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St. Clair's defeat

St. Clair's defeat known as the Battle of the Wabash, the Battle of Wabash River or the Battle of a Thousand Slain, was a battle fought on November 4, 1791, in the Northwest Territory of the United States of America; the U. S. Army faced the Western Confederacy of Native Americans, as part of the Northwest Indian War, it was "the most decisive defeat in the history of the American military," and the largest victory won by Native Americans over it. The natives were led by Little Turtle of the Miamis, Blue Jacket of the Shawnees and Buckongahelas of the Delawares; the war party numbered more than one thousand warriors, including many Potawatomis from eastern Michigan and the Saint Joseph. The opposing force of about 1,000 Americans was led by General Arthur St. Clair; the forces of the American Indian confederacy attacked at dawn. Of the 1,000 officers and men that St. Clair led into battle, only 24 escaped unharmed; as a result, President George Washington forced St. Clair to resign his post and Congress initiated its first investigation of the executive branch.

In the 1783 Treaty of Paris, which ended the American Revolutionary War, Great Britain recognized United States sovereignty of all the land east of the Mississippi River and south of the Great Lakes. The native tribes in the Old Northwest, were not parties to this treaty and many of them leaders such as Little Turtle and Blue Jacket, refused to recognize American claims to the area northwest of the Ohio River; the young United States government in debt following the Revolutionary War and lacking the authority to tax under the Articles of Confederation, planned to raise funds via the methodical sale of land in the Northwest Territory. This plan called for the removal of both Native American villages and squatters. During the mid and late 1780s, American settlers in Kentucky and travelers on and north of the river suffered 1,500 deaths during the ongoing hostilities, in which white settlers retaliated against Indians; the cycle of violence threatened to deter settlement of the newly acquired territory, so John Cleves Symmes and Jonathan Dayton petitioned President Washington and his Secretary of War, Henry Knox, to use military force to crush the Miami.

A force of 1,453 men under Brigadier General Josiah Harmar marched northwards from Fort Washington on the Ohio River at 10:00 a.m. on October 7, 1790. On October 22, near present-day Fort Wayne, Harmar committed only 400 of his men under Col. John Hardin to attack an Indian force of some 1,100 warriors; when a courier informed Harmar of the size of the enemy force, out of fear he refused to come to Hardin's aid. Had he supported Colonel Hardin with the other 800-900 men, the indigenous force might have been defeated. Instead, Harmar did not move. Hardin, expecting reinforcements, put up a fight for over three hours and fell back to the main army's encampment. Harmar ordered a retreat back to Ft. Washington.. At least 129 of Hardin's soldiers were killed in action and another 94 wounded, for a total of 223 casualties. Estimates of total Native casualties and wounded, range from 120 to 150. President George Washington ordered General Arthur St. Clair, who served both as governor of the Northwest Territory and as a major general in the Army, to mount a more vigorous effort by summer 1791.

Congress agreed to raise a second regiment of Regular soldiers for six months, but it reduced soldiers' pay. The demoralized First Regiment was soon reduced to 299 soldiers, while the new Second Regiment was only able to recruit half of its authorized soldiers. St. Clair was forced to augment his Army with Kentucky militia as well as two regiments of six-month levies; the final command structure was as follows:US Army - Major General Arthur St. Clair 1st Infantry Regiment - Major Jean François Hamtramck 2nd Infantry Regiment - Major Jonathan Hart Artillery Battalion - Major William Ferguson US levies - Major General Richard Butler 1st Levy Regiment - Lieutenant Colonel William Darke 2nd Levy Regiment - Lieutenant Colonel George GibsonKentucky militia - Lieutenant Colonel William Oldham While Washington was adamant that St. Clair move north in the summer months, various logistics and supply problems slowed his preparations in Fort Washington; the new recruits were poorly trained and disciplined, the food supplies were substandard, the horses were not only low in number, but of poor quality.

The expedition thus failed to set out until October 1791. Building supply posts as it advanced, the Army's objective was the town of Kekionga, the capital of the Miami tribe, near present-day Fort Wayne, Indiana; the Army under St. Clair included 600 regulars, 800 six-month conscripts, 600 militia at its peak, a total of around 2,000 men. Desertion took its toll and when the force got underway, it had dwindled to around 1,486 total men and some 200-250 camp followers. Going was slow and discipline problems were severe; the force was shadowed by Indians and skirmishes erupted. By the end of November 2, through further desertion and illness, St. Clair's force had been whittled down to around 1,120, including the camp followers, he had 52 officers and 868 enlisted and militia present for duty on November 3

Dylan Larkin

Dylan Larkin is an American professional ice hockey player and alternate captain for the Detroit Red Wings of the National Hockey League. Larkin was drafted 15th overall by the Detroit Red Wings in the 2014 NHL Entry Draft. Prior to turning professional, Larkin played collegiate hockey for the University of Michigan where he was named the Freshman of the Year, he was selected for the All-Freshman Team, All-Big Ten First Team, Second Team All-American. Larkin played minor ice hockey with Detroit Belle Tire, participated in the 2009 Quebec International Pee-Wee Hockey Tournament with the team. During the 2012–13 season, Larkin skated for USA Hockey's U17 team in his first season with the USA Hockey National Team Development Program in Ann Arbor. In 55 games he scored 14 assists. Larkin recorded one goal and one assist in four games at the 2012 Four Nations Tournament in Switzerland as the USA finished in first place. Larkin recorded three goals in four games for the third-place USA squad at the 2013 U17 Five Nations Tournament in Finland.

During the 2013–14 season, Larkin returned to skate for the NTDP's U18 team in his second season in Ann Arbor, where he finished second on the NTDP U18 team with 31 goals and fourth with 56 points in 60 games. Larkin was selected to participate in the 2013 CCM/USA Hockey All-American Prospects Game on September 26, 2013. Larkin finished the AAPG with an assist. Larkin was ranked 17th by the NHL Central Scouting Bureau on their final list of the top draft-eligible North American skaters leading into the 2014 NHL Draft. Larkin was drafted 15th overall by Detroit Red Wings in the 2014 NHL Entry Draft. Larkin began his collegiate career for the Michigan Wolverines during the 2014–15 season. Larkin was named the Hockey Commissioners' Association National Rookie of the Month for January. Larkin led all college hockey freshmen with 14 points in six games, was number two overall in the nation, second to teammate Zach Hyman, with an average of 2.33 points per game during the month of January. Larkin had an eight-game point streak overall.

Larkin's overall points-per-game average is the second best in the last 60 years among Michigan freshmen, behind only Bruno Baseotto's 2.0 points per game in 1979–80. On January 16, 2015, Larkin recorded a career-best five-point night in a 10–6 win at Ohio State, became the first Michigan freshman to record five points in a game since October 18, 1997, when Mike Van Ryn had five assists in a 6–4 win against Colgate. On February 24, 2015, Larkin was named the Big Ten First Star of the Week. On February 20, Larkin recorded a goal and an assist and 12 shots on goal, the most shots in a game by a Michigan player since Jeff Tambellini recorded 13 shots against Quinnipiac on October 18, 2003. On February 22, Larkin recorded three assists in a 5 -- 2 win against Ohio State. Larkin leads all Big Ten freshmen with 43 points, becoming the first Michigan freshman to reach 40 points since Aaron Palushaj during the 2007–08 season. Larkin was number three in the nation in freshman scoring, number five in the nation with an average of 0.91 assists per game, number six in the nation with a scoring average of 1.34 points per game.

Larkin led all freshmen with an average of 4.41 shots a game. Following an outstanding rookie season with the Wolverines, Larkin was selected as the Big Ten's 2014–15 Freshman of the Year, he was named to both the 2014–15 Big Ten All-Freshman Team and the All-Big Ten First Team and named an AHCA Second Team All-American. During the quarterfinals of the 2015 Big Ten Men's Ice Hockey Tournament, Larkin recorded one goal and three assists, to break a single-game Big Ten Tournament point record; this record was surpassed the following year when J. T. Compher recorded five assists in a single game. On May 21, 2015, it was announced that Larkin signed a three-year, entry-level contract with the Detroit Red Wings, forgoing his final three seasons of eligibility at the University of Michigan, he was assigned to the Red Wings' AHL affiliate, the Grand Rapids Griffins, after signing an amateur tryout. Larkin made his debut for the Grand Rapids Griffins on May 24, 2015, during game one of the Western Conference finals against the Utica Comets.

On May 25, in his second game with the Griffins, Larkin scored his first professional goal against Jacob Markström. On October 5, 2015, Larkin made the Red Wings' final roster for the 2015–16 season, becoming the first 19-year-old to debut on opening night since Mike Sillinger in 1990–91. In his NHL debut, on October 9, 2015, Larkin recorded his first career NHL point, an assist in the first period, his first NHL goal in the second period against Jonathan Bernier of the Toronto Maple Leafs, he became the first Red Wings teenager to score in his first NHL game since Steve Yzerman in 1983. On November 21, Larkin scored a goal for the fourth consecutive game, becoming the first Red Wings teenager to do so since Steve Yzerman in 1984–85. Larkin was named the NHL Rookie of the Month for November 2015, leading all rookies with seven goals in 13 games in November, he led all rookies with 10 goals, a +14 plus/minus rating, was tied for first with three game-winning goals, ranked third with 18 points and 64 shots on goal in 24 games.

On March 24, 2016, in a game against the Montreal Canadiens, Larkin recorded his 200th shot of the season, becoming just the fifth Red Wings rookie to do so, following Marcel Dionne, Sergei Fedorov, Reed Larson and Dale McCourt. Larkin was named to the 2016 NHL All-Star Game. Larkin was the seventh Detroit rookie to play in the All-Star Game, but only the third chosen to play, he was th


Parabotia is a genus of loaches. Most species in the genus are endemic to China, but P. curtis is from Japan, P. dubius is from Vietnam, P. mantschuricus is from the Amur River basin. There are 12 recognized species in this genus: Parabotia banarescui Parabotia bimaculatus J. X. Chen, 1980 Parabotia brevirostris D. G. Zhu & Y. Zhu, 2012 Parabotia curtus Parabotia dubius Kottelat, 2001 Parabotia fasciatus Dabry de Thiersant, 1872 Parabotia heterocheilus Zhu & Chen, 2006 Parabotia kiangsiensis R. L. Liu & Z. Z. Guo, 1986 Parabotia lijiangensis J. X. Chen, 1980 Parabotia maculosus Parabotia mantschuricus Parabotia parvus J. X. Chen, 1980

Eublemma ostrina

Eublemma ostrina, the purple marbled, is a moth of the family Erebidae. The species was first described by Jacob Hübner in 1808, it is found in central and southern Europe, further east, but is a scarce migrant in the United Kingdom, where it is found along the south coast. Eublemma ostrinum occurs throughout the Mediterranean including North Africa and is only found in Central Europe. Heading east the distribution area is from southern Russia, Asia minor, Afghanistan. Occasional finds in northern Europe, such as in 1992 in the UK are migrant butterflies, although in 1999. Larvae and pupae were found in the Isle of Portland. Eublemma ostrinum is found in dry areas; the wingspan is 18–25 millimetres. Forewing cream white tinged with pale brown in basal half and in terminal area. Probably the early summer brood, the purplish tint is restricted to the shade before the submarginal line. Larva greyish yellow, with pale yellow dorsal line, prominent at the segmental incisions, similar subdorsal and spiracular lines.

The larvae feed on the flowers and seeds of Carlina vulgaris. Other recorded food plants include Carlina species in general, as well as Echinops and Cirsium species. Lepiforum e. V

Birthright (2010 film)

Birthright is a 2010 Japanese horror film directed, co-written by Naoki Hashimoto. The film involves a young woman named Mika who watches the married couple, Minoru Takeda and his wife Ryoko and their teenage daughter Ayano from outside their home. Mika says she knows a male student who would like to meet her. Ayano accompanies her only to find that this is all part of Mika's plan to get revenge on her birth mother; the film premiered at the Tokyo International Film Festival in 2010. It received a theatrical release in Japan in April 2012. Birthright had its world premiere at the Tokyo International Film Festival on October 24, 2010; the film was shown at several other film festivals including the Fantasia Festival on July 8, 2011 where it had its Canadian premiere. At the Shanghai International Film Festival, the film won a Special Jury Award; the film was released in Japan in April 2012. The Montreal Gazette gave the film a positive review, referring to it as a "powerful film, fuelled by revenge and a bottomless sadness" while noting that it "does move at a snail’s pace, so impatient people might want to give it a pass."

The Hollywood Reporter gave a mixed review to the film, praising the scenes as "Immaculately shot with expressive music and long, mesmeric silences" as well as that "No matter how artful the compositions in this Naoki Hashimoto tone poem, some scenes may sap audience patience." Birthright on IMDb

Santa Maria a Monte

Santa Maria a Monte is a comune in the Province of Pisa in the Italian region of Tuscany. The town lies about 25 kilometres east of Pisa. Famous for its military strategic importance, Santa Maria a Monte has always been disputed between several Tuscan cities; as a matter of fact, Santa Maria a Monte passed from the influence of Lucca under the influence of Florence and, in the end, it became part of the Pisa territory. A famous landmark is Casa Carducci, where the Italian poet Giosuè Carducci is said to have spent his childhood; the main frazioni are the villages of Cerretti, San Donato and Tavolaia. The località of Falorni is about 80 metres above sea level. Around Falorni there is a large portion of woods and cultivated areas with olives; the place is situated in the low woody hills called Cerbaie. The only business situated in the village is a restaurant. Fontvieille, since 1991 Tardajos, Spain Rabé de las Calzadas, Spain Official website