundation's "Where There Are No Pre-schools" programme aims at helping rural communities to develop new models for early-childhood education, based on local financial resources. A pilot scheme was set up in 28 rural communities, where 75 Early Childhood Education Centres have been set up, with over 800 children.

Educational activities are provided by teachers trained by the Comenius Foundation to use the project approach in the classroom. The local authorities cover the costs of the teachers' salaries and the premises, whereas the Foundation is responsible for financing the teacher training, monitoring the quality of teaching and setting up local libraries. An external evaluation of the programme, commissioned by the Foundation, will enable modification while the programme is being implemented. Official website Annual Report 2004 Comenius kindergartens Information about the "Where There Are No Preschools" programme from Bernard van Leer Foundation

Mademoiselle Has Fun

Mademoiselle Has Fun is a 1948 French comedy film directed by Jean Boyer and starring Ray Ventura, Giselle Pascal and Bernard Lancret. It portrays the adventures of an American heiress in France. Ray Ventura as Ray Ventura Giselle Pascal as Christine Gibson Bernard Lancret as Jacques Roussel Catherine Gay as Thérèse Jeannette Batti as Fifi Max Elloy Henri Legay André Toffel Henri Salvador as Henri Salvador Georges Tourreil as Le commissaire Germaine Reuver as La cuisinière Marcel Charvey Nicolas Amato Christiane Barry as Édith Roland Bailly as Gégène Lucien Hector as Un domestique René Stern as Le proviseur Georgé Georges Lannes as Georgey Jeanne Fusier-Gir as Mlle. Agathe André Randall as William Gibson Annette Poivre as Miette Léon Bary as Le gérant Rivers Cadet as L'agent Gregori Chmara as Petit rôle Janine Clairville as Petit rôle Marguerite de Morlaye as La marquise Jacqueline Huet Marcel Loche as Le garçon Julien Maffre as Un dur Frédéric O'Brady as Petit rôle Ray Ventura Orchestra as L'orchestre Guy Saint-Clair as Petit rôle René Sauvaire as Petit rôle Rège, Philippe.

Encyclopedia of French Film Directors, Volume 1. Scarecrow Press, 2009. Mademoiselle Has Fun on IMDb