Internalization (sociology)

In sociology and other social sciences, internalization means an individual's acceptance of a set of norms and values through socialisation. John Finley Scott described internalization as a metaphor in which something moves from outside the mind or personality to a place inside of it; the structure and the happenings of society shapes one's inner self and it can be reversed. The process of internalization starts with learning what the norms are, the individual goes through a process of understanding why they are of value or why they make sense, until they accept the norm as their own viewpoint. Internalised norms are said to be part of an individual's personality and may be exhibited by one's moral actions. However, there can be a distinction between internal commitment to a norm and what one exhibits externally. George Mead illustrates, through the constructs of mind and self, the manner in which an individual's internalizations are affected by external norms. One thing that may affect what an individual internalises are role models.

Role models speed up the process of socialisation and encourages the speed of internalization as if someone an individual respects is seen to endorse a particular set of norms, the individual is more to be prepared to accept, so internalise, those norms. This is called the process of identification. Internalization helps one define who they are and create their own identity and values within a society that has created a norm set of values and practices for them. To internalise is defined by the Oxford American Dictionary as to "make part of one's nature by learning or unconscious assimilation: people learn gender stereotypes and internalize them." Through internalization individuals accept a set of norms and values that are established by other individuals, groups, or society as a whole. Lev Vygotsky, a pioneer of psychological studies, introduced the idea of internalization in his extensive studies of child development research. Vygotsky provides an alternate definition for internalization, the internal reconstruction of an external operation.

He explains three stages of internalization: An operation that represents an external activity is reconstructed and begins to occur internally. An interpersonal process is transformed into an intrapersonal one; the transformation of an interpersonal process into an intrapersonal one is the result of a long series of developmental events. Externalization Introjection


Swami's is an area in San Diego County that contains Swami's Beach and other local attractions. The beach known as "Swami’s Reef'" and "Swamis", is an internationally known surfing spot, a point break located in Encinitas, San Diego County, California. Swami's was named after Swami Paramahansa Yogananda, because the grounds and hermitage of the Self-Realization Fellowship ashram, built in 1937, overlook this reef point; the name "Swami's" is given to the sand beach that extends south from the point to the next beach access point, next to the San Elijo State Beach camping area. The name "Swami's" was an unofficial nickname that surfers had given to the point break, but the name was adopted and used as the name of the cliff-top park, known as "Seacliff Roadside Park". Access to Swami Beach is through the small "Swami" park at the top of the cliff, which has bathrooms, a water fountain, picnic tables, trees. There is a small parking lot. At the edge of the park is a wooden staircase that lead towards the sand beach.

Swami's offers a sand beach available from 4 a.m. to 2 a.m. and has lifeguard towers open from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. during the period of Late June to Labor Day. Beach parking is available from 5 a.m. to 10 p.m. The beach is available on a first-come, first-served basis and is maintained by the Encinitas Parks and Recreation Department. Encinitas beaches, including Swami's, prohibit pet dogs, transportable barbecue grills, drinking glasses, any sort of smoking or alcohol. Swami's is a major surfing destination during good swells in the winter months, because of its standout right point break, as well as fun reef breaks, beach breaks; the number of surfers out can be considerable when conditions are good. Surfing at this location is ideal with a low to mid tide, W or NW swell direction, calm or East wind. Swami's allows all levels of surfers, but is well known as a high-performance wave for both longboard and shortboard surfers. Bodysurfing and bodyboarding are rare due to the competitive nature of the crowd to catch and ride the limited number of waves that come in sets every few minutes.

Swami's is known as challenging spot to paddle, requiring a level of fitness above what other breaks demand. This is due to the distance from the beach to the main peak several hundred yards from shore; as the waves become larger this distance increases, after long rides the paddle back to the main peak can take several minutes. For this reason many surfers will choose to end their rides before the wave reaches the beach. There are two ways in which surfers paddle out to the main peak; the more common way is to approach from south of the break and paddle around the break through the deep water. The other method of paddling out is to walk north two hundred yards and approach the main peak by means of a rougher, more turbulent shortcut. While riskier, it can be a quicker route to the main peak; this is known as "paddling out through the back door." Most novice surfers will avoid this method as it requires fitness. Swami's is a common surfing ground for local professional surfers, including Rob Machado, Taylor Knox.

In 1920, Paramahansa Yogananda founded the Self-Realization Fellowship. Yogananda came from India as a representative for the international congress of religions and wanted to bring the great teachings of meditation to Americans; the meditation garden is filled with flowers, trees and a number of small ponds featuring small waterfalls and koi fish. It extends from the starting point of the meditation garden to the beach cliffs of Swami's. Activities include weekly Sunday services for adults and Sunday school for children, as well as meditations, kirtan chanting, scriptural readings and many opportunities to serve. Swami's ecology has a variety of habitats; these include grassy surf beds, a flourishing forest, rocky reefs where lobsters and various types of fish and invertebrates live and consume food. Additional, visitors can see sea animals and such as sea hares, brittle stars, octopuses in nearby pools. Visitors can view nearly 45-million-year-old fossils in level rocks; the Swami's Reef is a protected area through the California Marine Life Protection Act.

This act protects habitats from removal. In addition, fishing is prohibited in this particular area. Swami's Surfing Association was established in 1964 by local surfers as a non-profit organization dedicated to improving the beach community and helping environmental issues. SSA sponsors and participates in programs, such as Adopt-a-Beach, Disabled Vietnam Veterans, the Blind Surf Program, many more. For the past 18 years, SSA has held a surfing contest in Encinitas; these events and programs are funded by sponsors from the community. Donations may be tax deductible as charitable contributions. Swami's is mentioned in the 1963 Beach Boys' song Surfin' U. S. A. List of beaches in the San Diego area List of California state parks California State Beaches Swamis, Dec 21st, 2005 Swamis, Dec 21st, 2005 Video #2 Swamis 2003 Phillip Cola Natural History Photography Pbase Photoset