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Stéphane Mallarmé

Stéphane Mallarmé, pen name of Étienne Mallarmé, was a French poet and critic. He was a major French symbolist poet, his work anticipated and inspired several revolutionary artistic schools of the early 20th century, such as Cubism, Futurism and Surrealism. Stéphane Mallarmé was born in Paris, he was a boarder at the Pensionnat des Frères des écoles chrétiennes à Passy between 6 or 9 October 1852 and March 1855. He worked as an English teacher and spent much of his life in relative poverty but was famed for his salons, occasional gatherings of intellectuals at his house on the rue de Rome for discussions of poetry and philosophy; the group became known as les Mardistes, because they met on Tuesdays, through it Mallarmé exerted considerable influence on the work of a generation of writers. For many years, those sessions, where Mallarmé held court as judge and king, were considered the heart of Paris intellectual life. Regular visitors included W. B. Yeats, Rainer Maria Rilke, Paul Valéry, Stefan George, Paul Verlaine, many others.

Along with other members of La Revue Blanche such as Jules Renard, Julien Benda and Ioannis Psycharis, Mallarmé was a Dreyfusard. On 10 August 1863, he married Maria Christina Gerhard, their daughter, Geneviève Mallarmé, was born on 19 November 1864. Mallarmé died in Valvins September 9, 1898. Mallarmé's earlier work owes a great deal to the style of Charles Baudelaire, recognised as the forerunner of literary Symbolism. Mallarmé's fin de siècle style, on the other hand, anticipates many of the fusions between poetry and the other arts that were to blossom in the next century. Most of this work explored the relationship between content and form, between the text and the arrangement of words and spaces on the page; this is evident in his last major poem, Un coup de dés jamais n'abolira le hasard of 1897. Some consider Mallarmé one of the French poets most difficult to translate into English; the difficulty is due in part to the complex, multilayered nature of much of his work, but to the important role that the sound of the words, rather than their meaning, plays in his poetry.

When recited in French, his poems allow alternative meanings which are not evident on reading the work on the page. For example, Mallarmé's Sonnet en'-yx' opens with the phrase ses purs ongles, whose first syllables when spoken aloud sound similar to the words c'est pur son. Indeed, the'pure sound' aspect of his poetry has been the subject of musical analysis and has inspired musical compositions; these phonetic ambiguities are difficult to reproduce in a translation which must be faithful to the meaning of the words. Mallarmé's poetry has been the inspiration for several musical pieces, notably Claude Debussy's Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune, a free interpretation of Mallarmé's poem L'après-midi d'un faune, which creates powerful impressions by the use of striking but isolated phrases. Maurice Ravel set Mallarmé's poetry to music in Trois poèmes de Mallarmé. Other composers to use his poetry in song include Pierre Boulez. Man Ray's last film, entitled Les Mystères du Château de Dé, was influenced by Mallarmé's work, prominently featuring the line "A roll of the dice will never abolish chance".

Mallarmé is referred to extensively in the latter section of Joris-Karl Huysmans' À rebours, where Des Esseintes describes his fervour-infused enthusiasm for the poet: "These were Mallarmé's masterpieces and ranked among the masterpieces of prose poetry, for they combined a style so magnificently that in itself it was as soothing as a melancholy incantation, an intoxicating melody, with irresistibly suggestive thoughts, the soul-throbs of a sensitive artist whose quivering nerves vibrate with an intensity that fills you with a painful ecstasy." The critic and translator Barbara Johnson has emphasized Mallarmé's influence on twentieth-century French criticism and theory: "It was by learning the lesson of Mallarmé that critics like Roland Barthes came to speak of'the death of the author' in the making of literature. Rather than seeing the text as the emanation of an individual author's intentions and deconstructors followed the paths and patterns of the linguistic signifier, paying new attention to syntax, intertextuality, semantics and individual letters.

The theoretical styles of Jacques Derrida, Julia Kristeva, Maurice Blanchot, Jacques Lacan owe a great deal to Mallarmé's'critical poem.'" It has been suggested that "much of Mallarmé's work influenced the conception of hypertext, with his purposeful use of blank space and careful placement of words on the page, allowing multiple non-linear readings of the text. This becomes apparent in his work Un coup de dés."On the publishing of "Un Coup de Dés" and its mishaps after the death of Mallarmé, consult the notes and commentary of Bertrand Marchal for his edition of the complete works of Mallarmé, Volume 1, Bibliothèque de la Pléiade, Gallimard 1998. To delve more consult "Igitur, Divagations, Un Coup de Dés," edited by Bertrand Marchal with a preface by Yves Bonnefoy, nfr Poésie/Gallimard. In 1990, Greenhouse Review Press published D. J. Waldie's American translation of Un Coup de Dés in a letterpress edition of 60 copies, its typography and format based on examination of the final corrected proofs of the poem in th

Simon Johannes van Douw

Simon Johannes van Douw was a Flemish painter and draughtsman. His work ranges from Italianizing landscapes, equestrian skirmishes and battles to cattle market and hunting scenes, he worked in Antwerp and Rotterdam. There are no details about the place of birth of Simon Johannes van Douw, it is possible. It is not known with, he became a master in the Antwerp Guild of Saint Luke in 1655. He married Johanna Soolmaeckers in 1656, it is not clear. From this year he had pupils in Antwerp. On 1 November 1656 he became a member of the Guild of Saint Luke in Middelburg, he was active in Middelburg until September 1657. From 1659 he is recorded in Rotterdam. Here he was referred to as a'burgher and painter' when he was involved in the sale of a house in 1666, he is documented in Rotterdam until 1677. From 1666 he is recorded in Antwerp so he seems to have been active in Rotterdam and Antwerp at the same time, his last recorded work dates from 1677. It is not known where he died, his pupils include Carel Fonteyn.

In 1664 he founded in Antwerp a school for the painting of battle scenes. His known works date from 1654 to 1677, he painted cavalry skirmishes and battles. He changed to the subjects of horse and cattle market and hunting scenes, his early works are stylistically related to the cabinet painting tradition in Antwerp. This is noticeable in the stage-like setting of the action, the breaking down of the landscape through colour thresholds and the atmospheric palette, he increasingly was influenced by Philips Wouwermans. Some of his works are similar to those of the landscape painter Jan Frans Soolmaker with whom he may have been related through marriage. Van Douw was known for his accurate depictions of animals horses, he painted lively horses similar to Wouwermans. Although no evidence exists that he visited Italy, his imaginary landscapes are in the Italianate style and depict classical ruins, they include a great number of figures engaged in a variety of activities. A good example is the Italianizing Capriccio with Market Scene showing a large number of people engaged in trade and in play, enjoying themselves in the tavern or herding their flock.

The Italian influence is evident in van Douw's human figures, which are plump and round-faced, reminiscent of the genre painters in the circle of the Bamboccianti. A number of Flemish painters such as Anton Goubau and Pieter Casteels II were painting similar scenes. Media related to Simon Johannes van Douw at Wikimedia Commons

Joaquín Botero

Joaquín Botero Vaca is a retired Bolivian football striker. He is the all-time record Bolivia national team's goalscorer and was the top goalscorer in world football in the 2002 season, with 49 goals scored for Club Bolívar. After scoring 133 goals for Bolívar and becoming the club's 2nd highest goalscorer of all time, he left the club to play abroad. Botero's first foreign club was the Mexican side Pumas. In his first season with Pumas, the 2003 Apertura, he scored 3 goals in 17 games. After scoring another 3 in 9 games in the 2004 Clausura, Botero broke out in the 2004 Apertura, registering 11 goals in 19 games. In 2006, he joined San Lorenzo de Almagro of the Primera División de Argentina and in 2007 he played for Deportivo Táchira of Venezuela. After an unsuccessful stint in both clubs, Botero returned to Bolívar as a free agent in 2008, he joined Correcaminos UAT for the Clausura 2009 season. In January 2010, he was loaned out to Al Arabi Kuwait for $170,000. On 14 January 2011, Botero made official a move to club San José, thus returning to play in his country.

Since 1999, Botero was a regular player for the Bolivia national team including participations in the 1999 FIFA Confederations Cup, Copa América 2001 and Copa América 2004. On April 1, 2009 Botero scored a hat-trick for Bolivia in a historic 6–1 victory over Argentina in a 2010 FIFA World Cup qualifier game, Argentina's first loss under the appointed manager, Diego Maradona. On May 15, 2009, he announced the end of his era with the national team, putting as an excuse that motivation was not there any more. In his ten years playing for Bolivia, Botero earned a total of 48 caps and scored 20 goals, becoming the highest scorer in the national team's history, he represented. Bolívar Liga de Fútbol Profesional Boliviano: 2002 UNAM Primera División de México: 2004, 2004 Bolívar Liga de Fútbol Profesional Boliviano: 2002 Topscorer Bolívar Liga de Fútbol Profesional Boliviano: World's Best Top Division Goal Scorer of the Year Joaquín Botero at Joaquín Botero at Soccerway

Charles Mouton

Charles Mouton was a French lutenist and composer. There were musicians in Mouton's mother's family. Mouton was living in Paris in 1664, he took part in a concert at the court of Savoy in Turin in 1673. In 1680 he was back in Paris, it was in this period that Mouton published two books of his compositions, Pièces de luth sur différents modes. The first book includes notes on the performance of the pieces. Several years he sat for portraitist François de Troy. Mouton and his contemporary Jacques Gallot are two of the last noteworthy French composers for the lute. Vinyl: Works of E. & D. Gaultier, Charles Mouton & J. S. Bach. Performed by Catherine Liddell. Titanic Records Ti-29 Charles Mouton: Pièces de luth. Performed by Hopkinson Smith. Astrée AS 52 Compact Discs: Pièces de luth: French lute music, 17th century. Performed by Konrad Junghanel. Deutsche Harmonia Mundi 05472 77849 2 Charles Mouton: Pièces de luth. Performed by Hopkinson Smith. Astrée E7728 Une Douceur Violente. Performed by Anthony Bailes. Ramée RAM 1104 Charles Mouton.

Performed by Anders Ericson. Daphne 1049 Free scores by Charles Mouton at the International Music Score Library Project


Braum's is an American family-owned restaurant chain based in Tuttle, Oklahoma. In order to maintain the freshness of its products, the company does not open stores outside of a 300-mile radius of the home farm in Tuttle, Oklahoma; as of 2017, there are 300 stores in operation, with 128 stores in Oklahoma, 99 in Texas, 27 in Kansas, 13 in Arkansas and 13 in Missouri. The restaurants serve ice cream, frozen yogurt, sandwiches and breakfast items. Stores include a grocery section called the "Fresh Market" featuring dairy products, baked goods, frozen entrees and produce. Braum's is noteworthy for its level of vertical integration. All the food products sold at Braum's are processed or manufactured directly by the company, it owns eight farms and ranches with a total area of 40,000 acres, as well as its flagship dairy farm in Tuttle, Oklahoma. The dairy farm has specified times during which it is open for public tours and is a popular destination for school field trips. Braum's describes itself as the only major ice cream maker to still milk its own cows.

They produce the packaging used for their dairy products. In 1957, Bill Braum purchased his family's ice cream processing business based in Emporia, Kansas, as well as its "Peter Pan" retail ice cream chain. Having kept the family dairy herd and ice cream processing business and his wife Mary started the Braum's chain in 1968, opening 24 stores in Oklahoma during the first year. Braum's brought products from its Emporia headquarters to Oklahoma for the first few years opening facilities in Oklahoma and moving the herd there in 1975. Braum's ran a series of Ernest P. Worrell television commercials in the 1980s. Official website Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture – Braum's Dairy Nostalgia website C'mon Fwank pays tribute to Braum's

Euclides Kourtidis

Euclides Kourtidis was a Greek freedom fighter. He was born in Santa of Pontus in 1885, died in Nea Santa, Kilkis on the 10th of February 1937 when he fell from his carriage and was trampled on by his horses, he is regarded as one of the most famous of freedom fighters in the region of Santa and Pontus as a whole. He first appeared as a freedom fighter during the Russian occupation of Pontus at a time when battles on the mountains of Santa were difficult, he influenced a generation of men. At the time, Sapan Musa, Sait aga and Kalfas of Gemoura were the leaders of the Turkish tchetes; the most formidable however was Suleyman Kalfas from nearby Gemoura. At some stage, they had all attempted to destroy Santa, however each had failed due to the persistence of Euclides' freedom fighters, freedom fighters from Tsiripanton as well as those from other villages. Euclides and thirty of his village folk, in particular those from Galiena came in contact with the Trapezuntine association ‘Enosis' and armed themselves.

They waited for help from a Greek body, said to have been preparing itself in the Caucasus. Theodosis Himonidis travelled from Trapezunta to Santa to organise a general assembly in order to organise a central committee for defense. Himonidis was elected president. Giannis Spatharos General, Abraam Kalaitzidis, Christos Sevastidis and Euclides Kourtidis were elected deputies. Euclides Kourtidis was the captain of the freedom fighters of Ischantanton, was assisted by Georgios Goniadis and Pericles Koufatsi. Euclides and his assistants dug pits which were guarded night with a change of guard, they consisted of over two hundred men who were well armed with an assortment of rifles and whatever else they could find, including empty grenades which they found and filled with dynamite. Agathaggelos Fostiropoulos in his recollections, wrote in the newspaper ‘Macedonia', the following about an incident involving Euclides Kourtidis on the mountains: "On New Year's Day 1919, while the students of the Urban Faculty of Imera were returning from an excursion to neighbouring Kromni, they crossed paths with Euclides Kourtidis near the Byzantine Monastery of St. George.

The young teacher gave a sign and they all echoed the following song. ‘Mother I tell you, I cannot work for these Turks no more...' The armed men listened intently to the students singing and were overwhelmed with emotion, some broke down in tears." Kromnaean Zacharias Mousikidis reported in the journal ‘Pontiaki Estia', that at the beginning of September 1921, one hundred freedom fighters had gathered at Magara with three hundred women and children of Santa. They were encircled; the Turks of Suleyman Kalfa asked them to surrender. Dimitrios Tsirip, second in command to Kourtidis came forward and shouted that they would not surrender, he was fired upon, a bullet striking him in the head thus killing him. Zacharias Mousikidis in his narration, continues: "As soon as Euclides saw that his commander was killed, devised the following plan. Ten lads had pistols with 10 cartridges; these pistols were automatic, when fired, gave the impression of a machine-gun. Euclides therefore ordered his men to fire all pistols at once.

As the pistols fired, two hand made grenades were thrown thus shocking the Turks who fled in fear." Euclides Kourtidis