click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Springvale, Victoria

Springvale is a suburb in Melbourne, Australia, 22 km south-east of Melbourne's central business district. Its local government area is the City of Greater Dandenong. At the 2016 census, Springvale had a population of 21,714. Springvale is a large suburb occupying 11.2 km², bounded by Westall Road to the west, Princes Highway and Police Road to the north, the Springvale Crematorium and Corrigan Road to the northeast, Heatherton Road to the south and Lawn Road to the southeast. Springvale is linked to Melbourne's CBD by Monash Freeway via the Ferntree Gully Road exit to the suburb's northwest; the municipal area of Springvale was part of the Dandenong shire and is at the doorstep of the Dandenong Ranges National Park. The area contained natural springs which were a permanent water source for stock and travellers moving between Melbourne and Dandenong, giving rise to the suburb's name. In the 1850s, a Spring Vale Hotel was built near a newly surveyed route between Oakleigh and Dandenong at what is now the intersection of Princes Highway and Springvale Road.

However, it did not develop into a settlement. The first Springvale Post Office opened on 12 September 1864 and closed in 1892; this office had been superseded by Springvale Railway Station office, renamed Springvale in 1902. A Springvale North Post Office was open between 1946 and 1978. In 1886, land was subdivided near the railway station and the area began to grow. By the 1920s the Spring Vale community had a lodge, brass band, a recreation reserve, a mechanics' institute, a few shops and some houses in the township. A picture theatre opened in 1924. At the outbreak of the second world war Springvale was a pastoral and industrial township with market gardens in the surrounding areas. Sand extraction industries were active; the clearest indication of postwar residential growth occurred in the early 1960s when Rockman's Shopwell department store was built, when shops on the east side of Springvale Road were removed for road widening. Housing growth was estates with made roads and services replaced unserviced subdivisions.

The new Sandown racecourse site was opened in 1961 for both motor-car racing. Springvale was once a city in its own right, but a local government boundary reshuffle in December 1994, saw part of the municipality amalgamated into the City of Greater Dandenong and the rest merged into the new City of Kingston. On the north of the Princes Highway is Necropolis. Next to the Crematorium is an area of housing and the original Springvale primary school near where Centre and Springvale Roads cross Princes Highway; the suburb is residential, although some small industrial areas are scattered through the suburb's northwest and northeast. Eastern Springvale contains Springvale Crematorium and Necropolis, one of Melbourne's three main cemeteries, the Sandown motor raceway. In 2014, Springvale had an estimated population of 20,200; the residents of this suburb have higher levels of migrant settlement, cultural diversity and limited English proficiency than Greater Dandenong, lower median incomes and lower rates of early school leaving.

The 2011 Census found that 69% of Springvale residents were born overseas, higher than for Greater Dandenong and more than double the corresponding metropolitan proportion. Among the 99 birthplaces of its residents were Vietnam, India and China. Rates of migrant settlement are high, with 8% of residents having arrived in Australia within the previous 2.5 years – similar to the figure for Greater Dandenong, of 7%. Languages other than English are spoken by 79% of Springvale residents – compared with 64% for Greater Dandenong. Twenty-two per cent have limited fluency in the use of spoken English, higher than the municipal level of 14% and over five times the metropolitan level of 4%. Among the major religious faiths are Buddhism, adhered to by 27.3% of residents, Catholicism. Nine per cent of young adults had left school before completing year 11 – lower than both the municipal average of 13% and the metropolitan level, of 10%. Median individual gross incomes of $352 p.w. recorded in the Census, are the lowest in Greater Dandenong and equivalent to 55% of metropolitan levels.

Of the 6,489 homes in Springvale, 16% are flats, less than the proportion across Greater Dandenong of 21%, though more than the metropolitan level of 11%. Sixty-one per cent of homes are owned or being purchased by their occupants – less than the metropolitan level of 71%; the suburb has an Australian Rules football team, Springvale District Football Club, competing in the Southern Football League. South Springvale SC compete in the Victorian State League Division 1 and play their home games at Warner Reserve. Sandown International Motor Raceway incorporates a motor racing track with permanent pit and grandstand facilities, it hosts a number of major car races every year including the Sandown 500, a key event in the V8 Supercar series, the Sandown Challenge. The raceway is accessible via Sandown Park railway station; the Sandown Racecourse is co-located with the motor raceway, is one of the four horse racing venues in Melbourne. On the other side of the railway is Sandown Park Greyhound Racing Track Springvale is safe for the Australian Labor Party at both federal and state elections.

At federal level the suburb is divided between the federal divisions of Hotham held by Clare O'Neil, Bruce, held by Alan Griffin. Springvale is split between the electorates of Clarinda and Mulgrave. Springvale was divided between the Springvale Central and Springvale North wards of the City of Greater Dandenong, represen

Biotechnology industry in Boston

Greater Boston Boston and Cambridge, is home to 1,000 biotechnology companies, ranging from small start-ups to billion-dollar pharmaceutical companies. The many universities in the area give the region a large network of scientists; the Kendall Square area of Boston holds a large concentration of the life science industry, numbering over 120 companies within a mile, has been described as the "center of the nation’s biotechnology industry". The Longwood area is about two miles from Kendall Square, is home to many biomedical research companies; the biotechnology industry in Boston dates back to the 1970s, when genetic engineering was developing. Biogen was the first company in Boston focused on biotechnology. In 2008, the governor of Massachusetts announced the Massachusetts Life Sciences Act, promising $1 billion to further the development of the biotech industry. Massachusetts is among the top states for biotech jobs. In 2016, venture investment in Massachusetts biopharma companies was $2.9 billion, more than half of the biotech companies in the state receiving venture capital were located in Cambridge.

When Cambridge and Boston were considered together, they received more than 80% of the funding in the state. Seven teaching hospitals are located in Boston. Five of the top six NIH-funded independent hospitals in the United States are located in Boston. Broad Institute Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering Mass General Research Institute Cytel Atlas Venture List of biotech and pharmaceutical companies in the New York metropolitan area

Daji

Daji was the favorite consort of King Zhou of Shang, the last king of the Shang dynasty in ancient China. She is portrayed as a malevolent fox spirit in legends as well as novels, her identification as a fox spirit seems to have originated from at least the Tang dynasty. These accounts have been popularized in works such as the Wu Wang Fa Zhou Pinghua, the Fengshen Yanyi, the Lieguo Zhi, she is considered a classic example of how a beautiful woman can cause the downfall of a dynasty in Chinese culture. In the Song dynasty, fox spirit cults, including those dedicated to Daji, became outlawed, but their suppression was unsuccessful. For example, in 1111, an imperial edict was issued for the destruction of many spirit shrines within Kaifeng, including those of Daji. Daji was from a noble family Yousu, her style name or posthumous name is Da, her clan name is Ji. Hence, she is known as Su Da Ji or Da Ji in ancient sources. At some time during his early reign, King Zhou of Shang took Daji as his prize.

In Feng Shen Yan Yi, she was a daughter of Su Hu. King Zhou became infatuated with Daji and started to neglect state affairs in order to keep her company, he used any means necessary to please her. Daji liked animals so he built her a zoological Xanadu with several rare species of birds and animals, he ordered artists to compose lewd music and choreograph bawdy dances to satisfy her musical taste. He gathered 3000 guests at one party to indulge in his "pond of alcohol" and "forest of meat", he allowed the guests to play a mouse game nude in the forest to amuse Daji. When one of King Zhou's concubines, the daughter of Lord Jiu, King Zhou had her executed, her father was ground in his flesh fed to King Zhou's vassals. Daji's greatest joy was to hear people cry in physical torment. Once, she saw a farmer walking barefoot on ice and ordered his feet cut off so she could study them and figure out why they were so resistant to low temperatures. On another occasion, she had a pregnant woman's belly cut open so it satisfied her curiosity to find out what happened inside.

To verify an ancient saying that "a good man's heart has seven apertures", she had the heart of the minister Bi Gan dug out and subjected to her scrutiny. Daji was best known for her invention of a method of torture known as Paolao. A bronze cylinder covered with oil was heated like a furnace with charcoal beneath until its sides became hot; the victim was made to walk on top of the heating cylinder and he was forced to shift his feet to avoid the burning. The oily surface made it difficult for the victim to maintain his balance. If the victim fell into the charcoal below, he would be burnt to death; the victim was forced to dance and scream in agony before dying while the observing King Zhou and Daji would laugh in delight. Daji was executed on the orders of King Wu of Zhou after the fall of the Shang dynasty on the advice of Jiang Ziya. Daji is featured in the Chinese novel Fengshen Yanyi as a major antagonist, she was the first featured corrupter of the declining Shang dynasty in the novel. Her father Su Hu gave her to King Zhou of Shang as an appeasement offer after armed conflict broke out between Su's and Shang military forces.

One night before Daji was sent to the capital city of Zhaoge, she was possessed by an evil nine-tailed fox spirit. When Daji arrived in Zhaoge, she became the center of attention of King Zhou and caused the king to be obsessed with her. King Zhou ignored the advice of his subjects. Yunzhongzi was the first man to act against Daji by giving the king a magical peach-wood sword which would make Daji ill and kill her eventually, she rose above the ranks from a minor concubine to become the queen based on the king's favoritism towards her. Daji was blamed for the fall of the Shang dynasty by corrupting King Zhou and causing him to neglect state affairs and rule with tyranny and despotism; this led to the dynasty's decline and widespread chaos. King Zhou's tyranny incurred the anger and resentment of the common people, who rose up in revolt against him under King Wu of Zhou's leadership. After the fall of the Shang dynasty, Daji died eventually. Bo Yikao Jade Pipa Jiutou Zhiji Jing Nüwa Femme fatale Chen, Ya-chen - Women in Chinese martial arts films of the new millennium narrative analyses and gender politics - ISBN 9780739139103 Epstein, Maram - Competing discourses: Orthodoxy and endangered meanings in late Imperial Chinese fiction - ISBN 9780674005129 Huntington, Rania - Alien kind: foxes and late imperial Chinese narrative - ISBN 9780674010949 Kang, Xiaofei - The cult of the fox: Power and popular religion in late imperial and modern China - ISBN 9780231133388.

Lin, Fu-shih - Modern Chinese Religion I - ISBN 9789004271647. Xu, Zhonglin - Fengshen Yanyi

Kőszeg

Kőszeg is a town in Vas county, Hungary. The town is famous for its historical character; the origins of the only free royal town in the historical garrison county of Vas go back to the third quarter of the thirteenth century. It was founded by the Kőszegi family, a branch of the Héder clan, who had settled in Hungary in 1157 AD. Sometime before 1274 Henry I and his son Ivan moved the court of the Kőszegi, a breakaway branch of the family, from Güssing to Kőszeg. For decades, the town was the seat of the lords of Kőszeg. Only in 1327 did Charles Robert of Anjou break the power of the Kőszegi family in Western Transdanubia, a year in, elevated the town to royal status; the town boundaries were fixed during the Anjou dynasty. In 1392 the royal town became a fiefdom, when the Palatinate Nicolas Garai repaid a bond paid to King Sigismund of Luxembourg by the Ellerbach family from Monyorókerék; the Garai era ended in 1441. In 1677 the secondary school, Jurisics Miklós Gimnázium, was founded, it is the oldest operating International School in Hungary.

The International Baccalaureate program, which most English-speaking students at the school follow, was created at the Grande Boissière campus. It is a bilingual school, with instruction in Hungarian, German and English; the International School is a testing center for the U. S. college boards, as well as the British IGCSE exam. In 2006, the Herald Tribune listed it as one of the top ten international schools in the world. According to the Good Schools Guide International, "Students receive a international education and as a result, leave as rounded and worldly young people. In the third wave of the great wars against the Turks in the sixteenth century, Kőszeg became the major flashpoint of the campaign of 1532. Between August 5–30, Grand Vizier Ibrahim led 19 major assaults against the town. Under the leadership of the town and fort captain, Nikola Jurišić, a small garrison of only 800 Hungarians and Croats repelled an Ottoman force numbering some 80,000 men in the Siege of Kőszeg. After the final unsuccessful attack, the Turkish leadership were forced to decamp due to an uprising by the Janissaries.

According to tradition, the last contingent of withdrawing troops were meant to have left the city limits around 11 o'clock. As a memorial to this historic heroism, the church clocks in the town have read 11 o'clock since 1777. After the Turkish wars, in 1695 the garrison and surrounding areas of Kőszeg fell into the hands of the Esterházy dukes, where it remained until 1931; the town lost its strategic importance after the Rákóczi-Liberation Wars of 1703–1711. Along with Szombathely, Kőszeg was the most important fortress for the kuruc military leadership from 1705–1708, to liberate and hold onto the areas west of the Rába; the free royal town enjoyed the longest period of peace in its history during the eighteenth century. For the first time in the history of the town, there was an attempt, in 1712, to replace the population loss in the town by trying to attract colonists, by founding Schwabendorf. Kőszeg had lost its leading role in the garrison county of Vas by the mid nineteenth century.

Only a few workshops survived the production crisis within the guild system during the Hungarian reformation of the early nineteenth century. The founding of public companies and the first financial institution in the county were the first signs of civic development in the town. Alongside the by typical society made up of small businesses and small traders, Kőszeg developed during this time into a town of schools and garrisons. During World War II, the Jews of Kőszeg were among the last to be deported to Auschwitz in the summer of 1944; that year Nazis established a slave labor camp at Kőszeg where 4,500 died of typhus. With the impending arrival of the Red Army in 1945, the camp was liquidated; the camp's 2,000 survivors endured a "death march" of about 300 kilometres for several weeks over the Alps to Ebensee. When the Red Army approached Kőszeg in March, 1945, the Hungarian commander, Béla Király, surrendered the city to spare it further destruction. Since 1992 Kőszeg is again living under a market economy.

The financially feeble town is looking at options for renewal through an injection of capital from outside investors and is seeking support from government agencies and the European Union. Kőszeg has managed to retain the beauty of its architecture. Only the bastion gates have been damaged significantly; the structure of the town remains unaltered. Today Kőszeg is a tourist destination. Kőszeg was awarded the Hild Prize in 1978 for preserving its architectural heritage; every year, it hosts the Castle Days at the castle there and reenacting the siege by Ottoman Turks on the way to Vienna, in which the defenders were able to hold out. In 1880 Kőszeg had 7,301 inhabitants with ethnic German majority; the German citizens were Lutherans, as in Sopron. During Austro-Hungarian times the city population was magyarized. After the Second World War 117 Germans were expelled, but in fact more German-speaking people were deported because the town's population declined from 10,320 to 8,780. During the communist era the remaining Germans assimilated to the Magyars.

In 2001 Kőszeg had 93.4 % Magyars, 3.2 % Germans, 1.6 % Croats. The distribution of religions were: 72.2% Roman Catholic, 8.6% Lutheran, 2.5%

Northern AFC

Northern AFC is an association football club in North East Valley, New Zealand. They are competing in the ODT FootballSouth Premier League; the club is based at Dunedin. The uneven playing surface and overhanging trees ensure that every match at'Fortress Gardens' is a tough encounter for both sides. Established in 1888, the club claims to be the oldest in continual existence in New Zealand, they have twice won the Chatham Cup, in 1959 and 1961, have been finalists on eight other occasions. After amalgamating with Maori Hill in 1972, the club was known as Dunedin North End and as North End United, a name it used until 1990; the club celebrated its 125th Jubilee in 2013. Northern's club strip is black shorts and socks; the tangerine away strip is a real fan favourite. The club's top men's side compete in the Otago Daily Times Southern Premier League, where they see limited success. In 2018 season they finished second bottom of the league with only one win to show from eight fixtures. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules.

Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Club website

Stacy H. Schusterman

Stacy H. Schusterman is an American heiress and philanthropist. Schusterman served as the chief executive officer of her family business, Samson Resources, a Tulsa, Oklahoma-based oil and gas company, from 2000 until its $7.2 billion buyout by Kohlberg Kravis Roberts in 2011. She serves as the chair and chief executive officer of Samson Energy, a deepwater drilling company in the Gulf Coast of the United States. Schusterman is the founder of Granite Properties, a Plano, Texas-based real estate investment company, Black Coral Capital, a Boston, Massachusetts-based clean technology investment firm. Schusterman supports Jewish causes in the United States and Israel. Stacy H. Schusterman was born circa 1963, her father, Charles Schusterman, was an philanthropist. Her mother, Lynn Schusterman, is a billionaire philanthropist, she has two brothers and Hal, who live in Israel. Schusterman studied in Israel in 1983, she returned to the United States and graduated from Yale University in 1985. She received a master in business administration from the McCombs School of Business at the University of Texas at Austin.

Schusterman started her career at Samson Resources. She served as its chief executive officer from 2000 to 2011, when she sold it to Kohlberg Kravis Roberts for $7.2 billion. During her tenure as CEO, Schusterman switched the company investments from clean gas to oil, shale gas and tight gas. After the buyout, Schusterman founded Samson Energy, a deepwater drilling company whose main assets are on the Gulf Coast of the United States, she serves as its chief executive officer. In 1991, with Michael W. Dardick, Schusterman co-founded Granite Properties, a Plano, Texas-based real estate investment company; the company owns buildings in Los Angeles, Atlanta, Dallas, Houston and Denver, Colorado. By 2015, it had 150 employees. Schusterman is the founder of Black Coral Capital, a Boston-based clean technology investment firm. Schusterman co-chairs the Charles and Lynn Schusterman Family Foundation, "the largest Jewish family foundation in America", with her mother, she serves as the president of Bezalel Foundation, a non-profit organization which endows Jewish causes.

Additionally, she serves on the board of trustees of the American Israel Public Affairs Committee and BBYO. She serves on the international board of governors of Hillel: The Foundation for Jewish Campus Life, she endowed the Stacy Schusterman'85 Scholarship at her alma mater, Yale University, in 2010–2011. With her husband, she supports the Winter Relief Program of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee in Eastern Europe, including Ukraine and Moldova. Schusterman is married to Steven H. Dow.