The springbok is a medium-sized antelope found in southern and southwestern Africa. The sole member of the genus Antidorcas, this bovid was first described by the German zoologist Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann in 1780. Three subspecies are identified. A slender, long-legged antelope, the springbok reaches 71 to 86 cm at the shoulder and weighs between 27 and 42 kg. Both sexes have a pair of 35-to-50 cm long horns that curve backwards; the springbok is characterised by a white face, a dark stripe running from the eyes to the mouth, a light-brown coat marked by a reddish-brown stripe that runs from the upper fore leg to the buttocks across the flanks like the Thomson's gazelle, a white rump flap. Active at dawn and dusk, springbok form harems. In earlier times, springbok of the Kalahari desert and Karoo migrated in large numbers across the countryside, a practice known as trekbokking. A feature, peculiar but not unique, to the springbok is pronking, in which the springbok performs multiple leaps into the air, up to 2 m above the ground, in a stiff-legged posture, with the back bowed and the white flap lifted.

A browser, the springbok feeds on shrubs and succulents. Breeding takes place year-round, peaks in the rainy season, when forage is most abundant. A single calf is born after a five- to six-month-long pregnancy. Springbok inhabit the dry areas of southwestern Africa; the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources classifies the springbok as a least concern species. No major threats to the long-term survival of the species are known, they are popular game animals, are valued for their meat and skin. The springbok is the national animal of South Africa; the common name "springbok" comes from the Afrikaans words bok. The scientific name of the springbok is Antidorcas marsupialis; the specific epithet marsupialis comes from the Latin marsupium. In fact, this physical feature distinguishes the springbok from true gazelles; the springbok is placed in the family Bovidae. It was first described by the German zoologist Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann in 1780. Zimmermann assigned the genus Antilope to the springbok.

In 1845, Swedish zoologist Carl Jakob Sundevall placed the springbok in Antidorcas, a genus of its own. In 2013, Eva Verena Bärmann and colleagues undertook a revision of the phylogeny of the tribe Antilopini on the basis of nuclear and mitochondrial data, they showed that the gerenuk form a clade with saiga as sister taxon. The study pointed out that the saiga and the springbok could be different from the rest of the antilopines; the cladogram below is based on the 2013 study. Fossil springbok are known from the Pliocene. Three fossil species of Antidorcas have been identified, in addition to the extant form, appear to have been widespread across Africa. Two of these, A. bondi and A. australis, became extinct around 7,000 years ago. The third species, A. recki gave rise to the extant form A. marsupialis during the Pleistocene, about 100,000 years ago. Fossils have been reported from Pliocene and Holocene sites in northern and eastern Africa. Fossils dating back to 80 and 100 thousand years ago have been excavated at Herolds Bay Cave and Florisbad, respectively.

Three subspecies are recognised: A. m. angolensis – Occurs in Benguela and Moçâmedes. A. m. hofmeyri – Occurs in Berseba and Great Namaqualand. Its range lies north of the Orange River, stretching from Upington and Sandfontein through Botswana to Namibia. A. m. marsupialis – Its range lies south of the Orange River, extending from the northeastern Cape of Good Hope to the Free State and Kimberley. The springbok is a slender antelope with long legs and neck. Both sexes reach 71–86 cm at the shoulder with a head-and-body length between 120 and 150 cm; the weights for both sexes range between 42 kilograms. The tail, 14 to 28 cm long, ends in a black tuft. Major differences in the size and weight of the subspecies are seen. A study tabulated average body measurements for the three subspecies. A. m. angolensis males stand 84 cm tall at the shoulder. The males weigh around 31 kg, while the females weigh 32 kg. A. m. hofmeyri is the largest subspecies. The males, weighing 42 kg, are heavier than females.

However, A. m. marsupialis is the smallest subspecies. Average weight

1963–64 Birmingham City F.C. season

The 1963–64 Football League season was Birmingham City Football Club's 61st in the Football League and their 37th in the First Division. They finished in 20th position in the 22-team division, only one point above the relegation places, they lost their opening match in each of the cup competitions, to Port Vale in the third round proper of the 1963–64 FA Cup and to Norwich City in the second round of the League Cup. Although Birmingham maintained their First Division status, the board of directors asked Gil Merrick to resign as manager, he had been with the club for 25 years as player – he was first-choice goalkeeper for 14 years and, as of 2012, he held the club's appearance record – and manager, having led Birmingham to the 1961 Fairs Cup Final in his first season and to victory in the 1963 League Cup Final to win the club's first and, until 2011, only major trophy. In June, Nottingham Forest's trainer-coach Joe Mallett was brought in with responsibility for "team affairs, including team selection".

He was formally appointed manager early in the 1964–65 season. Twenty-five players made at least one appearance in nationally organised first-team competition, there were fifteen different goalscorers. Forward Mike Hellawell played in 42 of the 44 first-team matches over the season, Bertie Auld finished as leading goalscorer with 10 goals, all scored in league competition. Players with name marked left the club during the playing season. Birmingham City F. C. seasons General Matthews, Tony. Birmingham City: A Complete Record. Derby: Breedon Books. ISBN 978-1-85983-010-9. Matthews, Tony. Birmingham City: The Complete Record. Derby: DB Publishing. ISBN 978-1-85983-853-2. Source for match dates and results: "Birmingham City 1963–1964: Results". Statto Organisation. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 12 April 2012. Source for lineups, appearances and attendances: Matthews, Complete Record, pp. 362–63. Source for kit: "Birmingham City". Historical Football Kits. Retrieved 22 May 2018. Specific


Chychymakh is a rural locality, the only inhabited locality, the administrative center of Amginsky Rural Okrug of Tattinsky District in the Sakha Republic, located 60 kilometers from Ytyk-Kyuyol, the administrative center of the district. Its population as of the 2010 Census was 773, down from 798 recorded during the 2002 Census. Official website of the Sakha Republic. Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic. Tattinsky District. Государственное Собрание Республики Саха. Закон №173-З №353-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха », в ред. Закона №1058-З №1007-IV от 25 апреля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г